Tài liệu Giáo án dạy buổi chiều anh văn 8

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Ngày học: ………………...…. …… Buổi 1 UNIT 1: MY FRIENDS *NGỮ PHÁP CẦN GHI NHỚ: I-§ñ/ kh«ng ®ñ nh thÕ nµo ®Ó lµm g×: 1-Víi tÝnh tõ: a) Trïng chñ ng÷: S + tobe (not) + adj + enough + to V-nd….. Ex: She wasn’t old. She wasn’t in my class → She wasn’t old enough to be in my class. He is strong. He can carry the box => He is strong enough to carry the box. b) Kh¸c chñ ng÷: S + tobe (not) + adj + enough+ for O + to V-nd….. Ex: The test is very easy. We can do it well. → The test is easy enough for us to do well. 2-Víi danh tõ: S + V (not) + enough + noun (+ for O) + to V-nd….. Ex: He has enough money to buy that big house. 3-C«ng thøc t¬ng ®¬ng: S + tobe (not) + adj + enough + to V-nd….. = Qóa nh thÕ nµo ®Ó lµm g× : S + tobe + too + adj (+ for O) + to V-nd….. Ex: He is not old enough to be in my class = He is too young to be in my class. II.Hỏi diện mạo, tính cách: 1- Hái diÖn m¹o: What + do/ does + S + look like? =>S + tobe + adj + and (tãc) S + has/ have + kÝch thíc + tr¹ng th¸i + mÇu tãc + hair Ex: What does Huong look like? – She is tall and thin and she has long black hair. 2-Hái tÝch c¸ch cña 1 ngêi: What + tobe + S + like? =>S + tobe + adj Ex: What is huong like? – She is sociable and generous. *LUYỆN TẬP: I. Choose the word that has underlined part pronounced differently from the others. 1. a. planet b. character c. happy d. classmate 2. a.letter b. twelve c. person d. sentence 3. a. humor b. music c. cucumber d. sun 4. a. enough b. young c. country d. mountain 5. a. sociable b. ocean c. reserved d. special 1 6. a. dark b. father c. star d. principal 7. a. old b. sociable c. outgoing d. volunteer 8. a. my b. curly c. library d. lucky 9. a.fair b. straight c. train d. wait 10. a. spends b. laughs c. friends d. potatoes II. Choose the best answer: 1. The sun ............... in the east. a. rise b. rose c. rises d. rising 2. ‘Which girl is Celis?’ ‘She’s the one with______’ a. long curly black hair b. curly long black hair c. long black curly hair d. curly black long hair 3. She shouldn’t get married; she ........................ a. is not old enough b. was not old enough c. is not enough old d. was not enough old 4. you can’t go to holiday by yourself. You aren’t ............! a. very old b. too old c. old enough d. enough old 5. She was a very_____child. a. health b. healthy c. healthily d. healthiness 6. What does your brother ..............? a. look like b. look as c. be like d. as 7. Dave has a good______of humor. a. sense b. scene c. scent d. cent 8. … does Lien live? ~ In Hue. A. What B. Which C. Who D. Where 9.… does Hoa look like? ~ She’s beautiful. A. Who B. What C. Which D. How 10.My brother isn’t old enough …..… to school aloner. A. going B. go C. to go D. went III. Combine the following sentences, use the structure “ enough to....” 1. The weather wasn’t very warm. We couldn’t go swimming. =>……………………………………………………………………… ……………… 2. He wasn’t very good. He couldn’t do the job. =>……………………………………………………………………… ……………… 3. The ladder isn’t very long. It don’t reach the window. 2 =>……………………………………………………………………… ……………… 4. The tea isn’t strong. It won’t keep us awake. =>……………………………………………………………………… ……………… 5. The fire isn’t very hot. It won’t boil the kettle. =>……………………………………………………………………… ……………… 6. The ice is thick. We can walk on it. =>……………………………………………………………………… ……………… 7. It wasn’t very warm. We couldn’t sit in the garden. =>……………………………………………………………………… ……………… IV- ViÕt c©u dïng tõ gîi ý trong ngoÆc : 1. The children were so excited . He couldn’t laugh cheerfully. (too…to) ...................................................................................................................... ... 2. He is very intelligent . He can do these exercises . ( enough to ) ...................................................................................................................... .... 3. She is very busy . She has no time to go with him . ( too... to) ...................................................................................................................... .... 4. She is clever. She can do everything by herself. (enough) ...................................................................................................................... ................. 