Tài liệu Văn hóa anh mỹ

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• Học phần: Văn Hóa Anh Mỹ • Số tín chỉ: 4 • Giảng viên: Phạm Thị Hai Trang Võ Nguyễn Hồng Lam • Lớp: 54 NNA 1, 2,3 Lesson 1: Sightseeing in UK 4 regions in UK UK Scotland North Ireland England Wales England, Scotland & Wales (Transcript of Video) London • • • • • • • • • • House of Parliament Big Ben Westminster abbey Churchill statue Household Cavalry Trafalgar square National gallery Piccadilly circus Tower of London St Paul’s cathedral Lesson 2 The Geography and Climate of Britain Physiographic features of England, Scotland and Wales Physiographic features of England • Total area: 130.410 km2 • Capital: London, the largest city in UK • Main river: Thames, 346km, the second longest river in UK • Has excellent natural harbors: Newcastle upon Tyne, Hull, London, Dover, Plymouth, Bristol, Liverpool • Midlands and the North is mountainous in the North and West (Midlands consists of Pennines (890-630metres) and the Lake District (970-820m)) • Flatlands are in the East: the Fens (marshland) • Lowland in the South has many moors, hills, dales, rivers and canals Seaports of England Newcastle-Upon-Tyne Dover Liverpool Plymouth Bristol Landscape Mountain ranges: Pennines Lake District Flatland Yorkshire dales North York Moors Rolling hill: North Downs Moor Physiographic features of Scotland • Total area (include islands): 78,790 km2, many of the islands are inhabited • Capital: Edinburgh • Largest city: Glasgow • Longest river: Tay (188km) • Has irregular coastline with many inlets from the sea (Firth of Clyde, Firth of Forth) • Is a mountainous area (>1/2 is highland); has lakes and lochs (Loch Lomond, Loch Ness) • Is divided into 3 areas: Southern Uplands, Central lowlands, Highlands - The Southern uplands are the fertile plains and hills bordering England. - The central lowlands runs from Edinburgh to Glasgow and contains industrial towns and most of the population. - Highlands are mountains (Ben Nevis: 1344m, Britain’s highest mountain) 1 Peat 2 Heather ‘About three quarters of Scotland is made up of bog, rock and heather and peat soils’ 3 Bog 1 2 Firth irregular coastline 3 ‘Scotland has a very irregular coastline with inlets from the sea called firths… The Highlands contains narrow lakes or Lochs….’ Loch Physiographic features of Wales • Capital: Cardiff, the main seaport and shipbuilding centre of Wales • Total area; 20,760km2 • River Severn: 354km, Britain’s longest river • Mount Snowdon: Wales’ highest mountain • Bala lake: largest natural lake in Wales • Has an irregular coastline with bays (cardigan bay) • Is almost entirely mountainous with 3 main regions (Snowdonia, Cambrian, Brecon Beacons) 1 River Severn 2 Bala Lake Geography of Britain - Revision Name the mountainous regions of Britain? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Scotland Highland Grampian Southern upland Lake District Pennines Cambrian Mountains The Geography of Britain Britain is an island country that is surrounded by three seas: the North Sea, the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. Britain separated from Ireland and Northern Ireland by the Irish Sea and from France by the English Channel. The most mountainous areas are in the north of Britain: the Highlands and Southern Uplands of Scotland. The southern part of Britain contains smaller mountain ranges such as the Pennines in England and Cambrian Mountains in Wales and the rolling hills of England such as the Downs. England also has most of the flatland such as drained marshlands called the Fens and the moors of Devon and Cornwall. The south part of Britain also has the greatest number of rivers and canals while the northern part has many narrow lakes called lochs and sea inlets called firths.
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