Tài liệu Chuyên đề 9. danh động từ và động từ nguyên mẫu (chuyên đề ôn thi đại học của cô vũ thị mai phương)

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Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Danh ñộng từ và bài tập DANH ðỘNG TỪ VÀ BÀI TẬP (TÀI LIỆU BÀI GIẢNG) Giáo viên: VŨ THỊ MAI PHƯƠNG A. CẤU TẠO Cấu tạo danh ñộng từ hoàn toàn giống như ñộng tính từ hiện tại. Danh ñộng từ có những dạng ghép, ví dụ (ñộng từ to do): Dạng chung :doing Thụ ñộng :being done Hoàn thành :having done Hoàn thành thụ ñộng :having been done B. CÁCH DÙNG CƠ BẢN 1. Làm chủ ngữ Working in the these conditions is a pleasure. Swimming against the current was difficult. Seeing is believing. Her aim is learning English You must avoid making mistakes. 3. Làm tân ngữ gián tiếp Your hair needs cutting. I regret having said this to her. I thought of going to see my uncle today. He left without saying a word. 4. Sau giới từ (dù trước There was little hope of reaching home at noon. giới từ là ñộng từ, danh từ He was afraid of being punished. hay tính từ Before starting, you should get everything ready. 2. Làm bổ ngữ C. MỘT SỐ ðẶC ðIỂM 1. ðộng từ vừa mang tính chất danh từ vừa mang tính chất ñộng từ. Tính chất ñộng từ thể hiện rõ ở hai ñiểm. a. Có thể có tân ngữ trực tiếp Ex: I remember seeing him. b. Có thể có phó từ ñi kèm Ex: He likes driving fast. I was surprised at his speaking English so fluently. 2. Tính chất danh từ thể hiện rõ ở trong cách dùng như trong bảng trên và ở một ñiểm nữa là có thể dùng tính từ sở hữu hay danh từ ở cách sở hữu trước một ñộng danh từ: Ex: Please excuse my interrupting you. Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 1 - Danh ñộng từ và bài tập Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương 3. Có một số ñộng từ và cụm từ luôn luôn ñòi hỏi ñộng danh từ ñi sau Ex: approve of, apologize for, believe in, count on, care for, complain of, confess to, consist of, depend on, dream of, end in, give up, forget about, go back to, hesitate about, insist on, keep on, lead to, long for, look forward to, object to, persist in, plan on, put off, rely on, result in, safe from, succeed in, think about, think of, take up, worry about…. absorbed in, accustomed to. afraid of, amused at, angry with, annoyed at, ashamed of, aware of, capable of, careful about, careless of, certain of, clever at, unconscious of, content with, delighted at, different from, embarrassed at, excited about, far from, fond of, fortunate in, frightened of, furious at, good at, grateful for, happy at, interested in, keen on, proud of, pleased at, responsible for, scared at, sick of, skilled at, slow in, sorry for, successful in,…… Do you mind You must go on He will give up It is no use The book is worth opening the window? working. smoking. crying over spoilt milk. reading. D. LUYỆN TẬP ðổi những ñộng từ trong ngoặc sang dạng ñộng danh từ thích hợp: 1.Thank you for (lend) us the book. 2.We shall enjoy (read) it. 3.It has stopped (rain). 4.I hate (go) out in the rain. 5.I can’t help (wonder) whether we should risk (go) without our raincoats. 6.My uncle has given up (smoke) and now prefer (eat) sweets. 7.I suggest (do) more on the gerund next time. 8.Excuse me for (give) you so much trouble. 9.You never mentioned (speak) to them on the subject. 10. He was proud of (award) the prize (Tự hào ñược giải thưởng). 11. I don’t remember ever (see) you. 12. He was quite serious in (say) that he was leaving the place for good. 13. After (examine) by the doctor, the young man was admitted to the sports club (sau khi ñược bác sĩ khám). 14. She reproached me for not (keep) my promise (trách tôi không giữ lời hứa). 15. Don’t delay you (send) in of the application form (ñừng trì hoãn việc anh nộp ñơn xin). 16. He doesn’t deny his (take) part in the plot. 17. I had to postpone my (listen) to his plans to a later date. 18. Out friend objected to out (leave) so soon (phản ñối việc chúng tôi ra về sớm). 19. We are quite used to William’s (grumble) (quen với việc William càu nhàu). 20. They are looking forward to Mary’s (come) (mong ñợi cô Marry ñến). Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Hocmai.vn Nguồn : Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 2 - Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Danh động từ và bài tập DANH ĐỘNG TỪ VÀ BÀI TẬP (BÀI TẬP TỰ LUYỆN) Giáo viên: VŨ THỊ MAI PHƯƠNG Choose the best answer for each of the following sentences: 1. He kept on_______ a. worked b. work c. working d. works 2. She went to market without_______ anything. a. buy b. to buy c. bought d. buying 3. This article is worth_______ into your notebook. a. copying b. copy c. to copy d. to be copied 4. The boy denied_______ the glass window. a. to break b. breaking c. broke d. to break 5. These workers are accustomed to _______ at night. a. work b. working c. works d. be working 6. The criminal admitted_______ this innocent child. a. killed b. to kill c. killing d. had killed 7. Mrs. Ramsay was accustomed_______ in this rickety house. a. by living b. to living c. with living d. living 8. She has avoided_______ to me so far. a. being talked b. talk c. talking d. to talk 9. We should avoid_______ personal questions. a. asking b. ask c. to ask d. at asking 10. It is no use_______ over spilt milk. a. for crying b. in crying c. to cry d. crying 11. I intended to revenge him but my father prevented me_______ so. a. from doing b. not to do c. not do d. not doing 12. You should remember_______ for me. a. post b. posting c. to be posting d. to have posted 13. We object to_______ her like this. a. treat b. being treated c. treating d. be treated 14. I can’t help_______ anxious about the economic situation of our country. a. felt b. feeling c. feel d. to feel 15. The nurse denied_______ the injection. a. give b. giving c. gave d. to give 16. Don’t stay in this bush to avoid_______ by snakes. a. bitten b. to be bitten c. being bitten d. biting 17. I am looking forward to_______ my classmates again. a. seeing b. to be seen c. being seen d. see 18. It is necessary that you avoid_______ him during the working session. a. disturb b. to disturb c. disturbing d. disturbs Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 1 - Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Danh động từ và bài tập 19. Are you considering_______ with us? a. to go b. going c. to have gone d. go 20. Your hair needs_______ a. cut b. to cut c. cutting d. be cut 21. Haven't you started_______ the answer? a. write b. writing c. how to write d. them to write 22. These shoes need_______ a. mending b. mend c. to mending d. to mend 23. Please excuse_______ a. for being late b. me for being late c. me be late d. I am late 24. It's no good_______ me about your lost cat. a. to tell b. tell c. him tell d. telling 25. My younger brother takes pleasures in_______ his little sister. a. tease b. to tease c. teases d. teasing 26. I remember_______ you before, but I have forgotten your name. a. to meet b. met c. meet d. meeting 27. Choose the 2 same sentences. a. She stops writing the letter b. She stops to write the letter c. She ceases writing the letter d. a and c are correct 28. I often dream of_______ on a trip to Japan. a. to go b. going c. go d. to going 29. She was soon out of breath, but she continued_______ a. run b. ran c. running d. in running 30. The strap needs mending. It_______ a. has mended b. has to be mended c. has been mended d. has been mending 31. Workers began_______ a number of wooden boxes a. unload b. unloading c. unloaded d. to unloading 32. It occurred to him to open it. He thought. _______ a. of opening b. to open c. to have opened d. opening 33. He answered these questions by_______ his head. a. to nod b. nodding c. nod d. to nodding 34. I couldn't deny_______ plausible excuses. a. him having made b. he has made c. that he has done d. his having made 35. I can't help_______ whether it should rain. a. wonder b. to wonder c. wondering d. for wondering 36. We appreciate_______ from you. a. hearing b. hear c. to hear d. heard 37. That young man will require_______ after. a. look b. looking c. to look d. looked 38. _______ to friends is nice but_______ is also enjoyable a. Talking /being alone b. To talk/ being alone c. Talk/ to be alone d. Talking/ be alone 39. Would you mind not_______ on the bus? a. in smoke b. to smoke c. smoke d. smoking Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 2 - Danh động từ và bài tập Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương 40. I'm opposed to_______ the money. a. borrow b. be borrowed c. borrowing d. be borrowing Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Nguồn Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 : Hocmai.vn - Trang | 3 - Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Danh động từ và bài tập DANH ĐỘNG TỪ VÀ BÀI TẬP (ĐÁP ÁN BÀI TẬP TỰ LUYỆN) Giáo viên: VŨ THỊ MAI PHƯƠNG Choose the best answer for each of the following sentences: 1. He kept on_______ a. worked b. work c. working d. works 2. She went to market without_______ anything. d. buying a. buy b. to buy c. bought 3. This article is worth_______ into your notebook. a. copying b. copy c. to copy d. to be copied 4. The boy denied_______ the glass window. b. breaking c. broke d. to break a. to break 5. These workers are accustomed to _______ at night. a. work b. working c. works d. be working 6. The criminal admitted_______ this innocent child. c. killing d. had killed a. killed b. to kill 7. Mrs. Ramsay was accustomed_______ in this rickety house. a. by living b. to living c. with living d. living 8. She has avoided_______ to me so far. c. talking d. to talk a. being talked b. talk 9. We should avoid_______ personal questions. a. asking b. ask c. to ask d. at asking 10. It is no use_______ over spilt milk. a. for crying b. in crying c. to cry d. crying 11. I intended to revenge him but my father prevented me_______ so. a. from doing b. not to do c. not do d. not doing 12. You should remember_______ for me. b. posting c. to be posting d. to have posted a. post 13. We object to_______ her like this. a. treat b. being treated c. treating d. be treated 14. I can’t help_______ anxious about the economic situation of our country. b. feeling c. feel d. to feel a. felt 15. The nurse denied_______ the injection. a. give b. giving c. gave d. to give 16. Don’t stay in this bush to avoid_______ by snakes. c. being bitten d. biting a. bitten b. to be bitten 17. I am looking forward to_______ my classmates again. a. seeing b. to be seen c. being seen d. see 18. It is necessary that you avoid_______ him during the working session. a. disturb b. to disturb c. disturbing d. disturbs Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 1 - Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Danh động từ và bài tập 19. Are you considering_______ with us? b. going c. to have gone d. go a. to go 20. Your hair needs_______ a. cut b. to cut c. cutting d. be cut 21. Haven't you started_______ the answer? b. writing c. how to write d. them to write a. write 22. These shoes need_______ a. mending b. mend c. to mending d. to mend 23. Please excuse_______ a. for being late b. me for being late c. me be late d. I am late 24. It's no good_______ me about your lost cat. d. telling a. to tell b. tell c. him tell 25. My younger brother takes pleasures in_______ his little sister. a. tease b. to tease c. teases d. teasing 26. I remember_______ you before, but I have forgotten your name. d. meeting a. to meet b. met c. meet 27. Choose the 2 same sentences. a. She stops writing the letter b. She stops to write the letter d. a and c are correct c. She ceases writing the letter 28. I often dream of_______ on a trip to Japan. a. to go b. going c. go d. to going 29. She was soon out of breath, but she continued_______ c. running d. in running a. run b. ran 30. The strap needs mending. It_______ b. has to be mended a. has mended c. has been mended d. has been mending 31. Workers began_______ a number of wooden boxes a. unload b. unloading c. unloaded d. to unloading 32. It occurred to him to open it. He thought. _______ a. of opening b. to open c. to have opened d. opening 33. He answered these questions by_______ his head. a. to nod b. nodding c. nod d. to nodding 34. I couldn't deny_______ plausible excuses. a. him having made b. he has made c. that he has done d. his having made 35. I can't help_______ whether it should rain. c. wondering d. for wondering a. wonder b. to wonder 36. We appreciate_______ from you. a. hearing b. hear c. to hear d. heard 37. That young man will require_______ after. a. look b. looking c. to look d. looked 38. _______ to friends is nice but_______ is also enjoyable a. Talking /being alone b. To talk/ being alone c. Talk/ to be alone d. Talking/ be alone 39. Would you mind not_______ on the bus? a. in smoke b. to smoke c. smoke d. smoking Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 2 - Danh động từ và bài tập Khóa học LTĐH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương 40. I'm opposed to_______ the money. a. borrow b. be