Tài liệu FCE GOLD Plus-Coursebook

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FCE Ngân Phuong Vy's Archive Exam inform ation The Cam bridge First Certificate Examination in English is made up o f five papers, each testing a different area o f ability in English. Each paper is w o rth 20 % o f the total mark. There are five grades. A, B and C are pass grades; D and E are fail grades. Paper 1 Reading ( i hour) The Reading paper has three parts. Each part tests a different reading skill o r skills. There are 30 questions altogether. You w rite your answers on an answer sheet during th e exam. P a rt 1 M u ltip ie -c h o ic e q u e s tio n s Focus: Detail, opinion, gist, attitude, deducing meaning, te xt organisation features (exem plification, comparison, reference), tone, purpose and main idea Task: There are eight four-option m ultiple-choice questions. You have to choose th e correct option (A, B, C o r D) based on th e inform ation in the text. ► Exam fo cu s p.44 P a rt 2 G a p p e d te x t Focus: Understanding te x t structure, cohesion and coherence Task: You read a te xt from w hich seven sentences have been removed and placed in jum bled order after the text. You have to decide where they f it in the text. There is one extra sentence th a t you do n o t need to use. ► Exam fo cu s p.148 P a rt 3 M u ltip le m a tc h in g Focus: Specific inform ation, detail, opinion and attitude Task: You read 15 questions o r statements about a te xt w hich has been divided into sections, o r several short texts. You have to decide w hich section o r te xt contains ' th e inform ation relating to each question o r statement. ► Exam fo cu s p.24 Paper 2 Writing o h o u r 20 minutes) The W riting paper is divided in to tw o parts, and you have to com plete one task fro m each part. Each answer carries equal marks, so you should n o t spend longer on one than another. P art 1 is compulsory, and there is no choice of questions. You have to w rite a letter o r email based on given inform ation and prom pts. It may be inform al or semi-form al, and you have to w rite 120-1 50 words. ► U nit 1 p. 16, U nit 2 p.28 P art 2 has fo u r tasks to choose from . The first three options may include any three o f the follow ing: • a letter o r email ► U nit 11 p.140 • an article ► U nit 4 p.52 • a report ► U nit 6 p.78 • an essay ► U nit 7 p.90 • a story ► Unit 3 p.40 • a review ► U nit 5 p.64 The fo urth option has a choice o f tw o tasks based on one o f five background reading texts. The task could be any one o f the fo llo w ing : a letter, an article, a report, an essay or a review. The background reading texts change regularly, so you should check the current regulations to find out w h a t th e texts are. For Part 2, you have to w rite 120-180 words. ►W ritin g re fe re n ce p.206 Paper 3 Use of English (4 5 minutes) There are fo u r parts in the Use o f English paper, w ith 42 questions altogether. You w rite your answers on-an answer sheet during the exam. There is always an example at the beginning o f each task to help you. P a rt 1 M u ltip le -c h o ic e cloze Focus: Vocabulary Task: You read a te x t w ith 12 gaps. You choose the best w o rd 'to fit each gaf5 fro m a choice o f fo u r options (A, B ,' C or D). ► Exam fo cu s p,36 P a rt 2 O p e n cloze Focus: Gram mar and vocabulary Task: You read a te xt w ith 12 gaps. You have to th in k o f the m ost appropriate w ord to fill each gap. You must use one w ord only. No options are provided. ► Exam fo cu s p,83 P a rt 3 W o rd fo r m a tio n Focus: Vocabulary Task: You read a te xt w ith ten gaps. You are given the stems o f the missing words in capitals at the end of. the lines. You have to change the fo rm o f each w ord to fit th e context. ► Exam fo cu s p .1 10 Exam information P a rt 4 K ey w o r d tr a n s fo r m a tio n s Focus: Gram mar and vocabulary Task: There are eight items. You are given a sentence and a 'key w o rd '. You have to com plete a second, gapped sentence using th e key w ord. The second sentence has a different gramm atical structure b u t must have a similar meaning to the original. ► Exam fo cu s p.61 Paper 4 Listening (approxim ately 4 0 m inutes) There are fo u r parts in th e Listening paper, w ith a to tal o f 3.0 questions. You w rite your answers on th e question paper and then you have five m inutes at th e end o f the exam to transfer them to an answer sheet. In each part you w ill hear th e text(s) tw ice. The texts may be monologues or exchanges between interacting speakers. There w ill be a variety o f accents. P a rt 1 E x tra c ts w it h m u ltip le -c h o ic e q u e s tio n s Focus: Each extract w ill have a diffe re nt focus, w hich could: be: main point, detail, purpose o r location o f speech, relationship between the speakers, attitude or opinion o f th e speakers Task: You hear eight short, unrelated extracts o f about 30 seconds each. They may be monologues or conversations. You have to answer one three-option m ultiple-choice question (A, B or C) fo r each extract. ► Exam fo cu s p.88 . P a rt 2 S e n te n c e c o m p le tio n Focus: Specific inform