Tài liệu Ebook 2013 asme bpvc iii1 nd - rules for construction of nuclear facility components

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2013 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code AN INTERNATIONAL CODE III Rules for Construction of Nuclear Facility Components Division 1 — Subsection ND Class 3 Components --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 5/15/13 5:24 PM --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- AN INTERNATIONAL CODE 2013 ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code 2013 Edition July 1, 2013 III RULES FOR CONSTRUCTION OF NUCLEAR FACILITY COMPONENTS Division 1 - Subsection ND Class 3 Components ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee on Nuclear Power --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Two Park Avenue • New York, NY • 10016 USA This international code or standard was developed under procedures accredited as meeting the criteria for American National Standards and it is an American National Standard. The Standards Committee that approved the code or standard was balanced to assure that individuals from competent and concerned interests have had an opportunity to participate. The proposed code or standard was made available for public review and comment that provides an opportunity for additional public input from industry, academia, regulatory agencies, and the publicat-large. ASME does not “approve,” “rate,” or “endorse” any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity. ASME does not take any position with respect to the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any items mentioned in this document, and does not undertake to insure anyone utilizing a standard against liability for infringement of any applicable letters patent, nor assume any such liability. Users of a code or standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, is entirely their own responsibility. Participation by federal agency representative(s) or person(s) affiliated with industry is not to be interpreted as government or industry endorsement of this code or standard. ASME accepts responsibility for only those interpretations of this document issued in accordance with the established ASME procedures and policies, which precludes the issuance of interpretations by individuals. The endnotes in this document (if any) are part of this American National Standard. ASME collective membership mark Certification Mark The above ASME symbol is registered in the U.S. Patent Office. “ASME” is the trademark of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers. No part of this document may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 56-3934 Printed in the United States of America Adopted by the Council of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1914; latest edition 2013. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers Two Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990 Copyright © 2013 by THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS All rights reserved --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Date of Issuance: July 1, 2013 TABLE OF CONTENTS List of Sections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Statement of Policy on the Use of the Certification Mark and Code Authorization in Advertising . . . . . . . . . . . . Statement of Policy on the Use of ASME Marking to Identify Manufactured Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Submittal of Technical Inquiries to the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Standards Committees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Organization of Section III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Summary of Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . List of Changes in Record Number Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cross-Referencing and Stylistic Changes in the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii xiv xvi xvi xvii xix xxxiv xxxvii xxxix xl Article ND-1000 ND-1100 ND-1130 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Boundaries of Jurisdiction Applicable to This Subsection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 1 Article ND-2000 ND-2100 ND-2110 ND-2120 ND-2130 ND-2140 ND-2150 ND-2160 ND-2170 ND-2180 ND-2190 ND-2200 ND-2210 ND-2220 Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements for Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scope of Principal Terms Employed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pressure Retaining Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certification of Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welding Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Material Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deterioration of Material in Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Heat Treatment to Enhance Impact Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedures for Heat Treatment of Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonpressure‐Retaining Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Material Test Coupons and Specimens for Ferritic Steel Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Heat Treatment Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure for Obtaining Test Coupons and Specimens for Quenched and Tempered Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fracture Toughness Requirements for Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Material to be Impact Tested . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Impact Test Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Test Requirements and Acceptance Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number of Impact Tests Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Calibration of Instruments and Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welding Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Required Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Weld Metal Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Storage and Handling of Welding Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examination and Repair of Pressure Retaining Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pressure Retaining Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examination and Repair of Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examination and Repair of Forgings and Bars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examination and Repair of Seamless and (Welded Without Filler Metal) Tubular Products and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examination and Repair of Tubular Products and Fittings Welded with Filler Metal . . . Examination and Repair of Statically and Centrifugally Cast Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 6 6 6 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 ND-2300 ND-2310 ND-2320 ND-2330 ND-2340 ND-2350 ND-2360 ND-2400 ND-2410 ND-2420 ND-2430 ND-2440 ND-2500 ND-2510 ND-2530 ND-2540 ND-2550 ND-2560 ND-2570 --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- iii 9 12 12 12 12 13 14 14 15 15 16 17 19 19 19 19 20 22 23 23 ND-2580 ND-2600 ND-2610 ND-2700 Examination of Bolts, Studs, and Nuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Material Organizations’ Quality System Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Documentation and Maintenance of Quality System Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dimensional Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 29 29 30 Article ND-3000 ND-3100 ND-3110 ND-3120 ND-3130 ND-3300 ND-3310 ND-3320 ND-3330 ND-3350 ND-3360 ND-3400 ND-3410 ND-3420 ND-3430 ND-3440 ND-3450 ND-3500 ND-3510 ND-3520 ND-3530 ND-3590 ND-3600 