5. They are very strong. They can do all day.( enough ) ...................................................................................................................... ................. 6. The water is very hot. I can’t drink. (too) ...................................................................................................................... ................. 7. This exercise is very difficult. They can’t do it. (too) ..................................................................................................................... ................. 8. Ba is very short. He can’t reach that book. (too) …………………………………………………………………………… …………… V. Choose the word (a, b, c or d) that best fits each of the blank spaces. 3 My (1)_____friend is Natalie. She (2)_______intelligent, (3)_____fun to be with, and honest. She’s short and slim and she has (4)______and brown eyes. I think she is (5)______ 1. a. best b. most c. open d. nearest 2. a. was b. were c. is d. are 3. a. humor b. annoy c. kind d. peace 4. a. short curly brown hair b. short brown curly hair c. curly short brown hair d. curly brown short hair 5. a. beautiful b. lovely c. pretty d. all are correct VI. Read the following passage and choose the item (a, b, c or d) that best answers each of the questions about it. Nich Johnson live with his parents, and his sister. They live in Wembley, in north London. Nick’s mum is called Sue. She works in a supermarket. His dad is called Jim and he works in a bank. Nick’s sister is called Tracy. She is nine years old. There is also a dog in the family. His name is Fred. 26. How many people are there in Nick Johnson’s family? a. 2 b. 3 c. 4 d. 5 27. Where does Nick’s family live? a. America b. England c. Scotland d. Australia 28. Which does the word ‘his’ in line 4 refer to? a. Nick’s motherb. Nick’s sister c. Nick’s dog d. Nick’s cousin 29. What’s Nick’s sister’s name? a. Sue b. Jim c. Tracy d. Fred 30. Which of the following is not true? a. Nick’s family live in London. b. Nick’s father works in a bank c. Nick’s mother works in a supermarket. d. Nick’s sister is five years old. VII- Give the correct form of the verbs in the blankets: 1. Vegetarians (not eat) ………………………………… meat. 2. What………………… you (do) ………………………………… every night? – I (go) ………………………………………to my aunt’s house. 3. He (listen) ……………………………………… to music after school. 4. Most rivers (flow) ……………………………………… into the sea. 5. My father sometimes (buy) ………………………………… vegetables at this market 4 6. They (go) ……………………………………… fishing on Sunday. Water (boil) ………………………………….....… 1000C. VIII- Complete the sentences with given words: curly, sociable, character, orphanage, reserved, generous, straight 1. Her hair isn’t straight. Her hair is………………………………….. 2. His parents died ten years ago. So he had to live in an………………………………… 3. My sister never talks about her. She is a …………………….. girl. 4. He sometimes gives me money. He is a ………………………… man. 5. She has a very strong……………………………….. 6. Most of our family have……………………………… hair. IX- Read the paragraph then answer the following questions: Of all my relatives, I like my aunt Emily the best. She’s my mother’s youngest sister. She has never married and lives alone in a small village near Bath. She’s fifty years old, but she is young in spirit. She has a fair complexion, thick brown hair and dark brown eyes. She has a kind face, and when you meet her , the first thing you notice is her smile. Her face is a little wrinkled(cã nÕp nh¨n) now, but I think she is still attractive. She is the sort of person you can always go to if you have a problem and she is generous. She likes reading and gardening in her free time. 1. What’s your aunt’s name? =>………………………………………………………………… 2. How old is she? =>………………………………………………………………… 3. What does she look like? =>………………………………………………………………… 4. What is she like? =>……………………………………………… 5. Where does she live? =>………………………………………………………………… 6. Who does she live with? =>………………………………………………………………… 7. What does she like doing in her free time? =>…………………………………………………………………… …………… X. Make complete sentences from the words below. 