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VIETNAM ACADEMY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES GRADUATE ACADEMY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES VI THUY DIU THE PROCESS OF BUILDING CULTURAL LIFE IN LANG SON PROVINCE FROM 1998 TO 2015 SUMMARY OF DOCTORAL THESIS HANOI - 2019 THE PROJECT IS COMPLETED AT THE ACADEMY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES Scientific Advisors: Prof. DrSc. VU QUANG HIEN Review 1: Prof. DrSc. Tran Duc Cuong Review 2: Prof. DrSc. Nguyen Van Su Review 3: Prof. DrSc. Hoang Hong The thesis will be defensed at the Academy-Level Thesis Assessment Council at the Academy of Social Sciences At … 00’ date … month … year 20… The thesis can be searched at: - The National Library - The Library of the Academy of Social Sciences AUTHOR’S LIST OF ANNOUNCED WORKS RELATED TO THE THESIS 1. Thuy Thuy Diu (2015), "Promoting the role of cultural lifestyle to contribute to maintaining order and security in Lang Son province", Building Cultural Life Journal, (6), page 42 - 44. 2. Vi Thuy Diu (2015), Lang Son Provincial Party Committee with the work of building cultural lifestyle in 2000 – 2010 period, Record of scientific conference "Interdisciplinary research in Social Sciences and Humanities - an approach from theory and practice”, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi. 3. Vi Thuy Diu (2015), Ethnographic Textbook, People’s Police Academy, Chapter 2. 4. Vi Thuy Diu (2015), Ethnology in the work of police, People’s Police Academy, Monographs, Chapters 1 and 3. 5. Vi Thuy Diu (2016), Viewpoints, policies of building culture life imbued with national identity in the spirit of the 10th National Congress Resolution of the Party, People’s Police Academy, Scientific Workshop Record 6. Vi Thuy Diu (2018), "The impact of industrialization and modernization on building cultural life in Lang Son province and some issues set out in the current period", Social Science Human Resources Journal - Academy of Social Sciences, (6), p. 78 - 84. 7. Vi Thuy Diu (2018), "Some issues set out in building cultural life in Lang Son province", Journal of Culture and Arts, (407), p. 50-54. PREAMBLE 1. Urgency of the topic In mankind history, culture has proved its value and power. Without culture, mankind cannot make great strides in the natural and social world reforming journey, affirming and creating the current intellectual civilization. Contemporary life has affirmed that culture is an indispensable part in all social activities, from politics and economy to community life. It is difficult to imagine a field with absence of culture as an element showing the subject's progress in recognizing and solving problems. Even the more complex the life is, the more the role of culture is shown, the more value of culture is highlighted. An expression of culture in social life is cultural life. Cultural life refers to the positive aspect of life, that is, the positive life of individuals, families or communities to respond appropriately to specific circumstances to satisfy the cultural needs, direct people to the true, the good and the beautiful. Cultural life reflects cultural demands of society, exists in everyday life, every person, every family and a certain community. Building cultural life is to comprehensively and synchronously build the elements that constitute cultural life, including many different fields, from material culture to spiritual culture, from individual culture to family and community culture, from political culture to education, arts culture, from scientific culture to spiritual culture, customs and practices ... This thesis studies the building of cultural from perspective of building positive sides in social life, contributing to improving life quality of each individual, family and community, through contents, manners, forms, organizations, cultural activities to meet the demand for enjoyment and creation of cultural values for the development of people and communities. Along with building is to fight against, building is to promote, develop cultural activities, expand exchanges, selectively acquire goodness and invention of the world culture to catch up with development of times; Accompanying with building is to fight against the obsoleteness, in old customs and habits to protect national identity. During the opening, integrated international exchanges, building cultural life is an important task of the whole country, thereby contributing to creating a stable, safe and sustainable socio-political environment on basis of guaranteed economic life. Building cultural life is the duty of every citizen, every family, every agency, union, social organization, levels and branches. Lang Son is a province taking great care of building cultural life, located at the Eastern gateway of the country, with a particularly important economic, political, cultural and social position and international border gates, it is an economic exchange hub between Vietnam and China with 1 ASEAN countries, Eastern - Western Europe. Lang Son has many ethnic groups (Nung, Tay, Kinh, Dao, Hoa, San Chay, Mong ...), Lang people have a tradition of preserving and promoting people's cultural identity values, ethnicity, building a rich cultural life, imbued with its own identity. The development history shows that the Lang Son peoples with their identities, through many times, still have not faded away, even through the times when the country was invaded, the nation was dominated, each time culture with its bravery and vitality takes national identity as a criterion, refining, clarifying, absorbing the good quintessence of other cultures, enriching its identity. Since Lang Son entered the renovation