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Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Phương pháp làm bài tập điền từ PHƯƠNG PHÁP LÀM BÀI TẬP ĐIỀN TỪ (ĐÁP ÁN BÀI TẬP TỰ LUYỆN) Giáo viên: VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG Các bài tập trong tài liệu này được biên soạn kèm theo bài giảng Phương pháp làm bài tập điền từ thuộc khóa học LTĐH KIT-1: Môn Tiếng Anh (Cô Vũ Mai Phương) tại website Hocmai.vn, để giúp các bạn kiểm tra, củng cố lại kiến thức được giáo viên truyền đạt trong bài giảng tương ứng. Để sử dụng hiệu quả, Bạn cần học trước bài giảng làm đầy đủ bài tập sau đó đối chiếu với đáp án trong tài liệu này. Bài 1: Choose the correct option to put in each of the numbered gaps. The history of the bicycle goes back more than 200 years. In 1791, Count de Sivrac ____ (l) onlookers in a park in Paris as he showed off his two - wheeled invention, a machine called the ‘celerifere’. It was basically an _______ (2) version of a children’s toy which had been in ______ (3) for many years. Sivrac’s ‘celerifere’ had a wooden frame, made in the ______(4) of a horse, which was mounted on a wheel at either end. To ride it, you sat on a small seat, just like a modern bicycle, and pushed ____(5) against the ______(6) with your legs — there were no pedals. It was impossible to steer a ‘ce1erifere’ and it had no brakes, but despite these problems the invention very much ___ (7) to the fashionable young men of Paris. Soon they were ___ (8) races up and down the streets. Minor ____ (9) were common as riders attempted a final burst of ______(10). Controlling the machine was difficult as the only way to change _______ (1l) was to pull up the front of the "celerifere" and _____ (12) it round while the front wheel was __ ___ (13) in the air. "Celerifere" were not popular for long, however, as the ____ (14) of no springs, no steering and rough roads made riding them very uncomfortable. Even so, the wooden ‘celerifere’ was the ____ (15) of the modern bicycle. l. A. delighted B. cheered C. appreciated D. overjoyed 2. A. increased B. enormous C. extended D. enlarged 3. A. use B. play C. operation D. service 4. A. resemblance B. shape C. body D. appearance 5. A. fast B. deeply C. heavily D. hard · 6. A. surface B. ground C. earth D. floor 7. A·. attracted B. appealed C. took D. called 8. A. going B. getting C. holding D. making 9. A. wounds B. trips C. injuries D. breaks 10. A. velocity B. energy C. pace D. speed 11. A. direction B. route C. heading D. way 12. A. roll B. drive C. turn D. revolve 13. A. cycling B. circling C. winding D. spinning 14. A. mixture B. link C. combination D. union 15. A. origin B. design C. model D. introduction Bài 2: Choose the correct word form for each of the numbered gaps. E-MAIL There can’t be many people who are (1) …. of e-mail, even if they have never actually sent one. Although there are some (2) ….. between e-mail and letters, there are also many differences. The first is that e-mail is delivered (3) …., so it can be a very (4) …. means of communication when speed is important. This Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 1 - Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Phương pháp làm bài tập điền từ speed means that e-mail is more (5) … for communicating over large distances. Another difference is that e-mail tends to be (6) … informal. People are much more likely to use language which they would consider (7) … for a formal letter. Words spelled (8) …. in an e-mail are less likely to be checked than in a letter. One explanation for this is that an e-mail seems to be less permanent than something (9) … on paper. We can be sure that the future development of e-mail will have all kinds of (10) … effects on the way we communicate. 1. A. aware B. unaware C. awareness D. unawareness 2. A. similar B. similarity C. similarities D. dissimilar 3. A. instant B. instance C. instances D. instantly 4. A. effect B. effecting C. effective D. effected 5. A. practice B. practiced C. practical D. impractical 6. A. related B. relating C. relative D. relatively 7. A. suited B. suitable C. unsuitable D. suitably 8. A. correct B. incorrect C. correctly D. incorrectly 9. A. written B. writing C. to write D. being written 10. A. expected B. unexpected C. expecting D. unexpectedly Bài 3: Choose the correct connectives for the gaps in the following passage. Our weather is not beautiful all the time. Perhaps you can remember a day (1) ...... bad weather made you afraid. One kind of bad weather (2) ……. scares many people is called a thunderstorm. This is (3) ...... happens when there is a thunderstorm. (4) ...... you see a sudden Hash of bright light. (5) ....., a few seconds you hear a loud rumbling sound. This quick Hash is called lightning, (6) ...... the loud sound is called thunder. Lightning is colorful; (7) ......, it can cause serious problems. Lightning is electricity (8) ...... is moving very rapidly. It may be moving between a cloud and the ground, between two parts of the same cloud. The lightning heats the air around it. This hot air expands, (9) ...... gets bigger, and it causes the air to move in waves. The air waves pass you in a series, one after another. (10) ...... you may hear many rumbles and not just one sound. 