Tài liệu A book for ielts

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Preface This is a self-study publication with two audio-cassettes for students preparing for the Academic Module of the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), which is administered by The British Council, the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES) and by IELTS Australia. The book covers the four modules of the IELTS exam: listening, reading, writing and speaking. Special features of the book are: the reading exercises, the detailed Keys for these exercises, the wide range of exercises to help you prepare for Writing Task 1, and the detailed Key for the Reading Tests. The publication may also be used as a course book, or as a supplement to a course book. So that you may repeat the exercises in this book, we would advise you to avoid marking the text. This new edition incorporates the changes to the speaking module introduced in July 2001. Sam McCarter, Julie Easton and Judith Ash 2003 Contents Page Preface iii Acknowledgements iv Listening Module 1 Introduction 2 Listening Test 1 3 Listening Test 2 9 Listening Test 3 15 Listening Test 4 20 Reading Exercises 25 Introduction 26 1. How to read, or how to read efficiently? 28 2. Learning to read organisation 29 3. More about reading organisation 30 4. A summary of functions 31 5. Recognising paragraph types 32 6. Simultaneous functions 34 7. Reading control 35 8. Spot the difference! 36 9. Learning to concentrate 37 10. Predicting organisation 1 38 11. Predicting organisation 2 39 12. Focus on paragraph headings 40 13. Foreground and background information 14. Increasing your reading speed 42 - 43 15. More about speed 45 16. Words that slow you down 47 17. Problems with meaning 48 18. An introduction to Yes 50 19. An introduction to No 51 20. Meaning in a text 52 21. Yes, No or Not Given 1? 53 22. Yes, No or Not Given 2? 54 Reading Tests Test 1 56 Test 2 66 Test 3 75 Test 4 83 Section on Writing 91 Introduction 92 Graphs and diagrams for Task 1 1. Looking for patterns 2. Language graphs 3. Which chart? 94 98 100 v 4. A maze in graph form 5. Draw your own graph 6. Graph comprehension 102 103 104 7. Improving a text 8. The language of comparison and contrast 105 106 9. Graphs and charts combined 108 10. It is predicted th a t... 110 11. More comparison and contrast 112 12. More complex terms ■ 13. Some common language mistakes 14. How many correct sentences are there? 15. Questionnaire 1 114 116 , 117 ; - 118 16. Questionnaire 2 120 17. Tables 122 18. Map language and verb tenses 19. Process language 123 125 20. The process of making a newspaper 126 Essay writing for Task 2 21. Understanding essay titles 128 22. Plans for essays 130 23. Same general subject - different focus 132 24. A model essay 134 Writing Tests Test 1 135 Test 2 136 Test 3 137 Section on Speaking 139 Introduction 140 1. Eliciting information 141 2. Example of extended discourse No.1 145 3. Example of extended discourse No.2 147 4. Your future plans 148 5. Put meaning into your future 149 Listening Tests 151 Reading Exercises 167 Reading Tests 179 Writing - Graphs and Diagrams 203 Writing - Essays 210 W riting-Tests 211 Keys Speaking * 213 About the authors Sam McCarter is a lecturer in academic and medical English at Southwark College, where he organises IELTS courses for overseas doctors and other health personnel, and courses in medical English - including preparation for the OSCE component of the PLAB. Sam is also the creator and organiser of the Nuffield Self-access Language Project for Overseas Doctors and works as a freelance consultant in medical English specialising in tropical medicine. Julie Easton is a lecturer in academic and medical English at Southwark College, teaching on courses preparing doctors for the IELTS and the OSCE. Julie has considerable experience in both areas. Judith Ash is a former lecturer in academic and medical English at Southwark College. She now writes freelance and is working on distance learning programmes for IELTS. About Southwark College Southwark College has an international reputation as a centre for teaching IELTS and medical English. The College is situated in the centre of London. Telephone: 0207 815 1600 and Fax: 0207 261 1301. Listening Module Introduction § Practice Tests I -4 A book for IELTS 1 Listening Practice Tests Introduction to the Listening Module In the IELTS exam, the Listening Test forms the first part of the exam and lasts for about 30 minutes. In each test, there are four main sections, for which you have to answer a total of approximately 40 questions. Each main section is divided into two and, sometimes, three sub-sections. Before each of these sub-sections, you have time to read the questions and you are advised to write your answers in the question booklet. At the end of each section, you have half a minute to check your answers. At the end of the full listening test, you have 10 minutes to transfer your answers^to the Answer Sheet. Usually, the listening exercises become more difficult as you move from Sections 1 to 4. You will hear the test only ONCE. -A The range of question types may include the following: ; 5 - multiple choice questions - short-answer questions - sentence completion - summary/notes/flow chart/diagram/table completion - labelling a diagram