Tài liệu Giáo án tiếng anh lớp 8 unit 10: recycling

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RECYCLING UNIT 10 (Total : 5 periods) I. Aims : Helping students: -To give and respond to instructions. -To talk about feelings. -To write a set of instructions. II. Language contents : 1. Grammar: 1. Passive form. 2. Adjective followed by - an infinitive. - a noun clause 3. present simple 4. future simple 2. Vocabulary: Nouns Natural resources compost Deposit fabric fertilizer glassware metal representative III. Skills : Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing. IV. Unit allocation Verbs decompose reuse reduce contact refill protect Getting started Listen and read Speak & Listen Reading a dialogue for details about how to protect the environment and save natural resources. Practicing in giving and responding to instructions. Listening for specific information about making compost. Lesson 3 Read Lesson 4 Writing Lesson 5 Language focus Reading the text for details about how things are recycled. Writing a set of instructions on how to recycle used things. Further practice in Passive form: Adjective followed by - an infinitive . - a noun clause Lesson 1 Lesson 2 138 Week: 22nd Period: 64th UNIT 10 RECYCLING Lesson 1 GETTING STARTED & LISTEN AND READ I./ Objectives: 1 – Educational aims: Make environment clearly. By the end of the lesson, students should know about reuse, reduce, recycle 2 – Teaching aims: students can talk about recycle things II./ Language Contents: 1 – Grammar: Adjectives followed by an infinitive or noun clause. 2 – Vocabulary: -Representative (n),-Recycle (v), instead of (adv), plastic (n), reuse (v), wrap (v), fertilizer (n), reduce (v), over packaged (adj). III./ Techniques: Eliciting, asking and answering, T/F. IV./ Teaching aids: Pictures and flash card, cassette. V./ Procedures. Teacher’s activities Students’ activities 1. Warm up: -Answer. -Asking some questions: What do you do with waste paper / empty bottle? Do you always collect them? 2. Presentation: -Guess. -Have students work in pairs and think of the ways -Copy the new words. we can reuse garbage. -Explain new words. *New words: -Representative (n) ngöôøi ñaïi dieän -Role-play. Recycle (v) taùi cheá -Read and check. instead of (adv) thay vì -Work in pairs plastic (n) nhöïa reuse (v) söû duïng laïi -Individuals. wrap (v) goùi, bao fertilizer (n) phaân boùn reduce (v) giaûm bôùt over packaged (adj) ñoùng goùi quaù nhieàu * Structure: Passive form: be+ Vpp - Read the dialogue -Guides students how to read new words. -Have students read the dialogue and show real things such as bottle, sock… - Let students listen to the tape. -Explain new structure: Adj + To – infinitive / noun clause 139 3. Practice: - Have students work in pairs or in groups. - Get feedback. - Listen and correct the answers a) Reduce means not buying products which are over packaged. b) We can reuse things like envelopes, glass, plastic bottles, and old plastic bags…. c) Recycle means try and find another use d) We can contact…friends. e) We shouldn’t use plastic bags because when we throw them away they can stay there for a long time 4. Production : * Choose T/ F a) Friends of the Earth is an organization to help people make friends with each other. b) Miss. Blake asks the students to remember three things: reduce, reuse, recycle. c) Reduce means buying the products which are overpacked. d) We can’t reuse things like envelopes, glass, plastic bottles, old plastic bags. 5. Homework .: -Write 5 sentences about your habits in the past. -Do exercises in Workbook. -Prepare the part: Speak & Listen - Answer the questions. * Answer. a) F. … to help people protect the environment and save natural resources. b) T c) F. Reduce means not buying … d) F. We can reuse things .. VI. Comments: ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. -------------------------- 140 Week: 22nd Period: 65th RECYCLING UNIT 10 Lesson 2 SPEAK & LISTEN I. Objectives: Practicing in giving and responding to instructions. Listening for specific information about making compost. II./. Language contents: 1- Vocabulary: leather, compost heap, moisture, condensation. 2- Grammar: Review III./. Techniques: Eliciting question and answer, Role play, Guessing game, description. IV./. Teaching aids: - Pictures, tape. V. Procedures: Teacher’s activities Teacher’s activities 1. Warm- up -play a game. Play Kim’s game -show the picture to the students and ask them to observe it carefully, let them look at the picture for about 20 second them put it away. -divide the class into 2 groups. -ask them to go to the board and write as many words showing things in the picture as possible. 2. Speak. a. Pre-Speaking: Answer: -Have students play the game “network” -Get feedback. garbage b. While -Speaking: - Divide class into 4 groups - Have students base on the game above and call the names of the things with belong to each group plastics Glasses - Give new words and explain. - Get feedback c. Post – Speaking: - Give instruction: T – Ss: Which group….. ? What can we … ? What will we… ? papers -Work in groups. -Individuals. Put them in………… We can………………… We make …………… 141 - Have Ss practice by pairs work. - Get feedback. 