Tài liệu Grammar structure teaching activities for kids

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ABILITIES ASK AND ANSWER ACCORDING TO THE EXAMPLE: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Can a turtle swim? Yes, it can. _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ WRITE SENTENCES. 1. A turtle can swim, but it can’t fly. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ Adjectives finished in –ed are used to describe feelings and emotions. They have a passive meaning, referring to someone or something receiving a certain action. Adjectives finished in –ing are used for things and situations. They have an active meaning, describing someone or something performing a certain action. I have just bought a singing parrot. It is so fascinating. I am fascinated by my parrot. Music interests me a lot. I am interested in music. Music is interesting to me. Read the following sentences and choose the best adjective to complete the blanks: 1. What an … situation! Are they always having a fight about every little thing? a. annoyed b. annoying 2. I was extremely … to see that the baby knew how to handle a spoon. a. amused b. amusing 3. I am …. , I have stayed indoors for many days, let’s go out and see a film. a. bored b. boring 4. The book was so … that I didn’t have any patience and finished it last night. a. captivated b. captivating 5. You are … because you haven’t been explained what had really happened there. a. confused b. confusing 6. I am more than …, I am extremely worried, why aren’t they calling us? a. concerned b. concerning 7. It is …, how can he possibly eat snakes? a. disgusted b. disgusting 8. Seeing them there was too … for me, I should have listened to your advice. a. depressed b. depressing 9. All the children were … to go to the Village Museum last Sunday. a. excited b. exciting 10. Romania is a … country, have you ever visited it? You will certainly love it. a. fascinated b. fascinating 11. Your last remark was very …, John, you know you are wrong, aren’t you? a. insulted b. insulting 12. Sarah was … in painting when she was 15. a. interested b. interesting 13. The teacher seemed … when the principle interrupted him yesterday. a. irritated b. irritating 14. Listen to this song, don’t you think it is …? It belongs to Claude Barzotti. a. relaxed b. relaxing 15. My parents have always been … with my results at school. a. satisfied b. satisfying 16. The girl was … when her brother tore away the head of her favourite doll. a. shocked b. shocking 17. I am … you managed to come, you said you were busy when I called. a. surprised b. surprising 18. It is … to see how many people are killed in car accidents every day. a. terrified b. terrifying 19. You must be … , Joanna, have you ever met a VIP before? a. thrilled b. thrilling 20. I had a very … day last Monday, going shopping and looking for the best wedding dress. a. tired b. tiring ENGLISH WORKSHEET School Year 2008-2009 Use and Form – Negative prefixes Remember:  We use the negative prefixes un- / in- /im- /il- /ir/dis- to give the adjective the opposite meaning: grateful – ungrateful conclusive – inconclusive personal – impersonal liberal – illiberal retrievable – irretrievable Match the adjectives with the right prefix to form opposites. 1. legal 11. countable a) im- 2. pleased 12. responsible b) in- 3. moral 13. graced 4. jointed 14. fair 5. correct 15. polite e) un- 6. happy 16. logical f) dis- 7. legible 17. mature 8. regular 18. continued 9. connected 19. tolerant 20. proper 10. literate I had never seen such an irresponsible player before! And he’s so dishonest! c) ild) ir- Now choose a noun and add a prefix to it to complete the sentences: 1. I don’t believe you! She’s such a shy, Fill in the gaps with theliterate right prefix. 1. The rumours about their reconciliation were 2. completely ____founded. 2. He didn’t like Lisa’s boyfriend. It would be 3. ____honest of him to pretend otherwise. 3. It was ____possible for her to arrive on 4. time to the meeting. 4. The tickets are ___valid. You haven’t stamped them. 5. Many ____legal immigrants were arrested 5. last night. 6. I am convinced now. His arguments were ____resistible. 7. I hate to wait in queues. I’m 6. too ____patient. 8. Look at her shoes. They’re so ____usual. 7. 9. It was such a ____couraging experience. 