Tài liệu Social network for student job market

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VIETNAM NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, HANOI UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY Nguyen Trong Viet A SOCIAL NETWORK FOR STUDENT JOB MARKET Major: Computer Science HA NOI - 2013 i VIETNAM NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, HANOI UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY Nguyen Trong Viet SOCIAL NETWORK FOR STUDENT JOB MARKET Major: Computer Science Supervisor: Dr. Le Sy Vinh HA NOI - 2013 AUTHORSHIP “I hereby declare that the work contained in this thesis is of my own and has not been previously submitted for a degree or diploma at this or any other higher education institution. To the best of my knowledge and belief, the thesis contains no materials previously published or written by another person except where due reference or acknowledgement is made.” Signature:……………………………………………… SUPERVISOR’S APPROVAL “I hereby approve that the thesis in its current form is ready for committee examination as a requirement for the Bachelor of Computer Science degree at the University of Engineering and Technology, Vietnam National University, Hanoi.” Signature:……………………………………………… ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Firstly, I would like to express my respect and my special thank to my supervisor Dr. Le Sy Vinh, University of Engineering and Technology, Vietnam National University, Hanoi for the enthusiastic guidance, warm encouragement and useful research experiences. Secondly, I am grateful to all the teachers of University of Engineering and Technology, Vietnam National University, Hanoi for their invaluable knowledge which they taught to me during four academic years. I greatly appreciate, University of Engineering and Technology, VNU, Hanoi for their encouragements and insightful comments. Moreover, I thank to my classmates in K54CA Computer Science: Vu Trung Kien, Do Thi Bac, Tran Van Binh, Pham Van Hoa, Nguyen Van Thang for supporting me during four years and especially helping me to complete testing this system. Last but not least, my family is really the biggest motivation behind me. My parents and my brother always encourage me when I have stress and difficulties. I would like to send them my gratefulness and love. iv ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to investigate to build a website that acts as a social network for students and manager of companies. The website provides environment for students to test knowledge and skills. It also helps managers as a channel for contacting students in easy way. Another aim was to build a big and plentiful data source of multiple choice questions by contributing from manager users of system. Finally, the process of building a website was pointed out. To accomplish, software development process was applied to build a website. The first step, system requirements specification was done. There were many requirements they consisted of functional and non-functional requirements listed. The second, database was analyzed and designed. The website used MySQL – an open source relation database management system – to manage database. The works of collecting data have been started when database was created. The third, website was designed layout and implemented. The CakePHP framework was used as platform for developing. The fourth, from the first version to existing version were tested and tried by my classmates they helped me point out system logic errors and graphical user interface errors. The works of upgrading and errors correcting were consecutively done. The website could be applied in fact from existing version but it still has been upgrading and developing with more function. The results of this study were a powerful website with many functions and friendly user interface. The database was also contributed more than 200 multiple choice questions. Besides, finishing this project gave me more experiences and skills for website development as well as system development. I also enriched my knowledge and tried solve problems in fact. v Tables of Contents List of Figure. ................................................................................................................. v List of Table.................................................................................................................. vii ABRREVATIONS ......................................................................................................viii Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................... 1 1.1 Motivation ......................................................................................................... 1 1.2 Contribution and Thesis Overview ................................................................... 1 Chapter 2 RELATED WORK ........................................................................................ 3 2.1 Basic Knowledge .............................................................................................. 3 2.2 Related Work .................................................................................................... 