which has numbered parts - matching Situations The first two sections are usually of a social nature. Section 1 usually contains a conversation, e.g. between two people in a shop, and Section 2 a monologue, e.g. a radio broadcast or a talk. Section 3 is usually a conversation in an educational or training context, e.g. a tutorial about a particular subject. In this section, there can be up to four speakers. Section 4 is a monologue, such as a lecture or talk on a subject of general academic interest. It is important to remember that the test is designed to test your listening comprehension skills. The answers to all of the questions are on the tape. You do not need any knowledge of the topic to be able to answer the questions. Answer sheet After the end of the tape, ten minutes are given for you to transfer your answers to the Answer Sheet. Hints on listening Common problem areas with this part of the IELTS exam include the following: Misreading instructions It is important that you read all the instructions very carefully so that you are clear about what is required for the answer to each of the questions. The instructions are usually clear and easy to follow, and an example is given in some cases. It is worth pointing out here that candidates often fail to read the instructions carefully or just glance at them. Students rely on the fact that the instructions are exactly the same in the Test as they are in the textbook(s) they have been practising with. Changing Sometimes, the speaker may give a piece of information and then change his or her mind. So always watch out for this. Anticipation/ prediction When you are speaking to people normally in your own language, it is possible to predict what the person you are talking to is going to say. It is easier in this situation to do so, because you are part of the conversation and know the context. When you are just listening, it is just a little harder, because you are not actively involved in developing the context. However, you can do it with just a little extra concentration. Concentration It is important to concentrate from the beginning. Some candidates think that the first section is going to be easy and do not listen carefully enough. They miss a few answers which affects their final score. If you are aiming for a high score, like a 7 or a 7.5 you should be aiming to answer all the questions in the first two sections correctly, as they are the easiest. Practice If you do not have access to many IELTS textbooks to practise, use listening exercises from the other Cambridge exams, e.g. for the First Certificate and the Cambridge Advanced. The listening exercises are not the same but they give you similar practice. Also listen to the radio and watch TV, and if possible speak to people in English. 2 ■*+ A book for IELTS Listening Practice Tests Practice Test 1: Section 1 Complete the Account Details using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each blank space. Account Details Example: Account holder: No Discount offered. First year students: (1) Name: Nasreen (2) Address: (3) Compton Street, London. Postcode: SE (4) Telephone number: 0181 (5) ■ Mansions, Questions 6-8 Put a tick in the spaces below, if the information is correct. Or fill in the blank with the correct information, if it is wrong. The first one has been done for you as an example. ^ ______ Example 7_______________ Physics in the Age Experimental of Science Technology j£29^50^>o A Stern ,_T Out Of ly Stock Simon Blair £ y & Violet Boyd 6____________ 8 . S- = A'-- - Mathematics in Physics for the first Physics year student \ £27.95^> Professor I Lovatt / j £2 A Laska / A book for IELTS 3 Practice Tests Listening Questions 9 & 10 Circle the appropriate letter. 9. 10. 4 To collect the books the student must bring A three forms of identification. B two forms of identification. C one form of identification. D two forms of identification and the university confirmation letter. The books will be kept A in the Chemistry Department in the basement. B in the Physics Department in the baserrfent. C in the Physics Department on the first floor. D in the Maths Department in the basement. A book for IELTS Listening Practice Tests Practice Test 1: Section 2 Circle the appropriate letter. 11. _________________ student counsellors at the university. There a re _________ A six 12. 13. C five D three The speaker has come to talk about th e ____________________ . A Student Union B Student Welfare Service C student health D Student Accommodation Service The number of main sites is . . . A three 14. B four B four C five D six Where on this site is the student counsellor’s office? Questions 15-20 Complete the notes below using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. 15. The information leaflet is available a lm o s t____________________ . 16. The Helpline in the evenings and weekends is dependent on th e ____________ 17. The Helpline is staffed at the weekends fo r ____________________ . 18. Students contact the Student Welfare Service for a ___________________ . 