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FIRST CERTIFICATE Avenues Revised Edition WORK BOOK with A n s w e r s David Foil & Anne CAMBRIDGE U N I V E R S I T Y PRESS Kelly P U B L I S H E D B Y T H E P R E S S S Y N D I C A T E O F THE U N I V E R S I T Y O F C A M B R I D G E The Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 lRP, United Kingdom CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 2 R U , United Kingdom 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY 10011-4211, USA 10 Stamford Road, Oakleigh, Melbourne 3166, Australia © Cambridge University Press, 1997 This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press. First published 1997 Reprinted 1997 Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge ISBN 0 521 49982 8 Workbook with Answers I S B N 0 521 49983 6 Workbook IS BN 0 521 4 9 9 8 4 4 Workbook Cassette I S B N 0 521 49979 8 Coursebook I S B N 0 521 49980 1 Teacher's Book I S B N 0 521 49981 X Set of 2 Class Cassettes Contents Introduction to the teacher 5 Introduction to the student 6 UNIT Language 1 Lesson 2 In t h e c i t y 33 Grammar Conditional sentences; Writing What would it be like?; Listening City life L e s s o n 3 O n the l a n d Lesson 1 L e a r n i n g E n g l i s h 7 Grammar Asking questions; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs; Speaking Getting to know you Lesson 2 E n g l i s h in t h e w o r l d 8 Reading Use your dictionary wisely; Dictionary skills; UNIT 5 A question of health Lesson 1 H e a l t h a n d f i t n e s s Listening Learning Chinese Lesson 3 U n s p o k e n m e s s a g e s 35 Vocabulary The right word; Reading A hellishly noisy place: Pronunciation Numbers and symbols: Vocabulary Phrasal verbs 10 Reading The kiss is not a simple matter; Grammar Pronouns; Vocabulary The right word; Writing Confessions of an English student 38 Grammar The present: Writing A day in the life of ...; Speaking Talking about photos Lesson 2 W h a t ' s t h e c u r e ? 40 Grammar Advice; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs; Listening The subject is smoking UNIT Eating 2 and drinking Lesson 1 N a t i o n a l f o o d Lesson 3 P h y s i c a l l y d i f f e r e n t 15 Grammar Nouns; Vocabulary Containers and groups; Reading Ice cream: What's in a lick; Speaking The secrets of the fridge Lesson 2 S o m e l i k e it h o t 42 Reading A feeling of pure joy; Pronunciation Vowel sounds; Grammar Adjectives ending in -ing and -ed: Vocabulary The right word Lesson 4 E x a m r e v i e w 45 18 6 A place called Grammar Personal preference; Writing My taste in food; UNIT Grammar Adverbs home Lesson 1 N e i g h b o u r h o o d s Lesson 3 F o o d f o r t h o u g h t 20 Vocabulary Phrasal verbs; Listening Food and drink; Vocabulary The right word UNIT 3 Compounds and adjectives; Speaking Safety at home Lesson 2 Q u i t e a c h a r a c t e r 22 25 Lesson 3 H e r o e s a n d H e r o i n e s 27 Grammar Comparatives and superlatives; Grammar UNI T 7 On the move 53 Vocabulary Prepositional phrases; Grammar Reported statements; Speaking Expressing opinion; Grammar Asking questions Lesson 2 A i r m a i l 55 Reading Air anxiety seminars; Word formation Nouns; Writing A letter to a friend; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs country Lesson 1 On t h e m a p 50 Lesson 1 O n t h e r o a d Listening The London Dungeon; Grammar Making deductions; Vocabulary The right word; Writing Linkers of addition; Writing My hero and Lesson 3 I n t e r i o r s Reading The luck of the house; Grammar The past: Vocabulary The right word Grammar Relative clauses; Vocabulary Character questionnaire; Writing Punctuation practice; Speaking Personal description Town 48 Listening Converting my flat: Word formation Reading A question of honour; Grammar Conditional sentences; Pronunciation Emphasising words; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs 4 Grammar Present perfect; Writing Asking for information; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs Lesson 2 L i v i n g r o o m People Lesson 1 J u d g i n g by a p p e a r a n c e s UNIT 46 Lesson 3 E x o t i c h o l i d a y s 31 57 Grammar Modal verbs; Listening Early package tours and women travellers; Vocabulary The right word Passive; Speaking A nice place to live C o n t e n t s 3 UNIT 8 What's in the news? Lesson 1 F r o m o u r o w n c o r r e s p o n d e n t UNIT 61 Grammar The past; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs; Pronunciation Weak forms; Speaking Reporter for a day Lesson 2 N e w s i n t o h i s t o r y 63 64 9 Making your mind Lesson 1 B r a i n P o w e r 94 Lesson 2 T h e h a p p i e s t d a y s of y o u r l i f e ? 