ND-3610 ND-3620 ND-3640 ND-3650 ND-3660 ND-3670 ND-3690 ND-3700 ND-3720 ND-3800 ND-3810 ND-3820 ND-3830 ND-3840 ND-3850 ND-3860 ND-3900 ND-3910 ND-3920 ND-3930 ND-3940 Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Loading Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Design Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vessel Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Openings and Reinforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design of Welded Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special Vessel Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pump Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements for Centrifugal Pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Requirements for Centrifugal Pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design of Specific Pump Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design of Class 3 Reciprocating Pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Valve Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Levels B, C, and D Service Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pressure Relief Valve Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Piping Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pressure Design of Piping Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Analysis of Piping Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design of Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special Piping Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dimensional Requirements for Piping Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electrical and Mechanical Penetration Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design of Atmospheric Storage Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bottom Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shell Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Roof Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tank Connections and Appurtenances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design of 0 psi to 15 psi (0 kPa to 100 kPa) Storage Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alternate Rules for Axial Compressive Membrane Stresses in the Cylindrical Walls of 0 psi to 15 psi Storage Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 31 31 32 32 38 38 38 57 65 72 75 75 76 76 78 95 97 97 98 100 101 105 105 108 110 124 129 129 140 140 140 140 140 140 141 141 142 151 157 157 157 162 Fabrication and Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certification of Material and Fabrication by Component Certificate Holder . . . . . . . . . . . Repair of Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 189 189 189 190 Article ND-4000 ND-4100 ND-4110 ND-4120 ND-4130 iv --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 173 Forming, Fitting, and Aligning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cutting, Forming, and Bending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forming Tolerances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fitting and Aligning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Requirements for Weld Joints in Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welding End Transitions — Maximum Envelope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welding Qualifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welding Qualifications, Records, and Identifying Stamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements for Welding Procedure Qualification Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special Qualification Requirements for Tube‐to‐Tubesheet Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rules Governing Making, Examining, and Repairing Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Precautions to be Taken before Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rules for Making Welded Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welding of Attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Repair of Weld Metal Defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welded Test Plates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welded Stayed Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rules for Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brazing Qualification Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fitting and Aligning of Parts to be Brazed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examination of Brazed Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Heat Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welding Preheat Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Postweld Heat Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Heat Treatment of Welds Other Than the Final Postweld Heat Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . Heat Treatment After Bending or Forming for Pipe, Pumps, and Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Heat Treatment of Electroslag Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mechanical Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bolting and Threading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bolting Flanged Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electrical and Mechanical Penetration Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expansion Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fabrication and Installation Rules for Bellows Expansion Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 190 191 194 195 214 214 214 216 217 219 219 219 219 222 222 224 224 225 225 227 227 227 227 227 227 233 233 233 233 233 233 234 234 234 Article ND-5000 ND-5100 ND-5110 ND-5120 ND-5200 ND-5210 Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements for Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedures, Qualifications, and Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Time of Examination of Welds and Weld Metal Cladding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examination of Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Category A Vessel Welded Joints in Vessels and Similar Welded Joints in Piping, Pumps, and Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Category B Vessel Welded Joints and Circumferential Welded Joints in Piping, Pumps, and Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Category C Vessel Welded Joints and Similar Welded Joints in Piping, Pumps, and Valves Category D Vessel Welded Joints and Similar Joints in Piping, Pumps, and Valves . . . . . Welded Stayed Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welded Joints in Storage Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Acceptance Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Radiographic Acceptance Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ultrasonic Acceptance Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Magnetic Particle Acceptance Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Liquid Penetrant Acceptance Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Visual Acceptance Standards for Brazed Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gas and Bubble Formation Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236 236 236 236 237 ND-5220 ND-5230 ND-5240 ND-5260 ND-5270 ND-5280 ND-5300 ND-5320 ND-5330 ND-5340 ND-5350 ND-5360 ND-5380 v 237 237 238 238 238 238 239 239 239 241 241 241 241 241 --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- ND-4200 ND-4210 ND-4220 ND-4230 ND-4240 ND-4250 ND-4300 ND-4310 ND-4320 ND-4330 ND-4350 ND-4400 ND-4410 ND-4420 ND-4430 ND-4450 ND-4460 ND-4470 ND-4500 ND-4510 ND-4520 ND-4530 ND-4540 ND-4600 ND-4610 ND-4620 ND-4630 ND-4650 ND-4660 ND-4700 ND-4710 ND-4720 ND-4730 ND-4800 ND-4810 ND-5400 ND-5410 ND-5420 