ation, detail, stated opinion Task: You hear a m onologue o r conversation lasting about three minutes. You com plete ten sentences w ith w ords fro m the text. ► Exam fo cu s p.98 P a rt 3 M u ltip le m a tc h in g Focus: As fo r Part 1 Task: You hear a series o f five monologues o r exchanges, lasting about 30 seconds each. The speaker/s in each extract are different, b u t the situations or topics are all related to each other. You have to match each speaker to one o f six statements or questions (A-F). There is one extra option th a t you do n o t need to use. ► Exam fo cu s p.131 . P a rt 4 M u ltip le -c h o ic e q u e s tio n s Focus: Specific inform ation, opinion, attitude, gist, main idea Task: You hear a m onologue o r conversation w hich lasts about three minutes. There are seven questions. You have to choose the correct option (A, B o r C). ► Exam fo cu s p. 109 ti-HiW. Paper 5 Speaking (approxim ately 14 m inutes) You take th e Speaking te st w ith a partner. There are tw o examiners. One is th e 'interlo cu tor', w h o speaks to you, and the other is the 'assessor', w h o ju st listens. There are fo u r different parts in the test. P a rt 1 In te r v ie w (3 m inutes) Focus: General interactional and social language Task: The interlocutor asks each o f you questions about yourself, such as where you come from , w h a t you do in your free tim e. ► Exam fo cu s p, 15 P a rt 2 In d iv id u a l lo n g tu r n (4 m inutes) Focus: Organising your ideas, com paring, describing, expressing opinions Task: The interlocutor gives you a pair o f photographs to compare, and to give a personal reaction to: You speak by yourself fo r about a m inute w hile your partner listens. Then the interlocutor asks your partner a question about w h a t you have said, Only a short answer is expected. You then change roles. ► Exam fo cu s p.77 P a rt 3 C o lla b o r a tiv e ta s k (3 m inutes) Focus: Interacting w ith your partner, exchanging ideas, expressing and justifying opinions, agreeing and/or disagreeing, suggesting, speculating, evaluating?, reaching a decision through negotiation Task: You are given a task to discuss together, based on a set o f pictures. You should try to reach a conclusion together, b u t there is no rig ht or w ron g answer to the , task,- and you d o n it have to agree w ith each other. It is the interaction between you th a t is im portant. ► Exam fo cu s p.125 P a rt 4 D iscussion (4 m inutes) Focus: Expressing and justifying opinions, agreeing and disagreeing Task: The interlocutor asks you both general questions , related to th e to p ic o f Part 3, and gives you th e chance to give your opinions on other aspects o f the same topic, ► Exam fo cu s p.125 UNIT 1 What's on? Speaking 1 1 Look a t th e film stills and discuss th e questions. 1 Can you name the films? 2 W hat kind o f film s are they? Choose from the words in the box. 3 W hat type of film do you like best? Why? action anim ation/cartoon comedy horror musical romance science fiction/fantasy Western thriller 2 T h in k o f th e film you have seen m ost recently. 1 2 3 4 5 W hat was it called? W ho was in it? Where was it set? W hat was it about? How many stars w ould you give it? * * * * * outstanding * * * * good * * * all right * * not very good * terrible 6 W hy did you give the film this rating? Explain, using words and expressions from the boxes. The plot was ... The setting w a s ... The acting w a s ... exciting realistic terrible frightening unusual boring sad funny excellent average Example: I gave it three stars - 1 thought it was all right. The p lo t was quite exciting, b u t the setting w asn't very realistic, and the acting was only average. 3 Im agine you are a film producer. A n sw e r these questions and give y o u r reasons. 1 W hat kind o f film w ould you like to make? 2 Where w ill it be set? 3 W ho w ill you choose to star in it? Listening 1: sentence com pletion (Part 2) ■ Q 1 You w ill hear a ra d io in te rv ie w a b o u t a survey o f p o p u la r film s. First, read th ro u g h th e sentences below . W h a t w e re th e m ain areas covered by th e survey? Can you suggest w h a t any o f th e missing w ord s m ig h t be? TIP! C om plete th e gaps w ith th e exact w ord s used in th e re cord ing - d o n 't try to use yo u r o w n w ords. (T) Film survey An Internet questionnaire was com pleted by ( 1 ) ................... people. By far the m ost popular type of film was (2) ...................... There w ere tw o popular themes: ( 3 ) ............................ and good versus evil. As regards location, people liked ( 4 ) ............................ places such as jungles. The m ost popular setting in term s of tim e was the ( 5 ) ............................................ The male stars chosen, like Robert de N iro, were m ore ( 6 ) ........................ than the fem ale stars. Popular fem ale stars had ( 7 ) ............................ as w ell as glam our. Titles of the m ost popular film s often consisted of ( 8) ........................... The film titles often included the name of a place o r a ( 9 ) ............................ Listeners no w have to vote fo r the best film s of th e ( 1 0 ) ......................... 1 N ow listen and c o m p le te th e sentences. W rite a w o rd o r s h o rt phrase fo r each answer. 2 Listen ag ain to check and co m p le te y o u r answers. ■ I 1 Carry o u t a s im ila r survey to fin d o u t w h a t y o u r class th in k s are th e best film s o f th e 21st ce n tu ry so far. W o rk in groups. Ask and answ er questions a b o u t: • • • • • types o f film s^w ith examples) best plots (w ith examples) most popular settings (place and time) most popular actors (male and female) most popular titles. 2 Find o u t th e results o f th e o th e r groups. 3 W rite an em ail th a t could be sent to th e presenter o f th e ra d io pro g ra m m e sum m arising th e fin d in g s o f y o u r class. UN IT 1 What's on? 0 - Vocabulary 1: recording Sw va|j ( -nown) V s 3 iv * I/ Tra-H slftf ion: vocabulary ....................... 2 A s e t o f guest ions ftiA f you 1 Read th e s ta te m e n ts b e lo w . W h ic h ones d o y o u a g re e w ith ? 1 I like sitting rig ht in the fro n t row at the cinema. 2 I prefer film s th a t have a happy ending. 3 I th ink the special effects in m odern film s are much better than in older ones. ~ 4 I admire film stars w h o do th eir ow n stunts instead o f getting someone else to do them . 5 I fin d film s w ith lots o f flashbacks very confusing it's hard to fo llo w the plot. 6 I prefer film s to plays because you can have close-up shots o f the actors. 7 I th in k Steven Spielberg is th e greatest director alive today. ______ 0 ASK a fax^e. n-Mw-her o f people ^ We carried ^ OKt A SKrve> AboKt y o w te st-e ve r film .' ( L is t ening- 00 ) 4 —L t o S K r V e v ( v e r b ) /s s V e l/ 4 Discuss. 1 W hat other ways o f recording vocabulary have you used? 2 W hich have you fo und m ost effective? 2 It w ill h e lp y o u to re m e m b e r n e w w o rd s if y o u re v ie w a n d record th e m a fte r each lesson. 5 Look back a t th e firs t tw o pages o f th e u n it. A re th e re a n y o th e r w o rd s y o u w o u ld lik e to record? A s p id e rg ra m is o n e w a y t o record w o rd s re la te d t o th e sam e to p ic . Lo ok a t th e e x a m p le b e lo w a n d a d d th e h ig h lig h te d w o rd s fro m Exercise 1. T h en th in k o f o n e m o re w o rd to ad d to each p a rt o f th e sp id e rg ra m . 3 tenses Grammar 1: revision o f sim ple m 1 Som e o f th e fo llo w in g sentences have m istakes in th e use o f th e v e rb fo rm s . C o rre c t th o s e yo u th in k are w ro n g ,R is in g p re se n t sim p le, past sim p le o r p re se n t p e rfe c t fo rm s . Use th e h ig h lig h te d tim e expressions to h e lp you. 3 The fo llo w in g e x tra c t fro m a s tu d e n t's v o c a b u la ry n o te b o o k show s a n o th e r w a y o f re c o rd in g voca bu lary. 1 A d d th e tra n s la tio n o f th e w o rd in y o u r o w n la n g u a g e . 2 W h ic h lin e p o in ts to a) b) c) d) 8 an example sentence? th e pronunciation? related words? th e definition? E xam ple: All my life, I loved going to th e cinema. Wrong. A ll m y life, I've loved go in g to the cinema. 1 I've m et Carrie fifteen years ago. 2 I usually sit in the back row w hen I go to the cinema w ith my friends. 3 I've belonged to this club from 2001 to 2003. 4 I've already seen th a t film - let's go to something different. 5 He goes to the cinema at least tw ice every weekend. I haven't understood h o w he can do that! 6 I saw the video of The G odfather six times so far. 7 Have you ever been on television? 8 Have you seen Steven Spielberg's latest film yet? 9 W hen I was young. I've been to see my grandm other nearly every day. 10 That’s the best film I've seen fo r a long time. U N IT 1 2 C o m p le te th e ta b le u sin g th e h ig h lig h te d tim e expressions fro m Exercise 1.1. Tense always present perfect since 3 C o m p le te th e fo llo w in g extracts using th e verbs in brackets. Use th e p re se n t sim p le, past sim p le o r p re se n t p e rfe c t sim p le tenses. Tim e expressions present simple What's on? AMERICAN ACTOR IS NEW LONDON THEATRE BOSS usually fo r past simple A c to r Kevin S pacey ( 1 ) ............................. ( ju s t/b e c o m e ) th e n ew d irec to r o f London's fam o u s O ld V ic th e a tre . H e ( 2 ) ............................. (p ro m is e ) to a p p e a r on s tag e him self and — W a tc h O u t! B ritish a n d A m e rican English b rin g in b ig -n a m e ta le n t in his new role. 'I love m ak in g m ovies, b u t I ( 3 ) ...................................... (a lw a y s /lo v e ) th e stage as w ell. This jo b is so m e th in g th a t I (4) .............................(th in k ) a b o u t a lo t and I am loo kin g forw ard 1 1didn't have breakfast yet this morning. 2 1haven't had breakfast yet this morning. The first sentence is acceptable in American English, but might sound strange to a British person. True or false? to th e ch allen g e,' he ( 5 ) .............................(say). Spacey, w h o ( 6 ) ............................ (w in ) O scars fo r T h e U sual S u sp e cts a n d A m e ric a n B e a u ty, ( 7 ) .............................(fall) in love w ith th e O ld V ic after visiting it as a child. M O VIE M A G A ZIN E DATELINE 10 February 2003 G ra m m a r re fe re n ce p.203 (19) 2 C o m p le te th e fo llo w in g pairs o f sentences using w o rd s fro m th e box. Each p a ir o f sentences sh o u ld have a s im ila r m e a n in g . ago before ever fo r never since w hen Example: a) E ve r. . I was six years o ld ; I have been afraid o f spiders. b) I started being afraid o f spiders I was six years old. 1 a) M y father last w e n t on holiday ten y e a rs ............. b) It's been ten y e a rs ........ my father last w e n t on holiday. 2 a) I've had this c a r ............ I passed my driving test. b) I bo ug ht this c a r ........ I passed my driving test. 3 a) I've know n S te ve ............ fo u r years. b) I first m et Steve fo u r y e a rs ........... 4 a) It's th e first tim e I'v e ............ been to an English­ speaking country. b) I'v e ........ been to an English-speaking country before. 5 a) I've been friends w ith J e n n y ............ as long as I can remember. b) I can't re m e m b e r........ I started being friends w ith Jenny. 6 a) He's never appeared in a f i lm ............... b) This is th e first tim e h e 's ........appeared in a film . First Oscars for black actors Actress Halle Beny (I)............................ (become) the first black woman to win an Oscar for her part in the film Monster's Ball. She (2 )............................ (make) an emotional speech when she 0 ) .............................(accept) the award at yesterday's Oscar ceremony in Hollywood. Berry ( 4 ) ................................. (also/appear) in the popular James Bond movie, Die Another Day. Another black actor, Denzel Washington, also (5 )............................ (win) the Oscar for best male actor for his role in Training Day. M O VIE MAGAZINE DATELINE 25 A^trch 2002 1 M a ke q u e s tio n s fro m th ese p ro m p ts . H o w m a ny can y o u answ er? 1 2 3 4 5 6 H ow many tim es / Brad Pitt / marry? W ho / direct / Titanic? W hich fo otb all team / w in / W orld Cup / five times? In w hich country / Lord o f the Rings / film ? Mel Gibson / ever w in / an Oscar? Can you name any musicals / w in Oscars / last ten years? 7 W hich fam ous English footballer / call / child / Romeo? 8 W ho / usually present / evening news program m e / television / your country? 2 N o w ask a n o th e r s tu d e n t y o u r qu estio ns. W h ic h o f y o u can a n sw e r m o st qu estio ns? mmmm v ' *, UN IT 1 What's on? Reality TV - Reading: m u ltiple m atching (Part 3) " A 1 Lo ok a t th e d e s c rip tio n b e lo w . Have y o u seen any te le v is io n p ro g ra m m e s lik e th is? Reality TV is a term for television shows based on a group of real people who are put in an unusual or dangerous situation, or given the chance to achieve an ambition. Their experiences are shown live on television as entertainment. Reality TV often takes the form of a game, in which the viewers vote for people to leave the show until there is only one left. This person is the winner and receives a prize. 15 2 You are g o in g to rea d a m a g a zin e a rtic le a b o u t fo u r o rd in a ry p e o p le w h o have ta k e n p a rt in R ea lity TV pro g ra m m e s. Lo ok th ro u g h th e a rtic le q u ic k ly an d d e cid e w h ic h person: Ron Copsey was one o f a group of contestants w ho agreed to live fo r a year on a desert island, w ith cameras fo llo w ing their attempts to survive together. He left the island after five months, and later accused the producers of the show of misrepresenting him, claim ing they had edited the film to make it look as if he was throw ing a c hair in the face o f one of the wom en. 'I'm not an argum entative, aggressive, 1nasty piece o f work. It w as shocking,' he told a journalist later. 'The producers led the public to believe that the other contestants w ere g lad to 2* ee s the back o f me but it w asn't true.' A fter returning home from the island, M r Copsey said he was unable to continue w ith his college course as other students w o u ld n 't talk to him, and he had to take antidepressant pills. The television com pany has agreed to pay him £ 1 6 ,0 0 0 3com pensation. B 1 had to overcome a physical problem, 2 lived on an island, 3 w on a singing com petition, 4 used to be a builder. 25 30 Craig Phillips w as the w inner o f one of the first Reality TV programmes to be shown in England, called Big Brother. C raig w as o rigin ally a builder, and comes from Liverpool. A fter the series ended he adm itted: 'I d o n't know w h y I w on - you'll have to ask all those people that voted for me.' C raig 4donated his £ 7 0 ,0 0 0 prize money to teenage friend Jo Harris, to help pay for a heart and lung operation in Am erica. 