Tài liệu Art education for current soldiers through songs about uncle ho’s soldiers

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MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING MINISTRY OF CULTURE, SPORTS AND TOURISM VIETNAM NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF CULTURE AND ARTS STUDIES ------------------------ Dang My Hanh ART EDUCATION FOR CURRENT SOLDIERS THROUGH SONGS ABOUT UNCLE HO’S SOLDIERS (Composed from 1944 to 1975) SUMMARY OF PHD DISSERTATION OF CULTUROLOGY HANOI - 2014 The study has been completed at VIETNAM NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF CULTURE AND ART STUDIES MINISTRY OF CULTURE, SPORTS AND TOURISM Scientific supervisor: Prof./Dr. Nguyen Chi Ben External Examiner 1: Assos.Prof./Dr Nguyen Vinh Thang Military Institute of Social Sciences and Humanities - Ministry of National Defense External Examiner 2: Prof./Dr Nguyen Van Tai National Political Academy - Ministry of National Defense External Examiner 3: Dr. Pham Xuan Thach University of Social Sciences and Humanities Vietnam National University, Hanoi The dissertation will be defended before the Institute-level Examining Committee VIETNAM INSTITUTE OF CULTURE AND ART STUDIES 32 Hao Nam, O Cho Dua, Dong Da, Hanoi At .............................................. The dissertation could be looked up at: - Vietnam National Library - Library of Vietnam Institute of Culture and Art Studies LIST OF PUBLICATIONS RELATED TO THE DISSERATION WRITTEN BY THE DOTORAL CANDIDATE 1. Dang My Hanh (2010), "The significance of knowledge education of in the revolutionary arts in our current army ", Journal of Theoretical Education of Military Politics (4). p. 70 to 72. 2. Dang My Hanh (2012), “Knowledge education for soldiers through the revolutionary songs", Journal of Theoretical Education of Military Politics, (5), p. 71-73. 3. Dang My Hanh (2013), " Awareness education for soldiers through the revolutionary songs” (1930-1975), Journal of Culture and Arts, (352), p. 50 to 53. 4. Dang My Hanh (2013), "Revolutionary songs (1930- 1975) for the spiritual life building for soldiers", Journal of Culturology, 4 (8), p. 83. 89. 5. Dang My Hanh (2013), "Art Education in the Army with quality preservation and promotion of Uncle Ho's soldiers", Journal of Theoretical Education of Military Politics, (5), p.75 - 77. INTRODUCTION 1. Reasons for choosing the topic In the career of educating and training the army force and people in order to serve the building and fighting of Vietnamese People’s Army, the artistic education plays a significant role. Different forms of artistic education, particularly music education, will help to educate and improve the aesthetic knowledge and taste for soldiers, completing the personality of a revolutionary soldier - a model soldier of Uncle Ho’s. The history of 70 years of building, developing, fighting and wining of Vietnamese People’s Army proved that the artistic education for soldiers through numerous songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers, especially those composited in the period of 1944 to 1975, is a vital part in the spiritual life of soldiers. The songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers which are classified as revolutionary songs of Vietnam, are a cultural product of the new age when the whole nation has made great dedication and sacrifice in the two resistance wars in attempt to regain our independence, freedom and union. Therefore, it plays a very important role in the spiritual life of soldiers, especially when it is used as a type of materials for the artistic education of soldiers. Since it is clearly aware of the role of artistic education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers, the artistic education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers in the recent years has been enthusiastically deployed by all the organizations and units in the army force, bringing about remarkable achievements. However, the artistic education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers remains limitations and shortcomings both in the awareness and the practical organization. In the current period, in the face to the demand and mission of building and defending our fatherland of Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the demand and mission of training and getting ready for fighting and performing the functions and missions of the army force, as well as the operation and production demand of Vietnamese People’s Army in general and each army organization or unit in particular in the new context of the whole world, the local region and the home country, the artistic education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers has become the most important and urgent. For the recent times, a number of researches from different approaches have focused on interpreting the artistic education, offering both theoretical and practical findings with scientific values. Nonetheless, there still lacks of researches deeply studying the artistic education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers, especially those composited in the period of 1944 to 1975. For all the above reasons, the doctoral candidate chose the topic “The artistic education for soldiers at the time being through the songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers (composed in the period of 1944 to 1975) as my dissertation title. 2. The study objectives Based on the theories on the artistic education in general and the artistic education through the songs about Uncle’s Ho soldiers, the doctoral candidate made analysis, discussion and assessment on the real situation, recommending the solutions of applying such findings from the research on the artistic education for soldiers at the being time through the songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers, and satisfying the demand of educating the aesthetic knowledge for soldiers and cultivating the personality for a model soldier. 