10. An ___known visitor has left a package in the room. contented – discontented 8. __________________ woman. She couldn’t possibly have done it! It would be _______________to call her every time the baby doesn’t want to eat. Her arguments don’t make sense. They’re completely _______________. John spent the whole class making _____________________ remarks. I wish the teacher would have shut him up. He was very ______________. He could have had a better grade if he had been more accurate. They are always calling him names. They say he’s an ______________ son. His parents are married to someone else. The accident caused him ____________ brain damage, I’m afraid. I’m sorry. His medical condition is highly _________________. THANK YU! ENGLISH WORKSHEET School Year 2008-2009 Use and Form – Negative prefixes Remember:  We use the negative prefixes un- / in- /im- /il- /ir/dis- to give the adjective the opposite meaning: grateful – ungrateful conclusive – inconclusive personal – impersonal liberal – illiberal retrievable – irretrievable Match the adjectives with the right prefix to form opposites. contented – dislcontented I had never seen such 1. legal c) 11. countable e) a) im- an irresponsible player 2. pleased f) 12. responsible d) b) in- before! And he’s so 3. moral a) 13. graced c) il- dishonest!!! 4. jointed f) 14. fair d) ir- 5. correct 6. happy b) e) f) e) 15. polite a) e) un- 16. logical c) f) dis- 7. legible c) 17. mature a) 8. regular d) 18. continued f) 19. tolerant b) 20. proper a) 9. connected f) 10. literate c) Fill in the gaps with theliterate right prefix. Now choose a noun and add a prefix to it to complete the sentences: 9. I don’t believe you! She’s such a shy, dishonest of him to pretend otherwise. inoffensive woman. She couldn’t possibly have done it! 10. It would be impractical to call her every time the baby doesn’t want to eat. 11. Her arguments don’t make sense. They’re completely illogical. 3. It was impossible for her to arrive on time 12. John 1. The rumours about their reconciliation were completely unfounded. 2. He didn’t like Lisa’s boyfriend. It would be to the meeting. 4. The tickets are invalid. You haven’t stamped them. 5. Many illegal immigrants were arrested last night. 6. I am convinced now. His arguments were irresistible. 7. I hate to wait in queues. I’m too impatient. 8. Look at her shoes. They’re so unusual. 9. It was such a discouraging experience. 10. An unknown visitor has left a package in the room. spent the whole class making irrelevant remarks. I wish the teacher would have shut him up. 13. He was very imprecise. He could have had a better grade if he had been more accurate. 14. They are always calling him names. They say he’s an illegitimate son. His parents are married to someone else. 15. The accident caused him irreversible brain damage, I’m afraid. 16. I’m sorry. His medical condition is highly unstable. THANK YU! Match the animals with their names. a. dolphin b. butterfly c. chick d. cat e. parrot f. spider g. bee h. turtle i. cow j. snail k. dog l. mouse m. duck n. squirrel o. giraffe p. rabitt q. lizard r. tiger s. ant t. bear GRAMMAR EXPLANATION ADJECTIVES They describe information pronouns. or about We COMPARATIVE nouns never give They are used to show what quality or one thing has more or less than the pluralize them. Example: Butterflies are beautiful. They are divided into short and long adjectives. SUPERLATIVES The superlative form is used to say what thing or person has the most of a particular quality. Example: other. Example: People say that the gorilla is the An ant is smaller than a snail. adjective) (Short adjective) A tiger is more dangerous than a biggest animal in the world. (Short I think that the most dangerous animal is the lion. (Long adjective) cat. (Long adjective) But there are irregular adjectives that change when using a comparative or a superlative form. Examples: Good Better The best Bad Worse The worst Far Further/Farther The furthest/ the farthest Complete the chart with the missing form: adjective, comparative or superlative. Adjective Comparative Superlative Fast Shorter colorful the most peaceful bigger More intelligent The most dangerous Use the word in brackets to complete the sentences with an adjective, comparative or superlative. 1. The ant is _______________ (small) than the snail. 2. The __________________ (dangerous) animal is the lion. 3. I love cats because they are very _____________________ (quiet). 4. Do you think dolphins are the ____________________ (intelligent) animals? 5. The cheetah is _______________ (fast) than the lion. 6. A bee is ___________________ (big) than an ant. 7. The giraffe is _______________________ (tall) 8. Kim likes parrots. They are very ________________________ (colorful). 9. Lucy doesn’t want to have a parrot at home. She thinks they are the _________________ (noisy) animals in the entire world. 10. Squirrels are ______________ (agile). They move very ______________ (fast). 