19. If the counsellors cannot help you, they will put you in touch w ith ____________ 20. The Service gives____________________ to all volunteers on the Helpline. A book for IELTS 5 Practice Tests Listening Practice Test 1: Section 3 Questions 21-23 USE NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS to answer the following questions: 21. On what topic did Jim write his essay? _____________________________________ 22. Besides the OECD statistics, what other figures did Jim use? 23. At the beginning of his essay, what does Jim say the 19th century Luddites and people today are worried about? Questions 24-27 In Jim’s essay, there are 3 reasons for people’s fears and 2 reasons why people’s fears are unjustified. In each case below, choose the option which accurately describes the point. The first one is an example. Example: The first reason for fear: Ja IT affects service and traditional industries b Electricity affects service and traditional industries 24. 25. 26. 27. 6 The second reason for fear: a The introduction of IT is more demanding than other technologies b The introduction of IT is happening more quickly than for previous technologies The third reason for fear: a IT makes it easier to change jobs b IT makes it easier for employers to move jobs around The first reason why people’s fears are unjustified: a There has been a continuous rise in people in work and income in rich countries b Technological advance has industrialised rich countries The second reason why people’s fears are unjustified: a New jobs are not upsetting old ones b New jobs are replacing old ones A book for IELTS Listening Practice Tests Questions 28 30 •» Circle the appropriate letter. 28. New technology does not always reduce employment, because A people do not need to work as hard as before. B new products are a necessity. C it can create new demand. D it can slow down output. 29. In his conclusion, Jim says that IT should not destroy jobs, if A there is a balance. B the workforce are favourable. C the workforce are businessmen. D the workforce have a good education and they are skilled. 30. The phrase, a favourable business climate, means an environment where A there is not too much in the way ofprotectionism. B there are many restrictions,rules and regulations. C minimum wage levels are too high. * D restrictions on work practices exist. A book for IELTS 7 Practice Tests Listening Practice Test 1: Section 4 Questions 31-37 Complete the notes using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for your answer. 31. The speaker is a specialist in _____________________ . 32. The speaker is giving th e _____________________of the term. 33. The focus of her talk is the purpose o f ____________________ . 34. Good design leads t o _____________________ . 35. One facet of the role of design isto make sure that products do the job they are 36. People are persuaded to buyproducts 37. A shopper may buy a personal stereo for its ____________________as well as its trendy appearance. b y _________a n d __________________ . Questions 38-41 Circle the appropriate letter. 38. The role of the designer is becoming more important, because ... A the progress of technology is slightly faster than it was. B there are possibilities for new ideas. C products break more easily these days. D every model has to be updated more quickly. 39. In the medical field, the designer is engaged in ... A developing a range of new equipment. B old equipment that is developing. C everything related to hospital portering equipment. D advising inventors. 40. Designers can help manufacturers by ... A exporting their designs. B helping to make their products attractive. C making their products appreciated by other manufacturers. D training them to appreciate design. 41. 8 Design is important in life, because ... A existing is more than living. B it is part of our attitude. C it improves the quality of ourdaily D we do not want things that donot look good, even if they do not work. life. A book for IELTS Listening Practice Tests Practice Test 2: Section 1 Circle the appropriate letter. Example: Angela would like to order A some chocolates. { (^ some chocolates and some flowers. B some flowers. D some sweets. 1. Which picture shows the kind of flowers Angela would like to order? B r A book for IELTS 9 Practice Tests Listenihg 2. Which box of chocolates does Angela order? A D 3. Angela would like to send A a mixture of chocolates, mostly liqueurs. B a box of liqueurs. C a mixture of chocolates, mostly white chocolates and some liqueurs. D a mixture of chocolates, mostly white, but no liqueurs. 4. The cost of delivering both items is A 90 pence B £38 C £19 D £9 10 A book for IELTS Listening Practice Tests Complete the following Order Form by USING NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS to complete each blank space: ORDER FORM Name: Address: Angela Love 144a Orchard Heights Marsh Drive Edinburgh Telephone number: 0963 371 555 Credit card number: N/A_____ Switch card number: 569 000(5) Sendee’s name: Sendee’s address: Mrs (6) 27 (7) _ Cardiff CA13 8YU Message (if any): Congratulations on (8 ) ______________________ / Just let me know when you are out on the road. Love Angie Any other details: Delivery Date: (9) ___________ 884 223 7 (10) Deliver between ________ an d ____________ in the morning. A book for IELTS 11 Practice Tests □sterling Practice Test 2: Section 2 Questions 11-13 Circle the appropriate answer. 11. 12 . 