Tài liệu Sentence transformation

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Edited by: Beeone.vn SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION TYPE 1:VERB TENSES 1. I didn't see her again for five years. Five years………………………………………………….. 2. He started investigating the case a week ago. He has been………………………………………………….. 3. . He hasn't been back to his hometown for over twenty years now. It is…………………………………………………………... 4. Tom learned to drive when he was nineteen. Tom has ………………………………………………….. 5. . How long have they get engaged? When…………………………………………………..? 6. Six years ago we started writing to each other. We have………………………………………………….. 7. The last time it rained was a fortnight ago. It has ………………………………………………….. 8. The last time she had a swim was five years ago. She hasn‟t ………………………………………………….. 9. It is three weeks since 1 last saw Julie. I haven‟t………………………………………………….. . 10. How long have Catherine and Henry been engaged? When…………………………………………………..? 11. She started working as a secretary five years ago. She has…………………………………………………... If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn 12. John and Mary moved to Edinburgh twenty years ago. It is………………………………………………….. 13. It was two years ago at the end of this week that I started working here. At the end………………………………………………….. 14. I went to the zoo last week and that is where I saw a real tiger for the first time. Before I………………………………………………….. 15. Mary knew what the answer was after reading the book. By the time ………………………………………………….. 16. He left school, and then joined the army. After ………………………………………………….. 17. I haven't been able to see them for over a year. It is………………………………………………….. 18. It is years since we decorated this room. We haven't ………………………………………………….. 19. How long is it since they bought the house? When…………………………………………………..? 20. Jim will be eighteen years old next week. It is Jim‟s…………………………………………………... If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn TYPE 2: GERUNDS OR INFINITIVES 1. The film star wore dark glasses so that no one would recognize him. The film star avoided………………………………………………….. 2. The boss said to me, “You may leave early.” The boss permitted………………………………………………….. 3. My best friend said, “I‟ll help you with your homework today.” My best friend offered………………………………………………….. 4. I felt that it had been a mistake to write the letter. I regretted ever…………………………………………………... 5. He was very sorry that he didn‟t see Ann on her trip to London. He greatly regretted not ………………………………………………….. 6. "If I were you, I wouldn't trust Peter," she told John. She advised John………………………………………………….. 7. It‟s pointless to have that old typewriter repaired. That old typewriter is not………………………………………………….. 8. I was going to leave, but because of what she said, I didn't. She persuaded………………………………………………….. 9. . She admitted that she had taken the necklace. She admitted to………………………………………………….. 10. "Why don't we share the cost?" said my friend. My friend suggested………………………………………………….. 11. He was sorry he hadn't said goodbye to her at the airport. He regretted not………………………………………………….. 12. The hijacker said to the pilot, “You must land the plane immediately.” The hijacker forced the pilot………………………………………………….. If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn 13. The teacher always says to the students, “You are supposed to come to class on time.” The teacher expects………………………………………………….. 14. The teacher said to the students, “Try harder and get good marks next time.” The teacher encouraged………………………………………………….. 15. It is not a good idea to stand under a tree when it is raining. It is better to avoid………………………………………………….. 16. Could you stop making so much noise, please? Would you mind…………………………………………………..? 17. The driver of the car said that it was true that he was speeding when the accident happened. The driver of the car admitted…………………………………………………... 18. Are you sorry that you didn‟t accept his offer? Do you regret…………………………………………………..? 19. Don‟t complain any more and do something. Why don‟t you put off…………………………………………………..? 20. “If I were you, I would give up that relationship,” said she. She advised me…………………………………………………... If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn TYPE 3. PASSIVE VOICE 1. The zoo keepers feed the lions at 3 pm every day. The lions………………………………………………….. 2. They haven‟t cleaned the street this week. The street………………………………………………….. 3. The architect has drawn plans for an extension to the house. Plans ………………………………………………….. 4. They make these artificial flowers of glossy paper. These artificial………………………………………………….. 5. The leak was repaired by the plumber this morning. The plumber ………………………………………………….. 6. They will have to make new projects for extra places in schools. New projects ………………………………………………….. 7. We can avoid serious injuries by wearing seat-belts in cars. Serious injuries………………………………………………….. 