Tài liệu Chuyên đề trọng âm nguyễn tiến vinh

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Group: CµY N¸T TiÕng Anh THPTQG – 6789! HƠN 300 CÂU TRỌNG ÂM, LÀM XONG ĐẢM BẢO LÊN LEVEL * 13 quy tắc trọng âm cần nắm rõ Trọng âm làm nếu biết từ vựng làm sẽ dễ hơn, bởi vì các quy tắc sau đây chỉ là dấu hiệu, chắc chắn có trường hợp từ mới, lạ và không xác định được loại từ thì rất khó làm, tuy nhiên các bạn nên học để có thể làm dễ dàng hơn. 1. Đa số các ĐỘNG TỪ có 2 âm tiết thì nhấn âm 2. VD: appear, agree … NGOẠI TRỪ: ‘offer, ‘happen, ‘answer, ‘enter, ‘listen, ‘open, ‘finish … 2. Đa số các DANH TỪ, TÍNH TỪ có 2 âm tiết thì nhấn âm 1. VD: local, social, pillow … NGOẠI TRỪ: Ma’chine, mis’take, a’lone … 3. DANH TỪ GHÉP có trọng âm chính vào âm 1. VD: ‘Raincoat, ‘tea-cup, ‘film-maker, shorthand, ‘bookshop, ‘footpath, ‘shortlist … 4. TÍNH TỪ GHÉP thường nhấn âm 1 nhưng nếu tính từ ghép từ đầu tiên là TÍNH TỪ hay TRẠNG TỪ hoặc kết thúc bằng đuôi ED thì trọng âm nhấn âm 2. Động từ ghép và trạng từ ghép nhấn âm 2. VD: ‘Home-sick, ‘air-sick, ‘praiseworthy … TUY NHIÊN: bad-‘temper, short-‘sighted, well-‘informed… 5. Các từ kết thúc với đuôi How, what, where … thì nhấn âm 1. VD: ‘Somehow, ‘Somewhat … 6. Các từ 2 âm tiết bắt đầu bằng “A” thì nhấn âm 2. VD: a’bed, a’bout, a’lone … 7. Các từ tận cùng đuôi: -ety, -ity, -ion, -sion, -cial, -ically, -ious, -eous, -ian, -ior, -iar, -iasm, -ience, -iency, -ient, -ier, -ic, -ics, -ial, -ical, -uous, -ium, -logy, -sophy, graphy, -ular, -ulum thì trọng âm nhấn vào âm ngay trước nó. VD: a’bility, collo’cation, eco’nomic, mu’sician… NGOẠI TRỪ: ‘catholic, ‘lunatic, ‘Arabic, ‘Politics … 8. Các từ kết thúc bằng –ate, -cy, -ty, -phy, -gy nếu 2 vần thì nhấn âm 1, 3 vần trở lên thì nhấn âm 3 từ cuối lên. VD: ‘Fluency, ap’preciate, bi’ology … 9. Các từ tận cùng đuôi: -ade, -ee, -ese, -ette, -oo, -oon, -ain, -esque, -isque, -aire, mental, -ever, -ever, -self thì nhấn âm ở các đuôi này. VD: sa’loon, colon’nade, for’ever, my’self … NGOẠI TRỪ: ‘coffee, com’mittee … 10. Trong số đếm, trọng âm sẽ nhấn vào đuôi –teen và nhấn vào âm đầu nếu là đuôi -ty. VD: four’teen, ‘fourty 11. Tiền tố, hậu tố thường không ảnh hưởng đến trọng âm. NGOẠI TRỪ: ‘Understatement, ‘Underground … 12. Từ có 3 âm tiết * Động từ: + Trọng âm nhấn âm 2 nếu âm 3 có nguyên âm ngắn và kết thúc bằng một phụ âm. VD: En’counter, de’termine … + Trọng âm nhấn âm 1 nếu âm 3 là nguyên âm dài, nguyên âm đôi hay kết thúc bằng 2  Nguyễn Tiến Vinh 1 Group: CµY N¸T TiÕng Anh THPTQG – 6789! phụ âm trở lên. VD: ‘Exercise, ‘compromise NGOẠI TRỪ: Compre’hend, enter’tain … * Danh từ : + Nếu âm tiết 3 chứa nguyên âm ngắn hay nguyên âm đôi và âm tiết 2 chưa nguyên âm dài hay nguyên âm đôi hoặc kết thúc bằng 2 phụ âm trở lên thì nhấn âm 2. VD : po’tato + Nhấn âm 1 nếu âm 3 chứa nguyên âm dài, đôi hoặc kết thúc bằng 2 phụ âm trở lên. BÀI TẬP 1. A. adorable B. ability C. impossible D. entertainment 2. A. engineer B. corporate C. difficult D. different 3. A. popular B. position C. horrible D. positive 4. A. selfish B. correct C. purpose D. surface 5. A. permission B. computer C. million D. perfection 6. A. scholarship B. negative C. develop D. purposeful 7. A. ability B. acceptable C. education D. hilarious 8. A. document B. comedian C. perspective D. location 9. A. provide B. product C. promote D. profess 10. A. different B. regular C. achieving D. property 11. A. education B. community C. development D. unbreakable 12. A. politics B. deposit C. conception D. occasion 13. A. prepare B. repeat C. purpose D. police 14. A. preface B. famous C. forget D. childish 15. A. cartoon B. western C. teacher D. theater 16. A. Brazil B. Iraq C. Norway D. Japan 17. A. scientific B. ability C. experience D. material 18. A. complain B. luggage C. improve D. forgive 19. A. offensive B. delicious C. dangerous D. religious 20. A. develop B. adjective C. generous D. popular  Nguyễn Tiến Vinh 2 Group: CµY N¸T TiÕng Anh THPTQG – 6789! 