3. Object and scope of the study 3.1. Object of the study Art Education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers. 3.2. Scope of the study In term of theory, foreign materials used in the dissertation in overview research of art education are mainly documents originated from Russia collected from the electronic library of the Institute of Art Education under Russian Academy of Art Education from 1999 up to now. Besides, the dissertation also studies, synthesizes and inherits the translated foreign materials in the arts and art education and several works of local authors. The songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers composed in the period from 1944 to 1975 was collected in the collection named “ Uncle Ho's Soldiers through the musical works” of Military University of Culture and Arts. Moreover, it also extends songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in the collection: "The timeless marching songs (nh ng khúc quân hành v t th i gian)” (2004), the People's Army Publishing House; "Singing on the fighting way” (Hát trên ng ánh gi c)” (1999), Young Publishing House and the song collection “ Day & Night songs (Hành khúc ngày và êm)” 2004), Hanoi Publishing House. In practice, art education research for the current soldiers through songs of Uncle Ho's soldiers, there is a survey at some typical units such as grassroot units, the academies and training schools of technical officer and political officers, art organizations during the period from 2002 to present. 4. The working hypothesis Art education through songs of Uncle Ho's soldiers in the army will aim to raise receptor and performance capacity of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers, orient music tastes, ensuring the development of aesthetic awareness for soldiers in case: 4.1. This issue at the academies, schools and grasssroot units is clarified from a theoretical basis on art education and art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers. 4.2. In practice in the training of soldiers - artists, the matters of music theory, songs Uncle Ho's soldiers, skills, performing skills, historical knowledge, culture and national traditions are the synthetic knowledge source controlling entirely the process of creative thinking development and performance of the artist. At the grassroot units, the academies, schools, the value of these songs, along with forms and methods of art education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers should make accessibility to music knowledge, as a condition for raising the soldiers’ capacity of aesthetic perception, appraisal of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers, with the right choice of genuine musical work, satisfying and improving spiritual life, personality orientation, political education and self-education to achieve the goal of comprehensive education. 4.3. The solutions are built with a theoretical and practical basis in accordance with the characteristics of military culture environment, in consistent with the practices of art and cultural activities of today's country and in compliance with requirements to raise the spiritual life of soldiers, especially the demand for enjoying songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers during the nowadays revolution. 5. Theory and study method The dissertation is deployed from the perspective of Marxism - Leninism and Ho Chi Minh ideology and cultural ways of the Party; theory of the spread of Vugotxki and viewpoints on the art reception of Marx- Lenin to be used as a basis for issues presented in the dissertation. The ethnographic fieldwork as a key method is used in the dissertation. It also use the interdisciplinary approaching method; analysis and syndissertation of materials which are curriculum content, music curriculum of Military University of Culture and Arts, the work reports of the arts culture in army units, combined with depth interviews with managers, creative artists, the art leaders, the public as soldiers in the study and the assessment of art education activities for the current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers composed from 1944 to 1975. 6. The findings and contributions of the dissertation - Systematizing basically a general theory of art education. - Forming a general theory about the songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers. - Analyzing theory and the factors affecting the artistic education for the current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers. - Providing information and a comprehensive assessment of the status of art education for the current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers (the art units, academies, schools, grassroot units) - Applying the theory of the spread of Vugotxki and viewpoints on the art reception of Marxist Leninist aesthesis to demonstrate the impact of art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers on enjoying the arts, forming the art tastes, contributing in orientation towards the overall development of soldiers’ personality. - Establishing and building some basic measures to improve the efficiency of the Art Education for the current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers. 7. The structure of the dissertation The dissertation consisting of 227 pages is divided into two parts, the main text and appendices. The main part consists of 150 text pages: the opening (8 pages), conclusions and recommendations (3 pages), references (12 pages), 3 chapters of the dissertation content (125 pages). Chapter 1: Theories of the artistic education (30 pages). Chapter 2: The artistic education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers - Theories and Real Situation (56 pages). Chapter 3: Discussion on the research’s findings and applications in the artistic education for soldiers at the being time through the songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers (39 pages). CONTENTS Chapter 1 THEORIES OF THE ARTISTIC EDUCATION 1.1. Art and the conception of art education 1.1.1. Art Art is conceived and interpreted differently according awareness of the different philosophical perspectives in the awareness history in general and awareness of the arts in particular. The appearance of Marxist-Leninist philosophy has brought the great turning point in the development history of aesthetic ideas and solved in a scientifically manner the nature of art. Marxist - Leninist aesthesis has put art in true place as a product of highly leveled consciousness of human; as a product of the creative activity of human with the selected materials or format (music, dance, theater, sculpture, painting ...) to convey ideas, feelings, practical activities of human to create works satisfying the enjoy pleasure. 