borrowed c. borrowing d. be borrowing Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Nguồn Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng đài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 : Hocmai.vn - Trang | 3 - Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương ðộng từ nguyên mẫu ðỘNG TỪ NGUYÊN MẪU (TÀI LIỆU BÀI GIẢNG) Giáo viên: VŨ THỊ MAI PHƯƠNG A. Giới thiệu ðộng từ nguyên thể là ñộng từ chưa chia, thường dùng to. Nó có thể dùng ở các dạng sau: Chủ ñộng Dạng thường (to) make Hoàn thành (to) have made có to ñứng trước, nhưng có nhiều trường hợp không Bị ñộng (to) be made (to) have been made B. Cách dùng Làm vị ngữ (phải có trợ ñộng từ) Làm chủ ngữ You must go He does work in that office. I have to help him. They ought to make that mistake. To help you is my duty. To know all about English is one thing, to know English is quite another To have made the same mistake twice is unforgivable. Làm tân ngữ gián tiếp To decide is to act. This house is to let. Làm tân ngữ I expect to see you tomorrow. He agreed to come to the conference. They forgot to lock the door. Làm bổ ngữ của tân ngữ (trong tân ngữ phức hợp) Làm ñịnh ngữ (ñi sau danh từ hay ñại từ) Làm trạng ngữ (chỉ mục ñích hay kết quả) Dùng sau tính từ He helped me to repair the bicycle. I asked my wife to write to her. They let him go away. I watched the boy run out of the room. He was the first man to come. He gave me something to eat. The questions to be answered are on page 10. I need some paper to write on. I have come here to talk to you. You should eat to live, not live to eat. She knew French well enough to read books. He is sure to come. We all were eager to get home. She was ready to answer any questions. Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 1 - Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Dùng như một cấu trúc ñộc lập (absolute construction) ðộng từ nguyên mẫu To tell you the truth. I don’t want to go. To hear him talk, you would think he was a very important man. - “To infinitive” ñược dùng làm tân ngữ cho các ñộng từ như: agree, arrange, ask, attempt, begin, care, cease, choose, claim, come, continue, decide, deserve, determine, demand, desire, expect, fail, fear, forget, hate, hesitate, hope, intend, learn, like, long, love, manage, mean, need, neglect, offer, omit, plan, prefer, pretend, prepare, promise, refuse, start, swear, seem, strive, tend, threaten, try, want, wish, make sure… Ex: The hard working men deserve to have a better life than lazy ones. He pretended not to have seen me. I prefer to go home. I intend to buy a house next year. - “To infinitive” có thể ñược dùng sau các tính từ như: (un)able, afraid, amused, annoyed, anxious, ashamed, astonished, certain, content, curious, delighted, eager, hard, fortunate, glad, grateful, happy, keen, lucky, moved, pleased, proud, scared, slow, sorry, willing, wise, wrong… Ex: He would be crazy to do so. I am curious to know the news. Dinner was ready to be served. + ðôi khi còn ñược dùng với cấu trúc “for sb to do smth” Ex: It is not easy for us to learn new words by heart. I felt so ashamed to admit it. - “To infinitive” dùng theo cấu trúc V + O + to infinitive Các ñộng từ: advise, allow, ask, assume, beg, believe, cause, challenge, command, compel, consider, enable, encourage, expect, find, forbid, force, get, hate, imagine, instruct, intend, invite, know, like, love, mean, observe, order, permit, persuade, prefer, suspect, teach, tell, tempt, think, trust, understand, urge, want, warn, wish, …. Ex: Why did he advise you to visit Halong Bay? I told him to be patient. We can’t force you to stay here. I expect you not to come to class late. - “To infinitive” còn ñược dùng sau what, who, which, when, where, how… Ex: I don’t know what to say He went out of the bar, not knowing where to go and what to do. Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 2 - ðộng từ nguyên mẫu Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương C. Trường hợp dùng ñộng từ nguyên thể không có “to” Trong trường hợp làm bổ ngữ của tân ngữ (cách dùng 5 ở trên) thì sau các ñộng từ let, make và các ñộng từ chỉ cảm giác như see, hear, feel v.v… Ex: I heard her play the piano They made me laugh. - Riêng với ñộng từ to help dùng cả hai cách. (Người Anh hay dùng có “to”, người Mỹ dùng “không có to”). Ex: Will you help me (to) clean the house? - Nhưng khi chuyển sang lối bị ñộng, thì tất cả các câu trên ñều phải dùng ñộng từ nguyên thể có “to”: Ex: He was heard to cry. They had been made to work. Sau một số cụm từ như had better, had (would) rather, had (would) sooner, need hardly, cannot but. Ex: You had better tell him the truth. We would rather die than live in humility (thà chết còn hơn sống nhục). I cannot but agree to his terms (không thể không ñồng ý theo các ñiều kiện cảnh anh ta). a. Dùng cả hai cách mà nghĩa không khác nhau với những ñộng từ như begin, continue, intend, learn, like v.v… Ex: He began to write/writing. We continue to work/working. I hate lying/to lie. They intend to go/going. Hoặc ñôi khi ñộng từ danh từ có nghĩa chung và khái quát hơn một chút: Ex: I like swimming (in general) but I do not like to swim today. b. Dùng cả hai cách mà nghĩa khác nhau, ñặc biệt với các ñộng từ stop, try, remember, forger. Ex: He stopped working (ngừng làm việc). They stopped looking (không nhìn nữa). He stopped to look at the picture (ngừng ñể nhìn bức tranh.) He tried to be more careful (cố làm cho cần thận hơn). We tried rearing poultry (thử nuôi gà vịt). We will remember (forget) to write you (nhớ viết cho anh). I remember seeing that film in London I shall never forget seeing the sea for the first time in Halong Bay (nhớ/quên là ñã…) Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Nguồn Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 : Hocmai.vn - Trang | 3 - Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương ðộng từ nguyên mẫu ðỘNG TỪ NGUYÊN MẪU (BÀI TẬP TỰ LUYỆN) Giáo viên: VŨ THỊ MAI PHƯƠNG Choose the best answer for each of the following questions: 1. My father usually helps me_______ English. a. to learn b. learn c. learning d. both a and b 2. He was heard_______ shout. a. to b. of c. by d. at 3. This student expected_______ the first winner of the Grand Prix. a. be b. being c. to be d. will be 4. I told her_______ about her wedding; everything will straighten out. a. don't worry b. not to worry c. no worry d. not worry 5. May I suggest you let_______. a. Mary doing so b. Mary do so c. Mary does to d. Mary to do so 6. She_______ him when he called her. a. pretended not hear b. pretended she heard not c. pretended not to hear d. did not pretend hear 7. The doctor advised_______ late. a. me not staying up b. me not stay up c. me not to stay up d. I did not stay up 8. The school superintendent told me_______. a. hurrying up b. to hurry up c. hurry up d. hurried up 9. "_______us face the enemies", shouted the soldiers. a. Make b. Let c. Leave d. Keep 10. Mr. Brown told the schoolgirls_______ in class. a. don't eat b. not to eat c. eat not d. not eat 11. I have heard Dang Thai Son_______ the piano. a. played b. plays c. play d. to play 12. The young teachers wanted a Foreign Language Teaching workshop _______ in Ho Chi Minh City. a. to be holding b. should hold c. to be held d. to hold 13. _______able to take part in the international math contest two years from now, Son works very hard in his math lass. a. In order to be b. Being c. Been d. So that he be 14. Try_______ so many mistakes. a. not to make b. not make c. to make not d. make not 15. Let me_______ from you soon. a. to hear b. hear c. hearing d. heard 16. John is too stupid_______ understand this. a. to b. not to c. to not d. for 17. The wind is_______ to blow the roof off. a. strong enough b. too strong c. quiet strong d. very strong Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 1 - Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương ðộng từ nguyên mẫu 18. My father is _______ to stay up late. a. too tired b. enough tired c. tired enough d. so tired 19. John wanted me_______ him. a. to be helping b. help c. to help d. I help 20. I want_______ early tomorrow morning. a. to leave b. leaving c. me leave d. me leaving 21. I hope_______. a. to see you there b. seeing you there c. you to see there d. see you there 22. I taught_______. a. how mending a shirt b. him how to mend a shirt c. how mend a shirt d. him how mend a shirt 23. I told_______. a. Nam to come b. to come Nam c. to Nam come d. Nam come 24. My father has decided_______ a new house. a. find b. to find c. finding d. him find 25. Mother warned _______ the electric plug. a. here not to touch b. her touching not c. her not touch d. not touch 26. Don't tell Tan