ND-5430 ND-5440 ND-5500 ND-5510 ND-5520 ND-5530 ND-5700 ND-5720 Spot Examination of Welded Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Minimum Extent of Spot Radiographic Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Standards for Spot Radiographic Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Evaluation and Retests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Qualifications and Certification of Nondestructive Examination Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personnel Qualification, Certification, and Verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examination Requirements for Expansion Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bellows Expansion Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242 242 242 242 242 242 242 242 243 243 243 Article ND-6000 ND-6100 ND-6110 ND-6120 ND-6200 ND-6210 ND-6220 ND-6230 ND-6240 ND-6300 ND-6310 ND-6320 ND-6330 ND-6400 ND-6410 ND-6500 ND-6510 ND-6520 ND-6530 ND-6600 ND-6610 ND-6620 ND-6900 ND-6910 ND-6920 ND-6930 Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pressure Testing of Components, Appurtenances, and Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Preparation for Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hydrostatic Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hydrostatic Test Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hydrostatic Test Pressure Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bellows Expansion Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Provision for Embedded or Inaccessible Welded Joints in Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pneumatic Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pneumatic Testing Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pneumatic Test Pressure Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bellows Expansion Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pressure Test Gages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Requirements for Pressure Test Gages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Atmospheric and 0 psig to 15 psig (0 kPa to 100 kPa) Storage Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Testing of Atmospheric Storage Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Testing of 0 psig to 15 psig (0 kPa to 100 kPa) Storage Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Test Gages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special Test Pressure Situations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Components Designed for External Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pressure Testing of Combination Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proof Tests to Establish Design Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure for Components Having Chambers of Special Shape Subject to Collapse . . . . 245 245 245 246 246 246 247 247 247 248 248 248 248 248 248 248 248 249 250 250 250 250 250 250 252 254 Article ND-7000 ND-7100 ND-7110 ND-7120 ND-7130 ND-7140 ND-7150 ND-7160 ND-7170 ND-7200 ND-7210 ND-7220 ND-7230 ND-7240 ND-7250 ND-7300 ND-7310 ND-7320 Overpressure Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Integrated Overpressure Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Verification of the Operation of Reclosing Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Acceptable Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unacceptable Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Permitted Use of Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Overpressure Protection Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Responsibility for Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Content of Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certification of Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Review of Report After Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing of Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Relieving Capacity Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expected System Pressure Transient Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unexpected System Excess Pressure Transient Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255 255 255 255 255 255 256 256 256 257 257 257 257 257 257 258 258 258 --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- vi ND-7330 ND-7400 ND-7410 ND-7420 ND-7500 ND-7510 ND-7520 ND-7530 ND-7540 ND-7550 ND-7560 ND-7600 ND-7610 ND-7620 ND-7700 ND-7710 ND-7720 ND-7730 ND-7740 ND-7750 ND-7760 ND-7800 ND-7810 ND-7820 ND-7830 ND-7840 System Faulted Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Set Pressures of Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Set Pressure Limitations for Expected System Pressure Transient Conditions . . . . . . . . . Set Pressure Limitations for Unexpected System Excess Pressure Transient Conditions Operating and Design Requirements for Pressure and Vacuum Relief Valves . . . . . . . . . Safety, Safety Relief, and Relief Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pilot Operated Pressure Relief Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Power Actuated Pressure Relief Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Safety and Safety Relief Valves With Auxiliary Actuating Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vacuum Relief Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alternative Test Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonreclosing Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rupture Disk Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Installation Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Responsibility for Certification of Pressure and Vacuum Relief Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Responsibility for Certification of Nonreclosing Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . Capacity Certification of Pressure Relief Valves — Compressible Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Capacity Certification of Pressure Relief Valves — Incompressible Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . Capacity Certification of Vacuum Relief Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Capacity Determination of Rupture Disk Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marking, Stamping With Certification Mark, and Data Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pressure and Vacuum Relief Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rupture Disk Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pressure Relief Valve in Combination With Rupture Disk Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certificate of Authorization to Use Certification Mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258 259 259 259 259 259 260 261 261 261 262 262 262 263 263 263 263 264 268 270 272 274 274 275 275 275 Article ND-8000 ND-8100 Nameplates, Stamping With Certification Mark, and Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276 276 FIGURES ND-1132.2-1 ND-1132.2-2 ND-1132.2-3 ND-2433.1-1 ND-2575.2-1 ND-3133.4-1 ND-3133.7-1 ND-3324.2-1 ND-3324.11(a)(6)-1 ND-3325-1 ND-3326.1-1 ND-3329.1(e)-1 ND-3329.6(b)-1 ND-3329.6(b)-2 ND-3329.6(b)-3 ND-3329.6(d)-1 ND-3329.6(d)-2 ND-3329.6(g)-1 ND-3332.2-1 ND-3335.1(b)-1 ND-3335.2-1 ND-3335.3(b)-1 ND-3351-1 Attachments in the Component Support Load Path that Do Not Perform a Pressure Retaining Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attachments that Do Not Perform a Pressure Retaining Function and Are Not in the Component Support Load Path . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attachments That Perform a Pressure Retaining Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Delta Ferrite Content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Pressure Retaining Parts of Pumps and Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Length L of Some Typical Conical Sections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chart for Determining Wall Thickness of Tubes Under External Pressure . . . . . . . . . . Principal Dimensions of Typical Heads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Large Head Openings, Reverse Curve, and Conical Shell Reducer Sections . . . . . . . . . . Some Acceptable Types of Unstayed Flat Heads and Covers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spherically Dished Covers With Bolting Flanges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Acceptable Proportions for Ends or Through Stays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Example of Tube Spacing With Pitch of Holes Equal in Every Row . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Example of Tube Spacing With Pitch of Holes Unequal in Every Second Row . . . . . . . Example of Tube Spacing With Pitch of Holes Varying in Every Second and Third Row Example of Tube Spacing With Tube Holes on Diagonal Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Diagram for Determining the Efficiency of Longitudinal and Diagonal Ligaments Between Openings in Cylindrical Shells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Diagram for Determining Equivalent Longitudinal Efficiency of Diagonal Ligaments . Chart for Determining Value of F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Some Representative Configurations Describing the t e Reinforcement Dimension . . . Arrangement of Multiple Openings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Minimum Depth for Flange of Flued Openings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welded Joint Locations Typical of Categories A, B, C, and D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii 3 4 5 20 27 37 39 43 47 50 53 55 56 57 57 57 58 59 61 63 64 64 66 ND-3643.3(c)(1)-1 ND-3643.3(c)(1)-2 ND-3643.4(a)-1 ND-3647.2-1 ND-3653.3-1 ND-3673.2(b)-2 ND-3861-1 ND-3862(a)-1 ND-3862(a)-2 ND-3863-1 ND-3922.1-1 ND-3922.1-2 ND-3932.1-1 ND-3933.4(a)-1 ND-3933.5(d)-1 ND-3944-1 Typical Butt Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Heads Attached to Shells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Butt Welding of Plates of Unequal Thicknesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Single Volute Casing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Double Volute Casing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Minimum Tangential Inlet and Outlet Wall Thicknesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . External and Internal Attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type A Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type A Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type A Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type B Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type C Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type C Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type D Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type E Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type F Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Axially Split Casing, Volute Pump, Type G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Axially Split Casing, Volute Pump, Type G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Axially Split Casing, Volute Pump, Type G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Section of Type G Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Section of Type G Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Loads on Type G Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Longitudinal Section Through Type H Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transverse Section Through Type H Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type K Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type K Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type L Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type L Pump Bowl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Horizontal Single‐Acting Power Pump Liquid Ends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Sections of Valve Bodies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Pressure Relief Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Valve Nozzle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examples of Reversing and Nonreversing Dynamic Loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Welded Branch Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Right Angle Branch Connections Made Using a Fillet Weld or a Partial Penetration Weld . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reinforcement of Branch Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Some Representative Configurations Describing the t e Reinforcement Dimension . . . Reinforced Extruded Outlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Types of Permanent Blanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reducing or Full Outlet Branch Connections, or Tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Branch Connection Nomenclature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Roof Manholes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flanged Roof Nozzles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Screwed or Socket Weld Roof Nozzles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welded Bottom Outlet Elbow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Biaxial Stress Chart for Combined Tension and Compression, 30,000 psi to 38,000 psi (205 MPa to 260 MPa) Yield Strength Steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reduction of Design Stresses Required to Allow for Biaxial Stresses of Opposite Sign Some Typical Free Body Diagrams for Certain Shapes of Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compression Ring Region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Permissible Details of Compression Ring Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Factor Times Allowable Axial Membrane Compressive Stress Versus Radius Over Thickness for Ferrous Materials With Yield Strengths of 25 ksi at Temperatures ≤ 300°F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii 66 70 73 76 77 78 78 79 79 80 80 80 81 82 82 82 83 83 84 84 84 85 86 86 87 88 92 94 96 99 102 103 105 109 113 114 115 116 118 121 126 138 152 153 154 155 160 161 166 170 172 177 --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- ND-3352-1 ND-3358.1(a)-1 ND-3361.1-1 ND-3423-1 ND-3423-2 ND-3433.4-1 ND-3436(c)-1 ND-3441.1-1 ND-3441.1-2 ND-3441.1(a)-1 ND-3441.2-1 ND-3441.3-1 ND-3441.3-2 ND-3441.4(a)-1 ND-3441.5-1 ND-3441.6(a)-1 ND-3441.7(a)-1 ND-3441.7(a)-2 ND-3441.7(c)-1 ND-3441.7(c)(2)-1 ND-3441.7(c)(2)-2 ND-3441.7(c)(2)-3 ND-3441.8-1 ND-3441.8-2 ND-3441.9-1 ND-3441.9-2 ND-3441.10-1 ND-3441.10-2 ND-3451(a)-1 ND-3521-1 ND-3591.1-1 ND-3591.1-2 ND-3595.3-1 ND-3622-1 ND-3643.2(b)-1 ND-3643.2(b)-2 ND-3944-1M ND-3944-2 ND-3944-2M ND-3944-3 ND-3944-3M ND-3944-4 ND-3944-4M ND-3944-5 ND-3944-5M ND-3944-6 ND-3944-6M ND-4221.1-1 ND-4221.2(a)-1 ND-4221.2(a)-2 ND-4233-1 ND-4243-1 ND-4243.1-1 ND-4244(a)-1 ND-4244(b)-1 ND-4244(c)-1 --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- ND-4244(d)-1 ND-4244(e)-1 ND-4244(e)-2 ND-4244(f)-1 ND-4244(g)-1 ND-4245-1 ND-4246.1(a)-1 ND-4246.3-1 ND-4246.5-1 ND-4246.5-2 ND-4246.5-3 ND-4246.5-4 Design Factor Times Allowable Axial Membrane Compressive Stress Versus Radius Over Thickness for Ferrous Materials With Yield Strengths of 175 MPa at Temperatures ≤ 150°C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Factor Times Allowable Axial Membrane