4 Chapter 3 SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN.......................................................... 8 3.1. System Analysis ................................................................................................ 8 3.2. Database Design .............................................................................................. 12 3.3 System Module ............................................................................................... 21 Chapter 4 IMPLEMENTATION AND RESULTS...................................................... 24 4.1 Platform and technology ................................................................................. 24 4.2 User Interface .................................................................................................. 27 Chapter 5 CONCLUSIONS ......................................................................................... 38 References…………………………………………………………………................39 vi List of Figures Figure 2-1 - Client-server illustration…………………………………………………7 Figure 2-2-1 - Website www.freelancer.com................................................................8 Figure 2-2-2 - Website www.vietnamworks.com..........................................................9 Figure 2-2-3- Website kenhsinhvien.net………………………………………………6 Figure 2-2-4: OpenViki Social Network………………………………………………7 Figure 2-2-5: Zing me Social Network………………………………………………...7 Figure 3-1-1-1 - Student User Use-Case……………………………………………..10 Figure 3-1-1-2 - Manager User Use-Case……………………………………………10 Figure 3-1-1-3 Admin Users Use-Case………………………………………………11 Figure 3-2-1-1 - User Entity Diagram………………………………………………..12 Figure 3-2-1-2 - Question Entity Diagram…………………………………………...13 Figure 3-2-1-3 - Wall Entity Diagram………………………………………………..13 Figure 3-2-1-4 - Post Entity Diagram………………………………………………..14 Figure 3-2-1-5 – Category Entity Diagram…………………………………………..14 Figure 3-2-1-5 – Point Entity Diagram………………………………………………15 Figure 3-2-2 – Relationship Between Entities Diagram……………………………..16 Figure 4-2-1 – Home Page…………………………………………………………...27 Figure 4-2-2 – Login Page…………………………………………………………...28 Figure 4-2-3 – Register Page…………………………………………………………28 Figure 4-2-4-1 – List Post Page………………………………………………………29 Figure 4-2-4-2 – Detail Post Page……………………………………………………29 vii Figure 4-2-5 User Profile Page……………………………………………………….30 Figure 4-2-6 User’s Wall Page……………………………………………………….30 Figure 4-2-7 List Student Page……………………………………………………….31 Figure 4-2-8 List Company Page……………………………………………………..31 Figure 4-2-9-1 Setting Page…………………………………………………………..32 Figure 4-2-9-2 Answer Sheet Page…………………………………………………...32 Figure 4-2-10 Question Management Page…………………………………………..33 Figure 4-2-11 User Management Page……………………………………………….33 Figure 4-2-12 Creating Post Page…………………………………………………….34 Figure 4-2-13-1 Adding New Question Page………………………………………...34 Figure 4-2-13-2 Upload File Page……………………………………………………35 Figure 4-2-14 Filter Page…………………………………………………………….35 viii List of Tables Table 3.2.3.1 - User Table……………………………………………………..18 Table 3.2.3.2 - User category table…………………………………………….19 Table 3.2.3.3 - Question table………………………………………………….20 Table 3.2.3.4 - Question category table………………………………………..20 Table 3.2.3.5 - Wall table………………………………………………………21 Table 3.2.3.6 - Post table……………………………………………………….21 Table 3.2.3.7 - Comment table…………………………………………………21 Table 3.2.3.8 - Point table………………………………………………………22 Table 3.2.3.9 - Answered Question Table………………………………………23 ix ABRREVATIONS CSM Content management system MVC Model-View-Controller pattern CakePHP Framework CakePHP MySQL MySQL relational database management system RDBMS Relational database management system x Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Motivation Nowadays, information technology is applied in large range of real life from economics, education, healthcare, agriculture to geotechnical, military, Astronomers. It helps people not only in communication but also solve complicated problems. Power of information technology is uncompromising. Trying to use benefit of information technology is always making more benefits. In higher education, on the last year at university, most of students must find internship address to practice as a required subject. In my school, University of Engineering and Technology, students face many difficulties in work finding appropriate address as well as how easy to contact with manager of companies or supervisors. Besides, many companies also face with difficulties about how to find excellent candidates and how to contact them in convenient way. From this fact, we have developed a system call “Internship Social Network” for students and manager of companies to solve these problems. System enables managers to public their company notices and reports. Besides, managers could also add questions to system. Student users could take part in exam that generated by system and get points from this work. These point values could be useful information for managers to choose appropriate students for their work. 1.2 Contribution and Thesis Overview This thesis describes about process building a website call “Internship Social Network” using framework CakePHP. Website provides environment for student who want to find companies to intern and for manager of companies to find student who is suitable for job. Website acts as a social network and