period, the international integration trend has become increasingly strong in all fields. Culture also faces many opportunities and challenges. The great opportunity is to be able to receive the progressive cultural movements of mankind to keep up with the times. The big challenge is that the cultural movements from outside can be disturbing, even eliminating a certain aspect of national cultural identity, and negative elements can creep and break the fine habits and customs in the cultural life of ethnic groups. In the current period, the market economy and the opening and integration trend is creating many important motivations and conditions to develop the country, however, the its reverses have a negative impact on culture, explicitly evident in the transformation of lifestyle, life of a part of people of all ethnic groups. On the other hand, hostile forces are finding ways to counteract innovation, including the "peaceful evolution" strategy in the field of culture and thought. To protect itself, one of the problems Lang Son province is currently concerned about is building cultural life of ethnic groups, mobilizing all potentials for the cause of building and protecting the homeland, in parallel with the comprehensive reform of nation that requires close attachment of socio-economic development with building of the cultural life of the province, contributing to building a culture because culture is the spiritual foundation of society, both the goal and the driving force of the innovation career. That awareness directs practical building of cultural life to contribute to limiting negative impacts of the market economy in the process of building new culture and new people. In the 1998 - 2015 period, building cultural life in Lang Son has achieved remarkable results on building personal cultural life, family cultural life, community culture life, building cultural environment. However, the building of cultural life in Lang Son also has limitations and shortcomings due to many subjective and objective reasons, many party committees and authorities have not paid enough attention to this area; leading and direction are not so drastic. The concretization and institutionalization of the Party's Resolution are slow, inconsistent and in 2 some cases infeasible. The state management of culture is slowly renewed, sometimes, are overlooked and even loose; disciplines are not strict. Besides, some ethnic groups in Lang Son now maintain backward customs and habits, a loophole for criminals to take advantage of. Lang Son is in the renovation period when the old is losing and the new is forming, in this process what will be lost, what will be succeeded, what has become obsolete and what is reasonable, what needs to be built? All these are the problems being posed from reality of life that require to gradually clarify. However, this is currently less discussed, researched systematically. Therefore, studying the process of building cultural life in Lang Son is very necessary. Based on that, lessons learned to effectively implement the cultural life of Lang Son province will be drawn in the new period. The review and evaluation of the process of building cultural life not only has historical and practical significance, but also of current affairs. With the above scientific and practical meaning, I decided to choose the topic: "The process of building cultural life in Lang Son province from 1998 to 2015" as the thesis topic. 2. Purpose and mission of the thesis 2.1. Purpose of the thesis Restoring the building of the cultural life of Lang Son province from 1998 to 2015, initially summarizing some experiences for present and future work 2.2. Thesis tasks Giving an overview of the topic-related researches, determining the issues of previous researches, determining the issues to be focused by the thesis Analyzing factors affecting the process of building cultural life in Lang Son province from 1998 to 2015. Restoring the process of building cultural life in Lang Son province with specific activities and results from 1998 to 2015. Drawing characteristics, advantages, limitations, meanings and experiences in building cultural life in Lang Son province. 3. Research subjects and scope of the thesis 3.1. Research subjects Reality of building cultural life in Lang Son province from 1998 to 2015. 3.2. Research scope - Content: Studying the factors affecting the building of cultural life in Lang Son province and the reality of building cultural life from 1998 to 2015 The building cultural life content is broad, the thesis focuses on the main point: building a personal cultural life, building a family cultural life, building a community cultural life and building cultural environment - Space: The study area of the thesis is Lang Son province, including Lang Son city and 10 districts: Trang Dinh, Cao Loc, Loc Binh, Van Lang, Dinh Lap, Chi Lang, Huu Lung and Van Quan , Binh Gia, Bac Son. 3 The thesis has relations with other localities, especially the provinces in the region (such as Bac Kan and Cao Bang) to clarify the characteristics of Lang Son in building cultural life. - Time: The thesis takes the milestone in 1998, the year Lang Son officially conducted the building of cultural life in the whole province in the spirit of the 5th Conference Resolution of the Party Central Committee Section VIII on building and developing an advanced Vietnamese culture imbued with national identity, with a focus on building cultural life. 2015 was the year of Lang Son’s completion of 5-year plan 2011 2015, about building cultural life. To highlight the process of building cultural life in Lang Son province from 1998 to 2015, the thesis refers to the period before 1998 at the necessary level, in order to understand the situation of building literary life before Lang Son officially deployed this plan in the whole province. 