Tài liệu Means of transport available in hanoi

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Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 Introduction After a long time, we have gained a lot of experience for doing report assignments. Especially, we find that it’ s very useful. Assignment 4B with “ Means of transport available in Hanoi“ topic is interesting. It aims at helping studens gain more knowledge in tourism field as well as improve our team working spirit. We don’ t have difficulty in working in group. There are 3 members in our group : Dinh Thi Hang Doan Thi Huong Le Thi Thu Huyen Each member was responsible for one part. Our report assignment includes 3 main part I. Introdution : It supplies background information about the assignment, means of transport in Hanoi as well as from Hanoi to Sapa by bus, by train, by motorbike….. 1 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 II. Body : It shows some typical features of Sapa, the history and development of history of train, buses to go to Sapa from Hanoi. Beside it, some special characteries, advice for passengers….etc III. Conclusion : It is an evaluation of the transportation system in Hanoi as well as from Hanoi to Sapa. As you know, Hanoi is our capital the largest city in VietNam with over 3,4 million people being the political economic, cultural and social center of VietNam. The city traffics, therefore, very heavy. According to the latest statistics, there are over 5 million bicycle,…motorbikes and about 100000 cars and some different kind of transport moving around the city. Because of the huge member of motorbikes, the traffic in Hanoi is very different from the traffic in any other capital city in the world. Can say the most common way of transportation in Hanoi is motorbike. Hanoi is very flat, so 2 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 walking short distances and cycling a few kilometers is easy, although it can be tiring in the summer heat. Because Hanoi is our capital and therefore it’ s very convenient to travel from Hanoi with variety means of transport. It’ s good idea to go to Sapa from Hanoi. Sapa is really an attractive destination of tourists all over the world because of beautiful sites and traditional cuture with national character. If you want to get to Sapa you can use many kinds of transportation by bus, by train, by motorbike…..But it’ s best to go by train to Sapa. This report assignment gives you further information about how to get around Sapa, price, where and how to buy tickets….Take a Sapa tour to better discover it. Students A2K15 Group 3 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 BODY I. Some information about Sapa - an extremely attractive destination. Sapa district is located in Lao Cai province, north- west Viet Nam, and 350 km’ s north- west of Hanoi, close to the border with China. Sapa town, naturally cover an area of 678,6 km2 and has got 36 thousand persons, of different ethnic minority groups being the political, economic, cultural and social center of Lao Cai province. The Hoang Lien saw range of mountains dominates the district, which is at the eastern extremity of the Himalayas. The climate is moderate and rainy in summer ( May- August ) , and foggy and cold with occasional snowfalls in winter. Sapa’ s flora is oliversified, ranging from flowers to tropical fruits; among 4 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 the most popular fruits produced in Sapa are apples, pears, peaches and plums. Stayin g here, you can not only visit famous landscape, enjoy fresh nature, eat and drink traditional food, go shopping at market, shopping center but also learn more about VietNamese cultural, character through traditional festivals, music shows and hospitality, friendliness and enthusiasm of local people. Sapa has many natural sites such as Thac Bac, Thuy Cung Grotto, Gio Cave, Troi Gate and Truc Forest. Sapa is also the starting point of many climbers and scientists who want to reach the top of Fansipan Mountain is also called the Alps of the North Sea area, since Fansipan Mountain is not only the 5 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 highest peak in VietNam but also in the IndoChina Peninsula. The pyramid- shaped mountain is covered with clouds all year round and temperatures often drop below zero, especially at high elevations. The best time to witness the scenic beauty of Sapa is in April and May. Before the period, the weather might be cold and foggy; after the period is the rainy season. In April and May, Sapa is blooming with flowers and green pastures. The clouds that settle in valley in earning morings quickly disappear into thin air. All impressive and beautiful sites, national cultural character, frendliness and hospitality of local people have created an overall picture of a young, a district that is on the right track to innovate, build and develop. Sapa is proud to become an ideal destination in the new millennium. 6 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 To reach Sapa, you can use many kinds of transportation: by train, by car, by bus, by motorbike, etc….on the way from Hanoi to Sapa. 7 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 II. The History of VietNam trains: The first train in Indo-china running from Sai Gon to Cho Lon on 27 December 1881 In National Communication and Transpor system, VietNam Railway came into being later than road sector and waterway sector but it quickly play an important role in transporting passengers and cargo. Especially in transporting passengers in urban area, long distance, container, inter – area cargo, etc…. 