21. A. beautiful B. important C. delicious D. exciting 22. A. element B. regular C. believing D. policy 23. A. punctual B. tolerant C. utterance D. occurrence 24. A. expensive B. sensitive C. negative D. sociable 25. A. education B. development C. economic D. preparation 26. A. attend B. option C. percent D. become 27. A. literature B. entertainment C. recreation D. information 28. A. attractive B. perception C. cultural D. expensive 29. A. chocolate B. Structural C. important D. national 30. A. cinema B. position C. family D. popular 31. A. natural B. department C. exception D. attentive 32. A. economy B. diplomacy C. informative D. information 33. A. arrest B. purchase C. accept D. forget 34. A. expertise B. cinema C. recipe D. similar 35. A. government B. musician C. disgusting D. exhausting 36. A. successful C. arrangement D. disaster 37. A. competition B. repetition C. equivalent D. disappointment 38. A. private B. provide C. arrange D. advise 39. A. academic B. education C. impossible D. optimistic 40. A. study B. knowledge C. precise D. message 41. A. industry B. performance C. importance D. provision 42. A. contain B. express C. carbon D. obey 43. A. impress B. favor C. occur D. police 44. A. regret B. selfish C. purpose D. preface 45. A. govern B. cover C. perform D. father 46. A. writer B. teacher C. builder D. career 47. A. morning B. college C. arrive D. famous 48. A. ambitious B. chocolate C. position D. occurrence B. interest  Nguyễn Tiến Vinh 3 Group: CµY N¸T TiÕng Anh THPTQG – 6789! 49. A. furniture B. abandon C. practical D. scientist 50. A. devote B. compose C. purchase D. advise 51. A. remember B. influence C. expression D. convenient 52. A. medium B. computer C. formation D. connection 53. A. national B. cultural C. popular D. musician 54. A. successful B. humorous C. arrangement D. attractive 55. A. construction B. typical C. glorious D. purposeful 56. A. accident C. dangerous D. character 57. A. accordance B. various C. balcony D. technical 58. A. telephone B. photograph C. expertise D. diplomat 59. A. romantic B. illusion C. description D. incident 60. A. bankruptcy B. successive C. piano D. phonetics 61. A. designer B. origin C. history D. quality 62. A. capital B. construction C. announcement 63. A. apartment B. tradition C. different D. expensive 64. A. monitor B. organize C. following D. inviting 65. A. accurate B. discussion C. sentiment D. industry 66. A. probable B. assembly C. forgetful D. decisive 67. A. damage B. faster C. regret D. study 68. A. factory B. reporter C. actress D. coverage 69. A. amazing B. following C. covering D. finishing 70. A. because B. become C. beneath D. beggar 71. A. pollution B. excitement C. usually D. remember 72. A. encourage B. tropical C. discover D. advancement 73. A. atmosphere B. Atlantic C. athletics D. Canadian 74. A. tomorrow B. continue C. popular D. informing 75. A. population B. communicate C. ability D. continuum 76. A. committee B. comedian C. communist D. completion B. courageous D. eventful  Nguyễn Tiến Vinh 4 Group: CµY N¸T TiÕng Anh THPTQG – 6789! 