The students with whom you will be using this course will
have studied English for approximately 700 to 800 hours and
will now be planning to take the Cambridge Certificate in
Advanced English (CAE). They may already have taken
Cambridge First Certificate (FCE) or one or more Certificates
In English language Skills (CElS) at Vantage or Higher level.
The CAE corresponds to the Council of Europe Framework
level C 1. According to this framework, learners of English at
this level can function as follows in the language and skills
areas described below.
Students at this level have a good degree of grammatical
control and do not generally make mistakes which lead to
misunderstanding. Errors may still be made in more complex
structures. They will need to revise areas such as these. At the
same time, they will also need to develop their knowledge of
certain more advanced grammatical structures.
Students have good range of vocabulary for common topic
areas and are able to use a good variety of expressions to
avoid repetition. There may be gaps in their vocabulary when
dealing with more specialised topics. They will need to
develop their awareness of nuances of meaning and
concentrate on making their English sound more authentic
and natural by focusing on common collocations and
expressions. They should work on expanding their knowledge
of word formation, phrasal verbs and idiomatic expressions
and should be encouraged to make use of a good
monolingual dictionary In order to develop their vocabulary.
Students at this level have well developed reading skills and
can scan for relevant information and skim for the main topic
of a text They can grasp the overall meaning of complex
authentic and semi-authentic materials and understand
complex opinions or arguments as expressed in serious
newspapers, using features such as text structure and
referencing to help them.
register. They are aware of the conventions for organising and
structuring different types of texts such as articles, proposals
and reports. They can present arguments, persuade and
justify their opinions on abstract topics. In general, they are
able to communicate their main message clearly in
appropriate language so that the text has the desired effect
on the intended reader.
Students at this level can communicate effectively in a wide
variety of situations and can use both formal and informal
language appropriately. They can have extended
conversations of a casual nature and discuss abstract topics
with a good degree of fluency They can give clear
presentations and contribute effectively to discussions by
defending and justifying their point of view, and use effective
language to persuade and negotiate with others.
C 1 students can deal confidently with most authentic or
semi-authentic listening passages. They are able to pick up
nuances of meaning and opinion and follow discussions on
abstract topics. They can understand most of what is said in a
film or a TV or radio programme, although they may be
unfamiliar with some idiomatic or colloquial expressions and
may have problems understanding some regional accents.
Preparing for the Certificate in Advanced
A CAE course should consolidate and extend what students
already know and train them in the specific techniques and
strategies required for the CAE exam. During the course,
students should try to work independently at times, using
and developing their study skills and strategies for improving
their language ability. They should be aware of issues such as
collocation and register in order to record vocabulary
effectively and be able to use grammar reference material in
order to cover any gaps in their grammatical knowledge and
build on what is done in the Coursebook.
Features of the CAE Gold Plus course
Components of the course
C l-Ievel students can produce a variety of texts such as
formal and informal letters of various types in' a consistent
The components of the course include the CAE Gold Plus
Coursebook, plus cassettes or CDs, the CAE Gold Plus
The Common European Framework and the Gold series
The table below gives a general overview of the Common European Framework levei's and the Cambridge ESOL main suite
and where the Going for Gold and Gold series fit into this.
Guided learning hours
Cambridge ESOL main suite
KET (Key English Test)
Cambridge ESOL Certificates
in Language Skills (CELS)
PET (Preliminary English Test)
CE lS Preliminary
Going for Gold
FCE (First Certificate in English)
Going for Gold
CAE (Certificate in
CPE (Ceitificate of Proficiency
in Engli sh)
Exam maximiser with CDs, the CAE Gold Plus CD-ROM
and this teacher's book.
A selection of supplementary materials is also available for
extra practice and development of vocabulary, grammar,
fluency and exam skills, including:
• Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
• Longman Exams Dictionary
• Longman Language Activator
• CAE Practice Tests Plus
• Grammar and Vocabulary for Cambridge Advanced and
• Test your Phrasal Verbs (Penguin English)
• Test your Idioms (Penguin English)
CAE Gold Plus Coursebook
Organisation of the Coursebook
The Coursebook offers progressive preparation for the CAE
exam, as wel l as developing and extending students'
competence in the language. Exam-style tasks are introduced
from the early stages of the book with graded su pport being
gradually withdrawn as the course progresses.
Each of the 14 units provides an integ rated package for all
five papers in the CAE exam, as well as grammar and
vocabu lary development and practice, which are grouped
around a common theme. Advice on specific language points
or strategies for tackling exam-style tasks is offered in the
Tips boxes . A key feature of each unit is the Exam Focus
section which presents the techniques and strategies required
for a specific task in the CAE exam and provides exam-level
At the back of the Coursebook you will find a section
containing visua ls for the Paper 5 Speaking tasks, a
Grammar reference, a Writing reference and a
Vocabulary reference. The Grammar reference is a minigrammar covering al l the points dealt with in the units. The
Writing reference contains model answers for the types of
writing which may be tested at CAE. There are also authentic
student answers which students can evaluate using the
general marking guidel ines provided. The Vocabulary
reference contains a listing of lexical items which are found
in the Coursebook, together with definitions and examples.
Recycling and revision
Each unit ends with a review of the language presented in
that unit except f or units 5, 10 and 14. These are followed by
progress tests, which take the form of a complete Paper 3
test. These can be used by the teacher in class as reviews or
as tests of the students' command of the language presented
in the units.
Various different approaches are used for the presentation
and practice of grammar points. Use of English tasks in exam
format also recycle the grammar that has been presented.
