Tài liệu Documents.tips_ngu phap tieng anh can ban trong ki thi toeic

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( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com CÂU BỊ ĐỘNG I. CẤU TRÚC BỊ ĐỘNG hiện tại đơn quá khứ đơn hiện tại tiếp diễn quá khứ tiếp diễn hiện tại hoàn thành quá khứ hoàn thành can/could/will/would/must have to/used to/be going to is/am/are + V3/ED was/were + V3/ED is/am/are + being + V3/ed was/were + being + V3/ed have/has + been + V3/ed had + been + V3/ed can/could/will/would/must + be + V3/ed have to/used to/be going to + be + V3/ed EX: Tim buy the book. The book is bought by Tim. II. Một số dạng câu bị động đặc biệt 1. Những cấu trúc bị động không được sử dụng với giới từ “by” Be disappointed Be frightened Be surprised + at Ex: He was disappointed at breach of contract. Be engaged Be interested Be involved + in Ex: Be composed Be tired + of Ex: Our team is composed of the best employees in our company Be committed Be married ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com Be dedicated Be made Be expected + to Ex: Weve are supposed to hold one 45 minutes meeting once a month. Be bored Be covered Be confused Be faced Be filled Be satisfied Be (pre)occupied Be pleased + with Ex: They were preoccupied with the provisions in contract. Her eyes is suddenly filled with tears. The sails were filled with the wind. 2. Động từ have S + have + O ( người) + V1 + O (vật) S + have + O (vật) + V3 + BY O (người) She has Tom (wash) her car. She has her car (wash) by Tom. 3. Động từ cảm giác (perceptual verbs): see, watch, hear, observe,….. S + V + O + V1/Ving S + be + p.p + to V1 + by O Ving ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com My mother saw the children swimming on the water. The children were seen swimming in the lake. They saw the thief steal my purse. The thief was seen to steal my purse. PHÂN BIỆT CHỦ ĐỘNG VÀ BỊ ĐỘNG 1. The children from High School will be……..candy for their annual trip to Paris. a. sell b. sold c. selling d. have sold 2. His mother was………….him to bring a present. a. allowing b. allowed c. to allow d. being allow 3. Because this is a sold-out performance, all attendees are……….. to arrive one hour. a. requested b. requesting c. be requested d. being requested 4. She ……….by him because she didn’t work effectively. a. would not be asked ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com b. would be not asked c. would ask 5. Tom has she …….. the brochure. a. revised b. revise c. revising d. to revise 6. They ……… the specialist look after their health, today. a. had b. have c. stay d. remain 7. The customers had the company ……. money when their products defected. a. predicting b. reminding c. refunded d. refund 8. She …. cook in the kitchen. a. was made to b. was made by c. made d. make 9. She ………...sing this song. a. is expected to b. expected c. expect d. expects 10. The executives...……..with the presentation. a. was satisfied ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com b. were satisfied c. satisfied d. satisfing 11. ……… flowers, the room seems more beautifully. a. covered with b. covering c. to cover d. to have covered 12. They……..a new-member discount. a. can be received b. can received c. can receive d. can be not received 13. He …….for a promotion. a. considers b. has been considering c. has considered d. is being considered 14. Peter Kerensky…………from sale staff to assistant. a. was promoted b. was promoting c. promoted d. has promoted 15. So far, that terms ……..by committee, so he can not reach his purpose. a. accepted b. accepting c. have not been accepted d. have not accepted 16. Attendance records must….. to the director by next Thursday. a. be submit b. submitted ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com c. be submitted d. submission 17. The company will……. current staff by 10%. a. reduce b. be reduced c. reduced d. reduction 18. The company’s travel budge has…….significant. a. reducing b. reduce c. been reduced d. reduced 19. A survey of mobile phone use…..…the company. a. was conducted with b. was conducted by c. were conducting d. conducted 20. The job has already been…….. by her. a. finished b. finishing c. finish d. to finish 21. The outstanding balance of value customer must………..by next month. a. pay b. paid c. is paid d. be paid 22. The meeting ……..on March 1, 2006 on Lion street. a. hold b. was held c. has been held ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com d. holding 23. Please………..the windows closed. a. remain b. became c. let d. keep 24. Interested applicants should…………a impressing resumé and cover letter to Mr. Pike by next Monday. a. submit b. be submitted c. submitted d. be submitting 25. They are………… application within 7 days. a. accepted b. accepting c. being accepted d. to accept e. 26. They will not be………. Financial statements. a. issued b. issuing c. having issued d. to