1. The sun / rise / East. =>……………………………………………………………………… ……… 2. He / be / old / enough/ go/ school. =>……………………………………………………………………… 5 ……… 3. It / be / too/ cold / go out. =>……………………………………………………………………… ……… 4. She / be / nice girl / long hair. =>……………………………………………………………………… ……… 5. He / be / friendly / kind / everyone. =>……………………………………………………………………… ……… 6. His hair / short / black. =>……………………………………………………………………… ……… 7. What / your teacher / like? =>……………………………………………………………………… ……… 8. He / be / sociable / generous. =>……………………………………………………………………… ……… 9. We / enjoy / tell /jokes. =>……………………………………………………………………… ……… 10. He / be / hard-working student. =>……………………………………………………………………… ……… Ngày học: ………………...…. …… UNIT 1: MY FRIENDS (Cont) 6 Buổi 2 I. Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others. 1. a. classmate b. character c. grade d. place 2. a. enough b. extremely c. generous d. planet 3. a. lucky b. volunteer c. sun d. public 4. a. brown b. however c. know d. town 5. a. reserved b. recived c.booked d. annoyed II. Choose the best answer: 1. I _____ a letter from my old friend last week. a. sent b. gave c. received d. took 2. “Would you _____ to go to the movies with me?” “I’d love to.” a. like b. want c. love d. mind 3. He is not _____ get married. a. enough old to b. enough old for c. old enough to d. old enough for 4. She is wearing a _____ dress. a. red new prettyb. new pretty red c. pretty red newd. pretty new red 5. her mother _____ this city two years ago. a. left b. leaves c. is leaving d. will leave 6. I find Peter is not communicative. He’s rather ____ in public. a. kind b. reserved c. sociable d. humorous 7. They enjoy _____ jokes. a. to tell b. tell c. telling d. told 8. The River Amazon _____ into the Atlantic Ocean. a. flow b. flows c. flowed d. is flowing 9.Ba enjoys … jokes. A. telling B. tell C. to tell D. told 10.Bao spends his free time … volunteer work at a local orphanage. A. to do B. do C. to doing D. doing 11.Lan is getting tired … doing the same thing every day. A. with B. of C. in D. by 7 12.The sun … in the East and … in the West. A. goes / sets B. moves / goes C. rises / moves D. rises / sets 13.Each of … has a different character. A. we B. us C. our D. ourselves 14.Last year, Hoa and Lan … to the same school. A. went B. go C. goes D. going 17.We are … to drive a car. A. old enough not B. not enough old C. not old enough D. enough not old III/ Give the correct forms of the verbs: Nien (be) _____ Hoa’s next-door neighbor in Hue. She (be) _____ very beautiful. She (have) _____ big brown eyes and a lovely smile. Last week, she (go) _____ to Ha Noi (visit) _____ Hoa. They (travel) _________ around the city and (see) _____ a lot of interesting places. Nien (think) _________ Ha Noi (be) _____ beautiful but also noisy and busy, so she (not like) _________ (live) _________ there. IV/ Give the correct forms of the words: 1. People in my country are very warm and (friend) _________________ . 2. An (orphanage) _________________ is a child whose parents are dead. 3. L.A Hill is a (humor) __________________ writer. 4. I’m (extreme) _________________ sorry for the delay. 5. She looks more (beauty) _________________ than her sister. 6. They were very (luck) __________________ to survive a shipwreck. 7. I love the (peaceful) _________________of summer evenings in the countryside. 8. Those cats look (love) __________________. V/ Đặt câu hỏi ở cột A tương ứng với câu trả lời ở cột B. A B 1. What _________________________? Nguyen Bao Quoc 2. How old ______________________? fifteen 3. What _________________________? tall, thin, curly short hair 4. What _________________________? humorous, kind and helpful. 5. Where_________________________? at 2/16 Tran Phu street. 8 6. Who _________________________? his parents and elder sister. 7. What _________________________? swimming, reading and fishing. 