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0 CONTENTS Contents CONTENTS..................................................................................................................................................................1 DEGREES OF COMPARISON........................................................................................................................................1 Một sốố cấốu trúc cấần ghi nhớ..................................................................................................................................1 TENSES....................................................................................................................................................................... 5 Một sốố cấốu trúc cấần ghi nhớ..................................................................................................................................5 VERB FORMS & VERB PATTERNS................................................................................................................................8 Một sốố cấốu trúc cấần ghi nhớ..................................................................................................................................8 CONDITIONAL SENTENCES & WISH SENTENCES.......................................................................................................12 PASSIVE VOICE & CAUSATIVE FORM.........................................................................................................................14 Một sốố cấốu trúc cấần nhớ......................................................................................................................................14 REPORTED SPEECH...................................................................................................................................................18 Cấu tường thuật với động từ ở hình thức To-inf................................................................................................18 Cấu tường thuật với động từ ở dạng V-ing........................................................................................................19 Cấu tường thuật ở dạng cấu kể..........................................................................................................................20 Cấu tường thuật ở dạng cấu hỏi.........................................................................................................................20 Cấu điềầu kiện trong cấu tường thuật..................................................................................................................22 RELATIVE CLAUSES...................................................................................................................................................23 MỆNH ĐỀỀ VÀ CỤM TỪ CHỈ KỀẾT QUẢ......................................................................................................................28 Một sốố cấốu trúc cấần ghi nhớ................................................................................................................................28 MỆNH ĐỀỀ VÀ CỤM TỪ CHỈ LÝ DO VÀ SỰ TƯƠNG PHẢN........................................................................................31 Một sốố cấốu trúc cấần ghi nhớ................................................................................................................................31 MỆNH ĐỀỀ VÀ CỤM TỪ CHỈ MỤC ĐÍCH...................................................................................................................34 Một sốố cấốu trúc cấần ghi nhớ................................................................................................................................34 GENERAL PRACTICE..................................................................................................................................................36 1 DEGREES OF COMPARISON Một số cấu trúc cần ghi nhớ 1. No…. + V … AS + adj/adv + AS… + Noun = S + V + The + adj/adv + est/ The most + adj/adv… 2. S1 + V+ adj/adv + er more + adj/adv than + S2 = S2 + V+ NOT + SO/AS + ADJ/ADV+ AS + S1 3. S1 + V+ adj/adv + er more + adj/adv than any other/ other + Noun…. = S1 + V + the + adj/adv + est/ the most + adj/adv… 4. S 1+ V + adj/adv + er than + S2 = S1 + V + NOT + so/ as + adj/ adv TRÁI NGHĨA + as + S2 5. This is the + adj+ est/ the most + adj + Noun… S + have/ has EVER + V3/ed… = S + have/ has + NEVER + V3/ed+ such + a/an + adj + Noun… 1. Have you got a cheaper carpet than this? - Is this ___________________________________________________________________________ 2. No one in this group is younger than Mary. - She is ___________________________________________________________________________ 3. Tom is the best football player in the team. - No one __________________________________________________________________________ 4. Everest is higher than any other mountains in the world. - Everest __________________________________________________________________________ 5. This story is more interesting than the other stories that I’ve ever read. - This is __________________________________________________________________________ 6. The Nile is the longest river in the world. - No other river _____________________________________________________________________ 7. We breathe polluted air. We get weaker. - The more ________________________________________________________________________ 8. My father can’t cook as well as my mother does. - My mother _______________________________________________________________________ 2 9. George drives more carefully than he used to. - George didn’t _____________________________________________________________________ 10. No other city in Vietnam is so large as HCM city. - HCM city ________________________________________________________________________ 11. I don’t type so quickly as Tom does. - Tom ____________________________________________________________________________ 12. Physics isn’t so difficult as maths. - Maths __________________________________________________ ________________________ 13. Nam speaks English worse than his sister. - Nam’s ___________________________________________________________________________ 14. He spent too much money. He became poor. - The more ________________________________________________________________________ 15. I feel miserable when it is hot. - The hotter ________________________________________________________________________ 16. Nobody can run as fast as John. - John ____________________________________________________________________________ 17. Jane is cleverer than her brother. - Jane’s __________________________________________________ ________________________ 18. Tom doesn’t dance so gracefully as his younger sister. - Tom’s younger sister _______________________________________________________________ 19. Her car is more comfortable than his car. - His car __________________________________________________________________________ 20. You are young. You learn easily. - The younger ______________________________________________________________________ 21. I get up later than my brother. - My brother _______________________________________________________________________ 22. Linda speaks French more fluently than Tom. - Tom __________________________________________________ __________________________ 23. Maria isn't as friendly as Susan. - Susan ___________________________________________________________________________ 24. History is not as difficult as Maths. - Maths ___________________________________________________________________________ 25. Real Madrid is not as good as Real Zaragoza. - Real Zaragoza ____________________________________________________________________ 3 26. Watching TV is not as important as doing homework. - Doing homework __________________________________________________________________ 27. My sister and my brother are not as happy as me. - I _______________________________________________________________________________ 28. I am not as fat as Obelix. - Obelix __________________________________________________________________________ 29. Madrid is not as big as London. - London __________________________________________________________________________ 30. Jane can swim further than I can - 31. My sister can’t cook as well as my mother does - 32. His father is not _________________________________________________________________ She’s a faster and more careless driver than I am - 43. The speed of light________________________________________________________________ His mother is taller than his father - 42. Nobody________________________________________________________________________ Nothing is faster than the speed of light - 41. We don’t _______________________________________________________________________ Tom is the best football player in this team - 40. Sally is ________________________________________________________________________ They understand more than we do - 39. No one ________________________________________________________________________ Nobody in the class is cleverer than Sally - 38. The dress is not__________________________________________________________________ Peter is the tallest boy in his class - 37. Dogs can_______________________________________________________________________ The dress is cheaper than the skirt - 36. Apples are not___________________________________________________________________ Cats can’t swim as well as dogs can - 35. My brother_____________________________________________________________________ Apples are usually cheaper than oranges - 34. My mother can__________________________________________________________________ I don’t play tennis as well as my brother does - 33. I can’t_________________________________________________________________________ She drives ______________________________________________________________________ Jane is a better cook than Robert 4 44. Robert can’t ____________________________________________________________________ Couldn’t you find a better hotel? - 45. Is this _____________________________________________________________ He speaks more persuasively than his brother. - 46. He is a ____________________________________________________________ My mother is the most warm – hearted person I have ever known. - 47. I have never ________________________________________________________ My boss works better when he’s pressed for time. - 48. The less time _______________________________________________________ The patient recovered more rapidly than expected. - 49. The patient made ____________________________________________________ She listens more sympathetically than anyone else I know. - 50. She is _____________________________________________________________ As television programmes become more popular, they seem to get worse. - 51. The more __________________________________________________________ There weren’t nearly as many people there as I had expected. - 52. There were far_______________________________________________________ This is the most interesting film that I have ever seen. - I have never ________________________________________________________ TENSES Một số cấu trúc cần ghi nhớ 1. S + started/ began + V-ing/ To-inf ….. + IN + mốc thời gian = S + have/ has + V3/ed (S + have/ has been + V-ing)…+ SINCE + mốc thời gian 2. S + started/ began + V-ing/ To-inf… + khoảng thời gian + AGO = S + have/ has + V3/ed (S + have/ has been + V-ing)…+ FOR + khoảng thời gian 3. S + have/has + NOT + V3/ed… before = It’s / This is the first time + S + have/has + V3/ed… 4. S + have/has + NOT + V3/ed…. FOR + khoảng thời gian = It’s + khoảng thời gian + SINCE+ S + last+ V2/ed… = S + last + V2/ed…. khoảng thời gian + AGO = The last time + S + V2/ed… WAS + khoảng thời gian + AGO 5 5. S + have/has + NOT + V3/ed…. since + mốc thời gian. = S + last + V2/ed ….IN + mốc thời gian = The last time + S + V2/ed… WAS + IN + mốc thời gian 6. S + have/has + NOT + V3/ed…. since + S + V2/ED. = S + last + V2/ed …WHEN S + V2/ED. = The last time + S + V2/ed… WAS + WHEN S + V2/ED. 7. How long is it since + S + V2/ed…? = When did + S + last + V0…? 1. I haven’t played football for ages.  It’s………………………………………………………………….. 2. I haven’t been to Ha long for three years.  It’s…………………………………………………………………..  The last time……………………………………………………….. 3. She hasn’t seen her mother since she left for Pairs. She last……………………………………………………………… 4. The last time I went to Hanoi was over fours years ago. I haven’t……………………………………………………………. It’s…………………………………………………………………. 5. I last saw her when she returned to her hometown. I haven’t……………………………………………………………. 6. She hasn’t spoken Japanese before. It’s………………………………………………………………….. 7. This is the first time she has driven a car. She…………………………………………………………………… 8. I haven’t heard from him since July. I last……………………………………………………………………. The last time…………………………………………………………… 9. My aunt has been teaching English for 40 years.  