a contest tool. Students after signing up and update profile could take part in examination to test their knowledge. Managers after sign up and update profile could post notice about recruitment and report about results of last recruitment as well as contributing question to system. Website is designed for a moderate volume of users. I have integrated FCK Editor in 1 website for easy to create a post and add question on manager session and admin session. The rest of this thesis is organized as follows: Chapter 2, related works are presented. First of all, I present about some basic concepts that relate to my system. The next, I mention about website freelancer.com – a website in which users could post a project to hire or apply a project. And the last, I refer to vietnamworks.com – a website for people to create curriculum vitae and find jobs. Chapter 3 shows the process of doing analysis and design of system. On analysis phase, the first thing I present is the work of collecting system’s requirements they consist of functional requirements and non-functional requirements. The second, I show use-case models that are suggested for system. On design phase, I mention about entities on system, the relationships between them and structure of database that used. On the last of chapter, I discuss about system modules consisting of structure and function of these modules. Chapter 4 is devoted to mention about technology that I choose for my project. I will discuss a little bit about CakePHP framework. I show structure of CakePHP, how installing and using CakePHP framework. At the end of chapter, I cover about MVC Model on web development. Chapter 5 is spent to present about implementation of website. As well as showing user interface of system. It will show what users really see and work with on system. The last thing I cover about sample data that I have used. 2 Chapter 2 RELATED WORK 2.1 Basic Knowledge Client-server server system : Client-server Client server system act like this client’s browser sends query to server, for example retrieve homepage of website. After that, server accepts query and analysis. If needed, server will use database and retrieve information from database or update database, it depends on what kind of client’s query. After retrieving data from database server will response to client. Among connection, client and server use “3-way way hands shake” to connect with each other. [1] Figur 2-1 - Client-server illustration Figure Social networks:: A social network is a social structure of people in a electronic environment. There are many dyadic ties between users of social network, it makes social space. Do not like a regular website, social network is system that enables users to make ke social values between users. [2] [ Content management system: A Content Management System (CMS) is a computer program that allows publishing, editing and modifying content as well as mainte maintenance by a central interface. Such systems of content management provide procedures to manage workflow in a collaborative environment. These procedures can be manual steps or an automated cascade. [3] 3 2.2 Related Work On this section, I will cover about some website systems. These websites have some similar attributes with my system. 2.2.1 Website www.freelancer.com The website www.freelancer reelancer.com is the site where users could post project to hire someone complete it. Besides, other users could apply it, and with permission of owner of applied project, users could be hired to do this project. Figure 2-2-1 2 - Website www.freelancer.com Freelancer is a channel to help connect between people who want to hire someone and others who want to find a work. People could also receive certificate from freelancer if they pass examination that suggested by freelancer.com, there are many contest in this system. Employee and Employer can made payment in trust way through freelancer.com and it make payment more safely. 4 2.2.2 Website www.vietnamworks.com Vietnamworks.com is a famous site for finding job and finding candidates for job in Vietnam. Anyone that visit site could find job they want by type a phrase of name of job and submit to find. But to apply for this job, guests must register and update profile after that apply for this job. Figure 2-2-2 2 - Website www.vietnamworks.com Vietnamworks.com gets more queries from users because it only shows job from companies that it has relationships. Besides, it only shows 30 day old notice from company. It is also famous because having more than 200 new job posted per day. One feature Vietnamworks.com provides users is suggesting some career tip. Most of them are useful with Vietnamese and many people just visit this site to read tip only. Vietnamworks.com is also the most successful site for finding job in Vietnam. Many employers always pose announcement in this site whenever they want to find some candidates for jobs. 5 2.2.3 Website Kenhsinhvien.net The website kenhsinhvien.net is one of the most famous sites for students. In this site, student can register as member and see posts from moderators and administrator of website. Figure 2-2-3: 2 Website Kenhsinhvien.net This site classifies content to many man categories depends on aspect ect of knowledge. Each