because I don't want_______. a. him to know b. know c. him know d. knowing 27. She explained_______. a. how to make it b. me how to make it c. me to make it d. me make it 28. Miss Brown told Mary_______ down. a. sit b. to sit c. sitting d. sat 29. She told Mary_______ up hope. a. not give b. do not give c. not to give d. to give not 30. Michael Faraday wrote a litter to Sir Humphrey Davy_______ for work. a. asked b. to ask c. so to ask d. in order to asking 31. Do you know_______ to play that game now? a. way b. what c. if d. how 32. She is very glad_______ see you again. a. in b. with c. to d. for 33. He noticed two thieves_______ out of a shop. a. to come b. are coming c. in coming d. come 34. When will he be allowed to go home? When will they_______? a. let him go b. let to go c. leave him to go d. leave him 35. The guide encouraged the tourists_______ the Prado Museum Madrid. a. visit b. to visit c. visiting d. to visiting 36. Mow that were finished painting the house, there's nothing left_______. a. done b. did c. to do d. for doing 37. The superintendent promised to tear down and_______ the fire damaged school building. a. rebuild b. to rebuild c. rebuilding d. to rebuilding 38. The mechanic needs_______ a new muffler on your car. a. to put b. putting c. to be put d. to putting Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 2 - ðộng từ nguyên mẫu Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương 39. Our house needs_______. a. to paint b. to be painting 40. Do you want _______ by the doctor? a. to examine b. to be examined c. to be paint d. painting c. being examined d. being to examine Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Nguồn Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 : Hocmai.vn - Trang | 3 - Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương ðộng từ nguyên mẫu ðỘNG TỪ NGUYÊN MẪU (ðÁP ÁN BÀI TẬP TỰ LUYỆN) Giáo viên: VŨ THỊ MAI PHƯƠNG Choose the best answer for each of the following questions: 1. My father usually helps me_______ English. a. to learn b. learn c. learning d. both a and b 2. He was heard_______ shout. a. to b. of c. by d. at 3. This student expected_______ the first winner of the Grand Prix. a. be b. being c. to be d. will be 4. I told her_______ about her wedding; everything will straighten out. b. not to worry c. no worry d. not worry a. don't worry 5. May I suggest you let_______. a. Mary doing so b. Mary do so c. Mary does to d. Mary to do so 6. She_______ him when he called her. a. pretended not hear b. pretended she heard not c. pretended not to hear d. did not pretend hear 7. The doctor advised_______ late. a. me not staying up b. me not stay up c. me not to stay up d. I did not stay up 8. The school superintendent told me_______. b. to hurry up c. hurry up d. hurried up a. hurrying up 9. "_______us face the enemies", shouted the soldiers. a. Make b. Let c. Leave d. Keep 10. Mr. Brown told the schoolgirls_______ in class. b. not to eat c. eat not d. not eat a. don't eat 11. I have heard Dang Thai Son_______ the piano. c. play d. to play a. played b. plays 12. The young teachers wanted a Foreign Language Teaching workshop _______ in Ho Chi Minh City. a. to be holding b. should hold c. to be held d. to hold 13. _______able to take part in the international math contest two years from now, Son works very hard in his math lass. a. In order to be b. Being c. Been d. So that he be 14. Try_______ so many mistakes. a. not to make b. not make c. to make not d. make not 15. Let me_______ from you soon. b. hear c. hearing d. heard a. to hear 16. John is too stupid_______ understand this. a. to b. not to c. to not d. for 17. The wind is_______ to blow the roof off. a. strong enough b. too strong c. quiet strong d. very strong Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 1 - Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương ðộng từ nguyên mẫu 18. My father is _______ to stay up late. a. too tired b. enough tired c. tired enough d. so tired 19. John wanted me_______ him. a. to be helping b. help c. to help d. I help 20. I want_______ early tomorrow morning. a. to leave b. leaving c. me leave d. me leaving 21. I hope_______. a. to see you there b. seeing you there c. you to see there d. see you there 22. I taught_______. a. how mending a shirt b. him how to mend a shirt c. how mend a shirt d. him how mend