My aunt……………………………………………………………… 11. I went over my lesson and then went to school  Before ………………………………………………………………. 12. Before he watched TV, he had done all his exercises  After ………………………………………………………………… 13. Before I came to class, I had had a cup of coffee. 6 - After I had _________________________________________________________ 14. I haven’t stayed in a hotel for years. - It’s years since ______________________________________________________ 15. I have never read such a good book before. - This is the first time ____________________________________________________ 16. She started learning English ten years ago. - She has ____________________________________________________________ 17. It’s two years since he last went home. - He hasn’t __________________________________________________________ 18. She began to play the piano three years ago. - She has ____________________________________________________________ 19. We last went to the cinema two months ago. - We haven’t _________________________________________________________ 20. He lost the job three months ago. - It is three ____________________________________________________________ 21. John began playing the organ five years ago. - John has been _______________________________________________________ 22. We have been cooking for the party for four hours. - We started __________________________________________________________ 23. She hasn’t played the piano for five years. - The last time _________________________________________________________ 24. How long haven't you seen Peter? - When did you _______________________________________________________ 25. I haven’t been to London since I left my college. - The last time _________________________________________________________ 26. We started cooking for the party four hours ago  We have_____________________________________________________________________________ 27. How long is it since they bought the house?  When_______________________________________________________________________________ 28. It’s years since we decorated this room  We haven’t __________________________________________________________________________ 29. She hasn’t been to the hairdresser for three months  It’s _________________________________________________________________________________ 30. They last visited me five years ago  They haven’t ________________________________________________________________________ 31. I haven’t been to Bristol for 3 years  The last time _________________________________________________________________________ 32. My sister has studied French for 2 years  My sister began_______________________________________________________________________ 7 33. Robert and Catherine have been married for 4 years  It’s _________________________________________________________________________________ 34. It’s 2 years since she left university  She _________________________________________________________________________________ 35. How long is it since you saw Mary?  When_______________________________________________________________________________ 36. I started working in this hotel six months ago.  I have______________________________________________________________________________ 37. Sue has been in Italy for the last three weeks.  Sue went____________________________________________________________________________ 38. I met her during my stay in Paris last summer. (while)  ________________________________________________________________________________ 39. We haven’t gone to the cinema for over a year.  It’s________________________________________________________________________________ 40. How long is it since they went to Nairobi?  When ______________________________________________________________________ VERB FORMS & VERB PATTERNS Một số cấu trúc cần ghi nhớ 1. It + takes/ took + O + khoảng thời gian + To-inf = S + spend/ spent + khoảng thời gian + V-ing 2. S + would rather + V-bare (Noun 1) + THAN + V-bare (Noun 2) = S + prefer + V-ing (Noun1) + TO + V-ing (Noun 2) = S + like + to-inf… BETTER THAN + to-inf 3. S would prefer + O + to-inf = S + would rather (That) + S + V2/ed 4. It’s (high/about) time + S + V2/ed (to be: WERE cho mọi chủ từ) = It’s time + for + O + to-inf 5. S + let + O + V-bare = S + allow/ permit + O + to-inf 6. S + advise + O + (NOT)- to-inf = S + should (n’t) / had better (not) / ought (n’t) to + V-bare 1. It takes me about an hour to watch TV every day  I spend ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. Nowadays, children would rather play computer games than take part in outdoor activities Children nowadays prefer _______________________________________________________________ 3. We spend two hours doing this exercise It ___________________________________________________________________________________ 8 4. They often went to Vung Tau at weekends They used ____________________________________________________________________________ 5. My brother likes to go swimming better than to play computer games My brothers prefers ____________________________________________________________________ 6. My French friend finds driving on the left difficult My French friend isn’t__________________________________________________________________ 7. I advised you to put your money in the bank You’d better __________________________________________________________________________ 8. He prefers golf to tennis He’d rather ___________________________________________________________________________ 9. It took us five hours to get to London We _________________________________________________________________________________ 10. He wrote the report in two hours It took_______________________________________________________________________________ 11. I get to work in twenty minutes  I spend ______________________________________________________________________________ 12. My daughter spends two hours studying English every day  It___________________________________________________________________________________ 13. It took him the whole day to repair the radio  He spent ____________________________________________________________________________ 14. The flight to Moscow lasted three and a half hours  It took_______________________________________________________________________________ 15. He would prefer you to pay him immediately  He’d rather _______________________________________________________________________ 16. “No, please don’t tell him”  I’d rather__________________________________________________________________________ 