4. Materials and research method 4.1. Material source Unpublished documents stored in Lang Son province (including documents on organization and building of cultural life and reports of party, authority and department organizations from 1998 to 2015) This is reliable source of the thesis. Studies on cultural life, including related books, magazines and journals. This is an important source of material for the thesis to study aspects in depth. Published books and articles on history and culture of Lang Son province. This is a source of material to have clearer view over facts of research issues in the general development process. 4.2. Research Methods - Rationale and methodology The study is conducted on the basis of dialectical materialism, historical materialism; histological, ethnographic; sociological, ethical, cultural methodologies - Specific research methods Historical method. This method is used to understand the process of building cultural life in Lang Son province from 1998 to 2015. Applying this historical method, the thesis complies with four basic principles: chronicle, comprehensiveness, detail, specificity in the research process. In the thesis, the author tries to find important milestones in the process of building cultural life in Lang Son province and has a suitable historical analysis Logical method. This method is used to present related issues by causal relationships such as understanding the effects of building cultural life on the development of society; summarizing achievements, limitations and causes of achievements and limitations; analyzing the role, position and 4 important contributions of building cultural life, drawing experiences for building cultural life in the coming years. In addition, the thesis also uses other methods such as comparison, analysis, induction, interpretation, statistics, synthesis, field survey, witness interview ... suitable to each requirement of the thesis 5. New contributions of the thesis Relatively systematically reconstructing the process of building cultural life in Lang Son province from 1998 to 2015 over two periods (1998-2005) and (2006 - 2015). Clarifying the development steps of building cultural life by such axis as: building a personal cultural life, building a family cultural life, building a community cultural life, building cultural environment Clarifying characteristics of cultural life building process in Lang Son province from 1998 to 2015. Analyzing meaning of building cultural life, especially its impacts on improving people's lives, preserving national identity, maintaining security and order. Initially summing up some experiences from success and failure in building cultural life from 1998 to 2015, enabling localities to draw out guidelines, policies and plans to continue building cultural life. 6. Theoretical and practical meaning of the thesis 6.1. Theory Contributing to affirming the role, position and importance of cultural life and building cultural life, especially the human values of cultural life for people, improving people's lives. Experiences from practices of building cultural life helps to continue building local cultural life in the next path 6.2. Practice Supplementing and enriching reference sources on history of building cultural life in a specific space and time, used as reference for research, teaching and learning about local history and issues related to building cultural life. Providing scientific support for the leading, management and planning of guidelines and policies on building cultural life. The research results of the thesis are reference for building cultural life in the locality and neighboring provinces in the current period and in the coming time. 7. Structure of the thesis In addition to the Introduction, Conclusion, Author’s List of Scientific Works related to the Thesis, List of References, Appendix, the thesis content is divided into 4 chapters (10 periods). Chapter 1. Overview of topic related research projects 5 Chapter 2. Building cultural life in Lang Son province from 1998 to 2005. Chapter 3. Building cultural life in Lang Son province from 2006 to 2015. Chapter 4. Comments and experiences. Chapter 1 OVERVIEW OF TOPIC RELATED RESEARCH PROJECTS 1.1. Research situation related to the thesis topic 1.1.1. Topic related researches Building cultural life is widely deployed throughout the country; there are many research projects in different scope and angles which the thesis can inherit, typically: Building cultural family in a new career compiled by Ho Chi Minh National Political Academy, National Political Publishing House, Hanoi, 1997. Questions and answers about cultural village, cultural family, cultural life, organization of traditional festivals compiled and published by Tran Huu Tong, Ha Van Tang, National Political Publishing House, Hanoi, 1998. Some traditional cultural values with cultural life in rural areas by two authors Pham Viet Long and Nguyen Dao Toan, Ethnic Culture Publishing House, Hanoi, 1998. Some theoretical and practical issues on building cultural life in our country by Hoang Vinh, Information Culture Publishing House, Hanoi, 1999. Symbol of building cultural life at the grassroots level, compiled and published by the Ministry of Culture - Information, volume 8, Hanoi, 2003. Building cultural life in the highlands by Tran Huu Son, Ethnic Culture Publishing House, Hanoi, 2004. Educating lifestyle, new life by Thanh Le, Ho Chi Minh City Publishing House, 2004. Building basic cultural environment of Van Duc Thanh, National Political Publishing House, Hanoi, 2004. Building the current lifestyle in Vietnam by Vo Van Thang, Information Culture Publishing House, Hanoi, 2006. Cultural life of ethnic minorities in industrialization and modernization process by Tran Van Binh, Political Theory Publishing House, Hanoi, 2006. Building cultural life of Vietnam’s working class - A number of theoretical and practical issues by Nguyen Van Nhat, Social Science Publishing House, Hanoi, 2010. 