95 Listening Studying abroad; Grammar 'wish' I 'if only'; Vocabulary Prepositional phrases; Speaking Unwillingly to school? Lesson 3 G r e a t e x h i b i t i o n s Reading Haunted waters; Grammar Time relationships; Vocabulary Prepositional phrases; Vocabulary The right word UNIT your Grammar The -ing form of the verb: Writing Dreams in everyday life; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs Listening History in the making; Grammar Conditional sentences: Writing / was there Lesson 3 H o w c o u l d i t h a p p e n h e r e ? Improving 12 97 Pronunciation Word linking; Grammar Comparatives and superlatives (revision); Reading About a million dollars' worth; Vocabulary The right word way Lesson 1 R i g h t f o o t f o r w a r d 69 UNIT Science 13 and technology Lesson 1 C o m p u t e r s Grammar Reported questions; Writing The job interview; 101 Word formation Practice exercise; Speaking Asking Reading Mieroseopie machines; Grammar The infinitive; politely Vocabulary Phrasal verbs; Word formation Revision Lesson 2 T h e p o u n d in y o u r p o c k e t 71 Lesson 2 In s p a c e Speaking Shopping; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs; Grammar Getting people to do things; Vocabulary Prepositional phrases Lesson 3 W r o n g f o o t f o r w a r d 73 case?: Grammar Reason, result and purpose: Vocabulary The right word Lesson 1 F r i e n d s h i p The right word; Writing A letter to a friend UNIT 77 Grammar Modal verbs; Grammar Simple or progressive?; Reading Love and marriage; Speaking What would happen if ...? Lesson 2 A l l in t h e f a m i l y 106 Listening Watch out!; Grammar Quantity; Vocabulary Relationships 10 103 Grammar The future; Grammar Reported speech (revision); Vocabulary Prepositional phrases; Speaking Looking to the future Lesson 3 M i n d o v e r m a t t e r Listening Down and out in Harlem: Reading A hopeless UNIT exercise 14 The world around us Lesson 1 T h e e n v i r o n m e n t 109 Grammar Passive (revision); Reading Back from extinction; Writing Looking at both sides Lesson 2 A n i m a l l i f e 80 112 Grammar The -ing form or the infinitive; Vocabulary Listening A traditional family; Grammar The article; Phrasal verbs (revision); Speaking Family animals; Word Word formation Verbs; Vocabulary Prepositional phrases formation Revision exercise Lesson 3 B r i d g i n g t h e g e n e r a t i o n g a p 82 Lesson 4 Exam review Lesson 3 C o n c r e t e j u n g l e 114 Grammar Impersonal 'it': Vocabulary The right word: Listening An unusual story Grammar Contrast: Writing Between childhood and adult life; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs; Vocabulary The right word 85 UNIT 15 Culture and tradition Lesson 1 T r a d i t i o n a l s t o r i e s UNIT 11 Free time Lesson 1 A g o o d s p o r t 86 Lesson 2 A r t a n d c u l t u r e Listening A sporting life; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs; Vocabulary Prepositional phrases; Speaking Agreeing and disagreeing Lesson 2 H o b b i e s a n d p a s t i m e s 87 Lesson 3 C e l e b r a t i o n s I used to do; Word formation Prefixes; Speaking My Lesson 4 Exam review 124 90 Tapescripts Answers Acknowledgements 4 121 Speaking Family celebrations; Vocabulary The right word; Grammar Revision exercise favourite things in life Grammar The future; Vocabulary The right word; Writing Putting something right 119 Listening The arts; Grammar Conditional sentences (revision); Writing Making a complaint Reading An interest in magic: Grammar be used to doing Lesson 3 H a v i n g a g o o d t i m e 116 Reading Once upon a time; Grammar Revision of tenses; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs (revision) 126 137 i n s i d e b a c k cover C o n t e n t s Introduction to the teacher This Workbook is designed to complement First Certificate Avenues Revised Edition Coursebook. It gives students further practice in the grammar, vocabulary and skills work done in the Coursebook and provides further experience of exam exercise types. The Workbook is available in two versions: one with tapescripts and answers, and one without. The Workbook exercises are organised into three lessons for each unit, which correspond to Lessons 1, 2 and 3 of each Coursebook unit. (There are only Workbook exercises which correspond to Coursebook Lesson 4s for Units 5, 10 and 15.) You may wish to use some exercises in class, to set others as homework, or to suggest that students treat the Workbook as a resource for individual study. Where class time is limited, or where individual students have special needs or difficulties, you will find it helpful to have this bank of appropriate exercises which students can be encouraged to make use of in their own time. If students are to use the Workbook on their own, it would be a good idea to go through the Introduction