Compressive Stress Versus Radius Over Thickness for Ferrous Materials With Yield Strengths of 30 ksi at Temperatures ≤ 300°F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Factor Times Allowable Axial Membrane Compressive Stress Versus Radius Over Thickness for Ferrous Materials With Yield Strengths of 210 MPa at Temperatures ≤ 150°C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Factor Times Allowable Axial Membrane Compressive Stress Versus Radius Over Thickness for Ferrous Materials With Yield Strengths of 35 ksi at Temperatures ≤ 300°F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Factor Times Allowable Axial Membrane Compressive Stress Versus Radius Over Thickness for Ferrous Materials With Yield Strengths of 245 MPa at Temperatures ≤ 150°C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Factor Times Allowable Axial Membrane Compressive Stress Versus Radius Over Thickness for Ferrous Materials With Yield Strengths of 40 ksi at Temperatures ≤ 300°F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Factor Times Allowable Axial Membrane Compressive Stress Versus Radius Over Thickness for Ferrous Materials With Yield Strengths of 280 MPa at Temperatures ≤ 150°C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Factor Times Allowable Axial Membrane Compressive Stress Versus Radius Over Thickness for Ferrous Materials With Yield Strengths of 45 ksi at Temperatures ≤ 300°F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Factor Times Allowable Axial Membrane Compressive Stress Versus Radius Over Thickness for Ferrous Materials With Yield Strengths of 315 MPa at Temperatures ≤ 150°C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Factor Times Allowable Axial Membrane Compressive Stress Versus Radius Over Thickness for Ferrous Materials With Yield Strengths of 50 ksi at Temperatures ≤ 300°F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Factor Times Allowable Axial Membrane Compressive Stress Versus Radius Over Thickness for Ferrous Materials With Yield Strengths of 350 MPa at Temperatures ≤ 150°C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maximum Difference in Cross‐Sectional Diameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maximum Permissible Deviation e From a True Circular Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maximum Arc Length for Determining Plus or Minus Deviation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Butt Weld Alignment and Mismatch Tolerances for Unequal I.D. and O.D. When Components Are Welded From One Side and Fairing Is Not Performed . . . . . . . . . . Attachment of Pressure Parts to Plates to Form a Corner Joint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Flat Heads, and Supported and Unsupported Tubesheets With Hubs . . . . . . . Nozzles, and Branch and Piping Connections Joined by Full Penetration Butt Welds . Nozzles, and Branch and Piping Connections Joined by Full Penetration Corner Welds Deposited Weld Metal Used as Reinforcement of Openings for Nozzles, and Branch and Piping Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Some Acceptable Types of Welded Nozzles, and Branch and Piping Connections . . . . Some Acceptable Types of Welded Nozzles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Some Acceptable Types of Small Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tube Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Some Acceptable Types of Welded Nozzles, and Branch and Piping Connections . . . . Attachment Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Bottom and Bottom‐to‐Shell Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Roof and Roof‐to‐Shell Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Roof Manholes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flanged Roof Nozzles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Screwed or Socket Weld Roof Nozzles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welded Bottom Outlet Elbow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 191 192 193 195 197 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 210 211 212 213 213 214 ND-4470-1 ND-4511-1 ND-4730-1 ND-4810(c)-1 ND-7734.2(a)-1 ND-7754.2(a)-1 Welding End Transitions Maximum Envelope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fillet and Socket Weld Details and Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Types of Attachment Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Some Acceptable Methods of Attaching Stiffening Rings to Shells of Cylindrical Vessels Subjected to External Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welded Stayed Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brazed Connections for Appurtenances and Piping, NPS 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Penetration Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Permissible Attachment Welds for Bellows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Values of F for Nonchoking Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Values of F for Nonchoking Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224 225 226 234 235 267 272 TABLES ND-2311-1 ND-2331(a)-1 ND-2331(a)-2 ND-2333-1 ND-2432.1-1 ND-2432.2-1 ND-2571-1 ND-3321-1 ND-3321-2 ND-3324.2-1 ND-3324.8(b)-1 ND-3324.11(b)(2)-1 ND-3324.11(b)(3)-1 ND-3332.2-1 ND-3361.3(a)-1 ND-3416-1 ND-3521-1 ND-3592.2(b)-1 ND-3611.2(e)-1 ND-3613.4-1 ND-3641.1(a)-1 ND-3642.1(c)-1 ND-3673.2(b)-1 ND-3821.5-1 ND-3852.7-1 ND-3852.7-2 ND-3852.7-3 ND-3852.7-4 ND-3852.7-5 ND-3852.7-6 ND-3861-1 ND-3862(a)-1 ND-3862(a)-2 ND-3863-1 ND-3865-1 ND-3865-2 ND-3865-3 ND-3921.8-1 ND-3923.1-1 ND-3932.2(d)-1 ND-3933.5(h)-1 ND-4232(a)-1 ND-4247.6(d)-1 Exemptions From Impact Testing Under ND-2311(a)(8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Required Cv Lateral Expansion Values for Pressure Retaining Material (Except Bolting) Required Cv Energy Values for Pressure Retaining Material (Except Bolting) . . . . . . . Required Cv Values for Bolting Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sampling of Welding Materials for Chemical Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welding Material Chemical Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Required Examinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stress Limits for Design and Service Loadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Classification of Stress in Vessels for Some Typical Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Values of Factor K . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Values of Factor M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Values of Δ for Junctions at the Large Cylinder for ≤ 30 deg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Values of Δ for Junctions at the Small Cylinder for ≤ 30 deg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Values of Spherical Radius Factor K 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Minimum Number of Pipe Threads for Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stress and Pressure Limits for Design and Service Loadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Level A, Level B, Level C, and Level D Service Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Class 3 Pressure Relief Devices: Level B, C, and D Service Loadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stress Range Reduction Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Weld Joint Efficiency Factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Values of A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Minimum Thickness for Bending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stress Indices, Flexibility, and Stress Intensification Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design and