13. Information about the sports facilities can be found on A billboards in parts of the campus. C posters in the campus. B notice-boards throughout the campus. D maps all over the campus. The speaker is A showing a map on a screen. C referring to a diagram on a screen. B talking about a map in a leaflet. D talking about a map on the wall. The university sports complex is A in Burse Road. C in Thames Street. B on the right of the police station. D opposite the city library. Questions 14-17 Tick the four other facilities below which are mentioned as future developments in the university sports complex. One (C) has been marked for you as an example. Write your answers in Boxes 14-17 on your answer sheet. FACILITIES A Two badminton courts G An ice-skating rink _ B Three squash courts H A cafeteria ________ C A sauna I (Example) Two courts for tennis D A full-sized Olympic swimming pool J A soft-ball court ___ E A dance th e a tre ____________ K A modern gym ____ F A bar __________ Questions 18-20 Circle the correct letter. 18. Choose the correct location (A,B.C, or D) for the sports ground on the map below. 19. Sports ground = A, B, C, or D? 20. The direct bus to the sports field is the A 553 C 43 B 33 D 53 The last bus at night is A around half past 12 in the morning. B at 2.30 a.m. C at 1.30 a.m. D at midnight. 12 A book for IELTS Listening Practice Tests Practice Test 2: Section 3 Questions 21-26 USING NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each space complete the details about the FBT Award below. FBT Award The FBT Award gives students money to ____ 21______ . Conditions to be met: Applicants have to: be in their_____ 22 _____ year. be a British or Commonwealth citizen. be among th e _____ 2 3 _____ in their year in the final exams. hand in the application by th e _____2 4 _____ . be under_____ 25____ at the end of their course. give the names o f ____ 2 6 ______ referees. Questions 27-30 Circle the appropriate answer. 27. The award Sandra is applying for is A awarded twice a year. B not as hard to get as the one Derek is after. C not for as much money as the FBT Award. 0 28. much harder to obtain than the one Derek is after. To apply for the Bisiker Award, students have to A write a 5,000 word outline of their project and complete a detailed application form. B write a 5,000 word outline of their project and complete a form withtheir details. C fill in a short application form. D write a 50,000 word outline of their project and fill in a form with their details. 29. The lecturer puts great emphasis on A the need for the summary to be original. B making five copies of the application. C having it read through by someone before submitting it. D studying previous applications. 30. The lecturer also lays great emphasis on the fact that A the Bisiker Award is not much harder to getthan the one Derek is after. B the application should, if possible, be typed, neat and bound with a ring binder. C there is no need to type the application. D the application has to be typed, be very neat and bound with a ring binder. A book for IELTS 13 Listenir Practice Tests _________ ' 9 Practice Test 2: Section 4 i Questions 31-36 Comp,|ete the |ecture notes below. Use NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS to complete each space. Europe goes grey refers to the in Europe since the 60s. _31 Projections - by 2029 approximately_______32_______% of the UK population will be over retirement age. - roughly 23% of the population o f_______33_______will be 65 or over by 2020. - the number of centenarians in the UK will be increasing by_______34_______percent per year in the 21st century. * Reasons for increased life-span: a. better diet b. better housing c. th e _______ 35_______ of health care The b)jrth rate in Europe has fallen as a consequence of: a. _______ 36_______ b. education of women c. more women working Questions 37-40 Circle the correct letter. 37. 39. The speaker says that the elderly A pay the wages of carers. A generally need care. B help independent old people. B can be both happy and retired. C create new medical services. C vary in their situations and needs. D increase the level of pensions. D worry about who will care for them. 38. Unlike in the past, today families A don’t care about their grandparents. B tend to live in the same area. C don’t take care of grandparents. D share the care of the elderly. 14 As regards the elderly, financial assistance is needed to •>» 40. The speaker suggests that in the future A people should be helped to prepare financially for their old age. B existing houses of the elderly should be adapted. C retirement ages should be increased. D people should respect the elderly more. A book for IELTS Listening Practice Tests Practice Test 3: Section 1 Complete the questionnaire below using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each space. Questionnaire Example Year:____ 2nd Subjects: Chinese and (1). Age: (2)_ Type of accommodation: flat off-campus ____ (Please tick) - flat on-campus —* /— Name of block (if applicable): ACTIVITIES room on-campus room off-campus (3). Number of times per month student takes part B = 3-5 c = 6 -a D = 9—10 Write A, B, C, or D below 4 = 1-2 Sports (4) Basketball Football B (5) c Clubs (6) Amateur dramatics Questions 8-10 8. A (7) Circle the appropriate letter. How much of his income does the student spend on socialising? A B B C D A book for IELTS 15
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