11. The __________________ (near) zoo in my town is about six hours. 12. My mom hates spiders. She says they are _________________ (ugly). 13. Toucans are the _______________________ (colorful) birds. 14. Karen has a lizard and she says that it is _____________ (quiet) than his parrot. INDEFINITE ARTICLE A / AN Grapes Read the tree examples: An orange DEFINITE ARTICLE - THE Can you give the book? Read the two examples: Can you give a book? are three books there. A book = book  There nouns  one or two or three. begins with a consonant. book so we know chair = there is only a begins with a vowel. which book. use an when the noun articles used with plural  The use a when the noun use a / an for singular A pear  We  We  We  No nouns 1. Fill in the blanks with a , an or _ A) _____ umbrella B) _____ apple C) _____ onion D) _____ books E) _____ eye F) _____ glasses G) _____ kiwi H) _____ banana I) _____ money. J) _____ ears. K) _____ water melon 2. Fill in the blanks with the definite article (the) or indefinite article (a/an) when necessary. A) Mary is _____ nice girl who lives on _____ first floor. B) My father is looking or _____ job in neighbourhood, near our _____ house. C) _____ students in _____ next classroom are making_____ noise. D) We have _____ English lesson three times _____ week. E) Ann is _____ clever students and she has got _____ good memory. F) What _____ lovely day! G) There are over _____ hundred handouts on _____ teacher´s table. H) At two o´clock we are going to _____ cinema with our _____ friends. I) Studying Mats is _____ hard work. INDEFINITE ARTICLE A / AN DEFINITE ARTICLE - THE Read the tree examples: A pear An orange Grapes  We use a / an for singular nouns  We use a when the noun begins with a consonant.  We use an when the noun begins with a vowel.  No articles used with plural nouns Read the two examples: Can you give a book? Can you give the book?  There are three books there. A book = book one or two or three.  The chair = there is only a book so we know which book. 1. Fill in the blanks with a , an or _ A) _____ umbrella B) _____ apple C) _____ onion D) _____ books E) _____ eye F) _____ glasses G) _____ kiwi H) _____ banana I) _____ Money. J) _____ ears. K) _____ water melon 2. Fill in the blanks with the definite article (the) or indefinite article (a/an) when necessary. A) Mary is _____ nice girl who lives on _____ first floor. B) My father is looking or _____ job in neighbourhood, near our _____ house. C) _____ students in _____ next classroom are making_____ noise. D) We have _____ English lesson three times _____ week. E) Ann is _____ clever students and she has got _____ good memory. F) What _____ lovely day! G) There are over _____ hundred handouts on _____ teacher´s table. H) At two o´clock we are going to _____ cinema with our _____ friends. I) Studying Mats is _____ hard work. 1 Who is the: tallest? __________________ fattest? __________________ ugliest? __________________ shortest? 2 _________________ thinnest? _________________ oldest? __________________ Match the cowboys with these descriptions. very fat ____________ very short ____________ fat ____________ short ____________ very young ____________ quite short ____________ very thin ____________ quite tall ____________ tall ____________ thin very thin 3 ____________ __________ very tall __________ Answer the questions with a complete sentence. 1 Who is shorter than Joe-bob? 2 Who is taller than Big nose-bob? 3 Who is taller than Silent-bob? 4 Who is thinner than Jim-bob? 5 Who is fatter than Bob-bob? 6 Who is uglier than Jim-bob? Big nose-bob is shorter than Joe-bob. Look at the following example: FRIGHTENED / FRIGHTENING Kate was very frightened. The ghost was very frightening. An adjective ending in –ed describes how we feel or the effect a person, a thing or a situation has on us. frightening frightened Kate was very frightened. A The ghost was very frightening. Choose the suitable adjective. 1. Kate told me an exciting /excited story. 2. It was a boring / bored concert and so everybody was boring / bored. 3. Ann was very exhausted /exhausting after her Physical Education class. 4. The children look very exciting / excited about the song contest. 6. Ann is disappointed / disappointing with her boyfriend`s attitudes. 7. Are you interested / interesting in soul music? C An adjective ending in –ing describes a person, thing or situation. B Choose the correct adjective 1. Paul has a fascinating / fascinated voice. 2. It was a very interesting / interested film and so all the students were very interested / interesting in it. 3. It is surprising / surprised what people do for money. 