8 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 The first line of VietNam Railways was constructed in 1881 with the length of 71 km linking Sai Gon and My Tho. Four years later, the first train ran from Sai Gon to My Tho on 20 July,1885. This railway was constructed during by the French colonists as part of railway network in French Indochina. On 2nd October 1936, the Hanoi- Saigon Railway with the length of 1726 km, metre gauge was officially inaugurated by the French colonists. It 1954, following the signature of Geveva Accords, VietNam is temporarily dovided into two parts: the communist North and collaborator’ s anti- communist and South.This railway was French target of bombardments and explosion by North VietNam and South VietNam. After the Fall of Saigon on 30th April 1975, VietNam was united and so railway. On 31st December 1976, the severely war- torn railway was fully restored and put into operation. Currently, the VietNam Railways has total length 9 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 of 2600 km. This network is using 3 kinds of gange, namely 1000mm-gange ( mixed gange ). After 36 years of separation, the rail line between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city was reunified connecting the North and the South of the country. Especially Vice Prime Minister Phan Ke Toai unveiledLaoCai line on 7 August, 1956. Construction site on Ha Noi-Lao Cai line at km 259 + 700 (October 08, 1939) 10 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 After a long time to May 6, 2002, Hanoi - LaoCai and LaoCai- Hanoi high quality express trains ( 5,6 ) were put into operation by VietNam Raiways.Each train had 8 cars inclucding 2 soft berth cars 2 hard berth cars, 1 soft seat car (double – cleck car ) , 1 hard seat car , 1 buffer car and 1 baggage car. *Air-couditioners were installed in soft and hard berth cars,soft seat car as buffer car.beside,there were automatically-boilt hettles in these cars of individual demand of passengers.The installation of fresh air transmission system ( applied the fist time with 2,500 cubic transmitted per hour ) in hard seat cars was suitable for passengers who got used to air-conditioner cars. *The running time from Ha Noi to Sapa and vice versa of there trains was 7 hours 45 minutes,1 hour less in comparison to other regular trains.Viet Nam railways also had suitable trai-running for tourist to Sapa; especially at the weekendholiday and tet festival. 11 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 III. The development of Viet Nam train : The road is narrow and before Traveling was very difficult.There weren’ t enough kinds of the traspotation,In 1882-1936 period.one meter-gauge Frech-based technology was costructed and main railway network was formed.During the two was against Frech and American,Viet Nam railway network was seriously damaged after the final liberation of the south,since 1976,with great support of China and Soviet Union and other country in Eartern. Block, Viet Nam railway network has been much rehabilitated,especially on NorthSouth railway route.Since the implementation of the total reform in that railway sector becomes a leading transport sector in Viet Nam,positively contributes to the economic growth of the country and intergrats into Asian railway. Up to now,with over 125 years of operation.Viet Nam railway network consists of 7 mains lines linking and passing through over 35 provinces and cities with difficult 12 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 terrains. And has countinually been developed and grown to become a state-owned corporation operating and maintaining all the infrastructure of the national railway network. More over, the current development of tourism make for high demand of train service from Ha Noi to Sapa and vice versa.There are five couples of train,of with 2 couples of LC1/2,LC3/4 trains run from Ha Noi to Lai Cai and vice versa.LC1 train runs from Ha Noi on Friday, Sunday and LC4 train runs every week from Lao Cai on Sunday,Monday to kuming and vice versa,a couple of YB1/2 train run from Long Bien station to Yen Bai station and vice versa, a couple of YL1/1 train run from Yen Bai station to Lao Cai station and vice versa.beside,LC5 train runs from Ha Noi station on Monday,Wednesday,Friday .LC6 trai runs from Lao Cai. Can say that train systems in Viet Nam has big changes in quantity as well as in quality . now there are enough different train to service the trevelling demand for people the train to 13 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 Sapa has a variety of cars by Viet Nam rail and private companies like Tulico Ratraco and Victoria hotel.You can choose according to your couvenience and budget. VICTORIA TRAIN The Victoria express train offers the more comfortable airconditioned soft sleepers. This train is the best one in terms of comfort ans services from Ha Noi to Lao Cai and vice versa. The Victoria express train offer two luxury sleeping carriages, one restaurant connected to the train, all with airconditioning . Due to the increasing popularity of this alternative, they offer tickets to those staying at Victoria Sapa hotel only. The seat on Victoria