8. Who _________________________? Phong and Nam. VI/ Saép xeáp caùc töø thaønh caâu hoaøn chænh: 1. enough/ Jane/ stay / to/ alone/ old/ isn’t/ at home. ………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 2. you/ going/ to/ are/ what/ do /next weekend? ………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 3. she/ hair/ black/ has/ long/ straight. ………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 4. in the east/ rises/ sun/ the/ in the west/ sets/ and. ………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 5. table/ large/ was/ in the kitchen/ there/ a/ wooden/ round. ………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 6. awful/ an/ what/ house! ………………………………………………………………………… ………………… VII/ Ñoïc ñoaïn vaên sau ñoù traû lôøi caâu hoûi: Do you have any close friends? I think everybody at least has one close friend in their life. And so do I. I have two close friends, Hanh and Mai. We are in the same class at the primary school, and then secondary school. we are also neighbors so we spend most of our time in learning and playing together. Hanh is beautiful girl with big black eyes and an oval rosy face. She is an intelligent student who is always at the top of the class. She likes reading, and she often goes to the library whenever she has free time. Mai isn’t as beautiful as Hanh, but she has a lovely smile and looks very healthy. Mai is very sporty. She spends most of her free time playing sports. Mai is a volleyball star of our school. she is also very sociable and has a good sense of humor. Her jokes always make us laugh. I love both of my friends and I always hope our friendship will never die. * Questions: 1. Does the author have any close friends? What are their names? 9 ………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 2. What does Hanh look like? ………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 3. What does she like? ………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 4. What does she often do in her free time? ………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 5. Is Mai more beautiful than Hanh? ………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 6. What is Mai’s hobby? ………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 7. Which sport does Mai play in the school team? ………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 8. What is Mai’s character? ………………………………………………………………………… ………………… VIII/ Vieát moät ñoaïn vaên veà Trung söû duïng nhöõng thoâng tin trong khung: Name: Nguyen Manh Trung Age: 15 Appearance: tall, fat, curly short hair Characters: sociable, generous, kind Address: 24 Nguyen Du street, Ho Chi Minh City Family: mother, father, and two younger sisters Friends: Nam, Thanh, Phong His name is………………………………………………………………………… ……… 10 …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… ……………… IX. Choose the most suitable word from the list to fill in each gap. generous orphan humorous reserved annoy 1.He is a................writer. 2.It was................of you to share your food with me. 3.It................me when someone forgets to say thank you. 4.He has been a/an...............since he was 6 years old. 5.Lan is the new comer and comes from Hue. That's why she is ………. X. Read the following descriptions and answer the questions given below. A.Mr.Bao is 37 years old. He's married and he's got two children, a boy and a girl. He's an English teacher at Quoc Hoc High School. He's very tall but rather slim. He loves his career and his students. B. Ms. Loan is 25 years of age. She's still single, but she's got a boyfriend. She works at the Provincial Post Office of Thua Thien Hue. She's tall and pretty. Her hair is black and soft. She likes wearing "ao dai". She is a hard-working clerk. Questions. 1.How old is Mr. Bao? .............................................................................................................................................................. ... 2.What does he do? ....................................................................................................................................................... 3.What's her job? ....................................................................................................................................................... 4.Where does he work? ....................................................................................................................................................... 5.Where is her office? ....................................................................................................................................................... 11 6. Is she a hard-working clerk?....................................................................................................................................................... 