8. People believe that the Chinese invented paper in 105 A.D. Paper………………………………………………….. 9. They believe that the robbers got into the bank through the roof. The robbers are………………………………………………….. 10. People think that acid rain is now a familiar problem in the industrialized countries in Europe. Acid rain is …………………………………………………... 11. Thousands of tourists visit the spectacular ruins of Mayan civilization every year. The spectacular ruins…………………………………………………... 12. Experts say that the fall in the birth rate between 1990 and 1995 caused the drop in the number of school leavers. If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn The drop in the number of school leavers…………………………………………………... 13. People think that the climate is changing. The climate………………………………………………….. 14. It‟s thought that the accident was caused by human error. The accident is………………………………………………….. 15. Don‟t touch this switch. This switch ………………………………………………….. 16. A fire destroyed most of the old city of London in the 1600s. The destruction of the old city of London in the 1600s…………………………………… 17. We have a six o'clock deadline for this work. This work must………………………………………………….. 18. I didn't let him know what I was thinking. He was not………………………………………………….. 19. The number of people killed in industrial accidents is now fifteen. Already this year ………………………………………………….. 20. No one has challenged his authority before. This is the first time………………………………………………….. 21. The usher showed us to our seats. We………………………………………………….. 22. The robbers made the bank manager hand over all the money. The bank manager………………………………………………….. 23. What mainly distinguishes man from other animals is the power of speech. Man ………………………………………………….. 24. Is it really necessary for me to type the application? Does the application…………………………………………………..? If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn 25. The authorities will prosecute anyone they find trespassing on this land. Anyone found………………………………………………….. 26. Oil was slowly covering the edge of the shore. The edge of the shore………………………………………………….. 27. Someone has suggested abolishing income tax. It has ………………………………………………….. 28. We may not able to give the party. The party may have…………………………………………………... 29. The police let him leave after they had questioned him. He was…………………………………………………... 30. He has numerous operations. He has been…………………………………………………... 31. They have recently improved the bus service in this town. Some improvements………………………………………………….. 32. They will not announce the decision formally. No formal………………………………………………….. 33. We have no seats left for the concert on December 14th. All the seats for the concert on December 14th………………………………………………….. 34. It is said that there is plenty of oil off our own coast. There is………………………………………………….. 35. Perhaps no one will ever know what happened that fateful night. What happened that fateful night………………………………………………….. 36. The secretary didn't reply me for ten days. No reply from the secretary………………………………………………….. 37. We may not be able to give the concert. If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn The concert………………………………………………….. 38. My parents let me go abroad alone for the first time last year. I was ………………………………………………….. 39. It is thought that the prisoner was recaptured while drinking in a pub. The prisoner………………………………………………….. 40. The deadline for the receipt of completed application forms is 3 pm on Friday, 18th December. Completed application forms must………………………………………………….. 41. Sally‟s parents gave her a new iPad for her birthday. Sally …………………………………………………... 42. Mr. Hill teaches his students to understand different English accents. Mr. Hill‟s students…………………………………………………... 43. Did they build the garage at the same time as the house? Was the garage…………………………………………………..? 44. For further information, please send a self-addressed envelope to the above address. Further information…………………………………………………... 45. The manager was very astounded when they told him about the robbery. On…………………………………………………... 46. Is it essential to meet your aunt at the station? Does you aunt really need…………………………………………………..? 47. It is essential that Professor Van Helsing will be met at the airport. Professor Van Helsing…………………………………………………... 48. Customs officials are stopping more travellers than usual this week. An increased number of travellers…………………………………………………... 49. They couldn't find the manager anywhere. The manager was…………………………………………………... If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn 50. The poor should not be despised. Do…………………………………………………... TYPE 4: CAUSATIVE FORM, RELATIVE CLAUSES 1. The decorators have finished our first floor. We have…………………………………………………... 2. The gas explosion blew out all the shop windows. All the shops………………………………………………….. 