6 Building new rural cultural life of two authors Truong Cong Tham and Vu Hai, Ethnic Culture Publishing House, Hanoi, 2012. Questions and answers about building civilized lifestyle, compiled by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, National Political Publishing House, Hanoi, 2014. Questions and answers about the law on building cultural life in the countryside compiled by the Department of Cultural Affairs under the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Labor Publishing House, Hanoi, 2016. In addition to the above research works, there are also scientific research articles on building cultural life in magazines, such as: The article Thinking about the movement "All people unite to build cultural life" by author Le Tien Dung (Journal of Culture and Arts, No. 12, 2007); Evaluation of people about changes after 15 years of launching and implementing the movement "All people unite to build cultural life" by author Do Ngoc Khanh (Journal of Psychology, No. 9 / (186) , 2014); Awareness of people on the objectives of building cultural life in residential areas by author Nguyen Thi Hoa (Journal of Psychology, No. 8, 2015); The mountainous characteristics with the matter of building the basic cultural life by Tran Huu Son (Journal of Culture and Arts, No. 398, August 2017). This is an important resource to enable the thesis to determine direction, scope, content and research tasks of the topic. 1.1.2. Research on building cultural life in Lang Son province In relation to this topic, works which the thesis can inherit are: Who went to Lang village by Ha Van Thu, Hoang Nam, Vi Hong Nhan, Vuong Toan, Ethnic Culture Publishing House, 1994. Land Son 30 years of cultural and revolutionary journey, compiled by Lang Son Literature and Arts Association, Hanoi Culture and Information Publishing House, Hanoi, 1998. Lang Son Geography, compiled by the People's Committee of Lang Son Province, National Political Publishing House, Hanoi, 1999. Lang Son, a unique cultural area of Pham Vinh, Information Culture Publishing House, Hanoi, 2001. Lang Son Folk Festival, by Lang Son Provincial Department of Culture and Information, Lang Son, 2002. Lang’s Letters and Arts, Culture - A Perspective of Duong Loc Vuong, Ethnic Culture Publishing House, Hanoi, 2006. Lang Son Cultural Heritage, Episode 1 - Tangible Culture by Nguyen Cuong, Culture and Information Publishing House, Hanoi, 2006. Tay Nung Folk Beliefs by Nguyen Thi Yen, Social Science Publishing House, Hanoi, 2009. 7 Lang Son Lineages, Hereditary Chief in the history, Nguyen Quang Huynh, scientific research topic, leading agency: Lang Son, Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Sang Son, 2010 Preserving and promoting the cultural heritage values of Lang Son province during the renovation period by author Trinh Ngoc Chinh, National Culture Publishing House, Hanoi, 2012. Cultural beauty of Lang land by Dang The Anh, National Culture Publishing House, Hanoi, 2012. Work: Study of unique cultural features in Lang Son border land, Geography - Epitaph – Parallel Sentences by Hoang Giap, Hoang Van Pao, Information Culture Publishing House, Hanoi, 2012. Lang Son, a Land of Chi Lang - Dong Dang - Ky Luu by Ma The Vinh, Young Publishing House, Hanoi, 2012. Lang Son Local cultural documents by Doan Thi Tinh, Duong Hong Minh, Nguyen Thi Van, Education Publishing House, Hanoi, 2015. Preserving and promoting the Land’s Folk Heritage of Lang Son Folk Conservation Association, National Culture Publishing House, Hanoi, 2016. 1.2. Overview of relevant research results and further issues to be studied 1.2.1. Issues which have been solved by researches - Concerning the building of cultural life, the works have solved many problems in different scope and angles that the thesis can inherit including: First, the theory of building cultural life Some works have made clear the concepts of culture, lifestyle, cultural lifestyle, cultural life, including works that have studied the theory and practice of building cultural life in our country. . Many works are shown in form of questions – answers about cultural villages and cultural families, building civilized lifestyle, organizing traditional festivals. Second, role and position of building cultural life. In this content, the researches have confirmed the role of cultural life at the grassroots, theoretical and practical issues in building cultural life. Third, factors affecting the building of cultural life. Many works have evaluated the impact of industrialization and modernization process on cultural life of ethnic minorities on both positive and negative aspects. Fourth, building cultural life content The researches have studied building cultural life with many dimensions including such clarified issues as: building a basic cultural environment; building a lifestyle in Vietnam today; building a cultural family in the cause of innovation; building the cultural life of Vietnam’s working class; building a new rural cultural life; building a spiritual cultural life in building new countryside in Vietnam ... 