a shirt 23. I told_______. a. Nam to come b. to come Nam c. to Nam come d. Nam come 24. My father has decided_______ a new house. b. to find c. finding d. him find a. find 25. Mother warned _______ the electric plug. a. here not to touch b. her touching not c. her not touch d. not touch 26. Don't tell Tan because I don't want_______. a. him to know b. know c. him know d. knowing 27. She explained_______. a. how to make it b. me how to make it c. me to make it d. me make it 28. Miss Brown told Mary_______ down. b. to sit c. sitting d. sat a. sit 29. She told Mary_______ up hope. a. not give b. do not give c. not to give d. to give not 30. Michael Faraday wrote a litter to Sir Humphrey Davy_______ for work. b. to ask c. so to ask d. in order to asking a. asked 31. Do you know_______ to play that game now? d. how a. way b. what c. if 32. She is very glad_______ see you again. a. in b. with c. to d. for 33. He noticed two thieves_______ out of a shop. d. come a. to come b. are coming c. in coming 34. When will he be allowed to go home? When will they_______? a. let him go b. let to go c. leave him to go d. leave him 35. The guide encouraged the tourists_______ the Prado Museum Madrid. b. to visit c. visiting d. to visiting a. visit 36. Mow that were finished painting the house, there's nothing left_______. a. done b. did c. to do d. for doing 37. The superintendent promised to tear down and_______ the fire damaged school building. a. rebuild b. to rebuild c. rebuilding d. to rebuilding 38. The mechanic needs_______ a new muffler on your car. a. to put b. putting c. to be put d. to putting Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 2 - ðộng từ nguyên mẫu Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương 39. Our house needs_______. a. to paint b. to be painting 40. Do you want _______ by the doctor? a. to examine b. to be examined c. to be paint d. painting c. being examined d. being to examine Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Nguồn Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 : Hocmai.vn - Trang | 3 - Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Luyện tập và chữa ñề LUYỆN TẬP VÀ CHỮA ðỀ (TÀI LIỆU BÀI GIẢNG) Giáo viên: VŨ THỊ MAI PHƯƠNG Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form (gerund or infinitive) 1. I am looking forward to (see) you. 2. He dreads (have) to retire. 3. I arranged (meet) them here. 4. He urged us (work) faster. 5. I wish (see) the manager. 6. It's no use (wait). 7. He warned her (not touch) the wire. 8. Don't forget (lock) the door before (go) to bed. 9. My mother told me (not speak) to anyone about it. 10. I can't understand her (behave) like that. 11. He tried (explain) but she refused (listen). 12. At dinner she annoyed me by (smoke) between the courses. 13. You are expected (know) the safety regulations of the college. 14. He decided (disguise) himself by (dress) as a woman. 15. I am prepared (wait) here all night if necessary. 16. Would you mind (show) me how (work) the lift? 17. After (walk) for three hours we stopped to let the others (catch) up with us. 18. I am beginning (understand) what you mean. 19. He was fined for (exceed) the speed limit. 20. The boys like (play) games but hate (do) lessons. 21. I regret (inform) you that your application has been refused. 22. I couldn't help (overhear) what you said. 23. Mrs. Jones: I don't allow (smoke) in my drawing-room. Mrs. Smith: I don't allow my family (smoke) at all. 24. He surprised us all by (go) away without (say) 'Good-bye'. 25. Please go on (write); I don't mind (wait). 26. He wore dark glasses (avoid) (be) recognized. 27. Before (give) evidence you must swear (speak) the truth. 28. I tried (persuade) him (agree) with your proposal. 29. Your windows need (clean); would you like me (do) them for you? 30. Would you mind (shut) the window? I hate (sit) in a draught. 31. I can't help (sneeze); I caught a cold yesterday from (sit) in a draught. 32. Do stop (talk): I am trying (finish) a letter. 33. His doctor advised him (give up) (jog). 34. My watch keeps (stop). ~ That's because you keep (forget) (wind) it. 35. Without (realize) it. he hindered us instead of (help) us. 36. People used (make) fire by (rub) two sticks together. Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 1 - Luyện tập và chữa ñề Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương 37. He hates (answer) the phone, and very often just lets it (ring). 