3. Mr. Dryden mended the washing machine for me. I had………………………………………………….. 4. If the work is finished by lunchtime, you can go home. Get………………………………………………….. 5. They serviced her car yesterday. She had…………………………………………………... 6. Somebody stole his watch yesterday. He…………………………………………………... 7. Somebody repaired her car yesterday. She…………………………………………………... 8. My suit needs to be cleaned before the interview. I must………………………………………………….. 9. My sister helps me wash my clothes when 1 am busy. When I am busy, I often get…………………………………………………... 10. The manager usually asks his personal assistant to sort out his documents. The manager usually has…………………………………………………... 11. Everyone was surprised that the singer had very little money when he died. If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn The singer had…………………………………………………... 12. I have forgotten that poet‟s name, but he is very well-known. That poet…………………………………………………... 13. I work in the factory which has more than one thousand employees. There are………………………………………………….. 14. I'm only interested in why he did it. The only thing………………………………………………….. 15. The football team have won all their matches this season, and their manager is a famous Spanish footballer The football team…………………………………………………... 16. I spoke to Mr. and Mrs. Gibbs only last week just before they died in that terrible train accident. Mr. and Mrs. Gibbs…………………………………………………... 17. Michael laughed when I told him the joke. The joke…………………………………………………... 18. I know this reporter's background well and he is absolutely honest. This reporter………………………………………………….. 19. Because there was late frost, much of the fruit crop was spoiled. A frost which…………………………………………………... 20. A man I don‟t know told me about that. I was………………………………………………….. If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn TYPE 5: COMPARISON 1. I don‟t have any hats as cheap as this one. This hat is………………………………………………….. 2. Home computers used to be much more expensive. Home computers aren‟t…………………………………………………... 3. There isn't anywhere as nice as your own country, is there? Nowhere is…………………………………………………..? 4. People no longer smoke so many cigarettes as they used to. The smoking of cigarettes…………………………………………………... 5. She knows a lot more about it than I do. 1 don‟t know…………………………………………………... 6. Everyone heard about the accident before I did. I was the…………………………………………………... 7. Couldn't you find a better hotel? Is this…………………………………………………..? 8. That is the best meal I have ever eaten. I have never…………………………………………………... 9. He has never behaved so violently before. He is behaving…………………………………………………... 10. He is the man most likely to win the race. No one stands a…………………………………………………... 11. I can't describe people as well as you can. You are………………………………………………….. 12. More people are infected with HIV this year than they were 5 years ago. Not as many people …………………………………………………... If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn 13. Peter is a better mechanic than Jim. Jim is not………………………………………………….. ' 14. 6,000 pounds is a better offer than you have ever had before. You have never had…………………………………………………... 15. I thought that Martin's last novel was more interesting. Martin's latest novel………………………………………………….. 16. The President is the statesman I admire most of all. There is no statesman…………………………………………………... 17. My mother is the most warm-hearted person I have ever known. I have………………………………………………….. 18. The Pacific Ocean is on average deeper than the Atlantic. The average…………………………………………………... 19. It was more an argument than a discussion. It was not so much…………………………………………………... 20. In my opinion, he is the best pianist in the whole orchestra. In my opinion, there is…………………………………………………... 21. What I earn in a month he earns in a week. He earns…………………………………………………... 22. The north-west of Britain has more rain each year than the south-east. The annual…………………………………………………... 23. Skyscrapers in the USA are on average higher than anywhere else in the world. The average………………………………………………….. 24. There weren‟t nearly as many people there as I had expected. There were far………………………………………………….. 25. You are the best guitarist in the world. If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn No one………………………………………………….. 26. If you run a lot, you will become healthy. The more ………………………………………………….. 27. My boss works better when he's pressed for work. The less………………………………………………….. 28. As I get older, I want to travel less. The older………………………………………………….. 29. His fondness for the game increase with his proficiency. The more ………………………………………………….. 30. Success in the academic field depends on your ability to get qualifications. The more………………………………………………….. TYPE 6: CONDITIONALS, I WISH, PAST SUBJUNCTIVE 1. The only reason Jimmy often gets bad marks is because he is lazy. If Jimmy ………………………………………………….. 