8 Fifth, the Party’s and the State’s Policies in building cultural life. Many works introduced the Party's policy on building cultural life for many years, in which the thesis inherited the study on the 5th Conference Resolution of the Party Central Committee Section VIII on “Building and developing an advanced Vietnamese culture imbued with national identity, with a focus on building cultural life”; The 10th Conference Resolution of the Party Central Committee Section IX (July 2004) and a number of documents guiding the building of cultural life. - Concerning the building of cultural life in Lang Son province, the solved problems from which the thesis can inherit are: First, geography, nature, history, nation, people, culture, society and manifestations of economic and cultural life of Lang Son people through historical periods. The works mention quite adequately about Lang’s history - culture, outstanding is the study of famous landmarks, landscapes, customs, practices and typical traditional cultural identity values of Lang Son people. Second, analysis and evaluation of the material and spiritual life of the peoples living in Lang Son The research works on cultural traditions, customs, practices, cultural heritage, historical relics, places of interest, festivals and art forms in Lang Son: Tong cage festival, Ta Phu temple festival, Tam Thanh festival. Folk games such as throwing cotton-ball, tug-of-war, spinning, dancing, archery, bird nesting, etc. folk songs of love: Sli, Then, Put; ritual folk songs such as Lau, Lang, Phong Slu ... Third, reality of culture and arts of Lang Many researches on Lang culture through literary and art prism, including a review of 30 years of building culture and revolutionary culture in Lang Son. Fourth, a number of solutions to preserve and promote the cultural heritage values of Lang Son province during the renovation period. Research works on the folk songs of Lang region and solutions to preserve and promote folk songs, protect intangible cultural heritage of Lang Son province in the current period. The research results provide the thesis with important references, thereby determining the research direction of the topic, having an overall view in the study of building cultural life in Lang Son. 1.2.2. Issues to be studied further by the thesis Through research on the published works, the thesis needs to continue to study and solve the following issues: - Factors affecting the process of building cultural life in Lang Son province from 1998 to 2015, including: natural conditions; social and economic conditions; historical - cultural - population traditions; guidelines and policies of the Party and the State on building cultural life; 9 requirements from overcoming the adverse impacts of the market economy, opening, integration, industrialization and modernization, social networks ... - The process of building cultural life in Lang Son from 1998 to 2015 through two periods (1998-2005) and (2006 - 2015) with the following contents: implementation of guidelines and measures; cultural life building movements, from a personal cultural life to a family and community cultural life and to build a cultural environment. - Characteristics of building cultural life in Lang Son province. - Advantages, limitations, causes, meanings and experiences in building cultural life in Lang Son province from 1998 to 2015. Summary of chapter 1 The published scientific works’ issues will be inherited, used, applied and developed in this research project, providing the author to with more scientific bases, adding theoretical and practical bases to interpret and clarify this thesis. The author determines that direction of the topic is, besides studying some general issues about building cultural life, studying the factors affecting the process of building cultural life of Lang Son province; restoring the process of building cultural life in Lang Son province in 1998 - 2015; evaluating advantages, limitations, causes; drawing characteristics, meaning and experience in the process of building cultural life in Lang Son province. The research contents guarantee newness, science and history in the research process. Chapter 2 BUILDING CULTURAL LIFE IN LANG SON PROVINCE FROM 1998 TO 2005 2.1. Factors affecting the process of building cultural life in Lang Son province 2.1.1. Natural condition Lang Son province is in the geographically strategic position of the Northeast, convenient for transportation, and borders with China, contributing to the richness of cultural life and economic development of the locality. The geographical and natural characteristics of Lang Son province have a two-sided impact on building cultural life of the province. 2.1.2. Social and economic conditions The economy of Lang Son province still faces many difficulties, mainly based on agriculture; poor technical facilities, backwardness, infrastructure: electricity, roads, schools and stations in rural areas still face many difficulties; local people are mostly farmers, majority of people produce small agriculture, forestation, less technical workers, skilled workers; trade and services have potentials and strengths but have not met 10 the market demand. Economic characteristics affect economic - cultural policies of the province. 2.1.3. Historical, cultural and residential traditions Lang Son is a province with a long history and culture; Lang culture is closely associated with history, famous for its many scenic spots and folk festivals. This creates strengths in building cultural life in the province. Lang Son has many ethnic groups: Nung, Tay, Kinh, Dao, San Chay, Hoa, Mong, there is no phenomenon of national discrimination, however, the intertwinement of civilization, progress and backward unsound customs are always hidden in every element of people's life in Lang area 2.1.4. Policies and guidelines of the Party and State on building cultural life Policies and guidelines of the Party and State affirm the determination to build cultural life: the 5th Conference Resolution of the Party Central Committee Section VIII (1998) on “Building and developing an advanced Vietnamese culture imbued with national identity, with a focus on building cultural life”; the 9th National Congress Resolution of the Party (April 2001); The 10th Conference Resolution of the Party Central Committee Section IX (July 2004). 