2. Listen a. Pre-Listening: - Have Ss answers some eliciting questions. “Is it easy to make compost ?/ what do you use to make compost ? / where do you keep the compost ? ” - Have Ss answers some questions above . -Introduce new word and help Ss read new words: compost heap, moisture, condensation,… b. While-Listening: Set up the task: -Have Ss guess - play the tape. - Have Student listen to the tape again -> Teacher correction. * Have Ss listen and stick the information you hear. a. ____use only vegetables matter. b. ____ find a place that get sun and share. c. ____we should ruse vegetable matter to make animal food. d.____ turn the compost regularly. e. ____cover the heap with a sheet of strong plastic if it wet. f. ____use a compost after half a year. g. ____the compost need watering. - Listen and choose the correct answers - Listen and check. c. Post-Listening: -Have Ss retell how to make compost. *Content of listening a) What type of garbage can you put in the compost? Today I’m going to explain how to start a compost heap. First of all, you must use only vegetable matter includes tealeaves, eggs shells - but wash the shells first – and tissues. Don’t use any meat or grain products because this attracts rats. b) Where is the best place for a compost heap? Find a place in your garden that gets a few hours of sunlight each day. Use pick or shovels to turn the compost regularly so it gets plenty of air. c) Should you water the compost? The compost also needs moisture, but it will get this form -Work in pairs. -Listen. - Answer. -Listen and repeat new words. -Read the new words. - Work in pairs. -Compare in group. -Listen and check. Then write the answer on the board. -Listen to the tape and retell 142 condensation. Cover the heap with a sheet of strong plastic if the weather is very wet. d) How long does it take before you can use the compost ? Keep adding to the pile and after about six months, your compost will be ready to use as fertilizer. 3. Homework: Do exercises in Workbook Learn by heart new words and structures Prepare Unit 10. Read VI. Comments: ................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. -------------------------nd Week: 22 Period: 66th UNIT 10 RECYCLING Lesson 3 READ I. Objectives: By the end of the lesson, students should know things which can be recycled and how to protect the environment. II./ Language Contents: 1 . Vocabulary: -pipe(n),refill(v), melt (v), glassware(n), law(n), deposit (n), compost(n), dung(n) 2. Grammar: passive form III./ Techniques: Eliciting, Q & A , multiple choice. IV./ Teaching aids: Hand out. V. Procedures: Teacher’s activities Teacher’s activitites 1. Warm up: - Look at the pictures and describe. Describing tow pictures: “clean street and street with the - Answer the question. garbage” and ask some questions. * Which do you prefer? What do people do to have clean streets? What do people do with things collected? 2. Pre-Reading: -Introduce the situation “Now we are going to read a Groups work. newspaper named “The Green Grazette” Picture / minimizing It tells us some ways to protect the environment .-Read silently. -Have student read silently the text and find new words. -Give out the new words. 143 + Explain some new words. - Pipe, refill, glassware, deposit, compost, dung, law, melt… Have students read the text by chorus or individual. -Teaching the structures: Tobe + V.pp Example: The glass is recycled. 3. While-Reading: 1. Answer. -Have Students read the text again then find out answers. a) What do people do with empty milk bottle? b) What happens to the glass when it is sent to the factories? c) What did the Oregon government do to prevent people from throwing drink cans away? d) What is compost made from? - Read the text again and notice how to pronunciation new words. -Work in pairs. - Answer the questions. a people cleaned and refilled empty bottles. b. the glass is broken up, melted and make into new glassware. c. The Oregon government make a new law that there must on drink cans. The deposit is returned when they bring the cans back for recycling. d. compost is make from household and garden waste. e. if we have a recycling store to share, we can call or fax the magazine at 5265456. e) If you have a recycling story to share, how can you share it? - Have students give the answers and teacher correct the mistakes. -work in pairs. 2. Complete the sentences to make a list of recycled things. Draw the grid on the board and have them copy it. Ask them to read the text again. Ask them to work in pair to make a list of recycling facts -do the exercises. mentioned in the text. Call on them to write the information in the grid on the board. -Give the answer: Car tires are recycled to make pipes and floor coverings. Milk bottle are cleaned and refilled (with milk) Glass is broken up, melted and made into new glassware. Drink cans are brought back for recycling. Household and garden waste is make into compost. 