4. It was a very confused / confusing situation and everybody seemed completely confused / confusing. 5. I am amazed / amazing with his decision. Read Ann`s letter and choose the correct adjective. Dear Peter, I arrived two days ago. I`m sitting in the living-room, looking out the window. The journey was tiring / tired but I`m exciting / excited to be in Italy. It`s such a beautiful and relaxed / relaxing place with a pool and a big garden. I think I won`t feel boring / bored because there`s a lot to see and do. I hope you will write to me! I will be very disappointed / disappointing if I don`t get a letter from you. Love Ann Look at the following example: FRIGHTENED / FRIGHTENING Kate was very frightened. The ghost was very frightening. An adjective ending in –ed describes how we feel or the effect a person, a thing or a situation has on us. frightening frightened Kate was very frightened. A The ghost was very frightening. Choose the suitable adjective. 1. Kate told me an exciting /excited story. 2. It was a boring / bored concert and so everybody was boring / bored. 3. Ann was very exhausted /exhausting after her Physical Education class. 4. The children look very exciting / excited about the song contest. 6. Ann is disappointed / disappointing with her boyfriend`s attitudes. 7. Are you interested / interesting in soul music? C An adjective ending in –ing describes a person, thing or situation. B Choose the correct adjective 1. Paul has a fascinating / fascinated voice. 2. It was a very interesting / interested film and so all the students were very interested / interesting in it. 3. It is surprising / surprised what people do for money. 4. It was a very confused / confusing situation and everybody seemed completely confused / confusing. 5. I am amazed / amazing with his decision. Read Ann`s letter and choose the correct adjective. Dear Peter, I arrived two days ago. I`m sitting in the living-room, looking out the window. The journey was tiring / tired but I`m exciting / excited to be in Italy. It`s such a beautiful and relaxed / relaxing place with a pool and a big garden. I think I won`t feel boring / bored because there`s a lot to see and do. I hope you will write to me! I will be very disappointed / disappointing if I don`t get a letter from you. Love Ann Someone is BORED if something is BORING. - ED adjectives tell us how somebody feels. They are for people. ING adjectives tell us about a person or a thing, not about feelings. EXAMPLES: This book is interesting. I’m interested in buying that book. 1. Underline the correct option: a) Hannah feels a bit bored/boring today. She’s reading a novel, but it’s not really interested/interesting. A friend recommended her to read that novel. However, she finds it quite disappointed/disappointing. When Hannah told her friend she was not enjoying the book, she was shocked/shocking. b) Last Friday morning, Hannah was very excited/exciting. She was offered a promotion in her job. She felt surprised/surprising about it, because she didn’t expect it. With her new position, she also has more responsibilities, and she’s starting to feel exhausted/exhausting. c) Yesterday, Hannah had to visit a client from the Law firm she works for. The directions were quite confused/ confusing and she got lost. For that reason, she arrived half an hour late to her appointment and she felt very embarrassed/embarrassing. The client was annoyed/annoying, but he accepted her apologies. d) Hannah spent the weekend with her sister and her niece, Annie, who is a really amused/amusing two-year-old girl. They went to the amusement park, which was really excited/exciting for Annie. This was the most relaxed/ relaxing moment of the week. Hannah loves spending time with her family! 2. Now complete with a suitable adjective from the list. Do not repeat!: bored/boring astonished/astonishing disgusted/disgusting depressed/depressing amazed/amazing embarrassed/embarrassing interested/interesting surprised/surprising confused/confusing 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. The instructions to build the model were quite ____________. We had to ask for my father’s help. John lived a very _________________ situation when he realised he had a big stain on his shirt. You look ____________. Don’t you have anything to do? Anne is learning English very fast. Her progress is _________________. The film wasn’t as ______________ as we expected. Our friends had told us it was great. We were really _____________ when Tom passed the exam. He hadn’t studied much. Dana felt quite ______________ when