2. We got lost because we didn‟t have a map. If we ………………………………………………….. 3. We didn‟t go on holiday because we did not have enough money. If we ………………………………………………….. 4. She didn‟t hurry, so she missed the train. If she ………………………………………………….. 5. I bought beef because I didn‟t know she couldn‟t eat it. If I………………………………………………….. 6. Providing that you leave a forwarding address, we will be able to contact you. Unless …………………………………………………... If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn 7. Unless you save some money, you will never be able to buy a car. Provided that………………………………………………….. 8. The boys don‟t have any matches, so they can‟t light the fire. If the boys………………………………………………….. 9. The new car was so expensive that he didn‟t buy it. If………………………………………………….. 10. In the event of your failing your driving test, would you take it again? Supposing that………………………………………………….. 11. The captain said, “If that tanker breaks up, there will be an oil slick all along the coast.” The captain told us that if…………………………………………………... 12. If you don‟t water these flowers, they will die soon. Unless ………………………………………………….. 13. It was his incompetence that led to their failure. If …………………………………………………... 14. Given fair warning, I could have avoided that date. If you had…………………………………………………... 15. We didn‟t finish the work because of his carelessness. If he…………………………………………………... 16. My husband didn‟t leave the car keys, so l couldn‟t pick him up at the station. If my husband…………………………………………………... 17. Working for this travel agency will not be possible without a good command of English. Unless…………………………………………………... 18. If you followed my advice, you would be successful. Were …………………………………………………... 19. The company will probably make a profit next year. If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn I wouldn't…………………………………………………... 20. It was the weakness of the foundations that led to the collapse of the building. If…………………………………………………... 21. It was the goalkeeper that saved the match for US. Had it…………………………………………………... 22. It was his over-confidence that led to his defeat in the Wimbledon final. If…………………………………………………... 23. We will put out to sea if the weather is good. Provided that …………………………………………………... 24. Thanks to Mary's support I was able to finish the project. Had it…………………………………………………... 25. Thanks to his aunt's legacy of $10,000 he was able to buy the house he wanted. Had his…………………………………………………... 26. The only thing that makes this job worthwhile is the money. Were it…………………………………………………... 27. It's my opinion that you should take more exercise. If I…………………………………………………... 28. Without his wife's constant support, he would never have achieved his ambition. If he…………………………………………………... 29. I found it a very readable book, which is why I was able to get through it so quickly. If it…………………………………………………... 30. Follow this instruction carefully and you won't have any problems. As long as…………………………………………………... 31. He lives for the others and he finds his life meaningful. Unless…………………………………………………... If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn 32. I didn't realize he was the author and that's why I was so rude about his new book. Had I…………………………………………………... 33. If she hadn't insisted on kissing everyone goodbye, she would have caught the train. If it hadn't…………………………………………………... 34. If his solicitor hadn't advised him, he would have made a serious mistake. Had it…………………………………………………... 35. Mr. Watson managed to repair the garage roof only because his neighbour helped him. Without………………………………………………….. . 36. Richard only took over the family business because his father decided to retire early. But for…………………………………………………... 37. Thanks to his great speed, John won the gold medal. But for…………………………………………………... 38. Keeping calm is the secret of passing your driving test. As long as…………………………………………………... 39. He didn‟t study his lessons carefully, so he gets bad marks now. If he…………………………………………………... 40. There was no point trying to phone as he never answers the phone after midnight. Even if I…………………………………………………... 41. Brenda is a star because a famous director saw her act in a school play. Unless…………………………………………………... 42. It's such a pity your sister can't come as well. If only…………………………………………………... 43. I‟m sorry that I didn‟t finish my homework last night. I wish…………………………………………………... 44. They regret ever doing business with him. If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn They wish………………………………………………….. . 45. It‟s a pity I didn‟t take my doctor‟s advice. I wish…………………………………………………... 46. Mary says she‟d like to have been put in a higher class. Mary wishes…………………………………………………... 47. My English is not fluent enough to go for the interview. If only…………………………………………………... 48. It is a pity that you didn‟t tell us about your mother‟s problem. I wish …………………………………………………... 