Service Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Allowable Tensile Stresses for Roof Supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Allowable Axial Compression Stresses for Roof Supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Allowable Bending Stresses for Roof Supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Allowable Shear Stresses for Roof Supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Allowable Shear and Tension Stresses for Bolts for Roof Supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Allowable Bearing Stresses for Bolts for Roof Supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Roof Manholes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flanged Roof Nozzles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Screwed or Socket Weld Roof Nozzles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welded Bottom Outlet Elbow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Platforms and Walkways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stairways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stairway Rise, Run, and Angle Relationships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design and Service Limits for Steel Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maximum Allowable Stress Values for Structural Members . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Factors for Determining Values of R 1 and R 2 for 2:1 Ellipsoidal Roofs and Bottoms . Some Values for k Based on n, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maximum Allowable Offset in Final Welded Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Minimum Size for Fillet Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 14 15 15 18 18 24 40 41 43 46 47 48 61 73 76 100 104 106 108 110 111 133 141 144 145 147 149 150 150 153 154 155 156 156 156 157 158 163 167 173 194 214 x 215 221 223 --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- ND-4250-1 ND-4427-1 ND-4433-1 ND-4437.2(b)-1 ND-4524-1 ND-4622.1-1 ND-4622.4(c)-1 ND-4622.7(b)-1 ND-5211.2-1 Maximum Design Temperatures for Brazing Filler Metal, °F (°C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mandatory Requirements for Postweld Heat Treatment of Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alternative Holding Temperatures and Times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exemptions to Mandatory PWHT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thickness Above Which Full Radiographic Examination of Butt Welded Joint is Mandatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 ENDNOTES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277 xi 228 229 230 231 LIST OF SECTIONS ð13Þ SECTIONS I Rules for Construction of Power Boilers II Materials • Part A — Ferrous Material Specifications • Part B — Nonferrous Material Specifications • Part C — Specifications for Welding Rods, Electrodes, and Filler Metals • Part D — Properties (Customary) • Part D — Properties (Metric) III Rules for Construction of Nuclear Facility Components • Subsection NCA — General Requirements for Division 1 and Division 2 • Appendices • Division 1 – Subsection NB — Class 1 Components – Subsection NC — Class 2 Components – Subsection ND — Class 3 Components – Subsection NE — Class MC Components – Subsection NF — Supports – Subsection NG — Core Support Structures – Subsection NH — Class 1 Components in Elevated Temperature Service • Division 2 — Code for Concrete Containments • Division 3 — Containments for Transportation and Storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High Level Radioactive Material and Waste • Division 5 — High Temperature Reactors IV Rules for Construction of Heating Boilers V Nondestructive Examination VI Recommended Rules for the Care and Operation of Heating Boilers VII Recommended Guidelines for the Care of Power Boilers VIII Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels • Division 1 • Division 2 — Alternative Rules • Division 3 — Alternative Rules for Construction of High Pressure Vessels IX Welding and Brazing Qualifications X Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Pressure Vessels XI Rules for Inservice Inspection of Nuclear Power Plant Components XII Rules for Construction and Continued Service of Transport Tanks xii --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- INTERPRETATIONS ASME issues written replies to inquiries concerning interpretation of technical aspects of the Code. Interpretations of the Code are posted in January and July at http://cstools.asme.org/interpretations.cfm. Any Interpretations issued during the previous two calendar years are included with the publication of the applicable Section of the Code. Interpretations of Section III, Divisions 1 and 2 and Section III Appendices are included with Subsection NCA. CODE CASES The Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code committees meet regularly to consider proposed additions and revisions to the Code and to formulate Cases to clarify the intent of existing requirements or provide, when the need is urgent, rules for materials or constructions not covered by existing Code rules. Those Cases that have been adopted will appear in the appropriate 2013 Code Cases book: “Boilers and Pressure Vessels” or “Nuclear Components.” Supplements will be sent automatically to the purchasers of the Code Cases books up to the publication of the 2015 Code. --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- xiii FOREWORD (This Foreword is provided as an aid to the user and is not part of the rules of this Code.) In 1911, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers established the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee to formulate standard rules for the construction of steam boilers and other pressure vessels. In 2009, the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee was superseded by the following committees: (a) Committee on Power Boilers (I) (b) Committee on Materials (II) (c) Committee on Construction of Nuclear Facility Components (III) (d) Committee on Heating Boilers (IV) (e) Committee on Nondestructive Examination (V) (f) Committee on Pressure Vessels (VIII) (g) Committee on Welding and Brazing (IX) (h) Committee on Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Pressure Vessels (X) (i) Committee on Nuclear Inservice Inspection (XI) (j) Committee on Transport Tanks (XII) Where reference is made to “the Committee” in this Foreword, each of these committees is included individually and collectively. The Committee's function is to establish rules of safety relating only to pressure integrity, which govern the construction* of boilers, pressure vessels, transport tanks, and nuclear components, and the inservice inspection of nuclear components and transport tanks. The Committee also interprets these rules when questions arise regarding their intent. This Code does not address other safety issues relating to the construction of boilers, pressure vessels, transport tanks, or nuclear components, or the inservice inspection of nuclear components or transport tanks. Users of the Code should refer to the pertinent codes, standards, laws, regulations, or other relevant documents for safety issues other than those relating to pressure integrity. Except for Sections XI and XII, and with a few other exceptions, the rules do not, of practical necessity, reflect the likelihood and consequences of deterioration in service related to specific service fluids or external operating environments. In formulating the rules, the Committee considers the needs of users, manufacturers, and inspectors of pressure vessels. The objective of the rules is to afford reasonably certain protection of life and property, and