'She is a unique young lady and it is w onderful to be in the position to help her,' he said at the time. C ra ig later had a five-album 5d e a l w ith a record com pany but he 6was d ro p p e d after his first single. However, he has continued to raise money fo r 7charities as w ell as ap pe arin g regularly on daytim e television shows. C Denise Leigh w on joint first prize in a TV contest called O peratunity, in w hich o rd in a ry people had the chance to be transform ed into opera singers. But there is nothing ord ina ry about Denise. She is a blind w om an o f am azing determ ination w h o has succeeded aag ainst all the odds. She had alw ays dream ed of a musical career, but this was prevented by the births o f her children. Being a blind mother o f three is a challenge. 'It's the hardest job in the w o rld ,' she says. 'Keeping them safe is definitely more w orrying than anything that can happen to you on stage.' N o w the children are all a t school, she is free to UN IT 1 the road to success? so ss 60 6s 70 pursue her dreams, and after O peratunity she is better placed than she had ever hoped for. 'N o w I have sung on stage at the London Coliseum I am a different person,' she said the morning after her 9triumph. 'W in n in g the contest has changed my life.' D Will Young shot to success when he w on the TV com petition Pop Id ol out o f over a thousand contenders, and w as offered a contract w ith a m ajor record com pany. He is modest about his success. 'I d o n 't think it's me myself they're voting for, it's the TV contestant, and in that context I feel very '°fla ttere d by it a ll/ he said. His first single, Evergreen, became the fastest-selling single o f all time. It sold over a m illion copies in its first week. W ill thinks that being a pop idol isn't only a matter of having a good voice - there are generally other " factors involved. 'Performers over the ages have always given off a kind o f energy. I think it's about a w hole im age - the look, the clothes, the music w hich puts a distance between you and other people.' 3 Lo ok a t th e q u e s tio n s b e lo w . For each q u e s tio n , y o u have to choose o n e o f th e p e o p le A -D . TIP! B e fo re y o u s ta rt, h ig h lig h t th e key w o rd s in each q u e s tio n . Th en read q u ic k ly th ro u g h th e te x ts fo r w o rd s o r phrases w ith a s im ila r m e a n in g . To h e lp y o u , th e 'p a ra lle l expressions' have be en h ig h lig h te d fo r th e firs t six qu estio ns. W hich person 1 is doing som ething they always w anted to do? 2 gave away the money they w on on the show? 3 received money to make up fo r th e harm done by th e programme? 4 shared the first place in th e com petition w ith another person? 5 was im m ediately successful in their career after the programme? 6 does no t understand the reasons fo r their success? 7 says th e program m e gave an untrue picture of them ? What’s on? 8 fo und th eir personal relationships w ere badly affected by the programme? 9 has done w ell in spite o f a physical problem? 10 had a musical career th a t tu rned o u t to be disappointing? 11 feels they are diffe re nt fro m the general public? 12 finds fam ily life m ore stressful than giving a public performance? 13 feels th e other participants w ere sorry he/she left? 14 feels th eir success is n o t just due to personal qualities? 15 had not expected to be in such a good situation at this stage in life? 4 Discuss. Thousands o f people apply to go on these shows. W ould you apply to go on a Reality TV program m e o f any sort? W hy?/W hy not? 5 Find th e n u m b e re d w o rd s a n d phrases 1-11 in th e te x t. Lo ok a t th e c o n te x t, th e n choose th e c o rre c t m e a n in g a) o r b). 1 a) someone w h o is likely to cause trouble b) som ething very unpleasant CLUE: This is a colloquial expression. Look back at the subject o f the sentence to fin d w ho o r w h a t it refers to. 2 a) meet me b) see me leave CLUE: A nother/colloquial expression. In w hich situation w o u ld you see someone's b a c k ? 3 a) paym ent fo r w ork b) paym ent fo r som ething th a t w e n t w rong CLUE: Does the previous sentence refer to w ork o r to a problem ? b) to ok away 4 a) gave b) present 5 a) contract b) was no longer used 6 a) fell dow n 7 a) big companies b) voluntary organisations b) in spite o f difficulties 8 a) easily b) failure 9 a) success b) w orried 10 a) pleased b) things 11 a) voices UN IT 1 What's on? Grammar 2: present perfect sim ple and continuous 1 Look a t th e pairs o f sentences b e lo w . W h a t is th e d iffe re n c e in m e a n in g b e tw e e n a) an d b) in each case? Last m o n th actress Stella Glass g ave birth to her seco nd child - y e t now she is b ack on screen a n d looks m o re attractive th an ever. M a n y p e o p le (1) have w o n d e re d / have b e e n w o n d e r in g a b o u t her secret an d how she (2) has g o t b a c k / has b e e n g e ttin g b ack h e r near p e rfe c t fig u re so quickly. She claim s th a t th e secret is a m ixtu re o f d ie t and exercise. 'I (3) have n e v e r s m o k e d / have n e v e r b e e n s m o k in g an d I (4) h ave g o n e / have b e e n g o in g to th e gym regularly for years. To lose w e ig h t I (5) have h a d / have b e e n having five po rtio n s o f fresh fru it and v e g e ta b le s every d ay an d I (6) have e a te n / have b e e n e a tin g pop co rn as it's low in calories. R ecently I (7) have a ls o d ru n k / have a ls o b e e n d rin k in g a lot o f m ineral w ater. M y ap p e a ra n c e has always b e e n im p o rta n t to m e - I (8) h ave always w a n te d / have always b e e n w an tin g to lo o k m y b e s t .' 