her little dog was put to sleep. She cried for days. The new ride in the amusement park is really __________. I had never seen anything like that! Awesome! The meat we had at the restaurant was absolutely _____________! We’ll never come back there! I usually feel _____________ when I have to speak in public. I’m very shy. The film was quite _____________. It told the sad story of a very poor family. Gabriel is very _____________ in politics. He knows a lot about the subject. You looked really _____________ when we gave you your birthday present. You didn’t expect it, did you? I always get ____________ when I drive in the city centre. All the streets look the same! I get lost easily. I was really ____________ when I was offered the job. It was a great opportunity. We use the second conditional to:  talk about hypothetical (imaginary and improbable) present and future situations STRUCTURE EXAMPLES If + S + past simple,  If I were you, I’d eat fewer cakes S + would + infinitive  I’d feel much better if I did more sport Anne: I’m quite restless lately and I can’t sleep. June: If I _________ (be) you, I _________________ (try) to relax. Anne: I can’t relax. If I ______________ (sleep) better, I ___________________ (be) fresher in the morning and I ________________ (concentrate) better in the exams. June: If you _________________ (not/eat) so little, you _______________ (feel) much more active and you __________________ (be able to) cope with all the work we have this term. Anne: Anyway, if I _________________ (have) more free time to study, I _________________ (pass) my exams, but with the part-time job and all… June: If I _____________ (be) you, I __________________ (not/work) so much. I ___________ (also/feel) stressed if I ______________ (have to) work until late every night. Anne: What ___________________ (you/do) if you _____________ (be) in my place? June: If I ___________ (be) going through a difficult period in my life, I ________________ (go) to see a doctor, I __________________ (rest) and I ___________________ (not/smoke) so much! Josh: Hey, Billy, I’m going on a date with a girl I met in my art class last week. Any ideas? Billy: If I ___________ (be) you, I _______________ (take) her to a museum. Josh: That’s a good idea, which one do you recommend? Billy: Well, if I ______________ (have to) choose, I _____________ (go) to the Tate Modern and I __________________ (visit) the North wing, that’s where the most interesting paintings are. Josh: What if she gets bored? Billy: If she _____________ (get) bored with Jackson Pollock’s paintings, I ________________ (suggest) her to visit Mark Rothko’s room. Josh: Maybe she doesn’t like modern art. Billy: If she _________________ (not/like) modern art, I ___________________ (not/date) her anymore!!!! Josh: If I _______________ (be) you, I _________________ (take) art so seriously! Billy: and if I ______________ (be) you, I _______________ (not/date) so many girls! Derek: If you ______________ (be) more punctual, we _______________ (not/arrive) late everywhere! Rebecca: If I _____________ (finish) work earlier, I________________ (be) ready before, but you know I always finish at eight o’clock. Derek: Yes, but if you _____________ (ask) your boss to let you leave half an hour before, we __________ (meet) our friends on time. Rebecca: If you _______________ (want) to meet your friends on time, you _____________ (can/pick) me up from work, so I __________________ (not/have) to take a bus home. Derek: If I ______________ (pick) you up from work, I ___________________ (not/have) time to change clothes. Rebecca: If you ______________ (love) me, you _______________ (worry) about me! Derek: If you ________________ (not/act) like a child, you _________________ (understand) me. Rebecca: and if you ________________ (not/be) so selfish, you _______________ (know) why I am angry at you now! Derek: I give up! Let’s go. They’re waiting for us. Most nouns form their plural by adding –s. Some nouns are Irregular. For example: car cars Nouns eding in –s, -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, -o take –es in the plural. tomato tomatoes But some nouns ending in –o take only –s. radio-radios; photo-photos; rhino-rhinos piano pianos Nouns ending in a vowel + y take –s in the plural boy boys Nouns ending in a consonant + y, drop the y and tahes –ies in the plural. strawberry strawberries Nouns ending in –f or –fe, drop the –f or – fe and take –ves in the plural leaf leaves wolf wolves Remember: Adjectives do not take –s in the plural. a happy girl a two happy girls
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