1. A. when B. which C. that D. what 2. A. when B. who C. that D. what 3. A. when B. whose C. that D. what 4. A. Firstly B. Firstly C. To begin D. At the beginning 5. A. within B. Without C. With D. Before 6. A. but B. and C. or D. furthermore 7. A. furthermore B. however C. but D. and 8. A. when B. where C. that D. what 9. A. but B. however C. or D. moreover 10. A. That’s why B. The result C. So D. So that Bài 4: Decide the best option (A, B, C, or D) to be used in each numbered blank. ROBOTS The popular idea of` a robot is a machine that acts - like and resembles a human being. But the robots (1) ........ are increasingly being used for a wide range of tasks do not look human - like (2) ....... all. The robots (3) ....... work in car factory production lines look something like cranes. The mobile robots used (4) ....... army bomb-disposal squads look like wheel barrows on tracks. And children (5) likened a mobile robot used in school to teach. (6) ....... computer programming to a giant sweet. Robots (7) ......., Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 2 - Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Phương pháp làm bài tập điền từ however, resemble human beings in the range of actions that they can carry out. Instead of repeatedly performing (8) ....... one action, like an automatic machine, a robot can perform a (9) ....... of different actions. Its movements are (10) ....... either by oil or air pressure or by electric motors, and its brain is a small computer that directs (11)....... movements. Inside the computer's memory C are the instructions for carrying (12) ....... a task – picking chocolates from a container and putting them in the right part of a display box, for (13) ....... . By changing the programme, the robot can be made to (14) ...... the task, or do something different within the limits of the activities it is designed (15) …. 1. A. which B. there C. they D. who 2. A. in B. at C. for D. after 3. A. there B. that C. do D. to 4. A. by B. for C. to D. with 5. A. who B. are C. have D. look . 6. A. it B. them C. themselves D. their 7. A. must B. do C. don’t D. might . 8. A. just B. not C. every D. single 9. A. chain B. link C. line D. group 10. A. done B. made C. controlled D. ordered 11. A. their B. its C. whose D. which 12. A. out B. off C. away D. with 13. A. sure B. certain C. example D. pleasure 14. A. alter B. vary C. differ D. change 15. A. from B. of C. for D. by Bài 5: Choose the correct verb form to be used in the numbered gaps. There (1) ….. an incredible evolution in the size and capabilities of computers in the past years. Today, computers smaller than your fingernail (2) …. the same capabilities as room-sized machines of about 50 years ago. The first computers (3) …. around 1945. They were so lager that they (4) …. air-conditioned rooms. Then in the 1960s, desk-sized computers were developed. This (5) …. a gigantic advance. Shortly afterward, a third generation of computers, which (6) … simple integrated circuits and which (7) ….. even smaller and faster (8) ….. In the 1970s the first microprocessor, less than one square centimeter in size was developed. Today electronic engineers (9) …. that even smaller and more sophisticated computer (10) …. on the market before the end of this decade. 1. A. be B. is C. was D. has been 2. A. has B. have C. are having D. had 3. A. developed B. were developed C. have been developed D. have been developing 4. A. require B. requited C. was requiring D. have required 5. A. represents B. was representing C. represented D. has represented 6. A. used B. was using C. is using D. had used 7. A. was B. is C. were D. are 8. A. appeared B. appearing C. has appeared D. had appeared 9. A. predict B. predicted C. are predicting D. will predict 10. A. is B. are C. will be D. will have been Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 3 - Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Phương pháp làm bài tập điền từ Bài 6. Choose the correct form for each gap to complete the passage. School inspectors have found that, contrary to all (1) …., children don’t dislike homework at all. In fact, many do more than their teachers suggest, either because of (2) ….. about their marks or (3) …. for enjoyment. The inspectors (4) …. add to the evidence of the powerful (5) …. effects of homework on pupils achievement. The inspectors also recommend the (6) …. of “homework chatter”. These tell parents and children how much (7) …. work is expected and provide (8) …. to schools to form links with parents who can check that tasks are properly (9) …. International (10) …. suggest that a typical 14-years-old does six hours homework in Britain, eight hours in Italy and almost nine hours in Hungry, Japan and Poland. 