1.1.2. The conception of art education Art education is an education field of the spiritual life of society associated with the arts. Art education includes the entire understanding and knowledge, features, skills of human in terms of art to foster and improve aesthetics capacity, art knowledge, art ideal direction and art taste for human. 1.2. The function of art education The first function of art education is to educate the art enjoying capacity. This function is used as a solid basis for the development of the art qualities of the subjects educated. Art education should also build the art subjects with a full range of artistic qualities, abilities and aesthetic possibilities. 1.3. The theory of art education 1.3.1. The theory of the spread Vugotxki has mentioned us to the aspect of the quality change of artistic creativity. Vugotxki has come from the analysis and interpretation of the music concepts of Tonxtoi; analysis of the rhythm concept of Nitso; analysis of Buikher’s concept of determining the origin of the songs, Petragitxki’s concept of emotional stimuli purpose of art ... to demonstrate the impact role of art in social life on theoretical basis of the spread. With this theory, the psychologically applied studies such as art education for human, including art education in music that will have the basis for effective research applications. 1.3.2. Viewpoints on the art reception According to the Marxist – Leninist aesthesis, we, in contact with the art, are impacted to all living areas from its aesthetic aspect. Art Education is a form of bringing to people the knowledge, the experience of being exposed to art through life scenarios, the fates, the vivid images filled with emotion. The viewpoint of the art reception of Marxist - Leninist aesthesis take us to the affirmation that: there is no understanding of art, there is no excitement and passion for artistic appreciation. 1.4. Condition of art education It is necessary to have following conditions for art education to be effective such as: the subject of art education, the receptor of art education, and the assurance factor for implementation of art education. With a research limit of the dissertation, the subject of art education and the receptor of art education are military bodies, units and people. These factors shall be clarified in the next sections of this dissertation. The theoretical part of art education, the dissertation refers to the content of art education and art education materials as one of the prerequisites of art education process. 1.4.1. The content of art education The main content of art education towards to build the enjoying capacity and the art tastes to the public. On the basis of the basic content of the aesthetic education of the Marxist - Leninist aesthesis, art education should be established in basic artistic contents: (1) The art consciousness; (2) the art reason; (3) the art knowledge; (4) the art capacity; (5) the art culture of the individual. 1.4.2. Some art education materials There are only a few materials commonly uses in art education directly related to the research scope of the dissertation. * Aesthetics and Art studies in Art Education Marxist – Leninist aesthetics is a doctrine studying, summarizing and drawing aesthetic reasons and artistic reasons; is an aesthetic reasoning system - rich art with perfect whole characteristic, both providing art knowledge and acting as methodology for enhancing knowledge, identifying tastes and ideals of art, thereby build capacity of perception, assessment and artistic creation for art subjects. * The art forms in art education Education by art forms comes into people's mind voluntarily and gives vast and lasting performance. The beauty of art makes people passionate and willing to follow to its suggestive directions. If the art is considered as a sharp tool, art education in the art helps users of such tool to enrich their spiritual world effectively. * Music in Art Education Music is the art form to use sound to express thoughts, feelings, emotions, desires and aspirations of human. There are two types of music including instrumental and vocal music. Depending on the target, object, and specific environment using musical material as a song or instrumental music to implementing art education. Each type promotes different advantages in the implementation of art education to the public. But perhaps awareness educational purposes for the public will achieve optimum performance when songs are used as educational materials by suggestive function of language in music genre. Summary of the chapter 1 In human history, the birth of art is an indispensability and it is constantly evolving with the development of human civilization. Man can not live without art. In order to understand art, percept and receive aesthetic values contained in each work of art, people need to be equipped with the knowledge, artistic skills, along with fostered aesthetic capacity, means that is needed art education process. Art education not only contributes to improve and enrich the human spiritual world, but also has a special impact on the development of human qualities. But art education can only achieve this result only when art education process is done uniformly from theory to practice: promoting optimally social function of art education, building art educational content and using art education materials art in accordance with practices on the basis of applying the theories of art education respectively. Chapter 2 THE ARTISTIC EDUCATION FOR SOLDIERS THROUGH