77. A. company B. atmosphere C. customer D. employment 78. A. century B. evening C. exciting D. managing 79. A. pleasant B. famous C. suppose D. mother 80. A. supper B. support C. supply D. supreme 81. A. rescue B. request C. receive D. repeat 82. A. hundred B. thousand C. relic D. relax 83. A. approach B. method C. police D. reserve 84. A. gallery B. museum C. tolerant D. industry 85. A. picturesque B. company C. element D. beautiful 86. A. condition B. endanger C. destruction D. interest 87. A. enemy B. engineer C. energy D. envelop 88. A. summit B. submit C. suppose D. support 89. A. superior B. material C. experience D. superficial 90. A. authority B. development C. competition D. capacity 91. A. award B. enroll C. music D. below 92. A. champion B. matches C. direct D. famous 93. A. colorful B. Summary C. similar D. impressive 94. A. economics B. philosophy C. engineering D. preposition 95. A. biology B. absolutely C. photography D. geography 96. A. politics B. literature C. chemistry 97. A. profitable B. reliable C. dependable D. forgettable 98. A. likeable B. oxygen C. museum 99. A. apology B. stupidity C. generously D. astronomy 100. A. abroad B. active C. address D. attend 101. A. arrow B. arrive C. arrest D. about 102. A. excuse B. suburb C. garden D. swimming 103. A. fascinate B. discourage C. horrible D. terrify 104. A. tenant B. common C. rubbish D. machine D. statistic D. energy  Nguyễn Tiến Vinh 5 Group: CµY N¸T TiÕng Anh THPTQG – 6789! 105. A. revision B. remember C. dialogue D. adverbial 106. A. Christmas B. champion C. chemise D. chimney 107. A. crowded B. language C. practice D. propose 108. A. marvelous B. courageous C. delicious D. religious 109. A. animal B. bacteria C. habitat D. pyramid 110. A. wonderful B. beautiful C. colorful D. successful 111. A. fantastic B. gymnastics C. politics D. emphatic 112. A. difficulty B. equality C. simplicity D. discovery 113. A. challenge B. counter C. complain D. guardian 114. A. advance B. ancient C. carrier D. annual 115. A. female B. fellow C. husband D. mature 116. A. severe B. harbor C. tutor D. surface 117. A. father B. woman C. degree D. weather 118. A. example B. paragraph C. telephone D. favorite 119. A. discover B. Appointment C. important D. telescope 120. A. partner B. excuse C. apple D. parents 121. A. eleven B. yesterday C. attitude D. evening 122. A. recognize B. interfere C. clarify D. tolerate 123. A. receive B. angry C. hungry D. proper 124. A. guidance B. degree C. awful D. safety 125. A. police B. avoid C. arrange D. pattern 126. A. color B. passion C. behave D. children 127. A. license B. suppose C. painting D. member 128. A. powerful B. proposal C. athletic D. position 129. A. example B. exercise C. exactly D. exporting 130. A. explosive B. exploring C. expression D. excellence 131. A. dividend B. division C. distinctive D. disgusting 132. A. family B. enemy C. assembly D. harmony  Nguyễn Tiến Vinh 6 Group: CµY N¸T TiÕng Anh THPTQG – 6789! 133. A. assistant B. difficult C. important D. encourage 134. A. reference B. coverage C. positive D. referee 135. A. foreign B. avoid C. revise D. review 136. A. student B. famous C. refer D. practice 137. A. evening B. afternoon C. institute 138. A. regard B. award C. easy D. believe 139. A. balcony B. Envelope C. chocolate D. location 140. A. temperature B. direction C. pollution D. condition 141. A. gather C. locate D. fashion 142. A. accomplishment 143. A. comprise B. depend C. design 144. A. tropical B. collection C. tendency 145. A. friendliness B. occasion C. pagoda D. deposit 146. A. importing B. specific C. impolite D. important 147. A. federation B. unpolluted C. disappearing D. profitable 148. A. deposit B. festival C. institute D. resident 149. A. surprising B. astonishing C. amazing D. interesting 150. A. interview B. industry C. essential D. difficult 151. A. extreme B. generous C. lonely D. clothing 152. A. friendly B. extra C. along D. orphanage 153. A. vocabulary B. influential C. engineering D. biological 154. A. tourism B. dictionary C. household 155. A. geography B. Imaginative C. comfortable D. unless 156. A. ashamed B. absent C. because D. instead 157. A. advantage B. laboratory C. bamboo D. courage 158. A. employee B. Japanese C. economical D. disagree 159. A. lemonade B. apartment C. mathematics D. understand 160. A. powerful B. acceptable C. passenger B. unique B. environment C. experience D. possible D. satisfaction D. novel D. charity D. computer D. preference  Nguyễn Tiến Vinh 7 Group: CµY N¸T TiÕng Anh THPTQG – 6789! 