1. A. expects B. expectants C. expectancy D. expectations 2. A. anxious B. anxiety C. anxiousness D. anxiously 3. A. simple B. simply C. simplify D. simplification 4. A. finds B. found C. findings D. findings 5. A. benefit B. benefits C. beneficial D. beneficial 6. A. introduce B. introduction C. introducing D. introductory 7. A. adding B. added C. additive D. additional 8. A. courage B. encouragement C. courageously D. encouraging 9. A. complete B. completed C. completing D. completive 10. A. compares B. comparing C. comparisons D. comparisons Bài 7: Read the following text carefully, then circle either A, B, C or D to fit each space in the text. THE LONDON TO BRIGHTON CAR RUN The first London to Brighton run took place on November 14th 1896. It was organized to celebrate the (1) ...... of a law which made it easier for cars in Britain to be driven on the roads. Before then, the law (2) ...... a driver and an engineer in the car and a man walking in front of the vehicle with a red flag (3) ...... of its approach. Since then, this annual run has become one of the most popular events on the British motoring calendar, (4) ...... crowds of over one. million lining the route. Only the (5) ...... oldest cars, constructed during the ten years between 1895 and 1905, are allowed to (6) ...... in it. Lovingly polished by their drivers, who are dressed in the clothing of the (7) ....., the cars leave Hyde Park in London at 7.30 am and arrive, (8) ......, in Brighton some three hours later. The 60-mile run is not a race A- there’s an official coffee stop on the (9) ...... and the cars are restricted to an average speed of only 30 kph. The only (10) ...... for finishing is a medal, which is awarded to everyone who (11) ...... Brighton before 4 pm. The run traditionally (12) ...... participants from all four (13) ...... of the world, including Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia Since the youngest car is nearly a hundred years old, some of them (14) ...... down of course. But for the owners of the 400-plus vehicles, it’s simply being there that (15) ..... the greatest pleasure. 1. A. electing B. passing C. settling D. appointing 2. A. forced , B. needed C. obliged · D. required 3. A. announcing B. warning · C. declaring D. forecasting 4. A. with B. having C. including D. along 5. A. quite B. certainly C. very D. surely 6. A. involve B. take part C. get engaged D. include 7. A. while B. spell C. phase D. period 8. A. hopefully B. intentionally ' C. ambitiously D. purposely 9. A. direction B. way C. path D. process 10. A. earning B. profit C. reward D. credit Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 4 - Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương 11. A. gets 12. A. appeals 13. A. edges 14. A. break 15. A. lets B. meets B. engages if B. tips B. fall B. fetches C. attains C. attracts C. limits C. run C. brings Phương pháp làm bài tập điền từ D. reaches D. catches D. corners D. pull D. results Bài 8: Decide the correct word form for each numbered gap. When did the first toys come into existence? Did they represent an attempt by adults to make children (1) …., or did they arise from the various playful (2) …. of children themselves? As everyone knows, the young frequently (3) …. the behaviour of their (4) …., and in their play, they often adopt objects (5) … by adults for entirely different purposes. These objects (6) …. and lead to games in which everyday articles often play unusual and (7) …. roles. It is rather (8) …. that for an explanation of the origin of toys, we cannot turn to folk stories. However, no traditional tale (9) … to the origin of toys exists, and so our knowledge (10) …. to archeological study and limited evidence from documents. 