SONGS ABOUT UNCLE HO'S SOLDIERS - THEORY AND REALITY 2.1. Songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers and the role of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers 2.1.1. Uncle Ho's soldiers and some outline of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers * The term Uncle Ho's soldiers In the long heroic struggle of our nation, the Vietnam People's Army was born and developed from the people. Officers and soldiers of the People's Army of Vietnam, from the generals to private soldiers are loved by whole population and complimented with noble titles, but also very casual, close and dear, " Uncle Ho's soldiers ". Uncle Ho's soldiers are reflected in the heights and new depths of character, spirit and cultural manner of Vietnam, the blending of nation and class, tradition and modernity, becoming a typical value for the Vietnamese people in Ho Chi Minh era and acted as a kind of personality, a unique symbol of the revolutionary army culture. * An overview of the birth and development of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers In the 40 years of the twentieth century, the need for revolutionary propaganda is very necessary. From there, the music, but more specifically the songs become media propaganda. In fact, at this stage of history, songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers composed from 1944 to 1975 are songs of Vietnam revolutionary line, but brings its own unique artistic image, which the image of Uncle Ho's soldiers with aggregate content reflecting the values and characters of Uncle Ho's soldiers in the two protracted national wars. 2.1.2. Features in the lyrics of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers composed from 1944 to 1975 * The lyrical image of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers composed in anti-French war In the war against the French (1944 - 1954), the image through lyrics of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers has described this early stage as the revolutionary masses. Uncle Ho's Soldiers of the anti-French years of the first period are just farmers and the poor lost their country, suicide for their country, the struggle to seize the government. Such ideology and such spirit has created a type of image and personality of Uncle Ho's soldiers of the anti-French war: National Guard. * The lyrical image of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers composed in anti-American war The central character of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in anti-American War period has been developed more widely and more abundantly, of course, to lead to a rich and diverse content of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in such period. The lyrical image of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers composed in such period has had different characteristics than the anti-French war. Uncle Ho's soldiers in the antiAmerica war has been concreted and diversified according to the type of personality which can blend between reason and emotion, ideal and life to create a typical image of Uncle Ho's soldier of this period: liberation army 2.1.3. The role of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in the spiritual life of the current soldiers *Aesthetic awareness education Once being formed, the songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers born, grown, survived and stand before social life with both manners: the aesthetic object and perceptive object. As an aesthetic object, these songs give people aesthetic emotion takes shape of aesthetic predilection and develops aesthetic ideal. And as perceptive object, songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in interaction with humans will reveal the nature, regularity and specificity ... that people can be aware to generalize the system of categories, concepts, scientific principles about a certain type of art. That is the path of aesthetic awareness from the art knowledge resulted from songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers. *The education and cultivation of dignities of Ho Uncle Ho’s soldiers Songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers are products of intelligence, thinking and soul vibration through practical activities of the artists. The content of the song about Uncle Ho's soldiers contains stories associated with military life of Uncle Ho's soldiers in two wars against the French colonialists and American imperialists. The reflecting feature of the music contained in songs of Uncle Ho's soldiers is strongly emotive and influential on the aesthetic ideology and consciousness of every soldier, to urge them to perform the social functions. From this process, songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers arouse awareness of the significance of their own lives, affirm capacity, quality and self-regulation, their behavior in conformity with the concepts and methods of handling emotional in flesh and blood relationships with people, sharing with soldiers, humanitarian and resolution with enemy, the quality factor of Uncle Ho's soldiers. *Satisfying the needs of entertainment, exchange and enjoy the art of soldiers By the close lyrics, catchy tunes, along with the feature of a kind of art expression, songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers will impact to soldiers under the way from emotional to ration, from reality to think, imagination that lead to spiritual refreshment. The pleasure resulted from language and sounds of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers is the aesthetic pleasure - a pleasure just entertain, just as serene soul, bringing full euphoria of truth – kindness - beauty. In music exchange, it has a very special ability to convey the information of the songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers. As a sublimation of the human spirit, the content of these songs becomes the message between people. According to results conducted from experience and history, when the human communication forms does not pass the barriers of language, people can fully use the arts to integrate, understand and sympathize deeply with each other . 