to the student with them first. Make sure they understand how to make best use of the answers and tapescripts, and that they follow the rationale for using a cassette player when doing the speaking tasks and for practising speaking where possible with a classmate. The Workbook reading, writing, listening and speaking exercises will give students practice in exam type tasks as well as help develop language skills. The grammar exercises will consolidate work done in the Coursebook and help students acquire the accuracy and range of structures needed for all five papers at First Certificate. Similarly, the vocabulary exercises will build on Coursebook work and extend students' active range in frequently used topic areas. Completed exercises will be useful for reference and revision. I n t r o d u c t i o n t o t h e t e a c h e r 5 Introduction to the student You probably already realise that, if you want to make progress in English, you have to study by yourself as well as do work in class. This Workbook is to help you make the best use of your home study time. HOW TO USE THE W O R K B O O K Your teacher may ask you to do certain Workbook exercises for homework, or you may use the Workbook entirely on your own. If you arc using the Workbook without a teacher, you probably need to have the edition which has answers (and the texts of the recorded material) at the back. Then, when you have completed an exercise, you can check your answers for yourself. Of course, you should never look at the answers, or the tapescript, until you have done the exercise. Before you do any Workbook exercise, study the instructions and the example carefully so that you know what to do. HOW THE W O R K B O O K IS O R G A N I S E D The Workbook exercises give you further practice in the work you have done on grammar, vocabulary and reading, writing, listening and speaking skills in the First Certificate Avenues Coursebook. There are Workbook exercises for Lessons 1, 2 and 3 of every Coursebook unit. You should do the Workbook exercises after you have done the corresponding Coursebook lesson in class. The reading, writing, listening and speaking tasks give you practice in the kinds of exercises you will have to do in the Eirst Certificate exam. There is a Workbook cassette which contains all the recorded material for the listening, speaking and pronunciation exercises. GRAMMAR AND V O C A B U L A R Y You will find the Workbook grammar exercises give you more practice in grammar work done in the Coursebook. The Workbook vocabulary exercises practise vocabulary that has been taught in the Coursebook. They also extend your vocabulary with other words and phrases around the topic of the unit which are useful at First Certificate level. READING AND L I S T E N I N G Doing the Workbook reading and listening tasks will help you improve your reading and listening skills. You 6 should do the tasks in different ways. Sometimes you can take as much time as you need, reading or listening to the text as often as you like, and. if you can't guess the meaning of an important word, using a dictionary to help you. At other times you should do the tasks as timed exam practice: only listening to each listening text twice, and taking 1 5-20 minutes to do each reading task, and not referring to a dictionary. WRITING Doing the Workbook writing tasks will develop your writing skills. Remember to follow the instructions, to make a paragraph plan before you write, and to check what you have written carefully afterwards. It's useful if a teacher can correct your written work for you, but it's not essential. Just doing the writing is good practice. If possible, ask a classmate to read what you have written to see if you have communicated your ideas clearly. There are model answers to some writing tasks at the back of the edition with answers. Sometimes you should try to do a writing task as timed exam practice. If you want to do that, think about the task, plan, write and check your work, all in 45 minutes. SPEAKING The Workbook speaking tasks are perhaps the most difficult exercises to do on your own. But it is very important that you practise your speaking as much as the other skills. This is because Eirst Certificate Paper 5, like the other papers, earns 2 0 % of the total marks in the exam - and you can only improve by practising. For most speaking tasks there is an example or model on the cassette. Listen to this carefully. Practise what you want to say, then record yourself speaking on a blank cassette. Listen to what you have said, think how you could improve your performance and record yourself again. This will help you express your ideas more fluently and make fewer mistakes. If possible, do the speaking