express especially deluxe cabin is limited therefore the booking of your breth in together with hotel long in advance is recommended. TULICO TRAIN 14 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 The Tulico train offer comfortable, air-conditioned soft sleepers. This is not a luxurious train but offers o good alternativer for tourists to Sapa from Ha Noi. This train has soft sleepers, air- conditioned and clean four berth cabins. You will be provided with one bottle of water, a small snack and a napkin RATRACO TRAIN The Victoria cars, Tulico cars, Friendly cars, and Ratraco cars are a part of the LC5 and LC6. they are alternatives for tourists to Sapa from Ha Noi. The Ratraco train is one of the best train to Sapa with wooden cabins FRIENDLY TRAIN The Friendly train, like the Tulico train, is not a separate train, but offers soft sleepers air- conditioned and clean four berth cabins in 2 carriages which go with lacal train ( LC5 and LC6 ) between Ha Noi and Lao Cai. This train service provides 15 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 passengers with one bottle of water, a small snack and a napkin. ROYAL TRAIN To serve tousist requirements Royal train is also part of a gurlar train with 2 carriages in SP1 and SP2 which offers airconditioned, soft sleepers and clean four berth cabins. The operation of Viet Nam rail .only train like tuico ,ratraco and Victoria hotels operated by private companies. IV. The history of Viet Nam car: In 1909-1912.,, road to Sapa was widened . and road system in Lao Cai was also developed in Lao Cai- Sapa. V.Advice for passengers: The Hanoi Lao Cai train stop at valley Lao cai, just 40 km from Sapa, so to reach Sapa you need to travel more 1 hour and 16 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 a half by a public bus or private car. The bus stops at Sa Pa's main post office leaving you with a couple of minutes walk into town. From Sapa town it is about 5' or 15' walk to your hotel pending on which hotel you will stay. After we give some information about how to go to Sapa. We hope that it is useful and convenient for tourists Means of transportation: Road system: 345 km from Hanoi, there are many buses from Hanoi to Sapa and in inverse direction. There are both day and night buses with comfortable condition. From Hanoi to Sapa, you can visit the famous tourism places such as Co Loa Wall ( Dong Anh Hanoi ), Tarn Dao Mountain Tomb ( Viet Tri City ), Mother Au Co Temple ( Hien Luong Phu Tho ), Nguyen Thai Hoc Statue and Thac Ba Lake ( Yen Bai ) etc….Getting to Lao Cai international border gate. On the way, you can see the natural scenery from the midland ( Fanpalm forerts, tea hills ) to the beautiful scenery of the highland Lao Cai, together with the friendly and hospitable people. 17 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 Railway system: if you don’ t travel by bus, you can go by train, from Hanoi to Sapa, it will take you 294 km, there are 4 trains departing from Hanoi and Lao Cai, the quality of the train depends on the different services with the beds and airconditioning, the well- trained staff…At the railway station, there are hundreds of buses for tourists to catch to visit Sapa, Bac Ha, etc… The best way to go to Sapa from Hanoi is to take the trains. Most of the tourists who visit Sapa travel from Hanoi Railway Station to Lao Cai Station (a town at the border with China, separated by the Red River and the other side is the town of Hekou of China) by night trains. Night trains is the best option because it saves time and money for two nights of accommodations. The train runs along the Red River. All trains leave in the evening from Hanoi and arrive at Lao Cai train station in the early morning. Trains also leave in the evening from Lao Cai and arrive in the morning in Hanoi. 18 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 Traveling within Sapa: Sapa is a small town and you can do anywhere on foot. You are also not likely to get lost. You can equip yourself with a simple map in case you are doubtful. Trekkers should come armed with good shoes, rubber boots, and a stout walking stick. It is also a good idea to carry clothes in a waterproof bag. Remember, the rice fields can be muddy and you need to be cautious while crossing these. The altitude can prove to be quite a challenge even to the physically fit and hardy, especially when climbing steep mountain slopes. Some tourists rent a bike, but this can end up being an adventure sport, since you face hazards from others on the road, and at times from the road itself, because of landslides or washed-out parts. This is especially true during the rainy season. VI. Where and how to buy tickets: Bus’ s ticket price: Ticket price for connecting buses Lao Cai Station - Sapa is Vietnam Dong (VND) 30,000/person/way (about US$2/way). 19 Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368 The tourist bus back to Lao Cai leaves from outside Sapa's church, but usually it can pick you up at your hotel. You can ask the staff at your hotels for getting a bus ticket back to Lao Cai Railway Station. Train’ s ticket price: Hanoi - Lao Cai - Hanoi Train Tickets  Train name  Fare  Accommodation US$/ticket /way  VIP cabin  Business Class, 4-berth  82  Livitrans cabin  30 Express Train  Economy berth cabin Class, 6-  26  20  Soft seat  Tulico  VIP cabin 20  60
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