2.2. A number of theoretical issues and factors affecting the artistic education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers. 2.2.1. A number of theoretical issues on the artistic education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers. * Definition:“The artistic education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers is an activity of educational subjects and objects through different and various forms and methods in order to educate the soldiers about the contents of artistic education through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers, contributing to improve the aesthetic sense, completing the personality of a model soldier, maintaining and developing the beautiful dignities of Uncle Ho’s soldiers in the current period”. * The subject of artistic education for soldiers at the being time through the songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers: It is the common responsibility of different subjects, such as: organizations and committees of the Party, political commissars, politicians, political organizations, professional and unprofessional forces doing artistic works in the army. * The object of artistic education for soldiers at the being time through the songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers: They are all the officials, soldiers, and staff of the national defense division in the army, including all the officers, noncommissioned officers and soldiers. * The contents of artistic education for soldiers at the being time through the songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers: Through the artistic education for soldiers at the time being through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers, to cultivate and improve the aesthetic sense for soldiers. Through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers, to cultivate the aims and ideals of fighting for the national independence and socialism, the patriotism and pride on the Glorious Party and Great Uncle Ho’s; cultivating the pride and determination of maintaining and promoting the nature and tradition of our heroic army; developing the valuable dignities of Uncle Ho’s soldiers. * Forms and methods of the artistic education for soldiers at the time being through songs about Uncle’s Ho’s soldiers: There are different forms and methods, such as: through the education and training at Military University of Culture and Arts; through performances and concerts of professional and unprofessional artistic groups; through cultural and artistic festivals annually held at all levels, organizations and units; through seminars, debates, exchanges and forums on culture and arts in military organizations and units; through artistic movements of public communities, especially common activities in the military organizations and units, and the actions of making friends ad exchanging with the local communities in order to organize the activities of artistic education for soldiers at the time being through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers. 2.2.2. The factors affecting the artistic education for soldiers at the time being through songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers The geographical distribution of the stationed military units spreading across the country facilitates the army to absorb unique culture of the region, the localities and groups of people. This makes the cultural & artistic activities in the army more diverse, abundant and vibrant. In many recent years, the cultural & artistic activities organized frequently, regularly and widespreadly in the military units are the requirements set out for the need to improve the efficiency of the art education for soldiers. From the reality, the enjoying conditions and aesthetic appreciation of soldiers and the public about today art has been changed by the military cultural environment, duties and activities and social fluctuations in the new era of society. Firstly, the market economy of -oriented socialism impacts to art education in the army Secondly, exchange and cultural integration impacts to enjoying predilection for the art of soldiers Thirdly, the impacts of the strong development of science and technology, and from changes of the current education Fourthly, the task of a new era army sets out requirements for art education for current soldiers The army is the key force in building and defending the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, associated with beautiful pictures of Uncle Ho's soldiers, therefore art education have to become an art education content of the whole society with the common goal of building the new people, comprehensive human development and harmony. The vitality, the spread, the ability to foster soul, personality of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers become sustainable social effects before it becomes an indispensable requirement for Art education in the army. 2.3. The reality of art education for the current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers Currently in the Army, Art Education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers is manifested in artistic and cultural educational activities and enjoying and art performances. This activity takes place in the whole army, organized through the performances of 12 professional art units and cultural activities in grassroot units through the organization of cultural institutions: Ho Chi Minh rooms, Club and culture House. Based on the reality research objectives for the art education for current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers composed in 1944 and 1975, sociological inspections with surveying sample at comprehensive scale are conducted to reflect the representation of military units from academia, schools and grassroot units. The results reflect rather comprehensively the status of art education for the current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers. The dissertation generalizes the reality of art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in the today army with some typical representations as follows: 2.3.1. Achievements of art education for the current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers * Art education activity of the Military University of Culture and Arts * Performance activity of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers of the military professional performing unit * Performance activity of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers of the grassroot units, academics and schools. 