tasks with a classmate. Then you can help each other, enjoy the task more, and get useful exam practice. Remember, in the First Certificate exam you will do Paper 5 with another candidate. Doing the Workbook exercises in addition to the work in First Certificate Avenues Coursebook will mean you face the exam with added confidence in your ability to do all five papers well. I n t r o d u c t i o n t o the s t u d e n t U N S T O N E Language 1 Learning English Grammar Asking questions Vocabulary Claudia is in England and wants to do a summer school in English. Complete her conversation with the director of the Central Language College. DIRECTOR: Yes, please. I'd like some information. Could you (1) ..tell..me..about your college ? Replace the words in italics with a phrasal verb, in the correct form, from the box. Use a different phrasal verb each time. Certainly. Do you want to study English here? CLAUDIA: Yes, but I can't stay in England very long. When (2) DIRECTOR: 1 If you work hard, you'll make progress ? Would Monday suit you? We have a few free ( That would be fine. How long (3) ? DIRECTOR: Exactly four weeks. It ends on the second of Could you tell me how many (4) ) the chart on page 2 3 ; then say aloud ( ) ) your homework. Three in the morning and two in the 5 Check ( ) what you have written carefully before you give ( CLALDIA: Are (5) DIRECTOR: Well, the average number is twelve. Our ? ) your composition to the teacher for correction. 6 You have missed a lot of classes, so you must do teachers find that the best size. some extra work to reach the same level as CLAIJDIA: I don't have to (6) DIRECTOR: I'm afraid you do. Your marks will tell us ? ( ) the other students. 7 You can remove ( which is the best class for you. ) a mistake written in pencil, but you have to draw a line through What about accommodation? Can you (7) DIRECTOR: 3 Make notes by completing ( excuse you from doing ( afternoon. You'll have to work hard! CLAUDIA: ) the problem by finding ) the word in the dictionary. 4 I know it's a holiday tomorrow, but I'm not going to ? DIRECTOR: ) what you have written to your partner. September. CLAEDIA: (..get.on in English. 2 Solve ( places then. CLAIDIA: These phrasal verbs are frequently used in the English language classroom: catch up with cross out fill in get on go through hand in let off look up read out rub out stand in for work out Good morning. Can I help you? CLAUDIA: DIRECTOR: Phrasal verbs ( ? We'll do our best. But most of our regular ) one written in ink. 8 Your normal teacher is ill, so I'm doing the job for ( ) her today. families are fully booked at the moment. CLAUDIA: Well, I think I'll do the course. Shall I write you a cheque now? L E S S O N 1 L e a r n i n g E n g l i s h Use your dictionary to check the meanings of any of these verbs that you are not sure of. Learn the ones that are new for you. 7 Listen to ten 'getting to know you' questions on the recording and answer them with information about yourself. These questions are typical of the sort of questions the examiner will ask you in Part 1 of Paper J. There is a pause on the recording between each question: try to keep talking for the whole length of the pause. When you have answered all the questions, stop the recording and think about your answers. In what ways could you improve them? Did you make any g r a m m a r mistakes which you can correct now? C o u l d y o u h a v e u s e d m o r e p r e c i s e o r m o r e interesting vocabulary? Can you think of a better way of joining y o u r ideas together? Rewind the recording a n d answer the questions again. Were your answers better this time? For further practice, if possible, ask and answer the questions with a classmate. Use your dictionary wisely Read the following advice carefully. Three of the 'rules' give unwise advice: which do you think they are? Why? Look at the end of the book to see if you are right about the 'unwise rules'. U N I T 1 L a n g u a g e 9 Although she had the problem with her doctor, she still felt worried. PRONUNCIATION Which word is the odd one out? Check your answers in the dictionary. 10 I have several times about the noise they make late at night. 