2.1.5. The situation of building cultural life in Lang Son province before 1998 Before 1998, as a result of the Northern border war with a long-term subsidy mechanism, building cultural life that had not been taken care of by Lang Son province; people's response was still slow; scale of implementation was narrow, only in residential areas (village, hamlet, clusters) and pilot models 2.2. Implementing cultural life in the whole province The implementation of building cultural life in Lang Son at the provincial scale has been implemented since 1998. This is the task of the party committees and government authorities, agencies, unions and political-social organizations and the whole masses. The Provincial Party Committee thoroughly grasped the direction of the Central Government, set out the directions and tasks of building cultural life of the province; Provincial People's Committees concretized the Party's Resolutions, directed the implementation of the task of building cultural life to the authorities; The Fatherland Front Committee of Lang Son province advised the Party committees, authorities and coordinated with mass organizations to build cultural life in residential areas; The Steering Committee for Building Cultural Life in Lang Son Province concretized the Central and Provincial Resolutions, carried out, monitored, supervised, summarized and evaluated the implementation of cultural life in the local area; The Youth Union of Lang Son province stroke and created cultural 11 life in the youth; The Women's Union of Lang Son province united and responded positively to the movements of building cultural life at all levels and branches; Agencies and units deployed and applied creatively to the conditions of their units and branches; People enthusiastically responded and had many creative forms during the implementation process. In general, during 1998-2005 period, Lang Son province implemented the building of cultural life at all levels, sectors, agencies, unions, socio-political organizations at all levels and people classes However, in this period, the propaganda and mass mobilization were not yet drastic, so the achieved results did not meet the set objectives. Some steering committees of districts, cities, communes and wards were not regular, compromising, synchronous, resulting in slow implementation, less effectiveness. Funding from the state was still limited, affecting the ideology and responsibility, as result, outcome was unsatisfactory with the targeted requirement 2.3. Cultural life building movements 2.3.1. Building personal cultural life - Movement of building good people, good deeds, advanced examples Building good people, good deeds, advanced examples in areas are concerned more over the previous years, there are changes in the awareness of officials, officers and people in the province about the meaning of building good people, good deeds and advanced examples. - Creative learning and labor movement The promotion of creative learning and labor movement is widely deployed in all strata of people, especially intellectuals, artists, journalists, scientists to improve people's intellectual standards, occupation, many cultural, artistic and scientific works are of high value to serve people for the cause of industrialization and modernization of the country. - The movement "All people do physical exercises following the example of the great Uncle Ho" In Lang Son, from 2000 to 2005 the regular number of trainers increased by 5.2%. However, the number of people who regularly train annually compared to the total population of the province was still low, not yet meeting the targets set out at Directive No. 27-CT/TU dated August 15, 2003 of the Provincial Party’s Standing Committee. 2.3.2. Building family cultural life - Movement of building cultural family The result of building cultural family increases every year , however, that result has not met target of 60% in Directive 27-CT / TU. - Movement of solidarity to help one another get rich and eliminate poverty. 12 The poverty rate from 1998 to 2005 decreased by 12.6%, however, according to the new criteria, poor households in the province are still high, a part of households have escaped from poverty but not yet firmly established; and many poor households have not yet improved their housing, including some households entitled to revolutionary policies. 2.3.3. Building community cultural life - Movement of building cultural villages and hamlets Although the number of villages, hamlets and clusters meeting cultural standards has increased year by year but has not yet reached the targets set out in the Directive No. 27- CT/TU dated August 15, 2003 of the Provincial Party’s Standing Committee - Building cultural agencies, units and enterprises The building of cultural office every year has made progress, as of 2005 it reached 75.9% (exceeding 5.9% compared to the target). However, there are still some limitations, some agencies and units are not interested in building agencies and units with cultural life. - Building a civilized lifestyle in weddings, funerals and festivals For weddings: In addition to the advantages such as marriage on the principle of equality, there are no restrictions on marriage, and some places still maintain backward customs like early marriage. For