The grammar sections are cross-referenced to the Grammar
reference at the back of the book. The Coursebook also
features Watch Out! boxes which are designed to pick up on
common grammar and vocabulary mista kes made by
A variety of presentation and practice techniques is used in
CAE Gold Plus. When reading, students are encouraged to
work out the meanings of unknown words for themselves
and recognise clues such as affixation or explanations in the
text. Ways of recording and learning new words are also
emphasised. Students are encouraged to use a monolingual
dictionary such as the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary
English, which gives inform ation about meaning,
pronunciation, grammar and collocations.
Particular attention is paid to word formation, which builds
students' understanding of how prefixes and suffixes are
used, followed by regular practice. This is particularly relevant
for Paper 3 part 3.
Authentic texts from a range of sources are used to develop
reading skills and techniques for CAE. Students are
encouraged to use the titles and subtitles of the text as well
as any non-textual information, such as accompanying
photographs, to help them predict the content Guidance is
provided to help them do the task and apply appropriate
strategies. Vocabulary and discussion tasks after the reading
texts allow students to develop the topic further and to focus
on key vocabulary from the text
Each of the 14 units corresponds thematically with the units
in the Coursebook. The sections within each unit are crossreferenced to the related Coursebook sections and provide
consolidation both of language and of skills work. The
grammar and vocabulary sections also recycle material
presented in the Coursebook, which is then practised further
by means of topic-related exam-style Use of English (Paper 3)
tasks. Sections containing exam-style tasks provide
information about the exam, plus strategies for tackling each
task type, and give students the opportunity to put these into
The maximiser can be used in class in tandem with the
Coursebook as a means of providing further work on specific
grammar or vocabulary areas or, alternatively, students can do
the exercises and skills practice for homework.
The listening texts are also from a range of sources and the
recordings present students with a variety of mild accents.
Students are always reminded to read through the task
before they listen to help them predict what they might hear,
and tips and guidance are often provided to help them
complete the task.
Each unit ends with a writing task of a type found in the CAE
exam. The section is cross referenced to the Writing
reference at the back of the book which provides model
answers for each of the text types. In each case students are
encouraged to read the task carefully, thinking about the
intended reader, and what needs to be included. They are
guided towards an understanding of the various conventions
of the text type, such as register, layout and typical
organisation of ideas. They are then presented with a model
answer, which is often used for further language work.
Finally, they are given the task of writing a similar text
themselves, which can be done either in class or as
The grammar, vocabulary and skills sections all provide some
opportunity for speaking practice by asking students to
respond to the topic or text
Each unit also contains a section with specific speaking
practice for Part 5 of the exam. This presents language for
such functions as agreeing and persuading as well as
techniques such as how to keep the conversation going.
CAE Gold Plus maximiser
Another major component of the course is the CAE Gold
Plus maximiser. Working through the exercises in the
maximiser will help students to consolidate the language
and skills presented in the Coursebook and provide them
with further exam-specific practice and prepa~ation.
CAE Gold Plus CD-ROM
The CD-ROM provides a variety of exercises to recycle and
extend grammar and vocabulary areas presented in the
Coursebook. The sections again correspond thematically to
the units in the Coursebook and many of the exercises, such
as multiple-choice gapfills, are in the style of the CAE exam.
The CD-ROM can be used in tandem with the Coursebook to
provide further grammar and vocabulary work or it can be
used as self-access material.
CAE Gold Plus teacher's book
The teacher's book provides suggestions on how to use the
material in the Coursebook to best advantage. Answers to all
the exercises in the Coursebook are found at the end of each
section of notes. Recording scripts to all of the listening tasks
are also provided. Teaching tips and ideas provide
suggestions for further activities to practise the material or
develop study skills. There is also a section of photocopiable
activities which provide extra communicative practice in key
areas of grammar and vocabulary from the Coursebook units.
Many of these are directly related to exam-style tasks.
Detailed teaching notes state the aims and rationale of each
photocopiable activity and provide a step-by-step procedure
for using them in class.
You will also find a bank of 14 photocopiable tests made
up of 11 unit tests and 3 progress tests. The unit tests are
based on the language covered In a single unit and should
take no more than 30 minutes to complete. The progress
tests are to be used after your students have completed units
5, 10 and 14 and should take between 50 and 60 minutes to
complete. They revise and test the language covered in the
previous four or five units.
Listening: multiple choice (Part 1) p.6
Grammar 1: overview p.7
• to give practice in listening to identify opinion.
attitude and general gist
• to complete an exam-style listening task (Paper 4.
• to identify problematical areas of grammar
• to raise students' awareness of how they can
improve grammatical accuracy
In Paper 4. Part 1, candidates listen to three short
extracts and answer two multiple-choice questions
on each . Some of the questions focus on the
speakers' opinions or feelings.
Use one or more of these questions to conduct a brief
class discussion on the topic of music. You could personalise
the topic by asking if anyone plays a musical instrument or
has ever attended a concert.
Students read the mUltiple-choice questions for the
first extract. They may find it useful to underline important
words in the alternatives. Then do the listening exercise. They
compare in pairs before listen ing again. Follow the same
procedure for the other extracts before checking the answers
with the whole class.
In pairs students compare the types of music that
they like or dislike in different situations. You could introduce
question 3 by giving examples of people who have made
their fortune through singing .
~ Recording script p.90
1 Students work individually for about five minutes to
correct the mistakes in the letter. There will probably be some
items that they can correct immediately and others w hich
they feel to be wrong but are not able to confidently correct.
For these items you can allow them to underline without
2 If students do not have access to grammar books, you
may choose to use Exercise 1 as a diagnostic exercise for
yourself to identify areas for which you may need to do
remedial grammar work.