to provide a margin for deterioration in service to give a reasonably long, safe period of usefulness. Advancements in design and materials and evidence of experience have been recognized. This Code contains mandatory requirements, specific prohibitions, and nonmandatory guidance for construction activities and inservice inspection and testing activities. The Code does not address all aspects of these activities and those aspects that are not specifically addressed should not be considered prohibited. The Code is not a handbook and cannot replace education, experience, and the use of engineering judgment. The phrase engineering judgement refers to technical judgments made by knowledgeable engineers experienced in the application of the Code. Engineering judgments must be consistent with Code philosophy, and such judgments must never be used to overrule mandatory requirements or specific prohibitions of the Code. The Committee recognizes that tools and techniques used for design and analysis change as technology progresses and expects engineers to use good judgment in the application of these tools. The designer is responsible for complying with Code rules and demonstrating compliance with Code equations when such equations are mandatory. The Code neither requires nor prohibits the use of computers for the design or analysis of components constructed to the requirements of the Code. However, designers and engineers using computer programs for design or analysis are cautioned that they are responsible for all technical assumptions inherent in the programs they use and the application of these programs to their design. * Construction, as used in this Foreword, is an all-inclusive term comprising materials, design, fabrication, examination, inspection, testing, certification, and pressure relief. xiv --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- ð13Þ --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- The rules established by the Committee are not to be interpreted as approving, recommending, or endorsing any proprietary or specific design, or as limiting in any way the manufacturer's freedom to choose any method of design or any form of construction that conforms to the Code rules. The Committee meets regularly to consider revisions of the rules, new rules as dictated by technological development, Code Cases, and requests for interpretations. Only the Committee has the authority to provide official interpretations of this Code. Requests for revisions, new rules, Code Cases, or interpretations shall be addressed to the Secretary in writing and shall give full particulars in order to receive consideration and action (see Submittal of Technical Inquiries to the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Standards Committees). Proposed revisions to the Code resulting from inquiries will be presented to the Committee for appropriate action. The action of the Committee becomes effective only after confirmation by ballot of the Committee and approval by ASME. Proposed revisions to the Code approved by the Committee are submitted to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and published at http://cstools.asme.org/csconnect/public/index.cfm?PublicReview=Revisions to invite comments from all interested persons. After public review and final approval by ASME, revisions are published at regular intervals in Editions of the Code. The Committee does not rule on whether a component shall or shall not be constructed to the provisions of the Code. The scope of each Section has been established to identify the components and parameters considered by the Committee in formulating the Code rules. Questions or issues regarding compliance of a specific component with the Code rules are to be directed to the ASME Certificate Holder (Manufacturer). Inquiries concerning the interpretation of the Code are to be directed to the Committee. ASME is to be notified should questions arise concerning improper use of an ASME Certification Mark. When required by context in this Section, the singular shall be interpreted as the plural, and vice versa, and the feminine, masculine, or neuter gender shall be treated as such other gender as appropriate. xv STATEMENT OF POLICY ON THE USE OF THE CERTIFICATION MARK AND CODE AUTHORIZATION IN ADVERTISING ASME has established procedures to authorize qualified organizations to perform various activities in accordance with the requirements of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. It is the aim of the Society to provide recognition of organizations so authorized. An organization holding authorization to perform various activities in accordance with the requirements of the Code may state this capability in its advertising literature. Organizations that are authorized to use the Certification Mark for marking items or constructions that have been constructed and inspected in compliance with the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code are issued Certificates of Authorization. It is the aim of the Society to maintain the standing of the Certification Mark for the benefit of the users, the enforcement jurisdictions, and the holders of the Certification Mark who comply with all requirements. Based on these objectives, the following policy has been established on the usage in advertising of facsimiles of the Certification Mark, Certificates of Authorization, and reference to Code construction. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers does not “approve,” “certify,” “rate,” or “endorse” any item, construction, or activity and there shall be no statements or implications that might so indicate. An organization holding the Certification Mark and/or a Certificate of Authorization may state in advertising literature that items, constructions, or activities “are built (produced or performed) or activities conducted in accordance with the requirements of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code,” or “meet the requirements of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code.” An ASME corporate logo shall not be used by any organization other than ASME. The Certification Mark shall be used only for stamping and nameplates as specifically provided in the Code. However, facsimiles may be used for the purpose of fostering the use of such construction. Such usage may be by an association or a society, or by a holder of the Certification Mark who may also use the facsimile in advertising to show that clearly specified items will carry the Certification Mark. General usage is permitted only when all of a manufacturer’s items are constructed under the rules. STATEMENT OF POLICY ON THE USE OF ASME MARKING TO IDENTIFY MANUFACTURED ITEMS The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code provides rules for the construction of boilers, pressure vessels, and nuclear components. This includes requirements for materials, design, fabrication, examination, inspection, and stamping. Items constructed in accordance with all of the applicable rules of the Code are identified with the official Certification Mark described in the governing Section of the Code. Markings such as “ASME,” “ASME Standard,” or any other marking including “ASME” or the Certification Mark shall not be used on any item that is not constructed in accordance with all of the applicable requirements of the Code. Items shall not be described on ASME Data Report Forms nor on similar forms referring to ASME that tend to imply that all Code requirements have been met when, in fact, they have not been. Data Report Forms covering items not fully complying with ASME requirements should not refer to ASME or they should clearly identify all exceptions to the ASME