161. A. electronic B. education C. deficiency D. possibility 162. A. industrial B. electrician C. manufacture D. accidental 163. A. finish B. revise C. prefer D. produce 164. A. purpose B. entrance C. music D. typhoon 165. A. interesting B. necessity C. pollution D. environment 166. A. excellent B. popular C. efficient D. beautiful 167. A. chemical B. upset C. steamer D. cupboard 168. A. jungle B. volcano C. surround D. marine 169. A. referee B. microwave C. manufacture D. immortal 170. A. powder B. process C. flavor D. defrost 171. A. defrost B. harvest C. appear D. village 172. A. sociable B. reserved C. generous D. humorous 173. A. enroll B. summer C. hobby D. favor 174. A. beautiful B. expensive C. plenty D. difficult 175. A. theater B. mobile C. movie D. machine 176. A. annoy B. enough C. lucky D. describe 177. A. sociable B. photograph C. orphanage D. volunteer 178. A. although B. generous C. outgoing D. humorous 179. A. neighbor B. receive C. different D. classmate 180. A. appearance B. orphanage C. friendly D. beautiful 181. A. customer B. stationery C. furniture D. deliver 182. A. machine B. distance C. address D. device 183. A. number B. transmit C. contact D. arrange 184. A. massage B. exhibition C. experiment D. invention 185. A. telephone B. emigrate C. demonstrate D. introduce 186. A. tonight B. dinner C. sorry D. problem 187. A. saucepan B. steamer C. beside D. object 188. A. lighting B. refrigerator C. fixture D. safety  Nguyễn Tiến Vinh 8 Group: CµY N¸T TiÕng Anh THPTQG – 6789! 189. A. destroy B. remember C. forget D. injure 190. A. chemical B. medicine C. calendar D. precaution 191. A. Crue l B. excited C. afraid D. upset 192. A. include B. escape C. marry D. appear 193. A. equipment B. traditional C. remember D. fortunate 194. A. magical B. immediate C. interesting D. dangerous 195. A. festival B. buffalo C. electricity D. furniture 196. A. report B. Across C. lunar D. remember 197. A. improve B. comment C. revise D. believe 198. A. semester B. festival C. memory D. meaning 199. A. underline B. Satisfactory C. pronunciation 200. A. behavior B. participate C. tradition D. necessary 201. A. enroll B. hobby C. favor D. offer 202. A. activity B. unite C. register D. explain 203. A. voluntary B. education C. academic D. application 204. A. citizenship B. assistance C. similar D. character 205. A. environment B. encourage C. establish D. organization 206. A. humid B. airmail C. discuss D. pancake 207. A. notice B. effect C. contact D. surface 208. A. concern B. comfort C. product D. market 209. A. customer B. grocery C. resident D. delicious 210. A. organize B. community C. restaurant D. neighborhood 211. A. offer B. Rural C. prefer D. urban 212. A. delay B. create C. believe D. harvest 213. A. migrant B. remote C. supply D. typhoon 214. A. tragedy B. unpleasant C. relative D. hospital 215. A. information B. entertainment C. government D. population 216. A. damage C. promise B. revive D. conversation D. bandage  Nguyễn Tiến Vinh 9 Group: CµY N¸T TiÕng Anh THPTQG – 6789! 