2.3.2. General assessment 2.3.2.1. Achievements and causes * Achievements: Firstly, there is a strong evolution in the perception of executive committees, commander, political agencies at all levels of receivers (soldiers) about the position and role of art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers. Secondly, there is a close coordination between units and forces in Art Education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in conformity with each type of unit. Thirdly, the program content, methods of art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers are positively innovated. Fourthly, the quality of art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers is improved. *The reasons for above results: Firstly, the positive and proactive leadership and direction of the committees, unit commander and the guidance of political institutions at all levels in Art Education. Secondly, there has been a positive change of forces, units in enjoying and performing the art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers. Thirdly, the active and positive use of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers combined with other art forms to improve the efficiency of Art Education for soldiers. Fourthly, the material and technical facilities for the arts and cultural activities are equipped to ensure adequacy and regularity. 2.3.2.2. The limitations and the causes * The limitations: Firstly, awareness of the location and the role of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers is unsatisfactory with the building requirements of quality, comprehensive capacity for the current soldiers. Secondly, the innovation of the mode, the content of art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers today are not timely, innovative and efficient. Thirdly, there is no close combination between art education with political education, ideology, military cultural environment or local. Fourthly, some units have yet been responsive and timely in detecting, preventing from seepage of invaluable art publications. *The reasons for problems existed: Firstly, the major reason is the imperfect perception of the position and role of art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in building strong unit overall affecting the quality of art education for soldiers today. Secondly, it has not yet been even, overall, regular and timely in fostering and building soldiers and officials - a nuclear core of culture and art in the army. The role and mission of the artist - soldiers have not been fully exploited in Art Education as well as other educational purposes. Thirdly, the quality of the art education programs, both in professional units and cultural institutions in grassroot units is innovated more slowly than the needs of the arts of present soldiers. Fourthly, the unsatisfactory assurance of facilities, especially funding for activities with the requirements of art education today. Summary of the chapter 2 The song about Uncle Ho's soldiers composed from 1944 to 1975 as the song genre of Vietnam revolutionary lines has typical characteristics of lyrical imagery. So, the song about Uncle Ho's soldiers has promoted an indispensable role in the spiritual life of the whole soldiers in two wars and in the new era now. Art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers is an educational form organized popularly in current army such as education, training, arts, performances and music. This educational form today is influenced by the social changes and the military mission of the new era. Despite of these limitations, Art Education for the current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers has been become a farreaching movement in the army. Chapter 3 DISCUSSION ON THE STUDY FINDINGS AND APPLICATION IN ART EDUCATION FOR CURRENT SOLDIERS THROUGH SONGS ABOUT UNCLE HO’S SOLDIERS 3.1. Discussion on the study findings 3.1.1. The study findings theories on the artistic education The theory of the spread of Vugotxki and viewpoint on the reception of Marxist - Leninist aesthesis has demonstrated the path impacting to emotion, controlling the human reason for art. Art with the ability to spread the emotions has an impact on the human soul through contact and reception of art. From true emotional art, the enjoyers will absorb the good things, the beauty of art to bring the emotional vibration and towards human to the truth, kindness, beauty. Therefore, in spite of being the composer, performers or enjoyer, you are necessary to have a certain understanding of music as a basis for forming emotion, cognitive reality, perceived reality, assessment, thus creating the aesthetic viewpoints for composing, performing and enjoying art. Saying like that, musicians, performers and enjoyers need to participate in the process of art education. Based on the theories on the artistic education in general from the perspective of Marxism - Leninism and the stady of arts education for the public in the country and the world, the doctoral candidate made analysis, discussion and assessment on the real situation, recommending the solutions of applying such findings from the research on the artistic education for soldiers at the being time through the songs about Uncle Ho’s soldiers, and satisfying the demand of educating the aesthetic knowledge for soldiers and cultivating the personality for a model soldier. 