3 These questions can be discussed with the whole
class. You can also talk about how they like their written
work to be corrected (e.g. correction codes, checking each
other's work, etc.).
The grammar checkli st suggestion should be introduced at
the end of the discussion.
Just touching base to tell (0) te you about the film
I went to see last night as you asked. My advice to
you (1) afe is - don't bother with it at all! It was
complete rubbish, and a waste of time and money.
I really wish I had not gone myself, and if I'd
(2) R.we read the reviews, I'd have given it a miss.
I've been going to the cinema regularly (3) 5ff:I€e for
at least six years, and that was by far the worst film
I (4) Rae have seen up to now - it's (5) a such a
terrible film I can't understand how or why they
decided to make it. (6) Apart ~ from everything
else, I was so bored! So in you might consider (7) te
~ going, you know my opinion now!
Anyway - enough of my complaints - and in spite
of my disappointment with this particular film I
haven't actually gone off films in general! So on a
different topic - I know that you are (8) interested
fef in live music gigs, and' wondered whether
(9) A'li~l:tt yoloJ you might like to come with me to
the open-air concert in the park next Saturday? It'll
be great, and all the others are going . Let me
(10) know +t what you think - but unless I hear
from you by Friday "II assume you can't make it. I'm
attaching some information about the concert with
this ema il so that you can see who is playing, and
we can get the tickets on the night.
So that's all for now - speak to you soon .
All the best,
6 Students look back at the text and underline
the w'ords in the list. They then decide the type of word and
the meaning. Point out that they can use both affi xa tion (an
obvious example here is the -ing end ing) and context to infer
word type . Then students turn to page 188 to check with the
7 This is an opportunity to hold a class discussion on
the use of dictionaries.
1 B 2 E 3 B 4 C 5 D 6 E 7 A 8 C 9 E
10 AB 11 AB 12 BC 13 BC 14 DE 15 DE
Reading: multiple matching (Part 4) p.8
• to practise gist reading to identify the focus of each
• to complete an exam-style reading task (Paper 1,
• to give practice in inferring word type and meaning
• to use a dictionary to find example sentences and
2 Write the term tribute band on the board and
ask st~dents if they know what it means. Then ask the class's
opinion on the three gist questions. Students then read the
text quickly to find the answers. When check ing the answers,
ask students which section of the text they found each
answer in and ask them to summarise the topic of each
section. For examp le, B deals w ith who goes to see tribute
3 Students first read questions 1-15 . Tell them that it
may help if they underline the important words in each
question, such as preparation and one tribute band for
question 1. Ask if they know any answers from the initial gist
reading. Then students complete the reading task, with a
time limit of about 15 minutes. They shou ld read each
question and then search for the corresponding reference. If
they cannot find it. they should move on and come back to
that question at the end.
After 15 minutes students compare their answers in pairs
before checking as a whole-class activity.
(A more detailed procedure for Paper 1, Part 4 is given in Unit
5 of the Coursebook)
4 Students scan the text and underline any 'copying'
words or phrases. Then give a dictionary to each pair or
group and ask them to check the meanings of any words
which were new. Th is is an opportunity to point out the kinds
of information which a dictionary provides, such as example
a musical impression covers pop faker
impersonating impersonators imitators
Vocabulary: word formation (suffixes) p.10
• to revise and extend students' knowledge of suffixes
• to provide practice for Paper 3, Part 3
• to practise an exam-style sentence transformation
1 Students identify the part of speech. Ask them to give
other examples of adjectives and verbs wh ich can take these
Students now work in pairs to identify the word types
associated with each suffix.
3 Use this question to check students' answers as a
4 This extends the exercise by asking students to give
Teaching tips and ideas
Students should be encouraged to record suffixes
as part of their vocabulary notes. One way of
recording these is to make word diagrams like this:
Use of E~glish: open doze (Part 2) p.12
1, 2 Students read the title of the article and speculate about
the content before skimming the article.
3 After this initial reading, students work in pairs to put the
words in brackets into the correct form.
6 After checking the answers, use this question to
personalise the topic by applying it to the students' own
town or city, or if there are no buskers, you might like to ask
students how they feel about Peter Murphy's decision to give
up a steady job as an accountant to become a busker.
Point out that the adjective disappointed in the
example needs to change to disappointment in the new
sentence. Then ask students to complete the four
These questions personalise the topic of the reading
• to complete an exam-style open doze
1 If you have already discussed students' opinions about
different types of music, just use question 2.
2 Students work in pairs to list the advantages and
disadvantages and then tell the class their ideas. Then they
skim the text to see which of their ideas are mentioned.
3 Go over the procedure outlined and then ask students
to work individually to complete the task. They then compare
answers in pairs and guess the words for any remaining gaps
(stages 2 and 3). Step 4, re-reading the whole text, is
important to ensure that students' answers fit with the
overall argument. You could set aside a special minute for
4 The first question checks students' understanding of
the overall opinion.