1. A. happy B. happiness C. happily D. unhappy 2. A. acts B. actions C. activities D. active 3. A. copying B. copy C. copies D. copied 4. A. orders B. elderly C. elders D. olds 5. A. using B. used C. to use D. to be used 6. A. courage B. are courageous C. encourage D. encouraging 7. A. expected B. expecting C. unexpected D. unexpecting 8. A. surprise B. surprised C. surprising D. surprisingly 9. A, relates B. related C. relation D. relationship 10. A. restricts B. restricted C. is restricted D. is restricting. Bài 9. Choose the correct verb for each gap in the following passage. Although women now have the freedom to (1) …. whether or not the they have children, it is generally a joint a decision between the partners involved. In fact, in cultures which (2) … strongly traditional, the decision to have a baby may well be (3) …. by society, family and the man of the family, rather than the mother. Furthermore, in most modern societies, with (4) …. expectations from both men and women, there is an obvious need for major decisions, such as starting a family. Thus it is unreasonable to suggest that women are solely responsible for the decision to have a child, and therefore it is unreasonable that they are responsible for (5) …. the child up. 1. A. select B. elect C. choose D. know 2. A. stay B. remain C. keep D. become 3. A. infected B. affected C. done D. finished 4. A. raising B. decreasing C. arising D. increasing 5. A. bringing B. educating C. raising D. keeping Bài 10. Read the text and then decide which word best fits each space. Circle the letter you choose for each question. MEDIA AND ADVERTISING After more than fifty years of television, it might seem only obvious to conclude that it is here to (1) ......... There have been many objections to it during this time, of course, and (2) ......... a variety of Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 5 - Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Phương pháp làm bài tập điền từ grounds. Did it cause eye-strain? Was the (3) ......... bombarding us with radioactivity? Did the advertisements contain subliminal messages, persuading us to buy more? Did children turn to violence through watching it, either because so (4) ......... programmes taught them how to shoot, rob, and kill, or because they had to do something to counteract the hours they had spent glued to the tiny screen? Or did it simply create a vast passive (5) ......... drugged by glamorous serials and inane situation (6) ......... ? On the other hand did it increase anxiety by sensationalizing the news [or the news which was (7) ......... by suitable pictures] and filling our living rooms with war, famine and political unrest? (8) ......... in all, television proved to be the all - purpose scapegoat for the second half of the century, blamed for everything, but above all, eagerly watched. F or no (9) ......... how much we despised it, feared it, were bored by lit, or felt that it took us away from the old paradise of family conversation and hobbies such as collecting stamps, we never turned it off. We kept staring at the screen, aware that our own tiny (10) ......... was in if we looked carefully. 1. A. be B. stay · C. exist D. prolong 2. A. with B. over C. by D. on 3. A. screen B. danger C. machine . D. reason 4. A. that B. far C. many D. what 5. A. programme B. personality C. audience D. tense 6. A. comedies B. programmes C. perhaps D. consequently 7. A. taken B. presented C. capable D. accompanied 8. A. Taken B. All C. Somewhat D. Thus 9. A. one B. matter C. difference D. reason 10. A. fault B. reflection C. situation D. consciousness Bài 11. Choose the correct word form to finish the passage. A POPULAR WRITER Emma Harte, is Barbara Taylor Bradford’s novel, was a poor lonely girl who became the (1) …. owner of an international chain of stores. Like the woman she writes about, Ms. Bradford is beautiful and (2) …. . She left school at sixteen became a (3) ….. . After twenty-tree years of this work, she made the (4) …. to start writing novels. She is now one of the most highly-paid (5) …. in the world. Was Emma Harte’s story based on Ms. Bradford’s own (6) … successful life? “I’m afraid not,” she said with (7) …… “My life has been quite different from Emma Harte’s. She was (8) ……… to be born into a poor family. I came from a middle-class home and I’m (9) …. married to a rich American film producer. The only thing I share with me heroine is her (10) …. to work hard.” 1. A. wealth B. wealthy C. wealthier D. wealthiest 2. ambitious B. ambition C. ambitiously D. more ambitious 3. A. journal B. journalist C. journalism D. journalize 4. A. decide B. decisive C. decision D. decisiveness 5. A. novel B. novels C. novelists D. novel sellers 6. A. credible B. credibly C. incredible D. incredibly 7. A. amuse B. amusing C. amusement D. amusements 8. A. lucky B. luckily C. unlucky D. unluckily 9. happy B. happily C. unhappy D. unhappily 10. A. able B. ability C. inability