funerals: The outstanding feature is maintained organization of mourning, funerals in hamlets, villages, playing a role of mutual support in implementing the civilized lifestyle in mourning, however, there are many limitations, many ethnic minorities invite magician to come for ghost elimination For festivals: organize traditional festivals associated with tourism, promote cultural heritage skills to attract domestic and international tourists. However, the biggest limitation is some festival organizers have not complied with the planned program and content. - Building cultural life associated with building village conventions of villages, hamlets and population clusters Building conventions of villages, hamlets have created people’s sense and responsibility for attachment in building, developing socio-economy, protecting security and order at the grassroots level, reducing social evils. 2.3.4. Building cultural environment - Building cultural and sports institutions By 2005, the number of cultural houses at commune, ward and town levels was low (23.5%); although the number of cultural houses at village and city levels is higher (29.2%), it is not enough to serve cultural and information activities in the localities in the province. - Preserving and promoting tangible and intangible cultural heritage values 13 From 1998 to 2005, the research, collection, restoration were carried out with funds from the national target program and the provincial budget, implementing 5 research projects, total budget was 270 million VND, including 2 projects from the national target program and 03 projects from provincial budget Summary of chapter 2 Building cultural life in Lang Son has been officially implemented in the whole province since 1998. The building cultural life content includes: building personal cultural life, building family cultural life, building community cultural life, building cultural environment; In each content, specific movements are conducted to concretize each field and to achieve the set objectives. The process of deployment draws involvement of the political system, agencies in the political system of the province has issued a number of documents to concretize the content of building cultural life on each field and people’s enjoyment in implementation, there building cultural life content is created to conditions of each locality and each ethnic group. The results achieved in 1998-2005 period had positive changes; initially built and implemented norms, regulations and rules on building cultural life; gradually increased cultural enjoyment of people, contributed to promoting the socio-economic development; gradually removed obsolete, outdated ones, gradually established new civilized practices that live and work under the law ... However, the results have not met set objectives, the movement quality was still low, some contents were poor. The reality posed an urgent need for Lang Son province to overcome the limitations and weaknesses in the current period, continue to promote the building of cultural life in the next period. Chapter 3 BUILDING CULTURAL LIFE IN LANG SON PROVINCE FROM 2006 TO 2015 3.1. Some requirements set out in the new period 3.1.1. The adverse effects of market economy, opening and integration 3.1.2. Adverse impacts of industrialization and modernization to the building of cultural life in Lang Son 3.1.3. The adverse effects of social network on human life, especially young people. 3.1.4. Limitations in the building of cultural life in the previous period The adverse impact from the above factors posed new requirements to continue to build cultural life in Lang Son province in 2006 – 2015 period 14 3.1.5. New policy of the Party and the State on building cultural life In 2006 – 2015 period, the new policy of the Party and the State on building cultural life was affirmed in the Xth National Congress Resolution of the Party (April 2006); The 11th National Congress of the Party in 2011; Platform for building a transitional country to socialism (Supplemented and developed in 2011); the 9th Conference Resolution of the 11th Party Central Committee (Resolution No.33 - NQ/TW) on building and developing Vietnamese culture and people to meet national requirements of sustainable development dated 9-6-2014 ... 3.2. Continuing to build cultural life in Lang Son province In the 2006 - 2015 period, building cultural life in Lang Son province was carried out through 2006 - 2010 and 2011 - 2015 period 3.2.1. In 2006 - 2010 period Lang Son province continued to build cultural life, creating a strong change in awareness among all officials, party members, workers and people of all walks of life about the role and position of cultural life and human factors for industrialization and modernization. 3.2.2. In 2011 - 2015 period Lang Son province promoted the building of cultural life, making it intensive, practical and effective. Highlights of both periods: - The entry of the political system: Provincial Party Committee; Provincial People's Committees; Provincial Committee for Propaganda and Education; Provincial Fatherland Front Committee; Provincial Labor Federation; Provincial Radio - Television; Provincial Farmers' Association; Lang Son province; Women's Union Province; Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism; Department of Health; Department of Science and Technology; Department of Home Affairs; Department of Labor - Invalids and Social Affairs, Department of Education and Training; Department of Finance; Steering Committee for Building Cultural Life and people in Lang Son ethnic groups showed that: Party committees, authorities, committees, branches, unions, people of all strata were more aware of their responsibilities and well performed their tasks in the new period. - Measures for building cultural life are cared, specific programs, tasks, plans are built for each year with organization of preliminary reviews, experiences, directions and operational tasks given for the following year. Thus, the strong point in implementing the building of cultural life in 2006 – 2015 period is: the guidelines and measures of the Party and the provincial government were very specific, covering all aspects, promoting positiveness, creativity and mobilizing power of the political system, attracting more and more involvement of people from all walks of life. State management in building cultural life was better than the previous period. 