7. What is she like? ....................................................................................................................................................... XI- Rewrite the sentences, using “ENOUGH”: 1. We have a lot of sandwiches. We can have them for lunch. ................................................................................................................ ........................... 2. You’re 14 years old. You can’t drive a car. ................................................................................................................ ........................... 3. She is a good student. She will be able to pass this exam. ................................................................................................................ ........................... 4. He does his work well. He can get promotion. ................................................................................................................ ........................... 5. This bag is very small. It can’t carry everything. ............................................................................................................. ......................... 6. Ba is tall. He can play volleyball. ................................................................................................................. .................... 7. Lan is intelligent. She can do that test. ................................................................................................................... .................. 8. His parents are very rich. They can buy a new car. ................................................................................................................... .................. 9. Phong and Thu aren’t tall. They can’t play basketball. ................................................................................................................... .................. 10. Tam is old. He can ride a motorbike. ................................................................................................................... .................. 11. Phu is very strong. He can carry those heavy bags. ................................................................................................................... .................. 12. We are thirsty . We can drink a lot of water. ................................................................................................................... .................. 12 13. The children are tired. They go to bed early. ................................................................................................................... .................. 14. He is hungry. He eats three loaves of bread. ................................................................................................................... .................. 15. Hoa is skillful. She can make her own handkerchief. ................................................................................................................... .................. XII- Use enough and the word in the brackets to link the following sentences: 1. He is very short. He can’t reach the book on the bookshelf. (Tall) =>……………………………………………………………………… ……………… 2. She is old. She can’t climb the stairs. (strong) =>……………………………………………………………………… ……………… 3. don’t get married. You are too young. (old) =>……………………………………………………………………… ……………… 4. The coffee is hot. You can’t drink it. (cool) =>……………………………………………………………………… ……………… 5. My brother is very young. He can’t wash himself. (old) =>………………………………………………………………………… ………… 13 Ngày học: ………………...….… Buổi 3 UNIT 2: MAKING ARRANGEMENTS *NGỮ PHÁP CẦN GHI NHỚ: 1- Be going to + V-nd: *C«ng thøc: (+) S + am/ is/ are +going to + V--nd...................... (-) S + am/ is/ are + not + going to + V-nd.................. (?) Am/ Is/ Are + S + going to + V-nd....................? - Yes, S + tobe. - No, S + tobe + not. *C¸ch dïng: -DiÔn t¶ hµnh ®éng ch¾c ch¾n sÏ x¶y ra hoÆc dù ®Þnh hay kÕ ho¹ch ®· v¹ch s½n trong t¬ng lai. Ex: I am going to play tennis this afternoon. *C¸c tõ ®i kÌm: tomorrow, next week, next month, next year, in the future. 