D. disable Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 6 - Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Phương pháp làm bài tập điền từ Bài 12. Read the text and then decide which option best fits each numbered space. There is much more water than land (1) ...... the surface. of the earth. The seas and oceans (2) ...... nearly four - fifths of the whole world, and only one - fifth of (3) ...... land. If you travelled over the earth (4) ...... different directions, you would have to spend (5) ...... more of your time (6) ...... on water than on roads or railways. We sometimes forget that (7) ...... every mile of land there (8) ...... four miles of water. There is much water (9) ...... the surface of our earth that we (10) ...... to use two words to describe. We use the word SEAS (11) ...... those parts of water surface which (12) ...... only a few hundreds of miles wide, the word OCEANS to describe (13) huge areas of water (14) ...... are thousands of miles wide (15) ...... very deep. 1. A. in B. on C. from D. over 2. A. covered B. covering C. cover D. to cover 3. A. them are B. its C. it is D. it's 4. A. in B. for g C. to D. by 5. A. many B. few C. much D. too 6. A. moving B. to move C. move D. moved 7. A. on B. in C. within D. for . 8. A. have B. is C. are D. being 9. A. on B. in C. under D. across 10. A. must B. should C. have D. would 11. A. describe B. describes C. to describe D. describes 12. A. have B. is C. are D. will be 13. A. a B. the C. little D. a little 14. A. what B. where C. which D. who 15. A. then B. and C. but D. also Bài 13. Read the following text and choose the correct option for each of the numbered gap. THE HANGING GARDENS OF BABYLON The hanging gardens of Babylon were considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the (1) ...... World. They are believed to have been built by King Nebuchadnezzar in the sixth (2) ...... BC as a present for his wife, Amytis. The gardens were (3) ...... in layers - one on top of the other, much like a modern multi - storey car (4) ...... although a -lot more (5) ...... to look at. Each layer was a large terrace (6) .....Q with tropical flowers, plants and trees. The large (7) ...... of water which these plants required was (8) ...... from the river Euphrates nearby. It is said that Nebuchadnezzar and his wife would sit in the (9) ...... of the gardens and .(10) ......down on the city of Babylon below. The gardens’ fame quickly (11) ......, and travelers would come from far and wide to (12) ...... them. Even thousands of years ago, people used to go (13) ...... The city of Babylon itself was also famous throughout the whole (14) ...... for its beautiful buildings, huge tiled walls and magnificent gates made of brass. Sadly, nothing (15) ...... today of the beautiful hanging gardens, and the city of Babylon lies in ruins in what is modern-day Iraq. 1. A. antique B. ancient C. historical D. traditional 2. A. decade B. period C. era D. century 3. A. consummated B. assembled C. collected D. invented 4. A. park B. stop C. station D. garage Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 7 - Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương 5. A. good-looking 6. A. included . 7. A. total 8. A. dragged 9. A. shadow 10. A. look 11. A. distributed 12. A. approve 13. A. glimpsing 14. A. planet 15. A. remains B. attractive B. contained B. sum B. pulled B. shade B. see B. spread B. respect B. sightseeing B. globe B. stays Phương pháp làm bài tập điền từ C. handsome C. filled C. amount C. pushed C. gloom C. watch C. extended C. admire C. glancing C. earth C. waits D. adorable D. consisted D. number D. pumped D. glow D. observe D. moved D. assess D. staring D. world D. continues Bài 14. Complete the following passage by choosing the right preposition. FAILING A JOB INTERVIEW When you first apply for a job, you might not succeed in getting it. It’s always a good idea to ask them to explain (1) ...... you what prevented you from beating the other candidates. Don’t complain (2) ...... the situation, but ask them to advise you (3) ...... what you can do better next time. Perhaps the interviewer disapproved (4) ...... or disagreed (5) ...... something you said. Perhaps they just glanced (6) ...... your application and I saw something that made it easy to choose (7) ...... you and another candidate. Don’t regard it (8) ...... a failure, but recognize it (9) ...... a chance to learn more. As long as you don’t worry too much (10)...... , it and continue to believe in yourself, you’ll eventually find the chance you’ve been waiting for. Then your family and friends will be able to congratulate you on your success! 