3 The fo llo w in g d ia lo g u e s c o n ta in exam ples o f th e p re se n t p e rfe c t sim p le. W h ic h o f th e m s h o u ld be c h a n g e d t o th e p re se n t p e rfe c t c o n tin u o u s so th e d ia lo g u e s soun d m o re n a tu ra l? b) He's been running th e marathon fo r charity. In a) he ran the m arathon a t some tim e in the past. In b) he has ju s t finished running the m arathon and you can still see the effects - he is o u t o f breath. a) He's appeared on a daytim e television show. b) He's been appearing on daytim e television shows. a) They've lived on the island all their lives. b) They've been living on th e island fo r th e last six months. a) I've sent 20 emails this morning. b) I've been sending emails all m orning. a) She's read Lord o f the Rings and says it's very good. b) She's been reading Lord o f the Rings and says it's very good. I— W a tc h O u t! stative and dynamic verbs Which sentence is NOT possible? Why not? 1 I've been knowing him for years. 2 I've known him for years. G ra m m a r re fe re n ce p.203 (19 .3-4 ) 2 C hoose th e best fo rm o f th e v e rb in th e fo llo w in g e x tra c t fro m a h e a lth a n d fitne ss m a g a zin e . B o th fo rm s m ay be possible in som e cases. 12 E xam ple: been waiting A: W here have you been? I've w a ited fo r ages. B: It's not my fault. I've been stuck in a tra ffic jam fo r th e last tw o hours. 1 A: Have you g o t these headaches regularly? B: Yes - I've had three in th e last week. 2 A: Where's Carrie? Have you seen her today? B: Yes, she's w orked in her office all day. 3 A: H ow long have you shared the fla t w ith Lucy? B: A m onth. But w e've know n one another fo r years. 4 A: Have you.spoken to Mrs Craven yet about the meeting? B: No. I've tried to contact her fo r ages, but she's -never in w hen Ip h o n e . 5 A: Laurie has ju st gone to spend six months travelling in Canada. B: Yes, I know. He's saved up to go there fo r years. 6 A: Haven't you finished th a t book yet? You've read it fo r ages. B: I know. But I keep fo rgettin g w hat's happened, then I have to go back to th e beginning. 4 You b u m p in to a frie n d w h o y o u h a v e n 't seen fo r six w eeks. R ole -play th e c o n v e rs a tio n yo u have. S tu d e n t A look at page 187. S tu d e n t B look at page 188. B egin lik e th is: A: Hi! I haven't seen you fo r ages. B: No - w h a t have you been doing? A: I've ju st come back ... U N IT 1 Use of English: key w ord tran sform ation s (Part 4) C o m p le te th e second sentence so th a t it has a s im ila r m e a n in g t o th e firs t sentence, using th e w o rd g ive n . Do n o t c han ge th e w o rd give n . You m u st use b e tw e e n tw o an d fiv e w o rd s , in c lu d in g th e w o rd g ive n . The ta sk b e lo w o n ly tests th e g ra m m a r in th is u n it. Example: 0 I can't rem em ber th e plot at all. fo rg o tte n I ..........w h a t the plo t is about. 1 I d o n 't know w h o the w inn er o f the com petition is. has I d o n 't know w h o ................................the com petition. 2 I'm afraid I've lost th e tickets, find I'm a fra id .................................. th e tickets. 3 She planted some flow ers in th e garden, b u t they are nearly all dead now. have The flow ers she planted in the garden .................................. now. 4 I was talking to her m other a m om ent ago. been I .................................. to her mother. 5 It's been three years since I started to w ork here, w o rkin g I .................................. three years. 6 It is Miranda's first visit to Scotland. never M ira n d a ..................................to Scotland before. 7 It's over a year since I last saw him. seen I .................................. over a year. 8 They d o n 't know w h a t the problem is. found T h e y .................................. w h a t the problem is. 9 She hasn't g o t any money left, run S h e .................................. money. 10 Sue has just had her first child, birth S u e .................................. her first child. W hat's on? Vocabulary 2: w ord fo rm atio n 1 The fo llo w in g w o rd s com e fro m th e te x t o n pages 10-11. U n d e rlin e th e s u ffix o f each w o rd . W h ich g ro u p o f w o rd s are all a) no un s b) ad ve rbs c) adjectives? 1 shocking diffe re nt flattered 2 com petition perform er determ ination 3 regularly generally 1 contestant C o m p le te boxes 1 -1 0 in th e fo llo w in g ta b le w ith th e c o rre c t fo rm s o f th e w o rd s. Noun Verb A djective A dverb 1 ............ 2 .......... . confusing/confused confusingly 3 ............ 4 .......... . perform ing 5 ............ 6 .......... . original 8 ............ 9 .......... . flattering/flattered 2 7 ............ 1 0 ............ N o w choose th re e m o re w o rd s fro m th is u n it and c o m p le te as m a n y boxes as possible in th e last th re e row s. 3 C o m p le te these sentences using th e c o rre c t fo rm o f th e w o rd in capitals. 1 The show was re a lly .............. ENJOY 2 The w in n e r gave an e x c e lle n t.............. PERFORM 3 It was a b i g ............to me th a t I couldn't accept the invitation DISAPPOINT 4 I have to do a lo t o f ............fo r my exam. PREPARE 5 The actress gave a lo n g ............o f all the problems she’d had to face EXPLAIN 6 The volunteers had to live on a desert island as a test of .............. SURVIVE 7 The w inner gave a b i g .............to charity. DONATE 8 M any o f the contestants have bu ilt on th eir fa m e .............. and become very rich. FINANCE 4 A n s w e r th ese q u e stio n s. E xplain y o u r answ ers. 1 W hich lesson do/did you do m ost preparation fo r at school? 2 Are there any rules and regulations in your school, college or workplace th a t you th ink are unnecessary? 3 Have you ever given a public performance? M P f U N IT 1 What's on? Listening 2: extracts (Part 1) 6 You w ill h e ar p e o p le ta lk in g in six d iffe re n t s itu a tio n s . For q u e s tio n s 1-6, choose th e best answ er. A , B o r C. You w ill h e a r each e x tra c t tw ic e . TIP! The in fo rm a tio n in th e re c o rd in g is n o t alw a ys g iv e n in th e sam e o rd e r as th e o p tio n s . 1 You hear a man talking about a film . W hat does he say about the film ? A The story is d ifficu lt to follow . B The film is better than the book. C The setting is unusual. CLUE: You w ill hear his opinion ab o u t the setting first (C), then the story (A), then the comparison w ith the bo ok (B). 2 You overhear tw o people talking in the street. W ha t are they talking about? A a play at the theatre B a concert C a film on TV CLUE: Listen fo r inform ation a b o u t the setting an d the ending. 3 You hear an actress being interviewed on the radio. W ha t is the actress doing? A giving an explanation B making a comparison C offering advice CLUE: In this type o f question, y o u have to think ab o u t the m ain p o in t o f w h a t the speaker says. 4 You tu rn on the radio in the m iddle o f a programme. W ha t is th e relationship between the speakers? A m other and son B boss and employee C teacher and pupil CLUE: Listen carefully to w h a t the w om an says towards the end o f the conversation. 5 You hear a w om an on a phone-in radio program m e com plaining about a problem. W ho is responsible fo r her problem? A some workm en B the local to w n council C a m obile phone company CLUE: A t the end, the w om an says,:'That's n o t rig h t'. W hat is she referring to? You overhear tw o people talking in a cafe. W hat has the man ju st taken part in? A a com petition on th e radio B an oral exam ination C a jo b interview CLUE: A ll three answers may involve answering questions an d feeling nervous. Listen fo r additional inform ation to give you the correct answer. Vocabulary 3: entertainment 1 C o m p le te th ese sentences w ith an a p p ro p ria te w o rd . You have be en g iv e n th e firs t p a rt o f each w o rd a n d th e n u m b e r o f le tte rs . 1 It's the first Shakespeare p____ I have seen in the t_________ . 2 There w ere a lo t o f critics from th e newspapers at the theatre. I w a n t to read th eir r_________ to see w h a t they th o u g h t o f it. 3 The play was excellent and th e au_________ app_________ very enthusiastically at th e end. 4 I th o u g h t I d id n 't like o______ , b u t then I saw a W onderful p________________ o f Carmen and I changed my mind. 5 There was a c_________ last w eek w hich included a new sym________by a young Italian com________ . I t was alm ost s_____ o_ _ so I was lucky to ge t a seat! 6 It must be very d ifficult to con______ an ore_________ ;^here are so m any different in_______________being played by so many different mus_________ I 7 I enjoy po_ m______ as well, and I listen to diffe re nt si________and gr_______. I've g o t a big collection o f CDs. 8 On Saturday evenings I like going to ni____ cl_____I and di______ w ith my friends. 2 W h a t k in d o f e n te rta in m e n t d o y o u e n jo y m ost? P u t th ese in o rd e r fro m 1-7 a n d discuss y o u r p re fere nces w ith a p a rtn e r. □ □ □ □ pop concerts theatre opera television □ cinema □ comedy □ classical concerts I UN IT 1 What's on? This p a rt o f th e te s t gives th e e xam in ers th e ir firs t im pre ssion o f you, so it's im p o rta n t to a n sw e r th e qu e stio n s clearly, a c cu ra te ly a n d w ith e n o u g h d e ta il. 3 Read th is s h o rt re v ie w o f a m usical fro m an In te rn e t site. Have you h e ard o f th is show ? W o u ld yo u like to see it? W h y? /W h y n o t? DO speak clearly so the examiners can hear you. DO try to make your answers interesting and personal. D O N 'T give one-w ord responses, e.g. Yes or No. Add some details. D O N 'T learn long speeches by heart before you do the exam. You probably w o n 't give appropriate answers to th e actual questions. m I didik'-t e f f e c t -to fifsjoy ' L e .f M iiarA ble* ' becAw£e * ^arxerAlly I' m ro-t t k v t kee.