All the words are nouns, because the suffixes -ment
and -ness are noun suffixes.
weakness (noun), countable (adjective), alternative
(noun/adjective), frightening (adjective), rapidly
(adverb), option (noun), successful (adjective),
performance (noun), legal (adjective), responsibility
(noun), modernise (verb), political (adjective),
enjoyment (noun), delicious (adjective), decorative
(adjective), confused (adjective), pleasant
(adjective), combination (noun)
nouns from adjectives: -ity, -ness
nouns from verbs: -ive, -ion, -ment, -ance
verbs from adjectives: -ise (NB US spelling -ize)
adjectives from nouns/verbs: -ive, -able, -ed, -ing,
-ai, -ed, -ant
adverbs from adjectives: -Iy
7 production 8 inspirational/inspiring 9 formal
10 powerful 11 fluently 12 respectable
13 appearance 14 responsibility
15 involvement 16 negotiations
17 determination 18 performances
1 much more forgetful 2 be more responsible
3 a brilliant performance 4 was actively engaged
~ Photocopiable activity 1 Suffixes pp. 154 and 155
1 whose 2 no 3 from 4 on 5 how
6 what 7 other 8 in 9 to 10 however
11 gave/give 12 nobody/no(-)one
13 rather 14 as 15 which
Paper 5 Speaking: conversation (Part 1) p.13
• to provide students with information about Paper 5
(speaking), Part 1 and allow them to practise
• to help students to analyse what makes a good
1 Go over the exam information with the students.
Then play the recording and invite students' comments on
1 Students now work in groups of three to do mock
interviews. In the discussion afterwards encourage
students to think about what could have been said to
make their answers more detailed or interesting. If some
candidates try to say too much, you may need to tell them
that just two or three sentences will do at this stage.
2 If students find it difficult to think of questions, prompt
them by writing possible topics on the board (e.g. TV.
~ Recording script p.90
Brita needs to be more imaginative and explain her
reasons. She hesitates, and should try to be more
Petra gives interesting details. She uses good
interactive language - I agree with you, you know,
etc. She picks up on what Brita has said.
first event = past perfect - had downloaded the
second event = past simple - realised how good
they were and forwarded the files
's been 2 'II have finished
4 've been
3 'd seen
Grammar 2: verb tenses (perfect aspect)
1 present perfect a) 2 future perfect d)
3 past perfect c) 4 present perfect b)
• to revise and extend students' knowledge of perfect
tenses and the distinction between simple and
1 Students look at the example sentence and identify
the order of events.
1,2 Do these with the whole class to check familiarity with
perfect tense forms. Point out that the use of by in the
sense of before or no later than is often associated with a
past perfect or future perfect tense.
3 After correcting the mistakes, students should read out
the correct versions pronouncing the contractions.
1 Students work individually before checking in pairs.
2 This can be done as a whole-class discussion.
4 Students work in pairs to discuss the differences
between the sentences. Emphasise the difference in particular
between sentences in pairs 2 and 6, where the use of the
wrong tense could cause misunderstanding.
Students now work in pairs to complete the exercise.
6 This discussion activity gives students an opportunity
to use perfect tenses in a freer context. Give ten minutes for
students to find something true for both of them for each
question. Then ask pairs to tell the class their most interesting
After I'd been there (past simple vs past perfect)
2 she'II've been away (future simple vs future
3 Jose went to the football game (past simple vs
4 He has always enjoyed (present simple vs present
perfect - state)
5 l'II've finished (present simple vs future perfect)
6 She has visited (present simple vs present perfect
'd been staying
'II have been working
's been practising
'II have been waiting
Results apparent later
Temporary activity or state
1 a) we focus on the result, b) we focus on the
2 a) is a present temporary situation, b) is a
temporary situation which mayor may not still be
3 a) and b) are very similar, but a) focuses more on
4 similar, but (b) has temporary implications.
5 no difference,
6 a) in my life so far b) during a specific time in the
've been listening 2 went 3 hadn't been
will have learned 5 has ruined
will have been playing 7 were standing
had been waiting
l ' :\ IT I
Writing: drafting and organising (Part 1)
• to raise students' awareness of the skills involved in
producing a written text
• to raise students' awareness of how their writing
will be assessed in CAE Paper 2
• to complete an exam-style writing exercise (Paper 2.
1 Students read the five statements and discuss in pairs
whether they think they are true or not. You cou ld extend the
discussion by asking students to reflect on what stage of the
writing process they focus on. As a general rule, they should
consider the audie nce, and plan and connect their ideas first
and leave check ing grammar and spelling until later.
1 This is best done as a whole-class activity. Most students at
this level shou ld be familiar with the conventions for
2 Students read the model letter on p.191 and check it
against each question on the list.
5 Students work in pairs to complete the plan of the
letter. Go over it with the whole class, asking them to suggest
other linking words which could be used .
6 Students read the new task, underline the three areas
to be covered and decide on the most logical order. Point out
that paragraphing will reflect this.
Thi s can be done in class or for homework.
If the writing task was done for homework, this
activity can be done the following lesson. Students should
hand in their letters only after they have been evaluated with
the checklist. Some students may wish to write an improved
version in response to the evaluation, which they can give in
outlining the reasons why you were disappointed
your cousin's reaction to the film
suggesting what should be done
Students do the matching exercise.
1 Students discuss the three questions briefly in pairs.
2 Students read the task carefully to themselves and
underline the three points that the answer must deal with.
reason for writing
explanation/clarification of the situation
further supporting details
any requests for action, or further information
Yes, but has expanded on some. It is not always
necessary to use every point but the writer
should choose the most appropriate points to
answer the task.
Practical problems, inappropriateness of film
a) uncomfortable seats, single seller, missed bus
b) cousin unable to sleep
No - to complete the task fully and appropriately
it is necessary to add more weight to some
Opening paragraph: Reason for writing
Information included: background situation
Linking phrases: I am writing to ...
Second paragraph: Practical problems
Information included: started late/no ice cream/
missed bus/uncomfortable seats
Linking phrases: Firstly, so, although, On top of that
Third paragraph: More suitability problems
Information included: Inaccuracy of advertisement,
Linking phrases: However, Despite the fact that, In
Final paragraph: Suggestion and solution
Information included: possible future action
Linking phrases: I suggest that, thus
UNIT 1 Review p.17
1 In the first place 2 even though 3 Secondly
4 in spite of 5 Furthermore 6 Finally 7 as
We never go out ...