15 3.3. Cultural life building movements: 3.3.1. Building personal cultural life - Building good examples, good deeds, advanced examples: achieved results showed that, compared to the previous one, the following period surpassed, the reward number of people was higher, more typical examples. - Creative learning and labor movement: compared to 1998-2005 period, this period achieved higher result, more individuals went to study to improve their qualifications. - The movement "All people do physical exercises following the great Uncle Ho's example": the result was higher than the previous period, reaching 24% of the province's population participating in regular training, however, lower than 1% compared with the target 3.3.2 Building family cultural life - Movement of building cultural family: cultural family titles increased over years, as of 2015, surpassed 4.8% compared to the set target - Solidarity in "Hunger eradication and poverty reduction" The rate of poor households decreased on average by 3.29% each year, thus achieving the set target. 3.3.3. Building community cultural life - Movement of building cultural villages, hamlets and clusters in 2006 -2015 period, the movement of building cultural villages and blocks continued to be replicated. By 2015, the province had 44% of villages, hamlets, clusters that met cultural standards. - Promoting to build agencies, units and enterprises with cultural lifestyles The results showed that the title of cultural agency, unit, enterprise increased steadily over years, exceeding 8.4% of the target. - Performing civilized lifestyle in weddings, funerals and festivals For weddings, funerals are still limited; and many festivals were not organized under regulation - Developing village, hamlet, cluster conventions, rules The development of village, hamlet, cluster conventions, rules achieved high results, thereby contributing to well organizing performance of guidelines and directions of the Party, the State’s policies, actively supporting social management by law, building new life in residential areas, strengthening the national unity mass. - Promoting the campaign "All people unite to build cultural life in residential areas": As of 2015, the province had an average of 98% of residential areas where "National unity festival day in residential areas" were organized - Building cultural life associated with building new countryside 16 As of 2015, in communes, points, the rural appearance changed markedly, 13/207 communes met 19 standard criteria for new rural building (6.28%); 03/207 communes achieved 13 to 18 criteria (accounting for 1.45%); 32/207 communes achieved 10 to 14 criteria (accounting for 15.46%); 100/207 communes achieved 5 to 9 criteria (accounting for 48.3%); 59/207 communes reached below 5 criteria (accounting for 28.5%); No more communes reached under 2 criteria 3.3.4. Building cultural environment - Building of cultural and sports institutions By 2015, the whole province had 2.059 / 2.314 villages and clusters with cultural houses (reaching 88.9%); 56/266 communes, wards and towns with cultural houses (reaching 26.1%); 172/226 communes, wards and towns with a sports ground (80.5%) - Preserving and promoting cultural heritage In the 2006 – 2015 period, the preservation and promotion of cultural heritages were more interested in Lang Son province than in the previous period. - Expanding international cooperation on culture In 2006 - 2015 period, Lang Son promoted international exchange and cooperation, cultural exchange between the people of Vietnam-China borders. Summary of chapter 3 In 2006 – 2015 years, requirements set out in the new period along with the impact of industrialization and modernization, the market economy, opening, integration, information explosion ... required Lang Son province to continue building cultural life during 2006 - 2010 and 2011 2015 period Building cultural life in the 2006 - 2015 period had many outstanding points: 1. Party committees, authorities, departments, sectors, unions, people of all classes were more deeply aware of responsibilities of each individual and organizations for developing movement in the new period. 2. Programs and plans of the province were effectively implemented by all levels, branches, mass organizations, localities, establishments, agencies and units. 3. Regarding cultural life building content, besides valid ones from the previous period, the following period content had a new addition (Building cultural life associated with building new rural area, expanding international cooperation). Movements were developed more synchronously and continued to expand, and focus on improving quality 4. The results achieved on content aspects were higher than the previous period, meeting over 90% of the set target. The result had important implications, contributing to improving the material and spiritual life for the people, helping each other to reduce poverty, building cultural 17
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