217. A. asleep B. conscious C. sterile D. tissue 218. A. stretcher B. towel C. awake D. treatment 219. A. ambulance B. injection C. minimize D. handkerchief 220. A. happen B. beautiful C. hospital D. overheat 221. A. relax B. recognize C. realize D. relatively 222. A. permanent B. power C. permission D. carpet 223. A. photography B. minority C. heroic 224. A. practicality B. politician C. uncontrollable 225. A. managerial B. determination C. unbelievable D. inability 226. A. deposit B. festival C. institute D. resident 227. A. surprising B. astonishing C. amazing D. interesting 228. A. interview B. industry C. essential D. difficult 229. A. extreme B. generous C. lonely D. clothing 230. A. friendly B. extra C. along D. orphanage 231. A. philosopher B. patriot C. atmosphere D. habit 232. A. pollute C. tragic 233. A. economical B. personality C. preparatory D. entertainment 234. A. interrupt B. interview C. intervene D. interstellar 235. A. mechanic B. terrific C. Arabic D. Pacific 236. A. interesting B. surprising C. amusing D. successful 237. A. understand B. engineer C. benefit D. Vietnamese 238. A. applicant B. uniform C. yesterday D. employment 239. A. paper B. tonight C. lecture D. story 240. A. money B. army C. afraid D. people 241. A. cartoon B. open C. paper D. answer 242. A. manage B. shortage C. village D. teacher 243. A. remain B. convenient C. volunteer D. memorable 244. A. maintain B. marine C. challenge D. device B. severe D. carpet D. comfortable D. humane  Nguyễn Tiến Vinh 10 Group: CµY N¸T TiÕng Anh THPTQG – 6789! 245. A. important B. community C. organize D. diseases 246. A. toothpaste B. sandwich C. cartoon D. chocolate 247. A. aerobics B. activity C. badminton D. basketball 248. A. police B. gymnast C. teacher D. farmer 249. A. different B. dangerous C. difficult D. delicious 250. A. visit B. unload C. receive D. correct 251. A. provide B. improve C. contain D. borrow 252. A. attraction B. collection C. musician D. musical 253. A. opposite B. bakery C. arrival D. realize 254. A. variety B. sensible C. appointment D. continue 255. A. preventive B. literature C. measurement D. temperature 256. A. documentary B. advantage C. magazine D. popularity 257. A. introduction B. television C. graduation D. reputation 258. A. economy B. diplomacy C. informative D. information 259. A. forget B. harbor C. tutor D. surface 260. A. family B. enemy C. assembly D. harmony 261. A. conscientiously 262. A. collaborate B. commercially C. impractical D. fluctuation 263. A. linkage B. password C. resource D. birthright 264. A. universe B. Internet C. diagram D. procedure 265. A. inapplicability 266. A. participant 267. A. monotonous B. refundable C. residential D. renewable 268. A. principal C. gratitude D. guarantee 269. A. picturesque B. etiquette C. cosmonaut D. Internet 270. A. entertain C. reminder D. attachment 271. A. independent B. Education C. impractical D. entertainment 272. A. important C. performance D. permission B. communication B. recoverable B. philosopher B. geothermal B. biotech B. silently C. connectivity D. multimedia C. diagonally D. congenially C. observance D. nominate  Nguyễn Tiến Vinh 11 Group: CµY N¸T TiÕng Anh THPTQG – 6789! 273. A. advantage B. chemical C. conception D. deposit 274. A. advisable B. reliable C. admirable D. acceptable 275. A. destination B. presidential C. economic D. comparison 276. A. technology B. document C. facsimile D. competitive 277. A. transit C. transact D. translate 278. A. installation B. disadvantage C. dissatisfied D. disappointed 279. A. available B. potential C. unlimited D. infinite 280. A. ecologist B. Fertilizer C dangerous D. scientist 281. A. equality B. difficulty C. simplicity D. discovery 282. A. tenant B. common C. rubbish D. machine 283. A. animal B. bacteria C. habitat D. pyramid 284. A. writer B. teacher C. builder D. career 285. A. company B. atmosphere C. customer D. employment 