Where are the tickets?
... whether there is another cinema ...
The new arts centre is very nice ...
That's the boy whose brother ...
The tourist board gave us lots of information ...
Unless you work harder ... OR If you don't work
We tonsidered going to the concert ...
I really wish I had more time to study!
She apologised for being late.
I know she enjoys ...
I can't get used to starting ...
... despite e4' her fear of heights.
My teacher won't let me te get out of doing
If I'd Ra¥e known .. .
They've been living in this town for at least 25
He's such a hard worker ...
Computer games are a lot ffiefe cheaper now ...
I found the film absolutely terrifying.
He might decide ...
1 enjoyable 2 standardise 3 donation
4 hopeful 5 financially 6 productive
7 disappointment 8 weakness 9 outrageous
10 acceptable 11 frightening 12 uplifting
Spend it or save it
Listening 1 p.18
• to give practice in listening for specific information
• to review I introduce expressions to do with saving
1 How saving a little each day can make a
2 There's more to life than saving
1 A C
This can be used as a whole-class activity to introduce the
theme of spending money. If you are teaching in a country
which does not use the euro, give similar amounts of the
students' own national currency.
2 In pairs or groups, students think of ways in which they
could save money. They then report back to the class.
3 Discuss these questions briefly with the whole class.
1 pay bills online
2 pay for things by cheque
3 set a budget that includes treats
Play the first part of the recording and ask students as
a whole class to explain the answers to 1 and 2.
a) interest, set a budget, a sound investment, a
nest egg, to economise, put it away for a rainy day
b) conspicuous consumption, go on a spree, run out
of cash, a treat, in the red, shopaholic, get through
money like water, on impulse, a 'must-have' item
Ask students to look at the categories of people and tell
you what they think the words mean. You will probably
need to teach the verb scrimp and the collocation scrimp
and save. Play the recording so that students compare
their ideas with the psychologists' descriptions. Then ask
them to match statements A to F to the type of spender.
2 This is a chance to personalise the topic of the listening
Speaking: giving opinions p.19
to provide practice in speaking for Paper 5, Part 3
Students now listen for the specific advice. After
li stening, they compare notes in pairs.
1 Play the recording and ask students to summarise
what the candidates have to do.
5 Students can work in pairs to divide the expressions
into the two groups. After they have completed this, play the
recording aga in , pausing after the description of each kind of
person. Ask which expressions they heard in each section and
check the answers to the vocabulary exercise.
As a possible follow-up activity, students could work in pairs
to personalise this topic. Give them some suggestions (e.g.
they co uld talk about a time they went on a shopping spree,
made a sound investment, bought something on impulse, ran
out of cash, gave themselves a treat, etc.).
2 Students sometimes make the mistake of describing
the pictures instead of discussing the given issues, and so the
first question is intended to pre-empt this. After they have
identified the agreeing and disagreeing phrases, ask them to
suggest others. Students often overuse I agree whereas native
speakers prefer other phrases such as absolutely. Watch out
for the common error I am agree.
~ Recording script p.90
3 Students now do the spea king task in pairs.
Encourage them to use a range of expressions for giving
opinions, agreeing or disagreeing .
4 Discuss this with the class. You could compare these
with other non-material things that are important, such as
~ Recordin g script p.9 1
Explain why the things have become important,
decide which two are not necessary
1 no, because they have to discuss the ideas behind
th e pictures not describe them . They have to
explain why these things have become important.
2 Give their own opinion: Well. yes, actually I do
think that; I really believe .. .; that's what I'm
saying; it still seems to me .. .
Ask for their partner's opinion: Do you think ... ;
but don't you think that .. .; Why do you think ... ;
Agree with their partner: Yes, that's right; Yes, all
right - you've got a point there; Absolutely
Disagree with their partner: I'm not entirely sure
that I agree with you there; I just don 't accept ... ;
Well, e ven if I go along with that ...
Spend It or save it
specific phrase. Ask w hat phrase in questi o n 4 they could
scan for t o locate th e correct section of t he pa rag raph
(immense satisfaction) and how t hey know t hat it ap pears
in t he text (it is in invert ed commas) . Then students work
in dividually to choose th e co rrect answers.
5, 6 Foll ow the same reading proced ure as f or the prevIou s
two text s. Establish th at question 5 agai n deals with th e
exact mea nin g or implicati on of a phrase an d that
question 6 deals wi th th e reference system of the text in
th at it requires students to understand w hat previous idea
it refers to.
Disc uss t hese opin ions briefly w it h t he whole class.
Grammar 1: defining and non-defining
relative clauses p.22
Paper 1 Reading: multiple choice (Part 1) p.20
• to provide an introduction to the new Paper 1, Part 1
• to give practice in answering multiple-choice
In CAE Paper 1, Part 1, there are three texts with six
multiple-choice questions. The texts have a common
theme but may come from different sources and
display different purposes and opinions.
Go over the exam Information secti on and suggest ed
procedure. Ask stude nts t o suggest any other t ips f or
answering multiple-choice questions.
1, 2 Ask stu dents t o read th e first text quickly, giving them a
t ime li mit of about 30 seconds. Th en ask t hem t o rea d th e
two mu ltiple-choice questions carefu lly.