49. Maria didn‟t apply for the job in that international company, and regrets it now. Maria wishes…………………………………………………... 50. Mrs. Taylor does not like living in such a small house. Mrs. Taylor wishes…………………………………………………... TYPE 7: REPORTED SPEECH 1. “Why didn‟t you go to the club last night?” the girl said to Jim. The girl asked…………………………………………………... 2. "If I were you, I would not come here today," she said to me. She said that if………………………………………………….. 3. “How many survivors are there?” asked the journalist. The journalist wanted to know ………………………………………………….. 4. The doctor told him, “Try to get out in the sun as often as possible if you don‟t want to get ill again.” The doctor advised him………………………………………………….... 5. "What time does the manager come back?" the customer asked. The customer wanted…………………………………………………..... If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn 6. "Over $40 million has been received over the last ten days." It was reported that………………………………………………….... 7. . "You stole the jewels" the inspector said to him. The inspector accused………………………………………………….... 8. . "Will I ever find a job?" Tim said to himself. Tim wondered…………………………………………………..... 9. A police patrol said, “Don‟t park your car on the double yellow line!” A police patrol warned…………………………………………………..... 10. “Can I borrow your typewriter, Janet?” asked Peter. Peter asked if…………………………………………………..... . 11. "If Brian doesn't train harder, I won't select him for the team" said the manager. The manager threatened…………………………………………………..... 12.1 asked the hotel porter to wake me at 7 o‟clock the following morning. “Please………………………………………………….... 13. “Don‟t forget to buy some bread on your way home from work, Vivian,” said Mark. Mark reminded………………………………………………….... . 14. “I don‟t think John will come,” said Bill. Bill doubted………………………………………………….... 15. Barbara said. “I saw them at my parents‟ house last year.” Barbara said that………………………………………………….... 16. Tony said, “I have never been to London. I think I shall go there next year.” Tony said that ………………………………………………….... 17. “I can‟t explain this rule to you,” said my classmate to me. My cassmate told me………………………………………………….... 18. “I will let you know the answer by the end of this week,” Tom said to Janet. If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn Tom promised………………………………………………….... 19. My friend told me, “If I were you, I wouldn‟t smoke so much.” My friend advised ………………………………………………….... 20. “I wasn‟t in the shop when the robbery happened,” the suspect exclaimed. The suspect denied………………………………………………….... TYPE 8: DEDUCTION, PERFECT MODALS 1. I wasn't in the office yesterday, so you must have spoken to my assistant. I wasn't in the office yesterday, so it………………………………………………….... 2. I'm sure it wasn't Mrs. Elton you saw because she's in Bristol. It can't………………………………………………….... 3. I am certain he finished all his exercises and went shopping. He must………………………………………………….... 4. It is impossible that Andy is having a bath. Andy can‟t………………………………………………….... . 5. I am sure they are hungry now. They must………………………………………………….... 6. It is impossible that John is at school right now. John can‟t………………………………………………….... 7. Nam was not at home either. Perhaps he went out with his girlfriend. Nam might………………………………………………….... 8. I am sure that Tina didn‟t steal the money. Tina couldn‟t………………………………………………….... If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn Edited by: Beeone.vn 9. Certainly Kate wrote the article.. The article must ………………………………………………….... 10. I am sure Helen is playing the guitar now. Helen must ………………………………………………….... 11. In the event, the extra insurance we took out wasn't necessary. In the event, we………………………………………………….... 12. It was careless of you to leave the window open last night. You shouldn't………………………………………………….... 13. It was a mistake of mine to park my car outside the police station. I shouldn‟t………………………………………………….... 14. I gave Ted the message, but he already knew about it. I needn‟t………………………………………………….... 15. Tom wished he had studied harder for his graduation exams. Tom should………………………………………………….... 16. It was wrong of you not to call the fire brigade at once. You should ………………………………………………….... 17. Francis didn‟t try as hard as he should have to find his brother. Francis ought………………………………………………….... 18. It was essential that Mike listen to your advice, but he didn‟t. Mike should………………………………………………….... 19. James was not told the news a long time ago although it was necessary for him. James should………………………………………………….... 20. The father gave the daughter too much money, but she did not spend much. The father needn‟t………………………………………………….... If you have any questions concerning these exercises, reach me @facebook.com/beeone.vn
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