1 ship: The vowel sound in ship is /I/, not /i:/ EXAMPLE: like the other words. IDIOMS 1 tree piece (ship) key 2 bed sand said 3 laugh 4 full head much wolf 5 born does could ought leaf foot When you want to know the meaning of an idiom, you can look up a key word in the dictionary. Match each sentence (1-6) with an appropriate response (a-f). Then check your answers by looking at all the entries for the key word 'world' in the dictionary. friend once young fool fault board serve 6 first warm earth cough word 7 Underline the silent letters. Check your answers in the dictionary. EXAMPLE: dumb ghost doubt knife sword honest cupboard Wednesday should whistle knee half walk psychology receipt MEANING A N D USE All in some meaning example, the verbs in the box are to do with speaking way. In the dictionary, check the particular of each verb and how it is used. For what preposition comes after 'refer'? argued boasted chatted complained discussed expressed insisted mentioned objected referred Complete each sentence with an appropriate verb from the box. Think about meaning and grammar. 1 In his speech he ..referred to the help he had received from his friends. 2 In the lunch break we about our favourite television programmes. 3 She her ideas simply so that everyone could understand. 4 I that I was going on holiday. but I didn't give any details. 5 He to my neighbours on giving me a lift in his 1 Is the food good there? 2 She says she can be a good mother and have a successful career. 3 Clare looks really happy. 4 Tom doesn't want to lose his secretary. 5 Paul never takes any notice of what's happening. 6 Luke doesn't have that huge car any more. a b c d e f Yes, she wants the best of both worlds. No, he's come down in the world. Yes, it's out of this world. No, he's in a world of his own. Yes, she's on top of the world. No, he thinks the world of her. What other useful phrases or idioms does your dictionary give for the word 'world'? Learning Chinese Listen to Sue, an English teacher, talking about her experience of learning Chinese. What aspect of this is she describing? A using her coursebook B remembering new vocabulary C taking part in conversations Listen again and complete this summary of the methods Sue used. It is written as seven points of advice on remembering new vocabulary in any foreign language. The first letter of each missing word is given. One example ( 5 ) has been done for you. car. even though I wanted to walk. 6 She with her father all day, but about his rich and famous parents and the expensive presents they gave him. 8 The students 2 One way to r similar w E n g l i s h in t h e a word is to find a in your language: 3 Learn your v but a I 2 in another way is to make a picture of it in your mind. to the large amount of homework the teacher gave them. L E S S O N the v your textbook which you need in r he still wouldn't let her go to the party. 7 He 1 U w o r l d not once a week and o 9 4 Copy words and e v into a b small enough to k 6 Read your vocabulary book t which is in your , for f. times a d minutes. 7 Look over the words you learned 1 P 5 Also c.opy. week so that you don't f. into this book words which you hear people in conversations them. using again and again. Look at the following list. Who do you kiss? Why? How do you kiss them? Who do you not kiss? parents brothers and sisters uncles and aunts cousins partner (boy/girlfriend; husband/wife) friends neighbours teachers strangers babies pet animals 10 Kissing keeps you healthy. If you kiss someone in public in India, you may be arrested. Animals kiss each other. True or false? Read this magazine article to find out. U N I T 1 L a n g u a g e Choose from the list A-H the sentence which best summarises each paragraph (1-7). There is one extra sentence which uou do not need to use. A There are different ways of greeting a friend from country to country. B Animals have different ways of showing they care for each other. C A kiss can mean many different things. D Different cultures have different attitudes to kissing in public. E Not all kisses are given with love or affection. F Mouth-to-mouth contact between animals has different meanings. G A kiss is a good way of showing how you feel about someone. H Kissing is nice - and can be good for you too. L E S S O N 3 U n s p o k e n m e s s a g e s 11 Grammar Pronouns Vocabulary Complete this story using the words in the box. Some words you will need to use more than once, some you will not need to use at all. The right word Fill the gaps in a-d by using each word or phrase in the box once only. Look at the example first. 1 I you he she they him her us them yours ours theirs himself herself themselves this that these those each one ones something anything everything nothing somebody anybody everybody nobody achieve come off improve succeed She's very ambitious - she'll do anything to ..achieve her aim of becoming a top politician. Usually only a few students .succeed in passing all the qualifying exams the first time. If my plans to study in Russia .come off I won't be here next term. Silence One way to When Mr and Mrs Blair's son was born (1) ..they. congratulated (2) boasted to all their friends, 'This son of (4) is better- behaved and quieter than (5) !' But as grew older (7) began to worry about (8) (9) (10) (12) live in an English-speaking country. 