For question 1, ask them to scan t he pa rag rap h f or the
words problem and job to locate th e releva nt part of the
When going over the correct answe rs t o any
mu ltipl e-choice question, it is usefu l to discuss w hy th e
oth er altern atives are w rong . For exa mple, in questi on 1,
A and B are incorrect because we lea rn th at she is known
to be very good at her job, and D is incorrect beca use we
lea rn th at she has a stylish dress sense.
3,4 Follow t he same readi ng proced ure as wi th t he f irst text
Estab lish t hat quest ion 3 deals wi th t he w fit er's purpose in
the text and t hat question 4 is askin g for the meaning of a
• to review the grammar of defining and non-defining
relative clauses, and the use of relative pronouns
1 Stud ents may already be fami liar with the basic distinction
between defini ng and non-defi ning cl auses, but may still
have difficulty disti ng uishing bet ween th e two and feel
uncert ai n about w hen to put a comma. Go over the first
exa mple w ith t he class and t hen el icit th e differences
betwee n the other pai rs. In 2, ask t hem in which sente nce
the re was more than on e charity (the second , as the
definin g clause here must indicate th at th ere was one
charity which the man pref erred and anoth er or others h ~
did not). In 3, ask them how many sisters the speaker has.
2 Complete the rules as a whole-class activity. At th is point
you could check stud ents understand th e use of whom.
Whom is not very often used in modern Eng lish; it is,
however, still used after a preposition. Tell stu dents t hat in
spoken English it is more usua l t o say That's the woman
who I gave a lift to.
2 Stud ents rewrite the se ntences ind ividually and then
eli cit th e rule .
Stu dents w ork ind ividual ly to tran sform the sentences.
1 W rite t he words charity and celebrity on th e boa rd and ask
students t o give some exa mples of each. Ask them if t hey
know any celebrities w ho are involved with a pa rticular
charity (Bob Geldof might be a wel l-known example).
Th en t hey skim the text and answer the gist questions.
Spend it or save it
2 Students work in pairs to complete the gaps.
This exercise gives oral practice in using relative
pronouns. Do an example with the whole class first by
choosing one of the categories and giving a definition so that
they can guess the word. They then do the activity in pairs or
1 which/that 2 who/that 3 which
4 which/that 5 which 6 who/that 7 that
8 where/when 9 whose 10 whom
Use of English: word formation (Part 3)
If students have little experience of charity events, you
could change the discussion into a simulation by telling them
that they have been given the task of raising a certain
amount of money for a charity that they know, and have to
plan how they are going to do it.
which for things
1 The school where I first studied Economics was in
2 Wednesday is the day of the week when I always
have a meeting.
3 It was a conference in Rome where I met my
4 Two o'clock is the time when I always have a cup
With relative clauses of place and time, use where
or when instead of at which or on which.
1 She gave me her email address, which was how
we managed to contact her later.
2 I spent the money on a new car, which was what
I had always planned to do.
3 Her face was red, which was how we knew she
4 He left at six, which was when she arrived.
5 The actor forgot his words, which was why they
brought the curtain down.
6 I had a holiday in Spain, which was where I
learned to swim .
a) image and career enhancement
b) people will remember the charity and support it
• to complete an exam-style word formation exercise
(Paper 3, Part 4)
..1 Write the word auction on the board and check that
students understand it. If no one has experience of buying or
selling anything in thi s way, they can simply suggest possible
advantages and disadvantages.
1 a) defining
2 a) non-defining
3 a) defining
2 who for people and
. "' 2 Ask students to skim the text quickly and answer the
gist questions. They then complete the word building
Discuss this with the class.
1 a) easy to buy b) hard to sell
possessions 2 unwanted 3 pleasure
4 frankly 5 solution 6 remarkably 7 variety
8 potential 9 percentage 10 commission
Vocabulary 1: compound adjectives p.24
• to introduce or review compound adjectives
Teaching tips and ideas
The exercises in this section provide a good
opportunity to point out the usefulness in general
of students recording full collocations in their
vocabulary notes. Pages in the notes can be set
aside for common collocations around a key word
or theme. These can be added to as an ongoing
activity. This technique of recording vocabulary
also helps students to prepare for Paper 3, Part 5
1. Students work in pairs to match the words to make
compound adjectives. Encourage students to guess any that
they are unfamiliar wi th before using a dictionary. They then
decide how each adjective might be used.
Thi s can be done as a w ho le-class activity.
3 For thi s exercise, students focus first on the
co llocation and guess the meaning if it is not already known .
Then, they read the last part of the se ntence and suggest a
correct alternative .
Spend it or save it
Listening 2: multiple choice (Part 3) p.24
• to give practice in understanding the speakers'
attitude and opinion
• to give practice in answering multiple-choice
listening questions for Paper 4, Part 3
1 Thi s is a lead-in to the listening activity for students to
Students now listen to th e recordin g and match each
speaker to the correct summa ry.
Students now choose the correct prepositions in pairs
before checking as a whole class or with a dictionary.
2 Thi s is a brief follow-up to Exercise 5.1, and aims to help
students to remember the adjectives through
~ Photocopiable activity 2A Compound adjective snap p.156
~ Recording script p.92
old-fashioned (person or thing)
last-minute (plan or idea)
so-called (person or thing, e.g . expert)
long-standing (plan, e.g. agreement)
mass-prod uced (th i ng)
self-made (person, e.g. millionaire)
~ Recording script p.92
1 we decided a long time ago .
2 it's just the same as all the others.
3 her no time at all to think of a reply.
4 so it stops your food going dry in the air.
S he started with no financial help at all.
2 = speaker 2
3 = speaker 1
1 hard up
6 burnt out
1 = speaker 5
This can be kept as a brief whole -class discussion.