issue 27. To apply for the position, all the requested information should be ………to the address below. a. sending b. send ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com c. sent d. sender 28. All customers who apply and ………….for a Baltigone Furniture Card will receive free home delivery for all their purchases. a. are approved b. is approving c. approved d. approving 29. Due to the rivising cost of materials, Hirosue Manufacturing will be………….on ak of its products. a. increased b. increasing c. increase d. increasive 30. All visitors to Croke County Hospital are…………..to register at the reception if they wish too see patients. a. require b. requiring c. required d. been required 31. This marketing position ……………at least two years of experience in a related field. a. required b. requiring c. requires d. requiriment 32. Trans Allantitc Inc. tour guides are………….to be the most knowledgeable and friendly in the tourist industry. a. considered b. considering c. consideration d. consider 33. The Palmdale Resort is……………complimentary massage to guests who stay for more than two rights. a. offered b. offering c. offer d. be offer ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com ĐẠI TỪ ĐẠI TỪ NHÂN XƯNG TÍNH TỪ SỞ HỮU ĐẠI TỪ SỞ HỮU TÚC TỪ ĐẠI TỪ PHẢN THÂN I We They You He She It my our their your his her its mine ours theirs yours his hers its me us them you him her it myself ourselves themselves yourself/yourselves himself herself itself Làm chủ ngữ. TTSH + N ĐTSH = TTSH + N My hair is long. Ex: My hair is longer than hers (=her hair) Túc từ: Làm tân ngữ S+V+O, S + V That is Mr. Jack, he is a effective manager. Đại từ phản thân: 1. S + V + oneself Ex: She carries out herself this job. 2. S + oneself + V : dùng để nhấn mạnh Ex: She herself carries out this job. 3. By oneself = alone = on one’s own : một mình She carries out this job by herself. Ex: Do you often contact him? ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com 1. I go for a walk by………. a. myself b. himself c. me d. him 2. He requests the secretary made a appointment for….... on Monday morning. a. him b. himself c. her d. me 3. To make the staff questionnaire more effective, all company employees should fill in the answers by………. a. himself b. theirself c. themselves d. theirselves ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com 4. Joe Jefferson, the purchasing manager, will contact each supplier…………to negotiate shipping prices. a. himself b. itself c. themselves d. him 5. This publication is mainly recommended to……….considering a move to an independent consulting career. a. their b. yourself c. anyone d. it 6. With………new line of cars and reduced prices, GQ Motors is now once again the nation’s number one automotive company. a. its b. itself c. them d. they 7. The employees waited patiently during the of………..computer accounts and security passwwords. a. them momentary suspension ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com b. their c. theirs d. themselve 8. Since Satun’s employees frequently travel, the president wants a system that forwards calls to them as…………travel to any of the offices in Europe. a. they b. them c. he d. him 9. Because many of the warehouse workers were out sick today, Mr.Miller had to stock the goods on the shelves……….. a. itself b. himself c. herself d. him 10. If the task is too complicated to figure out on………..own, please don’t hesitate to ask one of our representatives, who are here to help. a. you b. your c. yours d. yourself ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com 11. After Ms.Johnes receives all the customer evaluation forms, she will begin carefully reviewing…… a. herself b. her c. them d. it 12. At this year’s orientation session, the general manager………..took the time to personally welcome all new recruits in her usual, affable manner. a. herself b. she c. her d. herselves 13. A extra customer service training session will be help before work tommorrow morning for……who were absent from Friday’s seminar. a. these b. those c. that d. him 14. It seems that laborers in underdeveloped countries would rather have their children help………..at work than enroll them in school. a. they ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com b. them c. themselves d. itself 15. After Jones receives all the customers evaluation forms, she will begin carefully reviewing…….. a. them b. theirs c. himself d. it 16. Please inform Mr. Geoffrey that we couldn’t possibly thank……..enough for his excellent work in negotiation the new sales contract. a. him b. himself c. themselves d. them ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ I. MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ 1. WHO: đại từ quan hệ chỉ người, đứng sau danh từ chỉ người, chức năng làm chủ ngữ. Ex: He was a scientist. He received The Nobel Rize. He who received The Nobel Rize was a scientist. 