2- Adverbs of place: Chúng ta sử dụng trạng từ chỉ địa điểm để chỉ vị trí của người hoặc vật. here : ôû ñaây Ví duï: - He’s here. there : ôû ñaèng kia - She’s there. outside : ôû beân ngoaøi, ôû phía - They’re upstairs. ngoaøi inside : ôû beân trong upstairs : ôû treân laàu downstairs : ôû döôùi laàu - Ngoài ra còn có cá từ: in, on, at, behind, in front of, to the left of, to the right of, on the right, on the left. For example  We are sitting in the room.  She stays at home  The book is on the desk.  She stands behind me  Put the chairs in front of the board.  Grow flowers to the left of the house.  Keep standing on the right. 14 I-Choose the word which has the underlined part is pronounced differently from the others: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. a. sit b. nice c. fine d. line a. children b. chicken c. chair d. character a. curly b. shy c. fly d. sky a. joke b. local c. blond d. sociable a. laugh b. enough c. photograph d. although a. taught b. cause c. caught d. laugh a. meet b. volunteer c. seem d. free a. straight b. train c. hair d. rain a. person b. blond c. commercial d. control a. cousin b. country c. cough d. enough II- Give the correct form of the words in capital. 1. She is beautiful with a………………………..smile. LOVE 2. Each of my friends has a…………………….character DIFFER 3. Nam is very……………………….., kind and generous SOCIAL 4. After his parents died, he was sent to an……………… ORPHAN 5. Some of my ………………………..are not very friendly. CLASS 6. We like our math teacher because he is very…………….. HUMOR 7. I am ………………………………..in collecting stamps INTEREST 8. I feel …………………………..…having a lot of friends LUCK 9. The school yard is very…………………………at recess NOISE 10. He is …………………… He never talks much in public RESERVE 11. I’ll make ……………for you to meet him at the airport. ARRANGE 12. Tuan …………….his friends to his house on Christmas? INVITATION 13. My……………….. will call you later. (ASSIST) 14. What led to the……………….. of the telephone? (INVENT) 15 15. Mr. Pike runs his business very………….His friends admire him. (SUCCESS) 16. My brother bought a new………………….. rod yesterday. (FISH) 17. Their children have quite………………….. characters. (DIFFERENCE) III- Write sentences. Say what people are going to do. Eg: I feel very tired. (take a day off) I am going to take a day off. 1. My uncle has won some money. (buy a new car) …………………………………………………………………………… ………… 2. They received a wedding present from their penpal friend, Nien. (write a letter to thank him) …………………………………………………………………………… ……… 3. I’ll have an annual holiday next month. (visit Ha Long Bay) …………………………………………………………………………… ………… 4. My father has a bad cough. (stop smoking) …………………………………………………………………………… ……….. 5. Linh is studying medicine . (be a doctor) …………………………………………………………………………… ………… 6. We have bought some bricks. (build a garage) …………………………………………………………………………… ………… 7. The windows are dirty and Mai’ll be free this afternoon. (clean the windows) …………………………………………………………………………… ………… 8. Jane and Lan have decided ta have a party. (invite lots of people) …………………………………………………………………………… ………… 9. Now it’s starting to rain, and you haven’t got an umbrella. (get wet) …………………………………………………………………………… ………… 10.I feel awful. There’s a terrible feeling in my stomache. (be sick) …………………………………………………………………………… ………… 16 IV- Write sentences about what these people are going tobe. Use the words in the box: Teacher Interpreter pilot actor athlete /ethli:t/ V§V ®iÒn kinh Chef driver singer lawyer dancer Eg: Hai is learning to drive. =>he is going to be a driver. a. Lan is learning to dance. =>………………………………………………………………………… ………………… b.Hoa loves children. =>………………………………………………………………………… ………………… c.Tom and John are learning to fly. =>………………………………………………………………………… ………… d.Nam is studying law. =>………………………………………………………………………… ………………… e.Bod’s at drama school. =>………………………………………………………………………… …………………f.Peter cooks very well. =>………………………………………………………………………… …………………. g.Loan is good at languages. =>………………………………………………………………………… ………………… h.Linda can run very fast. =>………………………………………………………………………… ………………… i.Thu is very good at singing. =>………………………………………………………………………… ………………… V- Complete the sentences, using the appropriate adverbs in the box. in on there outside inside upstairs here downstairs out over 1.The children love Disneyland. They want to go there again. 2. I opened the box and look…………………………… 3. She ran……………..to open the door for him. 17 4. I’m afraid I can’t drink coffee with milk………………….. 