Students ca n discuss thi s question in pairs. If they do
not know the same people, they could w rite down what they
have decided to buy and where and th en explain their choice
to their partner.
2 The multiple-choice questions focus on the speakers'
opi nions. In order to answer them successful ly, students need
to understand the speakers' overall argument, not specific
information. After students have read the questions, point
this out to them, and warn them against basing their an swe rs
on a si ngle word or phrase. For example, the phrase I think
this is very worrying in Graham's first utterance may lead
students to incorrect alternative C Just because of the si milar
phrase feels concerned.
You can encourage students to follow the overall argument
by asking them to focus on the links between the ideas in
individ ual questions. For example, question 6 asks about a
cause and effect.
At the end, play the recording again to check each answer.
discuss in pairs.
2 This can be discussed as a whole-class activity.
7 fed up
4 worn out
Vocabulary 2: advertising and marketing
• to introduce or review further verb-noun
collocations and compound adjectives
Introduce the topic by giving an exa mple of an
advertisement that you feel is successful. Then students
talk in pairs. In a multinational class, they can compare
advertisements in different countries.
2, 3 These points are best discussed briefly with the whole
l : NIT 2
Spend it or save it
Grammar,2: articles p.27
1 Ask students to read the text quickly, ignoring the gaps,
and answer the gist question.
2 Students now work in pairs to fill the gaps before
checking the answers as a whole class. Remind them that
the answers depend on collocation.
3 Students underline the collocations in the text or record
them in their vocabulary notebooks. Ask them to suggest
other collocations for these nouns (e.g. attract someone's
• to review the grammar of articles
• to give practice for Paper 3, Part 3
1 Students work in groups to brainstorm brand names,
possibly taking two or three items each.
2 Ask students to read the text quickly, ignoring the
gaps, and answer the gist question.
3 Students now work in pairs or individually to
complete the gap fill. Articles can be a very problematic area,
especially for students whose native language may not have
1 Students brainstorm all the places where they can see
advertisements. If the words hoarding and flyer do not
come up in the brainstorming, pre-teach them before
students read the text.
2 Students work in pairs to complete the compound words.
1, 2 Students do these exercises individually at first and then
Students discuss these questions in pairs or small
groups and then report their opinions.
Teaching tips and ideas
The activity of thinking of their favourite
advertisements may not be suitable in a
multinational class, where students will know
different ones. In this case, you could bring some
advertisements into class, give one to each pair of
students and ask them to comment on the
techniques, the type of consumer targeted and
how effective the advert is.
3 Briefly discuss students' reaction to the two articles .
~ Photocopiable activity 2B Advertising techniques p.1S7
Teaching tips and ideas
To extend this topic, ask students to work in
groups to design a logo and invent a slogan for a
given product. Give them a choice of three (e.g .
trainers, toothpaste, fruit juice). Provide each
group with an OHT or paper to make a poster so
that they can draw the logo that they decide on
and present it to the rest of the group. One person
from each group shou ld be chosen to talk for
approximately one minute (as in CAE Paper 5) and
then invite questions.
1 To involve the reader immediately and reinforce
1 adopt 2 create 3 grab 4 bring 5 finishes
3 adopt an approach; create an image; grab
someone's attention; bring something to mind;
drive a message deep
pop-ups 2 mass-market 3 high-profile
4 highly regarded 5 so-called
What is a brand? 2 a car 3 the brand name
the design or packaging
the special features of 6 the world
the consumer 8 brand names 9 school
Spend it or save it
explaining what happened, what you did about it,
how it affected you and advising your friend
1 a brand name 2 insurance (no article)
3 a group
4 a desirable lifestyle 5 the world 6 a brand
7 the brand image
1 an advertisement 2 a car
3 the company's advertisement
4 the poor quality 5 the determining factor
6 people (no article)
8 a product
7 a strong response
Writing: informal letter (Part 2) p.28
• to complete an exam-style writing question (Paper 2,
Part 2) requiring students to produce an informal
In CAE Paper 2, candidates are required to answer
one compulsory question and choose a second
question from four alternatives. The compulsory
question can be on a number of different genres
including a letter, report or article but the task will
always involve persuasion in some form.
Students read the task and identify which part of it
explains the situation (the first part) and which tells them
what they have to do (the second). Then they read the
second part and underline the relevant phrases.
2 Students talk in pairs and then tell the class their ideas.
2 no - they haven't advised their friend
had a go 2 a bit of a disaster 3 a downside
4 home and dry 5 watch their backs
6 at a loss to know what to do
UNIT 2 Review p.29
1 unharmed 2 tendency 3 exposure
4 unacceptable 5 outlets 6 examination
7 replacement 8 applications 9 unfortunate
in a house which has (got)
it very difficult to live without
(her) support to a number of
(which) I like best is (the)
1 a 2 a I the 3 the 4 ~ 5 ~
6 the 7 the 8 a 9 the 10 the 11 ~
12 the 13 ~ 14 a 15 the
Students read the letter and answer questions 1 and 2 as
a whole-class activity.
2 Students work alone or in pairs to find and underline the
expressions. Some of them are collocations which could
be recorded in the students' vocabulary notes (e.g. have
3 Students decide in pairs how the last two paragraphs
sho uld change and then write their own improved version.
4 This writing could be set for homework, but it may be
better to do it in class if the group are relatively un practised
at CAE writing tasks .