3.1.2. The study findings of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers For songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers composed from 1944 to 1975, this is one category of revolutionary song line, a product of culture, a product of existing history. Thus, although the war has receded, the typical characteristic values contained in ideological content, the artistic imagery of this song genre will continue to affirm and promote its role in spiritual life of today's society. Therefore, the use of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers as the material for Art Education for soldiers today, to direct to complete education and personality perfection , maintain and promote the quality of Uncle Ho’s soldiers is entirely theoretical basis and will be applied effectively in the building career of the new man and the revolutionary soldiers in the new period in the constructive career of Vietnam advanced culture with ethnic identity of our Party. 3.1.3. The study findings of Art Education status for the current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers For Vietnam People's Army, songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers composed from 1944 to 1975 are attractive the attention of numerous soldiers. By cultural & artistic activities in the reality, every art program, every music work was born and served for soldiers at right time, right place, directly impact rather strongly to soldiers’ thought and emotion and contributively satisfy the entertainment needs of soldiers. From here, soldiers feel more realistic aspects of life today. Although soldiers today was born and grew up when the war ended; These criteria about duties have not been similar to those in wartime; their way of art perception has been different, they have in common: the revolutionary ideals, the moral character and military morality, loft tasks assigned by the people as national protection and and because they are still Uncle Ho's soldiers. Thus, the songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers are still the enjoying tastes of the art today. The use of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers as the material for Art Education for the current soldiers, in order to orient personality perfection of military officials, maintain and promote the quality of Uncle Ho's soldiers in the new era effectively when being performed by a unified measure system in sync, built on the theoretical basis of art education and the reality of current army. 3.2. Discussion on the effective application of Art Education for the current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers Art Education for the current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers are actually organized at the popular scale in whole army in the form of education, training, fostering the fields of arts and culture, performances and enjoying; be carried out under the direction in writings, guidance from top to bottom. For enjoying activities, art performances, in spite of being identified as a presence in many aspects, these activities belong to the cultural – artistic activities in general of soldiers and just be seen as recreational activities, satisfying and enhancing the spiritual life of soldiers. This perception has limited the exploitation and promotion of the value of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in the construction and development of a comprehensive personality of military officials. In other words, Art Education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in the today army only promotes functions of exchange and entertainment and ignores the role of aesthetic education which is a overage function of the arts, including musical forms and more specifically songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers. Therefore Art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in today's army is not yet conceived as a comprehensive education system, uniform of content, forms, methods based on a general theoretical basis of art education. So also, the songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers have not really been studied as a material for art education for soldiers, which carried out other educational goals of military operations and have no theoretical basis for implementation. These issues affirm the theoretical basis of the art education to form the measures for effective application of Art Education for the current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers. This is also a central goal of the study problems of the dissertation. Some measures are discussed: 3.2.1. Fostering and improving the capacity to enjoy songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers for current soldiers 3.2.2. Educating predilection for songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers for current soldiers 3.2.3. Raising awareness about the role of the artist forces of professional artistic units and political staff, culturist and artists of grassroot unit in art education for soldiers 3.2.4. Building methods of art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers The dissertation focuses on art education methods for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in the following two aspects: - Awareness education of songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers - Education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers 3.2.5. Building programs, art education content through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers - Building Art Education program for military official training schools - Building Art Education program for grassroot units 3.2.6. Enhanced facilities, equipment, funding for art education for the current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers Summary of the chapter 3 From the study results of theoretical and practical basis of art education for the current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers, there is a discussion on the way of the effective application of art education for current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers is mentioned. Five issues have been discussed above is the solution system for effective application for art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in