1 waved whispered whistled yawned a When the hunter could no longer see his dog in the forest, he loudly. b Her train started to move and she because never made a sound or said to ( 1 1 ) at her friends standing on the platform. c The tired student and several times during the lecture. d When she couldn't answer the teacher's question, always played by ( 1 3 ) When (14) (15) your English is to other because the baby never cried. (3) (6) ..improve. was alone, Mrs Blair asked what could be wrong with her her friend the answer behind her hand. son, and Mr Blair discussed the problem with (16) but ( 1 8 ) that ( 1 7 ) knew, had any suggestions. One day. when the boy was ten years old, his mother gave ( 1 9 ) (20) '(22) some apple pie for lunch. suddenly said to ( 2 1 ) isn't sweet enough!' His parents looked at (2 3) another in surprise and Mr Blair asked ( 2 4 ) 'Why have (2 5) said ( 2 6 ) before now?' 'Well,' replied the boy, 'up until now ( 2 7 ) was just fine!' 12 "I hope we get to communicate with them - I'd just like to tell them we have no interest in communicating with them." U N I T 1 L a n g u a g e 3 coached educated taught a She was trained 7 at a convent school gesture c He asking you to call her back. each of his children to c The old lady made a welcoming drive. with her hand. d He failed his driving test because he could not d The reason she is good at tennis is that she is professionally. passing studying for read a traffic taking a Congratulations on S all your indicator at 25 metres. notice signature a The exams! signpost on the door said 'Out to lunch. Back soon.' b No one likes an exam - I hope b Your she does better next time. the FCE exam c We're lost - look out for a - in June or December? that will tell us the way to the village. d She's a law degree at night d A cheque isn't, valid until it has a school, after a full day's work. 5 memorised picked up shows drivers in front and behind when you intend to turn right or left. c When are you on it. reminded revised 9 a For two weeks before the exam they intention meaning mind a I have no all that they had learned opinion of speaking to them again. during the year. b I couldn't get what she told me out of my b The teacher her students to take a rubber and pencil sharpener to the exam. c When I was younger, 1 c The chairperson asked all those present to state long their lists of vocabulary without difficulty. d The foreign student command lots of skill of that animal's strange talent movements. 10 a Speaking a language is a like at first sight by mistake in pencil phrases is to learn them b of written German. by heart a The only thing to do with certain idiomatic playing football - the more you practise, the better you become. b That student has a good of the problem. d A scientist would be able to explain the slang expressions when working in the restaurant. ability to attack was a Hashing b The librarian left a hard for the Marathon. 6 signal light. b For the last nine months he has failing sign a The until the age of 12. 4 message I did the second exercise, not the first one. c Fill in the answers for Paper 1 c People who live in the jungle have the d to understand animal calls. d Her writing shows great - I the FCE papers look difficult, but after some practice you get used to doing the exercises. think she'll be a famous poet when she grows up. L E S S O N 5 U n s p o k e n m e s s a g e s 13 Write two paragraphs about your first experiences of learning English. The first paragraph should be about what happened, and the second about how you felt. Exchange what you've written with some classmates and see whether your experiences were similar. Before you start writing, get some ideas by completing this mind map. You can make any changes and additions you want. 14 U N I T 1 L a n g u a g e Eating and drinking National food Grammar Nouns Rewrite these sentences using the words on the right. Make as few changes as possible. L E S S O N 1 N a t i o n a l food 15 Vocabulary Containers and groups What can you usually find in these containers? Find the odd one out in each list, and say what kind of container you usually find that thing in. 1 a bowl of soup fruit Match each group word in Box A with the word it usually goes with in Box B. EXAMPLE: A sugar cereal biscuits 6 a packet of cigarettes spectacles onions milk 3 a carton of cigarettes juice paint toothpaste beer 2 a jug of 4 a mug of 5 a jar of 16 ice cream coffee tea soup 7 a tube of Reading lick make-up sand 8 a bucket of chocolates water disinfectant rubbish instant coffee matches potatoes 9 a sack of honey oil olives coal B birds criminals desks grapes papers people