5. Let’s go…………..and sit in the sun. 6. Wait…………………… . I’ll be back in a minute. 7. He ran up the stairs to see what happened………………….. 8. What’s………………………..at the Rex movie Theater this week? 9. Come………………to my place and we’ll discuss it. 10. Dr Hammond is………………..right now. Can I take a message? VI- Fill in the blanks with a suitable preposition. 1. The post office is not far…………..my house. 2. Let’s meet…..the City Theater……..7 o’clock. 3. She was born………………….May 16th, 2001…………….Nha Trang. 4. He worked………..deaf- mutes…………..Boston University. 5. Mrs. Lien said you could reach her………………….8 603 423. 6. Snow is falling all………the country. 7. Will you pick me……………after the party? 8. The secrectary took a message…………..her boss. 9. he emigrated………..Canada………..….1870s. 10. We all agreed…………….their request for a full investigation. VII/Choose the best answer: 1. Deaf-mutes can _____ speak _____ hear. a. both …and b. not only…but also c. neither…nor d. either…or 2. Alexander Graham Bell was born _____ March 3, 1847. a. in b. on c. at d. during 3. They _____ from Canada to America to find work. a. started b. demonstrated c. delivered d. emigrated 4. Would you like _____ a message? a. to leave b. leave c. leaving d. left 5. She came _____ with anew idea for increasing sale. a. on b. up c. in d. over 6. He’ll come ____ to pick you _____ . a. on/ in b. over/ on c. in/ up d. over/ up 7. Don’t come in. Please wait _____ for your turn. a. inside b. downstairs c. outside d. upstairs 8. Our friends _____ meet us at the airport tonight. a. are b. are going to c. go to d. will be to 9/ Jonh always ____________ six days a week 18 a/ works b/ worked c/ will work d/ is working 10/ She ____________ swimming once a week a/ is going b/ goes c/ went d/ will go 11/ They ____________ looking for a dictionary now a/ being b/ were c/ be d/ are 12/We ____________ English here in 1987 a/ were teaching b/ are teaching c/ taught d/ teached 13/ Daisy ____________ married on May 19 in 2008 a/ got b/ is getting c/ will get d/ gets 14/ The Earth ____________ around the Sun a/ goes b/ will go c/ is going d/ go 15/ Tom ____________ hard last night so he ____________ tired today a/ worked/was b/ works/was c/works/is d/ worked/is VIII. Use the key words to write meaningful sentences with BE GOING TO. E.g.: He / be / ready / five. => He's going to be ready at five. 1. men / repair / roof/ house / next week. =>………………………………………………………………………… ……………… 2. teacher / explain / next lesson / us / tomorrow. =>………………………………………………………………………… ……………… 3. Mrs. Johnson / wear / new dress / this / evening? =>………………………………………………………………………… ……………… 4. Browns / buy / new house / this year. =>………………………………………………………………………… ……………… 5. my family / visit / my grandparents / Nha Trang / next month. =>………………………………………………………………………… ……………… 6. we / listen / that radio program / this evening. =>…………………………………………………… ………… 7 . I / ask / Mr. Wilson / his / advice / this matter. 19 =>………………………... ……………………………………… 8. They / build / new house / here / August? =>………………………………………………………………………… ……… Ngày học: ………………...….… Buổi 4 UNIT 3: AT HOME *NGỮ PHÁP CẦN GHI NHỚ: I. Modal verbs: §éng tõ khuyÕt thiÕu + HAVE TO + V: Duøng ñeå dieãn taû yù “caàn phaûi laøm gì” Ví duï:I have a very important test tomorrow. I have to study tonight. - Neáu chuû töø laø ngoâi thöù ba, soá ít , ta duøng has to - Neáu muoán dieãn taû söï vieäc trong quaù khöù, ta duøng had to Ví duï: I had to study last night. * Chuùng ta caàn löu yù laø have to, has to , had to ñöôïc söû duïng nhö moät ñoäng töø thöôøng neân khi ñoài sang theå nghi vaán (Interrogative) hoaëc theå phuû ñònh (Negative) ta möôïn trôï ñoäng töø “to do”. + MUST + V: Cuõng gioáng nhö have to, must dieãn taû yù caàn phaûi laøm gì. Must nhaán maïnh vaøo söï baét buoäc, taàm quan troïng cuûa söï vieäc hoaëc khoâng coøn söï löïa choïn naøo khaùc. Must laø moät trong nhöõng ñoäng töø ñaëc bieät. Haõy nhaän xeùt caùc ví duï sau. - You must do it now. - He must do it now. - You must not come late. - Must he stay in his room ? + OUGHT TO + V = should: Duøng ñeå dieãn taû moät lôøi khuyeân “neân laøm gì”, Ought to cuõng laø moät trong nhöõng ñoäng töø ñaëc bieät. Haõy nhaän xeùt caùc ví duï sau. - You ought to get up earlier. 20
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