17. I would prefer you to deliver the sofa on Friday  I’d rather__________________________________________________________________________ 18. I don’t really want to go out tonight  I’d rather__________________________________________________________________________ 19. I’d rather not see him tomorrow  I don’t want_______________________________________________________________________ 20. I don’t really want to have lunch yet  I’d rather__________________________________________________________________________ 21. I don’t really want to go to the museum  I’d rather__________________________________________________________________________ 22. I want you to cook the dinner now  I’d rather__________________________________________________________________________ 23. It’s time we went to bed  It’s time __________________________________________________________________________ 24. It’s time for you to start to work 9  It’s time _________________________________________________________________________ 25. I don’t find it difficult to get up early in the morning  I am used_________________________________________________________________________ 26. Please don’t play your music so loudly  Would you mind __________________________________________________________________? 27. Ba is interested in telling jokes  Ba enjoys_________________________________________________________________________ 28. Don’t let me forget to phone my sister  Remind___________________________________________________________________________ 29. Would you mind turning the radio down? Could you____________________________________________________________________________ 30. Please don’t interrupt me all the time Would you mind _______________________________________________________________________ 31. We don’t eat at home. We went to a restaurant instead Instead of ____________________________________________________________________________ 32. He looks older when he wears glasses Glasses make__________________________________________________________________________ 33. My father said I could use his car  My father allowed_____________________________________________________________________ 34. Sue is excited about going to Spain on holiday  Sue is looking_________________________________________________________________________ 35. I would like you to help me put the chair away  Do you mind ________________________________________________________________________? 36. I’m always nervous when I travel by air  Travelling ___________________________________________________________________________ 37. The sudden noise caused me to jump The sudden noise made _________________________________________________________________ 38. Betty let Karen keep the kitten  Betty allowed_________________________________________________________________________ 39. It’s not a good idea to travel during the rush hour  It’s better to avoid_____________________________________________________________________ 40. Don’t stop him doing what he wants  Let _______________________________________________________________________________ 41. At first I didn’t want to apply for the job but Sarah persuaded me 10  Sarah persuaded ______________________________________________________________________ 42. My lawyer said I shouldn’t say anything to the police  My lawyer advised_____________________________________________________________________ 43. They got married. They didn’t tell any of their friends  They got married without________________________________________________________________ 44. He was sorry he hadn’t said goodbye to her at the airport  He regretted__________________________________________________________________________ 11 CONDITIONAL SENTENCES & WISH SENTENCES 1. You can’t visit the United States unless you get a visa If ________________________________________________________________________________ 2. We didn’t go on holiday because we didn’t have enough money If ________________________________________________________________________________ 3. What a pity you failed your driving test! I wish ____________________________________________________________________________ 4. I’m sorry I missed your birthday party I wish ____________________________________________________________________________ 5. Unless someone has a key, we can’t get into the house We can ___________________________________________________________________________ 6. He’s sorry now that he didn’t invite Molly to his party He wishes _________________________________________________________________________ 7. Unless he phones immediately, he won’t get any information If he _____________________________________________________________________________ 8. Mr. Will lost his job because he was late every day If Mr. Will_________________________________________________________________________ 9. My husband didn’t leave the car keys, so I couldn’t pick him up at the station If________________________________________________________________________________ 10. He didn’t hurry, so he missed the train If________________________________________________________________________________ 11. We didn’t go because it rained If________________________________________________________________________________ 12. I’m sorry that I didn’t finish my homework last night I wish ____________________________________________________________________________ 13. The child will die if nobody sends for a doctor Unless____________________________________________________________________________ 14. Susan felt sick because she ate 4 cream cakes If________________________________________________________________________________ 15. Maria didn’t apply for the job in the library and regrets it now Maria wishes_______________________________________________________________________ 16. John is fat because he eats so many chips If John____________________________________________________________________________ 17. It’s a pity I didn’t take my doctor’s advice 12 I wish ____________________________________________________________________________ 18. The accident happened because the train driver ignored a warning light If________________________________________________________________________________ 19. We got lost because we didn’t have a map If________________________________________________________________________________ 20. Mrs. Taylor doesn’t like living in such a small house Mrs. Taylor wishes __________________________________________________________________ 21. If Joe doesn’t change his ways, he will end up in prison Unless____________________________________________________________________________ 22. If he doesn’t work harder, he’ll lose his job Unless____________________________________________________________________________ 23. Elizabeth got a bad cold because she started smoking cigarettes If Elizabeth ________________________________________________________________________ 24. Joan will stay on at school unless she finds a good job before September If Joan____________________________________________________________________________ 25. We don’t visit you very often because you live so far away. If ______________________________________________________________________ 26. He doesn’t speak very clearly – that’s why people don’t understand him. If ______________________________________________________________________ 27. David is tired, so he can’t score any goal. If ______________________________________________________________________ 28. That book is too expensive, so I’m not going to buy it. If ______________________________________________________________________ 29. We don’t go out very often because we can’t afford it. If ______________________________________________________________________ 30. It’s raining, so we can’t have lunch in the garden. If ______________________________________________________________________ 31. I have to work tomorrow morning, so I can’t meet you. If ______________________________________________________________________ 32. I wasn’t hungry, so I didn’t eat anything. If ______________________________________________________________________ 33. The accident happened because the driver in front stopped so suddenly. If ______________________________________________________________________ 34. I didn’t know that George had to get up early, so I didn’t wake him up. If ______________________________________________________________________ 13 35. I was able to buy a car only because Jim lent me the money. If ______________________________________________________________________ 36. Margaret wasn’t injured in the crash because she was wearing a seat bell. If ______________________________________________________________________ 37. You didn’t have any breakfast – that’s why you’re hungry now. If ______________________________________________________________________ 38. I didn’t get a taxi because I haven’t got any money on me. If ______________________________________________________________________ 39. Do these exercises carefully or you’ll get bad marks. Unless ______________________________________________________________________ 40. Write your paper more carefully or the teacher can’t read it. If ______________________________________________________________________ 41. Behave yourself or everyone will dislike you. Unless ______________________________________________________________________ 42. I won’t help you if you don’t try your best. Unless ______________________________________________________________________ 43. We’ll come to the meeting if we aren’t busy. Unless ______________________________________________________________________ 44. Unless we have time, we won’t attend the party. Unless______________________________________________________________________ 45. If she doesn’t come on time, we’ll go without her. - Unless ____________________________________________________________________ PASSIVE VOICE & CAUSATIVE FORM Một số cấu trúc cần nhớ 1. To have + O (person) + V-bare To have + O (thing) + V3/ed 2. To get + 0 (person) + to-inf To get + 0 (thing) + V3/ed 3. Câu mệnh mệnh: V-bare + 0 … = Let + O + be + V3/ed… 4. S + make + O + V-bare = S + be made + to-inf 5. S (person) + need + to-inf S (thing) + need + V-ing/ to be + V3/ed 14 1. They can’t make tea with cold water  _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. They will hold the meeting before May Day  _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. They have to repair the engine of the car  _________________________________________________________________________________ 4. The teacher is going to tell a story  _________________________________________________________________________________ 5. Mary is cutting the cake with a sharp knife _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 6. Luckily for me, they didn’t call my name  _________________________________________________________________________________ 7. No one believes his story  _________________________________________________________________________________ 8. After class, one of the students always erases the chalk board  _________________________________________________________________________________ 9. They have provided the victims with food and clothing _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 10. The chief engineer was instructing all the workers of the plant _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 11. The teacher gave each of us two exercise books _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 12. Someone will tell him that news _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 13. They paid me a lot of money to do the job  _________________________________________________________________________________ 14. Open your book. _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 15. Take off your hat _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 16. Don’t do that silly thing again. _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 17. Have they changed the window of the laboratory 15 _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 18. Do they teach English here? _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 19. Will you invite her to your wedding party? _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 20. Did the teacher give some exercises _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 21. Is she making big cakes for the party _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 22. Why didn’t they help him? _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 23. How many games has the team played? _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 24. Where do people speak English? _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 25. Who are they keeping in the kitchen?  _________________________________________________________________________________ 26. Who looked after the children for you? _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 27. The architect has drawn plans for an extension of the house  Plans ____________________________________________________________________________ 28. No one has signed this cheque.  This cheque ______________________________________________________________________ 29. He couldn’t repair the broken vase.  The______________________________________________________________________________ 30. They’ll have to change the date of the meeting again  The date__________________________________________________________________________ 31. The robber made the bank manager hand over the money  The bank manager__________________________________________________________________ 32. They will catch all the prisoners again by tonight. All the prisoners___________________________________________________________________ 33. Sally was given a microcomputer for her birthday by her parents  Sally’s parents _____________________________________________________________________ 34. Someone has stolen my bike. 16  My bike _________________________________________________________________________ 35. The mechanic serviced my car last week.  I ________________________________________________________________________________ 36. They don’t eat the cake because it is very bad.  The cake _________________________________________________________________________ 37. The garage is going to repair the car for us next week  We ______________________________________________________________________________ 38. Somebody repaired her car yesterday.  She ______________________________________________________________________________ 39. My suit needs to be cleaned before the interview.  I must ___________________________________________________________________________ 40. Mr. Dryden mended the washing machine for me I had _____________________________________________________________________________ 41. The lessons are being written by the students now _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 42. These animals at the zoo are fed twice a day  _________________________________________________________________________________ 43. All the arrangements have been made _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 44. When was this radio manufactured?  _________________________________________________________________________________ 45. How are candles made? _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 46. Is Mathematics taught in this school?  _________________________________________________________________________________ 47. Were you taught how to apply this theory by your teachers? _ _________________________________________________________________________________ 48. The postman was bitten by our dog.  Our dog________________________________________________________________________ 49. That old house at the end of the road has been sold  They___________________________________________________________________________ 50. This dress must be washed in cold water  You___________________________________________________________________________ 17 REPORTED SPEECH Câu tường thuật với động từ ở hình thức To-inf 1S + V + O + To- infinitive ( advise, ask, encourage, beg, remind, want, warn, invite, tell, order, urge, ….) 2S + V + To- infinitive (promise, agree, demand, refuse, offer, threaten…) 1. The pupils said to their teacher “Please give us better marks” The pupils asked____________________________________________________________________ 2. “Don’t forget to send your parents my regards” She said to me She told me________________________________________________________________________ 3. “Bring your swimming things in case it’s sunny, Lan” He told____________________________________________________________________________ 4. “You should take science appreciation courses at school” The lady – researcher advised us_______________________________________________________ 5. “John, please don’t tell anyone my new address”, said Mary Mary asked ________________________________________________________________________ 6. “I think you should go by train” He told us He advised us______________________________________________________________________ 7. “I’ll water the flowers every morning if you like” She offered ________________________________________________________________________ 8. “No, we won’t go with him next Friday’ they said They refused _______________________________________________________________________ 9. “I will punish you if you don’t pay attention to the lesson, pupils” said the teacher The teacher threatened_______________________________________________________________ 10. “Will you keep your mouth shut? He said He ordered ________________________________________________________________________ 11. “Would you like me to repair the car for you?’ he said He offered ________________________________________________________________________ 18 12. ‘Do come and enjoy tea with my family” she said She invited ________________________________________________________________________ Câu tường thuật với động từ ở dạng V-ing 1- S + V + Ving (admit, deny, suggest, …) 2S + V + Prep + V-ing (apologize for, complain about, insist on, dream of, look forward to, object to, think of….) 3S + V + O + prep + V-ing (accuse…..of, blame…..for, prevent…from, stop….from) 13. congratulate….on, warn….about/against, thank….for, “I’m sorry that I broke the glass”, said Peter Peter apologized____________________________________________________________________ 14. ‘You have made the wall dirty, pupils” said the teacher. The teacher accused_________________________________________________________________ 15. “No, we didn’t make noise last night” said the children The children denied _________________________________________________________________ 16. “Certainly. I’ll take you to the zoo next Sunday” He said He insisted ________________________________________________________________________ 17. “I am sorry. I’ve made the house untidy” said the girl. The girl apologized__________________________________________________________________ 18. “Shall we meet outside the cinema after eight” he said He suggested ______________________________________________________________________ 19. “Don’t swim so far” He said to me He warned ________________________________________________________________________ 19
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