4. Post-Reading : - Have students choose T/ F. a. Tires can be recycled to make shoes and floor covering. b. Every milk bottles can be reused once. c. In the USA, thousands of car tires are thrown away. d. Glass is reused and make into glassware. 5. Homework:-Do exercises : (Workbook) -Prepare the next lesson. (Writing) VI. Comments:........................................................................................................................................ 144 Week: 23rd Period: 67th UNIT 10 RECYCLING Lesson 4 WRITE I. Objectives: By the end of the lesson, students know how to reuse waste things. Developing writing skill and know how to write a paragraph to recycle some things. II./ Language Contents: 1 – Vocabulary: soak; place; press; scatter 2 – Grammar: Imperative. III./ Techniques: Question and answer, gap filling. IV./ Teaching aids: Chart V. Procedures: Teacher’s activities Teacher’s activities 1. Warm up: -Answers. Ask students some questions -“What is paper make from ? Can we recycle old - (Individual). paper? How do we recycle them?” 2. Pre-Writing: - Work in groups. - Explain some new words from the lesson. Soap - Share and compare with other group (n), place (n), press (n), scatter… - Ask students the form of the letter . Guide the -Work in pairs. students. How to complete the passage. - Have students read the passage and the verbs given in silently to get details and fill in the gaps -Read. with correct tense forms. - Check and correct. * Answer. 1) use 2)mix 3)Place 4) press 5)Wrap 6) Wait 7) dry 3. While-Writing: -Write (Individual). Task 1: -Have students look at the pictures and make - Work in pairs. instruction with words given. Task 2 : - Compare with a partner then go to the board and -Give feedback (self-correct / teacher write down. corrects). - Call them to say the sentences from memory. -Write homework. First…………………………………………………………. Then,…………………………………………………….. Next,……………………………………………………. -Read the recycle instruction. After that,……………………………………………. 145 Finally,…………………………………………………… - Get them to write the text in brief using the sequencing. Answer key. First, soak old newspaper in a bucket overnight. Then, mash the paper by a wooden spoon. Next, mix the mashed paper with water. After that, use a wire mesh to pull the mixture out, put it on the cloth and press it down firmly. Finally, take the mesh out of the cloth and dry it in the sun. - Ask them to write the instructions. 4. Post-Writing Task 3: - Have students reread the recycle instruction “How to recycle waste paper and how to prepare the tea leaves”. -Get feedback / Correct mistakes 5. Homework: -Do exercise: in workbook -Prepare the next lesson. Answer. a) First, take the used tea leaves from the tea pot. b) Next, scatter the tea leaves on the tray. c) Then dry the leave in the sun. d) Finally, put the dry leaves for future use. VI. Comments ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. -------------------------- 146 Week: 23rd Period: 68th UNIT 10 RECYCLING Lesson 5 LANGUAGE FOCUS I. Objectives: Students can know how to change from active into passive. Adjective followed by an infinitive or a noun clause. II./ Language Contents: 1. Vocabulary: detergent, blow, stir, relieved 2. Grammar: Passive voice; Adj + To infinitive; Adj + noun clause III./ Techniques: Ordering, matching, eliciting, Q & A. IV. Teaching aids: pictures, posters, sub boards. V. Procedures: Teacher’s activities 1. Act 1: Passive forms a) Passive form with the present perfect. -Explain how to use “ Passive voice” ( S + Be + V(pp) + By + O) Ex: He breaks the glass into small pieces. (active voice) -> The glass is broken into small pieces by him.(passive voice) -Have students read example. - Do the exercise 1 change into passive voice. Answer: b. Then the glass is washed with a detergent liquid. c. The glass pieces are dried completely. d. The mixture is melted until becomes a liquid. f. A long pipe is used. It is dipped into the liquid, then the liquid is blown into intended shapes. -Check and correct - Call some students to match sentence with pictures. - Call some pairs to answer. - Correct * Answers: a – 1, b – 4, c – 3, d – 5, e – 2, f - 6 b) Passive form with simple future (L F 2) - Help students how to use passive form with future simple. S + WILL + BE + Vpp EX: The project will be started on time. - Have students read instruction. Teacher’s activities -Read. -Work in pairs. -Listen and remember. -Work in pairs. - Work individual. - Answer. -Listen - Write. 147 - Have students work in pairs to complete the dialogue. - Call some pairs to read. - Listen and correct. * Answer. 1. It will be shown … 2. Will it be built … 3. it will be finished … 4. Will it be made … 2. Act 2: Adjectives followed by an infinitive/ a noun clause. -Explain the structure “Adj + To_infinitive/ Adj + noun clause” Ex: it is difficult to learn English -Have Ss work in pairs. -Call some pairs do it again. -Listen and correct some mistakes 4. Homework : -Do all exercises in Workbook -Learn by heart the structures. -Prepare the next lesson: Unit 11 Getting Started Listen and read. -Work in pairs. VI. 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