2. WHOM: đại từ quan hệ chỉ người, đứng sau danh từ chỉ người, chức năng làm tân ngữ. Ex: He was a my friend. I met him a year ago. He whom I met a year ago was a my friend. 3. WHICH: đại từ quan hệ chỉ vật, đứng sau danh từ chỉ vật, chức năng làm chủ ngữ hoặc tân ngữ. Ex: The book is interesting. She bought it yesterday. The book which she bought yesterday is interesting. He often helps everyone, which makes him become friendly. ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… 4. THAT: thay cho Who/Whom/Which. ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com Dùng That: - Trong mệnh đề quan hệ xác định (the, this, these, those, his, her… - Luôn dùng “ that” sau: all, everything, something, anything, little, much, none và so sánh nhất. KHÔNG DÙNG THAT: sau dấu phẩy “,” 5. WHOSE: đại từ quan hệ chỉ sở hữu, thay thế cho tính từ sở hữu trước danh từ, đứng sau danh từ chủ sở hữu. Ex: I will introduce you to the man. His knowledge is necessary for your project. I will introduce you to the man whose knowledge is necessary for your project. 6. WHEN: đứng sau danh từ chỉ thời gian. Ex: Thurdays is the day when she meet her father. at/on/in which, then when 7. Where: đứng sau danh từ chỉ nơi chốn. Ex: Paris is the place where I want to come. at/in/to which, there where 8. WHY: đứng sau “the reason” chỉ lí do. That is the reason why she tries to work hard. II. GIỚI TỪ TRONG MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ The teacher whom we studies with a month is Mr. Rock. …………………………………………………………… ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com Giới từ + WHOM WHICH Nếu giới từ đứng cuối mệnh đề quan hệ thuộc một cụm động từ thì không đem giới từ ra trước whom, which. Ex: That is the hat which he is looking for. III. RÚT GỌN MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ A. DẠNG CHỦ ĐỘNG : Ving 1. The man who is playing tennis with her is a actress. The man playing tennis with her is a actress. 2. The customers who complainted about service should see the manager. …………………………………………………………………………. B. DẠNG BỊ ĐỘNG: V3/ed 1. The automatic system which is created by Mr. Sidney is good pratice. The automatic system created by Mr. Sidney is good pratice. 2. She who was interviewed a days ago was entirely suitable. ………………………………………………………………………….. EXERCISES 1. The house (paint) in white is where he lives. ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com 2. Tom lives in a building (have) twenty storeys. 3. He (invite) to her birthday is teacher. 4. My friend,Jack,(that, who, whose) parents live in Glasgow, invited me to spend Christmas in Scotland. 5. This is the gun with (that, whom, which) the murder was committed. 6. The meal,(that, which, whose) wasn’t very tasty, was expensive. 7. She gives her children everything (that, what, who) they want. 8. Tell me (what, that, which) you want and I’ll have you. 9. He teaches me (how/where/what/when) to play the guitar 10. (What/Which/Who/That) he have to do before receives this job. 11. He ask her (what,when,which,that) he should do it. 12. The reason (why, that, what) I phoned him was to invite him to party 13. I don’t like people (who, whom, whose) never stops talking. 14. I don’t believe the story (that, who, whom) she told us. 15. I live in Vietnam (in which/whom/that) I was born. 16. The mother teach me (how/what/where) to cook the food. 17. ………he ask for information, we will be happy to help you with all our heart. a. Whenever b. Where c. Who d. Whatever 18. …………you send the package, just make sure it gets there before noon tomorrow. a. Wherever ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com b. Whenever c. How d. What 19. Roaming service makes it possible to use your mobile phone……..you go in France, America, China. a. what b. whatever c. wherever d. whomever 20. At certain shops in populous areas, they sell imitation bags and shoes,….is illegal. a. which b. where c. but d. who 21. …….interested in the film can contact me, if you want to get a free ticket to the festival. a. Whoever b. Someone c. Anyone d. One 22. Any person……was involved in this case is advised to consult a lawyer. a. who b. whoever c. whom ( Word Reader - Unregistered ) www.word-reader.com d. she 23. The latest company report indicates…………lower profitability is likely over the next quarter due to the increased cost of resources. a. which b. that c. when d. why 24. ……does not want to receive mailing services may call our Customer Service Center at a toll-free number. a. Anyone b. Some c. Whoever d. None 25. A Grandeur spokesperson also stated that ample parking space is available,………an underground facility. a. what includes b. which includes c. where include d. who includes 26. This intimate event,………..at a luxurious resort in LA, is a gathering of the industry’s most influential “thought leaders”. a. located b. locating c. location
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