What makes us tick
Vocabulary: adjectives of character p.30
• to extend students' knowledge of personality
adjectives and idioms to describe personalities
Write the term reality TV on the board and ask what
stu dents understand by it (rea l people, not actors, in real
situa tions) and if they kn ow any exam ples. Th e 'Bi g Brother'
format has been te levised in ma ny countries and so many
students w ill probab ly have hea rd of this. Then go on to ask
the questions in the book about how people are chosen and
1 Students re ad the profil es and un derli ne the personality
adjectives. You cou ld tel l them to double un derline any
adjectives for w hich they are not sure of the meaning.
Then they can work in pairs to compare whi ch adjectives
they knew and explain the meani ngs if necessa ry.
2 St udents t alk in pa irs to choose one adjective from each
profile. At the end, ask the cl ass wh ich adjective was most
com monly chose n for each person .
Watch Out! sensible/sensitive; sympathise/empath ise
Sensible is a we ll-known fa lse friend , as many European
languages have a sim ila r word w hi ch mea ns sensitive. Th e
second pai r of sentences high lights the difference between
sympathise and empathise. Aga in th is problem is ofte n
compou nded by the existence of a false fri end . Many
European languages have a word sim ila r to sympathetic
wh ich simply means that you get on well w ith that person.
3 Students discuss briefly In pairs or groups who they
th ink has the best reason for wa nting to take part. This
shoul d lea d naturally into the discu ssion in task 2 where
stud ents select five pe rsona lities. At the en d, groups report
their decision to the whole class.
Franz: trustworthy, supportive, reliable, serious
Gina: playful, high-spirited, undisciplined,
Harold: quick-tempered, assertive, self-opinionated
Iva: normal, sociable, not confrontational
Brita: caring, empathetic, sincere, warm-hearted,
Positive: idealistic, conscientious, well-organised,
sensitive, curious, independent, trustworthy,
supportive, reliab le, playful, high-spirited, assertive,
sociable, caring, empathetic, sincere, warm-hearted
Negative: self-conscious, taciturn, undisciplined,
impatient, quick-tempered, self-opin ionated,
Either: ambitious, quiet, extrovert, normal
1 a) sensible
2 a) sympathise
Grammar 1: modal verbs 1 p.31
• to revise common modal verbs and clarify students'
knowledge of their meanings
• to give further practice with modal verbs in the
context of an exam-style sentence transformation
activity (Paper 3, Part 5)
Students complete the matchin g exercise and then
com pare answe rs in pa irs.
2 Ask students to work individua lly to complete the
tra nsform ations and then compare their answers in pa irs.
Then go throug h t he answers wi th the whole class, pointing
out how the modal mea nings are expressed in different ways
such as is compulsory fo r has to .
Alain: idealistic, conscientious, well-organised
David: quiet, sensitive, self-conscious
Ella: curious, independent, taciturn
1 Stu dents rea d the advice and com plete the gap-fil l exercise
before comparing in pa irs.
2 Students now work in pa irs to w rite an additional two or
three sentences. Pa irs then read their advice to each other.
3 Begin this speakin g activity by telling the class about an
example of your own and t hen aski ng them to ta lk in
l! :-.lIT J
pairs. You cou ld allow them to choose just one of these
situations if they prefer.
eliminate some answers before they hear the correct one.
For example, the phrase I wasn't made fun of or anything for
Speaker three eliminates option F before students hear the
~ Recording script p.93
What makes us tick
2 Students now match the phrases from the recording
to the closest meaning. Check answers as a whole class.
1 didn't have to take
2 could/may/might find this book helpful
3 This discussion allows stud ents to personalise the
topic of chang ing names from the listening test.
3 chances are (that) he'll
4 that/it must be him
5 has to work
1 ought to 2 might 3 can
4 have to
6 could 7 may 8 must 9 shouldn't
10 don't have to 11 mustn't 12 can
~ Photocopiable activity 3 Personality types pp . 158 and 159
Paper 4 Listening: multiple matching (Part 4)
• to give practice in listening to identify attitudes
• to complete an exam-style listening task (Paper 4,
to laugh it off = not to take too seriously
to stand out in a crowd = be distinctive
really fed up = very unhappy
I happened to = by chance
to get his tongue round = pronounce
to split up = end a relationship
made redundant = lost a job
did the trick = achieved its aim
a snap decision = happened quickly
to tease = to make fun of
In Paper 4 (listening), Part 4, students listen to five
extracts. There are two sets of questions, both
involving matching. Students should focus on the
first set of questions on the first listening and the
second set when the extracts are repeated. The
questions focus on attitude, opinions and context
rather than specific information .
1 Go over the exam information and suggested
procedure with students. Then ask them to read the two
tasks and underline the most important words in both the
main question and the alternatives. Point out that general or
'vague' information in the options is likely to be more specific
in the actual record ing. For example, if option C is used, the
recording is likely to name a specific perso n who could not
pronounce the name.
Students listen to the recording for the first time and do task
1. They compare their ideas in pairs before listen ing again
and focusing on task 2.
When going over the answers, play the recording again,
pausing after the key sentence in each extract such as I really
felt that my name stopped me from standing out in a crowd
for Speaker one. Point out how sometimes students can
Reading: multiple choice (Part 3) p.34
• to introduce some ways of apologising in English
• to give practice in identifying opinions and how they
are supported in the text by reference to other
• to complete an exam-style multiple-choice exercise
. EXam information
In Paper 1, Part 3, candidates answer seven
mUltiple-choice questions on a text. The questions
can test understanding of both specific details and
the writer's overall opinion . Sometimes the
question may explicitly direct students to a
particular paragraph; if not, they should try to pick
out a word in the stem which they can look for in
the text to help them locate the answer.
1 Students read the two sayings and then comment.
You might develop the discussion of the second saying by
asking if loving someone means that you never hurt them.