286. A. considerate B. photographer C. community D. circumstance 287. A. apply B. anthem C. appear 288. A. scenery B. festival C. atmosphere D. location 289. A. prevent B. recent C. receive D. remote 290. A. opposite B. Geography C. geometry D. endanger 291. A. apply B. persuade C. reduce D. offer 292. A. preservative B. congratulate C. preferential D. development 293. A. president B. physicist C. inventor 294. A. economy B. unemployment C. communicate 295. A. recommend B. volunteer C. understand D. potential 296. A. elephant B. dinosaur C. buffalo D. mosquito 297. A. abnormal B. initial C. innocent D. impatient 298. A. significant B. convenient C. fashionable D. traditional 299. A. catastrophe B. agriculture C. dictionary D. supervisor 300. A. settle C. compose D. relate B. transmit B. protect D. attend D. property D. particular  Nguyễn Tiến Vinh 12 Group: CµY N¸T TiÕng Anh THPTQG – 6789! 301. A. organism B. attraction C. prevention D. engagement 302. A. popularity B. laboratory C. politician D. documentary 303. A. imagine B. inhabit C. continue D. disappear 304. A. periodic B. electric C. suspicious D. contagious 305. A. advertise B. advantage C. adventure D. adverbial 306. A. represent B. permanent C. sentiment D. continent 307. A. future B. involve C. prospect D. guidance 308. A. accuracy B. fabulous C. immediate D. optimist 309. A. facilitate B. intimacy C. participate D. hydrology 310. A. reduction B. popular C. romantic D. financial 311. A. amaze B. offer C. release D. believe 312. A. socialize B. memory C. tradition D. animal 313. A. biology B. ability C. interactive D. inaccurate 314. A. actor B. career C. rubbish D. cocktail 315. A. similar B. attractive C. chemical D. calculate 316. A. facility B. characterize C. irrational D. variety 317. A. agreement B. elephant C. mineral D. violent 318. A. professor B. typical C. accountant D. develop 319. A. electrician B. majority C. appropriate D. traditional 320. A. decay B. vanish C. attack D. depend 321. A. vacation B. different C. beautiful D. medical 322. A. delicious B. colorful C. important D. direction 323. A. behind B. dentist C. marble D. novel 324. A. serious B. around C. nervous D. finish 325. A. symptom B. return C. heavy D. normal 326. A. hospital B. Mischievous C. supportive D. special 327. A. family B. Whenever C. obedient D. solution 328. A. biologist B. generally C. responsible D. security  Nguyễn Tiến Vinh 13 Group: CµY N¸T TiÕng Anh THPTQG – 6789! 329. A. confident B. important C. together D. exciting 330. A. possible B. university C. secondary D. suitable 331. A. attract B. person C. signal D. instance 332. A. verbal B. suppose C. even D. either 333. A. example B. consider C. several D. attention 334. A. situation B. Appropriate C. informality D. entertainment 335. A. across B. simply C. common D. brother 336. A. effect B. event C. emerge D. even 337. A. insecticide B. fertilizer C. pesticide D. herbicide 338. A. efficient B. communist C. impatient D. delicious 339. A. economy B. economic C. economical D. economically 340. A. renovate B. domesticate C. initiate D. eliminate 341. A. subject B. swallow C. story D. digest 342. A. example B. holiday C. careful D. interest 343. A. describe B. chapter C. wonder D. easy 344. A. understand B. television C. improvement D. introduce 345. A. imaginary B. advantageous C. information D. incredible 346. A. reserve B. schedule C. wildlife D. beauty 347. A. derive B. contain C. leopard D. prevent 348. A. interfere B. penalty C. referee D. competition 349. A. president B. manager C. spectator D. counsellor 350. A. intelligent B. overwhelming C. imaginable D. intangible  Nguyễn Tiến Vinh 14
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