ships tools crowd bunch set heap row gang flock fleet packet lemonade water flowers cream a crowd of people Ice cream: What's in a Do you know - what ice cream is made of? how it is made? where it was first made? Quickly read this section of a magazine article to find out. Don't worry if there are some words you don't know: you should be able to get the general idea without needing to use your dictionary. U N I T 2 E a t i n g a n d d r i n k i n g Using information in the text, write the correct number (1, 2, 3 or 4) in the correct place on the illustration of the ice cream churn. Find as quickly as possible the answers to questions 1-6 in the article. Choose the correct answers from A-H in the box. According to the article, who 1 first developed the practice of storing ice underground? 2 helped to spread the use of iced desserts from Arab courts to Renaissance Italy? 3 helped to spread the use of iced desserts to 16th century France? 4 helped to spread the use of iced desserts to 17th century England? 5 designed a machine that could make ice cream in a few minutes? 6 helped to make ice cream widely available to the 2()th century public? L E S S O N 1 N a t i o n a l food A B C D E F G H Catherine de Medici Charles II the Chinese the Crusaders Nancy Johnson Italo Marchiony Marco Polo the Romans The secrets of the fridge Listen to the example answer to question 1 on the recording. Go to your kitchen and look in your fridge or food cupboard. Then prepare as full answers as you can to questions 1-7. In each case, give reasons with your answers. Which food/drink 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 is there a lot of? is there not much of? should be eaten soon? do you not like very much? is for emergencies? has probably been forgotten? is unfortunately missing? Now record your own answers on a blank cassette. When you have finished, listen to them and think how you could improve what you say. Then record everything again and see if it sounds better the second time. Some like it hot Grammar Personal preference Complete each sentence (1-10) by adding an appropriate ending (a-j). 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 a b c d e f g h i i My taste in food Look at this announcement in a popular magazine. Alice is interested Kate is keen Chris is fond Phil doesn't Ellen can't Dan likes hot dishes Grace would rather Jack hates Sally prefers Sara enjoys cooking herself large meals every evening. on fresh food grown organically. stand fast food and takeaways. eat nothing than eat something unhealthy. in trying out vegetarian recipes. baking her own bread to buying it. going without his breakfast. mind doing the washing-up after a meal. of eating in the open air. better than salads. U N I T 2 E a t i n g a n d d r i n k i n g Get ideas for your writing by thinking about your answers to these questions. a What do you like to eat to keep you cool in summer? b Which do you prefer, eating alone or in the company of good friends? c Do you enjoy trying dishes you've never tasted before? d Does food taste better eaten outdoors? e What kind of food helps you keep warm in winter? f Do you think eating is one of life's pleasures? g How do you feel about eating in bed? h Do you ever show your affection for someone by cooking them a meal? i Is there any kind of food you find too disgusting to eat? j Would you rather eat in an expensive restaurant or have a simple home-cooked meal? k If you feel sad, can eating something delicious make you feel better? 1 Does anyone ever force you to eat anything? Tick the questions which suggest ideas you want to write about. Arrange the questions you have ticked in three groups of ideas that seem to go together. For example, you may think that a and d go together. Decide what the most logical order for these ideas is. Using this organisation, write three paragraphs for the competition. Complete each sentence with one of the words given in brackets. 1 Be as ..quick as possible in the shower. (quick/quickly) 2 She made the sandwiches ..quickly (quick/quickly) Adverbs Grammar 3 I can't hear. Please speak more (loud/loudly) Write sentences putting the words in brackets in normal sentence order. 4 That music is too (loud/loudly) 5 Are you all right? You look (terrible/terribly) 6 I've spilt the soup. I'm sorry! (terrible/terribly) 7 I feel in a mood after a large meal. (good/well) 8 She cooks , like her grandmother, (good/well) 9 Is Janet ill? I haven't seen her (late/lately) 10 Peter is for breakfast again! (late/lately) 1 1 If you try enough, you'll succeed. (hard/hardly) 12 Aren't you hungry? You've eaten anything. (hard/hardly) L E S S O N 2 Some l i k e i t hot 19
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