1. A. for B. to C. about D. with 2. A. for B. to C. about D. with 3. A. against B. on C. about D. with 4. A. against B. on C. of D. with 5. A. against B. on C. of D. with 6. A. at B. on C. of D. through 7. A. from B. of C. between D. among 8. A. for B. as C. like D. with 9. A. for B. as C. like D. with 10. A. for B. to C. about D. with Bài 15. Choose the correct form of the verb for each blank. When the North and the South finally (1) …. down their arms in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War, they (2) …. for over four years and the South, which (3) …. several battles but (4) … the war, (5) …. economically exhausted. It (6) … a tragedy that Abraham Lincoln, who (7) … the North to victory and (8) ……. now ready to be generous to the South, (9) … to make the peace. Five days after General Lee (10) …. at Appmottox, Lincoln was assassinated. 1. A. laid B. had laid C. had been laying D. were laying 2. A. fought B. hat fought C. had been fighting D. were winning 3. A. won B. had won C. has won D. was winning 4. A. lost B. has lost C. had been losing D. was losing 5. A. was B. had been C. has been D. would be Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 8 - Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương 6. A. is 7. A. led 8. A. is 9. A. survived 10. A. surrendered B. was B. had led B. was B. surviving B. surrendering C. has been C. would lead C. has been C. hadn’t survived C. had surrendered Phương pháp làm bài tập điền từ D. would be D. was leading D. would be D. didn’t survive D. was surrendering Bài 16. Choose the best preposition for each numbered gap. Fish live almost everywhere. They are found in the near freezing waters of the Arctic and in the steaming waters (1) ...... tropical jungles. They live in roaring streams and (2) ...... quiet underground rivers. Some fish make long journeys (3) ...... the ocean. Others spend most of their life buried (4) ...... sand on the ocean bottom. Most fish can’t leave water; yet some survive for months (5) ...... dried-up riverbeds. Fish have enormous importance (6) ...... man. They provide food for millions of people. Fishermen catch them for sport, and many people keep them (7) ...... pets. Fish are also important in the balance of nature. They eat plants and animals and (8) ...... turn, become food (9) ...... plants and animals. Fish thus help keep (10) ...... balance the total number of plants and animals on the earth. 1. A. on B. in C. among D. inside 2. A. in B. on C. under D. inside 3. A. along ` B. through C. across D. into 4. A. on B. in C. under D. among 5. A. on B. in C. under D. among 6. A. for B. to C. with D. toward 7. A. as B. like C. for D. with 8. A. on B. in C. to g D. at 9. A. to B. of C. for D. among 10. A. on B. at C. in D. for Bài 17.Choose the best preposition or adverb for each gap in the following passage. ACUPUNCTURE Acupuncture is a Chinese medical technique which has been practiced for more than 4000 years. It involves inserting long thin needles (1) ...... particular spots in the skin, known as acupuncture points, and rotating them. It is mainly used to relieve pain but it is also sometimes used (2) ...... curing disease and improving general health. Acupuncture is one of the great mysteries of medical science. There is little doubt that it can be effective (3) ...... relieving pain. Western doctors have witnessed surgical operations carried out (4) ...... Chinese patients who were anaesthetized only (5) ...... acupuncture and yet showed no signs of pain. However, Western scientists have still not come (6) ...... an adequate explanation as to how acupuncture actually works. At one time it was believed that acupuncture was related in some way (7) ...... hypnosis, but this has now been proved not to be true. Still, acupuncture is becoming increasingly popular in the West, (8) ...... many American and European doctors now believing acupuncture may have a role to play in medicine, although most argue that much more research needs to be done first. In 1972, acupuncture received some welcome publicity as a result of President Nixon’s trip (9) ...... China. Nixon became ill (10) ...... the trip and was rushed to hospital. He later told reporters that acupuncture had greatly relieved his pain. l. A. in B. into C. through D. on 2. A. for B. in C. by D. with Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 9 - Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương 3. A. for . 