38. If you go on (let) your dog (chase) cars he'll end by (be) run over. 39. I prefer (drive) to (be driven). 40. I advise you (start) (look) for a flat at once. 41. Would you mind (lend) me Ј5? I forgot (cash) a cheque. 42. (Lie) on this beach is much more pleasant than (sit) in the office. 43. She likes her children (go) to the dentist every six months. 44. By (neglect) (take) ordinary precautions he endangered the life of his crew. 45. An instructor is coming (show) us how (use) the aqualung. 46. I have no intention of (go) to that film; I couldn't bear (see) my favourite actress in such a dreadful part. 47. I suggest (telephone) the hospitals before (ask) the police (look) for him. 48. After (hear) the conditions I decided (not enter) for the competition. 49. Some people seem (have) a passion for (write) to the newspapers. 50. He expects me (answer) by return but I have no intention of (reply) at all. 51. I tried (explain) to him but he refused (listen) and went on (grumble). 52. By (offer) enormous wages he is persuading men (leave) their present jobs and (work) for him. 53. He postponed (make) a decision till it was too late (do) anything. 54. Imagine (have) (get up) at five a.m. every day! 55. Try (forget) it: it isn't worth (worry) about. 56. There is no point in (remain) in a dangerous place if you can't do anything (help) the people who have (stay) there. 57. The horse won't be well enough (run) in tomorrow's race. He doesn't seem (have recovered) from his long journey. 58. At first I enjoyed (listen) to him but after a while I got tired of (hear) the same story again and again. 59. It is usually easier (learn) a subject by (read) books than by (listen) to lectures. 60. It wouldn't be safe (start) down now; we'll have (wait) till the mist clears. Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Nguồn Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 : Hocmai.vn - Trang | 2 - Khóa học LTðH môn Tiếng Anh – Giáo viên: Vũ Thị Mai Phương Luyện tập và chữa ñề LUYỆN TẬP VÀ CHỮA ðỀ (BÀI TẬP TỰ LUYỆN) Giáo viên: VŨ THỊ MAI PHƯƠNG Choose the best answer for the following sentences: 1. I enjoy_______ alone. a. be b. being c. to be d. to have been 2. Would you like_______ to the party? a. to come b. come c. coming d. to have come 3. Do you mind_______ such a long way to work every day? a. to travel b. travel c. to have traveled d. traveling 4. I don’t like that house. I hate_______ there. a. live b. living c. to live d. to have lived 5. My husband doesn’t like that office. He dislikes _______ there. a. work b. working c. to work d. to have worked 6. Sometimes I'd like_______ to play the piano. a. to learn b. learn c. learning d. to have learned 7. Please remember_______ this letter. a. to post b. post c. posting d. to have posted 8. We tried_______ the fire out but we were unsuccessful. We had to call the fire-brigade. a. putting b. put c. to put d. to have put 9. When you see John, remember_______ it by the window and now it has gone. a. to have given b. giving c. give d. to give 10. Someone must have taken my bad. I clearly remember_______ it by the window and now it has gone. a. leave b. leaving c. to leave d. to have left 11. Jane needed some money. She tried_______ Harry but he couldn't help her. a. to have asked b. ask c. to ask d. asking 12. I think they are now accustomed to _______ 12 hours a day. a. work b. to work c. worked d. working 13. He tried_______ the shelf but he wasn't tall enough. a. reach b. reaching c. to reach d. to have reached 14. Alice didn't expect_______ to Bill's party. a. asking b. being asked c. to ask d. to be asked 15. I finally finished_______ at 7:00 pm and served dinner. a. cooking b. being cooked c. to cook d. to be cooked 16. Sam always remembers_______ in the garage so that the driveway in free for other cars. a. parking b. being parked c. to park d. to be parked 17. The nurse suggested_______ two aspirins. a. taking b. being taken c. to take d. to be taken 18. Would you mind not_______ the radio until I've finished with this phone call? a. turning on b. being turned on c. to turn on d. to be turned on Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Tổng ñài tư vấn: 1900 58-58-12 - Trang | 1 -
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