category may have many articles. In site, usually the most considered topic is shown in home page. Besides, the site also provides a forum for member to contact with each other and discuss. This site is one of sites do “Grade Fame System” System” well. Member will get higher grade if they visit site more and post more. With high grade, you could get many incentives from website like bandwidth or gift and so on. 2.2.4 OpenViki – Social Network for student OpenViki is a social network that developed by a student from Hanoi University of Science and Technology. It firstly helps students who are learning in this university could contact, share and learn with others. It is a successful product that made by student. OpenViki uses Wordpress platform. OpenViki iki enables student register as member, after signing up student could update profile and share information in site’s wall. Members could contact with each other through inbox system of site. Users could also sign in using their Facebook account. If someone uses Facebook account whenever he updates his Facebook’s status it will automatically posed in OpenViki’s wall. 6 Figure 2-2-4: 2 OpenViki social network 2.2.5 Zing Me – The biggest Vietnamese social network Zing me is the biggest social network in Vietnam. Vietnam. It is developed by VNG Corporation. Like other famous social network, it has many application applications that integrated in. Figure 2-2-5: 2 “Zing me” social network Members of Zing me could share something in their wall. They could use many applications from Zing, some of them must charge to use. Zing me is attractive because of electronic content of it. 7 Chapter 3 SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN 3.1. System Analysis On this section, system analysis is presented. First of all is requirements, it consists of functional requirements. The second is non-functional which is not required in function. The last is mention about use-case models. 3.1.1. Functional Requirements Specification To build system, I have put myself on the position of users and administrator to proposal useful requirements. These functional requirements are suggested  System developed for student, manager of companies and admin.  System enables guests to register new account, log in to system to use system function, logout when finish session works.  System enables manager users post to system their notice about their recruitment reports and requirements and also manage these notice like editing or deleting. Student can see post of managers as a list. Admin could delete any post that created by manager users.  System enables student users to take part in contest in multiple-choice format. Students do not need to do repeat question and students get point from a right answer. After students complete the test, not display answer of separate question. Just give him score  Companies’ manager users could add questions to system. Questions must be in multiple-choice format with four options of answer. On work creating question, manager could add separately questions or upload a given format file. Managers could delete questions that they contributing.  Managers could filter student according to a given criteria.  Each user has a profile, it is public with everyone. User could update his own profile after logging in.  Each manager user and student user has his wall. User could put a message on his wall, post a message in other’s wall. User could put comments on each post. 8  Admin could see list user on system and delete any user.  Admin could add new question to system and upload a given format file to add questions as well as deleting questions. 3.1.2. Non-functional Requirements Specification In this website, beside these above functional requirements, there are some nonfunctional requirements that are necessary for system. These below have been integrated in processing of develop system:  In the work of register, people must type username longer than three characters and password not shorter than six characters. Username that registered must be unique. When user type account for log inning, password must be hidden characters. After user log out of system, cookie must be deleted after user log out.  Not using directly SQL statement in source code to prevent SQL attacks.[4]  System must be easy to upgrade.  System must manage failure request like page not found or request deny. 3.1.3. Use-case Models Use-case models present the tasks actors do in system. In my website, there are three main actors: student, manager and administrator. 3.1.1.1 Student Users First job, student must sign up to use advance function of system. If a guest visit website, he just see post from manager and information about website. After log in, student could update his status like the way people do with other social network like Facebook or Zing me. And comment something on his own status or status of whom he follows. He also could delete comment and status post by him or anything in his wall. Student could take examination. In system, only student may take part in testing session. Student could update his profile. Student could follow someone, after that he could see their posts on wall or anything in their walls. 9
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