nowadays army. These solutions have both fundamentality and applicability in practical art education for current soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers and a close relationship with each other and should be done synchronously. In particular, the key and premier solution is to foster and enhance the capacity to enjoy songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers and taste education on songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers for current soldiers, dominating the other solutions. These solutions, if being implemented fully, will make a comprehensive change in the method of political and ideological education for current soldiers, promote at maximum creativity and dedication of artists, encourage voluntary to enjoy the art of soldiers. Good implementation of this solution is a prerequisite for the effective development of art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in the nowadays army and in the future. CONCLUSIONS On the basis of research findings and issues presented above, some conclusions are drawn follows: 1.Art education in general, art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in particular is a social activity, associated with social institutions and human roles. The building and social development target of all countries and advanced nationals is by any means and methods of education towards developing and training beings, to help the process of formation and human adequate development in both physical and mental aspects reaching truth, kindness and beauty. art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers is a field capable of providing humans to the aesthetic awareness, knowledge, skills, enjoy capabilities, artistic creativity, raising and developing spiritual values, forming, fostering and perfecting personality. 2. Art education through song about Uncle Ho's soldiers in the army is an organized activity to satisfy the needs and enjoy capabilities, artistic creativity, thereby fostering and developing cultural values in personality of officers, and soldiers, partially contributing in the comprehensive building of the unit. 3. From the general theoretical basis of art education and art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers, it is necessary to clarify the value of this kind of song in the spiritual life of soldiers, identify fully and specifically art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers in today's army, on which confirms once the necessity and correctness of selected songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers composed in the period from the year of 1944 to 1975 as the material for the implementation of the art education for soldiers, through which towards implementation of political, ideological, moral and lifestyle education for soldiers, that is assurance factors for maintaining and promoting Uncle Ho's soldiers quality in the new era. 4. As a field and a specific part of the cultural and spiritual life of society, art education in army both has common characteristics with the area of art education in society, and brings the particular features. That’s reason for special impact strength and a particular position in the world of soldiers’ spirit of art education in army. The enhancement and development of rich spiritual life of soldiers is not only an inevitable, regular and objective demands of soldiers but also the standards of military development and social progress. We can say that, this activity is one of the main methods to meet the needs of healthy entertainment; bring beauty into the lives of soldiers, strengthen and develop the cultural qualities for officers and soldiers; foster new humans for the army and the country. 5. In recent years, under the leadership of the Central Military Commission, Ministry of Defense and Party committee, the spiritual life of soldiers are concerned and improved by organizing the activities of the artistic education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers (composed in the period of 1944 to 1975). It has high ideology, directs mainly at the revolutionary ideal education, inspires pride of nation and military traditions to educate discipline, honor, military responsibilities, to maintain and promote the quality of Uncle Ho's soldiers in the current era. However, the artistic education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers still remains a number of shortcomings and limitations. Both achievements and shortcomings in the artistic education for soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers have both subjective and objective causes, of which the subjective ones prevail. 6. Based on the discussions on the findings of the research on the theory and real situation of the art education for soldiers through Uncle Ho's soldiers (composed in the period of 1944 to 1975), the dissertation writer has made further discussions on the ways of applying such findings of the art education for soldiers through Uncle Ho's soldiers in order to improve the quality and effectiveness of the art education for soldiers through Uncle Ho's soldiers in the new era, contributing to educate, cultivate and complete the personality of a revolutionary soldier, preserving and promoting the dignities of Uncle Ho's soldiers in the new era. 7. The study of art educational for today soldiers through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers is the first applicable study in army based on applying and synthesizing general theory of art education and art education through songs about Uncle Ho's soldiers of the art researchers, art educators, music, revolutionary songs in both inbound and outbound. Because of the initial study, the dissertation only focuses on the most basic aspects with feasibility of implementation associated with requirements, the building task of the human element of the current army. However, these issues are fundamentals for promoting and moving towards other studies with wider applicability and more comprehension in the field of art education.
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