4. A. by 65. A. by 66. A. into 67. A. of 68. A. of 69. A. in 70. A. on B. in B. on B. on B. across B. into B. for B. to B. during C. with C. with C. with C. up with C. with C. with C. into C. in Phương pháp làm bài tập điền từ D. on D. for D. for D. on D. to D. as D. through D. through Bài 18. Choose the correct word form among A, B, C or D to fill each of the blanks to finish the following passage. Every weekend in Britain thousands of walkers head off into the countryside with the necessary (1) …. to enjoy their hiking. One thing they will not leave behind because it is considered an absolute (2) …. is their Ordnance Survey Map. These maps are (3) …. to the walkers as they are very (4) ….., with up-to-date details about every part of the country. The Ordnance Survey (5) …. in the eighteenth century and was (6) …. intended to provide the army of the time with maps. Before this most maps were (7) … and unreliable. Better maps were thought to be important because the country felt (8) …….by invasion from abroad or (9) …….. at home. The organization is still wholly owned by the Government, but it is recently given (30) …. fund status, which allows it to reinvest any profits. 1. A. equip B. equipment C. equipped D. equipments 2. A. necessity B. necessary C. necessitate D. necessarily 3. A. valueless B. valuable C. value D. invaluable 4. A. informant B. information C. informative D. inform 5. A. beginning B. began C. begin D. begun 6. A. originate B. origin C. originally D. originates 7. A. accurate B. inaccurate C. accuracy D. inaccurate 8. A. threatening B. threat C. threatened D. threaten 9. A. rebelling B. rebellion C. rebel D. rebels 10. A. trader B. trade C. traders D. trading Bài 19. Choose the most suitable preposition among A, B, C, or D for each numbered gap to complete the passage. If you look at the sky (1) … a clear night, you will see that there are so many twinkling lights that nobody is able to count them all. Most of these lights are stars. they are (2) … big moving balls in the sky. The stars we see (3) … night are much further away (4) … our sun, which is also a star. Some of these stars are like our earth, they are (5) … more solid material. They are called planets. They shine just as a mirror does when you hold it (6) … the sunlight. Instead (7) …. giving (8) … the light of their own, these planets reflect the light (9) …. our sun. The other planets of the sun are much closer (10) …. our planet earth than the stars are. However, these other planets are very far away. It would take a spaceship traveling more than 60,000 miles an hour about five months to reach the nearest one. 1. A. on B. at C. in D. from 2. A. as B. like C. above D. under 3. A. on B. at C. beside D. beyond 4. A. between B. of C. from D. next 5. A. from B. by C. of D. in Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 10 - Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương 6. A. to 7. A. along 8. A. up 9. A. from 10. A. to B. against B. from B. back B. of B. away C. opposite C. with C. out C. with C. from Phương pháp làm bài tập điền từ D. across D. of D. in D. by D. within Bài 20. Choose the correct verb form among A, B, C, or D for each numbered gap to complete the passage. I (1) …. up while flight attendant was serving breakfast. The plane was crossing the Channel, and when I looked out of the window, I could see ships far below. I (2) …. home after a long time abroad, I had been away for over twenty years. I didn’t know to expect. I wondered whether things (3) … much. The plane landed and the bus took us to the terminal building. After (4) …. my luggage, I walked out of the baggage hall. I didn’t know whether anyone (5) … there to meet me. But when I appeared, I had a big surprise. Almost half my family were there. It was wonderful. “You (6) …. the old town,” my sister told me. “Almost everything has changed since you last (7) …. it. They are building a new bridge at the moment. They (8) …. it for the past three years, nut they (9) …. it yet.” I’ve been very different, but strangely enough it still (10) …. the same, because the people that I love are here. I’m leaving again in a few weeks’ time, but I know that even if I’m away for twenty years again, this will always be my home. 1. A. waked B. woke C. awake D. awaken 2. A. come B. am coming C. was coming D. have been coming 3. A. had changed B. had been changed C. have changed D. have been changed 4. A. collected B. collecting C. having collected D. collect 5. A. is B. are B. were D. would be 6. A. don’t recognizes B. didn’t recognize C. won’t recognize D. wouldn’t recognize 7. A. see B. seen C. have seen D. saw 8. A. build B. built C. have been building D. have built 9. A. haven’t finished B. hasn’t finished C. haven’t been finishing D. hasn’t been finished 10. A. feel B. feeling C. felt D. feels Giáo viên: Vũ Mai Phương Nguồn Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 : Hocmai.vn - Trang | 11 -
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