requirements. xvi --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- SUBMITTAL OF TECHNICAL INQUIRIES TO THE BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL STANDARDS COMMITTEES 1 INTRODUCTION (a) The following information provides guidance to Code users for submitting technical inquiries to the committees. See Guideline on the Approval of New Materials Under the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code in Section II, Parts C and D for additional requirements for requests involving adding new materials to the Code. Technical inquiries include requests for revisions or additions to the Code rules, requests for Code Cases, and requests for Code Interpretations, as described below. (1) Code Revisions. Code revisions are considered to accommodate technological developments, address administrative requirements, incorporate Code Cases, or to clarify Code intent. (2) Code Cases. Code Cases represent alternatives or additions to existing Code rules. Code Cases are written as a question and reply, and are usually intended to be incorporated into the Code at a later date. When used, Code Cases prescribe mandatory requirements in the same sense as the text of the Code. However, users are cautioned that not all jurisdictions or owners automatically accept Code Cases. The most common applications for Code Cases are: (-a) to permit early implementation of an approved Code revision based on an urgent need (-b) to permit the use of a new material for Code construction (-c) to gain experience with new materials or alternative rules prior to incorporation directly into the Code (3) Code Interpretations. Code Interpretations provide clarification of the meaning of existing rules in the Code, and are also presented in question and reply format. Interpretations do not introduce new requirements. In cases where existing Code text does not fully convey the meaning that was intended, and revision of the rules is required to support an interpretation, an Intent Interpretation will be issued and the Code will be revised. (b) The Code rules, Code Cases, and Code Interpretations established by the committees are not to be considered as approving, recommending, certifying, or endorsing any proprietary or specific design, or as limiting in any way the freedom of manufacturers, constructors, or owners to choose any method of design or any form of construction that conforms to the Code rules. (c) Inquiries that do not comply with these provisions or that do not provide sufficient information for a committee’s full understanding may result in the request being returned to the inquirer with no action. 2 --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- ð13Þ INQUIRY FORMAT Submittals to a committee shall include: (a) Purpose. Specify one of the following: (1) revision of present Code rules (2) new or additional Code rules (3) Code Case (4) Code Interpretation (b) Background. Provide the information needed for the committee’s understanding of the inquiry, being sure to include reference to the applicable Code Section, Division, Edition, Addenda (if applicable), paragraphs, figures, and tables. Preferably, provide a copy of the specific referenced portions of the Code. (c) Presentations. The inquirer may desire or be asked to attend a meeting of the committee to make a formal presentation or to answer questions from the committee members with regard to the inquiry. Attendance at a committee meeting shall be at the expense of the inquirer. The inquirer’s attendance or lack of attendance at a meeting shall not be a basis for acceptance or rejection of the inquiry by the committee. xvii 3 CODE REVISIONS OR ADDITIONS Requests for Code revisions or additions shall provide the following: (a) Proposed Revisions or Additions. For revisions, identify the rules of the Code that require revision and submit a copy of the appropriate rules as they appear in the Code, marked up with the proposed revision. For additions, provide the recommended wording referenced to the existing Code rules. (b) Statement of Need. Provide a brief explanation of the need for the revision or addition. (c) Background Information. Provide background information to support the revision or addition, including any data or changes in technology that form the basis for the request that will allow the committee to adequately evaluate the proposed revision or addition. Sketches, tables, figures, and graphs should be submitted as appropriate. When applicable, identify any pertinent paragraph in the Code that would be affected by the revision or addition and identify paragraphs in the Code that reference the paragraphs that are to be revised or added. 4 CODE CASES Requests for Code Cases shall provide a Statement of Need and Background Information similar to that defined in 3(b) and 3(c), respectively, for Code revisions or additions. The urgency of the Code Case (e.g., project underway or imminent, new procedure, etc.) must be defined and it must be confirmed that the request is in connection with equipment that will bear the Certification Mark, with the exception of Section XI applications. The proposed Code Case should identify the Code Section and Division, and be written as a Question and a Reply in the same format as existing Code Cases. Requests for Code Cases should also indicate the applicable Code Editions and Addenda (if applicable) to which the proposed Code Case applies. 5 CODE INTERPRETATIONS 6 SUBMITTALS Submittals to and responses from the committees shall meet the following: (a) Submittal. Inquiries from Code users shall be in English and preferably be submitted in typewritten form; however, legible handwritten inquiries will also be considered. They shall include the name, address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address, if available, of the inquirer and be mailed to the following address: Secretary ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee Two Park Avenue New York, NY 10016-5990 As an alternative, inquiries may be submitted via e-mail to: SecretaryBPV@asme.org. (b) Response. The Secretary of the appropriate committee shall acknowledge receipt of each properly prepared inquiry and shall provide a written response to the inquirer upon completion of the requested action by the committee. xviii --```,`,,`,,,```,,``,,,,,,,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- (a) Requests for Code Interpretations shall provide the following: (1) Inquiry. Provide a condensed and precise question, omitting superfluous background information and, when possible, composed in such a way that a “yes” or a “no” Reply, with brief provisos if needed, is acceptable. The question should be technically and editorially correct. (2) Reply. Provide a proposed Reply that will clearly and concisely answer the Inquiry question. Preferably, the Reply should be “yes” or “no,” with brief provisos if needed. (3) Background Information. Provide any background information that will assist the committee in understanding the proposed Inquiry and Reply. (b) Requests for Code Interpretations must be limited to an interpretation of a particular requirement in the Code or a Code Case. The committee cannot consider consulting type requests such as the following: (1) a review of calculations, design drawings, welding qualifications, or descriptions of equipment or parts to determine compliance with Code requirements; (2) a request for assistance in performing any Code-prescribed functions relating to, but not limited to, material selection, designs, calculations, fabrication, inspection, pressure testing, or installation; (3) a request seeking the rationale for Code requirements.
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