* o r MW£iCAl£, bu t I wa£ ^iver a tick e-t, t o I wer-t t o $ee i t . The p lo t i t q u ite coMpliCAted. I tV fe.± i r 19th c e r tu r y FrArce, Ard i t V bA^ed o r a £ to ry by t h e w r i te r V ictor Huqo. I tV A bout A MAr CAlled J e A r VAljeAr, who i f ^ e r t t o pri$ o r F or 19 yeAr f j u $ t For ^teA lirq A IoaF oF breAd. W her he qe.t£ o u t oF p ri£ o r, J e A r t r i e * t o MAk.e a rew liFe For hiM$elF, b u t he Fird^ th i* very diFFicult Af Ar e x -c o rv ic t, f o he breAk.* Inif pArole. FvertuA lly Ir^p ecto r J A v e r t Fird^ hiM, Ard ... well, I w or t reveAl t h e e rd ir ^ i The * to ry was v ery Movirq Ard t h e r e w ere SoMe worderFul SorqS. I th o u g h t t n A t t h e MAir StArS SArq Ard dArced b rilliA rtly, Ard t h e coStuMes w ere Superb. I t 's o re oF t h e b e s t shows I've ev er s e e r , Ard I' m very ^Ud th A t I decided t o qo. 1 Each o f th e fo llo w in g answ ers has tw o m istakes in g ra m m a r o r w o rd o rd er. Find th e m istakes an d c o rre c t th e m . Then m a tch each an sw e r t o o n e o f th e to p ic s above. 4 N o w w r ite a s h o rt re v ie w o f a show , c o n c e rt o r p la y th a t y o u have seen recen tly. F o llo w th e sam e o rd e r as th e re v ie w a b o ve an d re m e m b e r to w r ite a b o u t: 1 I am having tw o brothers. One is older than me; he has tw enty-one years old. The other is younger he's ju st tw elve. So I'm in th e middle. 2 I live in Milan. It's a very big city, w ith lots o f traffic. Just no w I stay in a hostel b u t I w a n t have my ow n apartm ent one day. 3 I like very much playing com puter games and doing sport, especially swim. 4 I have been studying English since five years, and I enjoy it very much. But I never been to England. 5 In ten years’ tim e I hope I'll be a doctor. I w a n t travel abroad, andTnaybe I married. Q • w h a t you saw • w h a t it was about • w h a t you th o u g h t o f it and why. Exam focus P a p e r 5 S p e a k in g : in tr o d u c tio n (P a rt 1) A b o u t th e exa m : P art 1 o f th e S pe akin g te s t lasts fo r th re e m in u te s . The in te rlo c u to r w ill ask y o u a n d th e o th e r c a n d id a te som e q u e s tio n s a b o u t yourselves. These m ay be: • • • • • th e place w h e re y o u live y o u r fa m ily y o u r w o rk o r studies w h a t y o u d o in y o u r fre e tim e y o u r fu tu re plans. 2 N o w liste n a n d check y o u r answ ers. (~ j 2 Listen t o som e s tu d e n ts d o in g P art 1 o f th e exam . H o w g o o d d o y o u th in k th e ir answ ers are? Choose A, B, C o r D f o r each speaker. A B C D A good answer. N ot good - makes a lo t o f mistakes. N ot good - does n o t answer the question. N ot good - does n o t say enough. 1 Joanna 2 Karl ....... ....... 3 Katerina 4 Jorge ....... ....... 3 W o rk w ith a p a rtn e r. You are g o in g to pra ctise asking an d a n sw e rin g qu estio ns. R em em ber to a d d som e d e ta il t o each o f th e answers. S tu d e n t A look at page 180. S tu d e n t B look at page 184. 1 Writing: inform al em ail (Part 1) ■ Read th e sam p le a n sw e r b e lo w , a n d p u t th e p a ra g ra p h s in th e c o rre c t order. 1 Look a t th e w r itin g ta sk b e lo w a n d an sw e r th e fo llo w in g qu estio ns. 1 2 3 4 Look back a t th e task. Has th e w r ite r in clu d e d all th e in fo rm a tio n need ed? W ho are you w ritin g to? W hy are you w riting? W ha t tells you w h a t you m ust p u t in your reply? H ow can you begin and end the email? The w r ite r has m a de fo u r m istakes w ith v e rb fo rm s , w h ic h are m a rke d . C o rre ct th e m istakes. □ You have been s tu d y in g h a rd b u t n o w y o u w a n t t o g o o u t to th e th e a tre fo r th e e v e n in g w ith som e frie n d s . Read th e tw o em ails a n d th e a d v e rtis e m e n t. T hen, using th e in fo rm a tio n in y o u r notes, w r ite a re p ly to Jack's em a il. (1 2 0 -1 5 0 w o rd s) L i * 1 / rKv.n 1 □ □ a 5* > D e a r Pedro H o w are you doing ? Still w o rking fo r your e xam s? It w o u ld b e grea t to g e t to g e th e r if you have tim e . Let m e k n o w if you h ave a n y ideas. □ □ MURDER MYSTERY Last performance Saturday 8.00 *1 t 1 II 3 jK x V O ,, II Don't miss it!' □ n T h e a tr e news 'A* Would you lik.fi. bo Co m £ Alor^ ? ( Ijyfi fiLM Ailficf} .£ufi. AAd Milo yfi^terdAy t o i f thfiy c a a c o m g , Afkd thfiy £Ay thfiy CAA, £o i t should bfi A ^ood five,ai ^ . Thfiy Su^aStfid ( t o go) f o r SoMfithi ^ t o GAt to ^ a th fir A fte r the. show - I kAow you lik.fi ItAliAA food So we. could All qo t o QiivoV p>i2.ZAS. I (fvfivfir weA t bfifore. b u t fiveryoAfi SAyS i t S vfiry <^ood. L f it Mfi k A ow I'll if y o u 're , fre.fi AAd w ould likfi t o b o o k th fi tickets. I (work) reAlly lor^ hours racfiAtly rfivi^iiv^ fo r My gxamS b u t OA ^AturdAy I M pJAAAIArj t o tAke. a brfiAk AAd tjo to sea 'M u rd e r M ystery'. I t V oa A t the. AI^AMbrA ThfiAtra. The. reviews Are. excellfiAt - AAd it 's the. lASt ki=-?■ J K R ow ling c r ~sr a 5 R H F -ra n
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