Tài liệu 4000 từ vựng tiếng anh quyển4

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4000_từ vựng tiếng anh quyển4

Mua sách Toeic photo giá rẻ: Hà Nội – 0164 283 1275| Tp.HCM- 0126 783 8638 CỬA HÀNG SÁCH TOEIC BOOK STORE Fanpage: https://www.facebook.com/englishbookstore/ Website: http://toeicbookstore.mov.mn/ Phone: 0164 283 1275(Hà Nội) | 0126 783 8638(Tp. Hồ Chí Minh) Địa chỉ: Gần bệnh viện Xây Dựng, đối diện 29 Nguyễn Quý Đức (Hà Nội) | Đại học Bách Khoa tp.HCM ( 268 Lý Thường Kiệt, phường 14, quận 10, Tp HCM) Mua sách tại TOEIC BOOK STORE đảm bảo: ❶ 100% được photo từ sách gốc, giấy trắng, đẹp và rất dày ❶ Tiết kiệm từ 30% - 40% so với sách giá gốc ❸ Ship hàng với mức phí Cực Rẻ ===> Gần 50 đầu sách Toeic các loại đã có tại: http://toeicbookstore.mov.mn/ Uy tín, chất lượng và sự phục vụ nhiệt tình 4000 Essential English Words 4 Paul Nation © 2009 Compass Publishing All rights reserved. No part of this book n a y be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior permission in writing from the publisher. Acquisitions Editor. Fidel Cruz Project CooidirtJtor; Annie Cho Design: Design Plus email; info@compasspub.com http://w w w .com pas5pub.com ISBN: 978-1-599<»^05-7 10 9 S ? 0 5 A 3 2 1 12 11 10 09 Photo Credits All images © Shutterstock, Inc. except: p. 100 You can touch your palate with your tongue. c paradise [pseredais] n. Paradise is the place or condition of happiness where things are perfect. -* My vacation in Hawaii was like being in paradise. plantation r [plaenteijan] n. A plantation is a big farm that only grows certain kinds of crops. -* In the 1800s, there were many cotton plantations in the southern US. c rapid [raepid] adj. When something is rapid, it moves or changes very quickly. -♦ His mother was surprised by her son’s rapid growth. r rate [reit] n. A rate is the speed at which something happens. -♦ Grass tends to grow at a very slow rate. r soothing [su:flinl adj. When something is soothing, it makes you calm or relaxed. -* The soothing music helped the baby fall asleep. r subtle [sAtl] adj. When something is subtle, it is not easy to see or notice. -♦ The handsome man has a subtle smile. r texture [tekstj9:r] n. The texture of something is the way its surface looks and feels. The texture of a rock found in the water is typically very smooth. P tO X iC [taksik] adj. When something is toxic, it is poisonous. Toxic things are very dangerous. -» Please check the label to see if the product is toxic. r vary [veari] v. To vary means to be different from another thing in size or amount. -» The heights of the people in my class vary by a large amount. 9 Choose the word that is the better fit for each blank. 1. rapid / rate The population growth in the city was incredibly__________ . It is quite surprising that people settled there at such a fast__________ . 2. contemporary / vary Many___________ laws make it illegal for business to compete in unfairways. However, the specific laws in different countries___________ greatly. 3. humid/toxic Because it is quite___________ on the island, various kinds of plants grow well there. However, some of these plants are__________ to humans. 4. texture / aroma The cheese has a smooth__________ . However, some people find it hard to eat because of its powerful__________ . 5. cluster / combined A ___________of people suggested that nearby cities could fight the invaders if they cooperated with each other. As a result, everyone__________ their efforts and defeated the invaders. 6. soothing / subtle The artist uses___________differences of color in her landscapes. This has an overall calming and___________ effect on the viewer. 7. cultivated / odor A huge garden was___________ in the middle of the city. However, a species of rare plants gave off an unpleasant__________ . 1 I 8. beverage / palate During a four or five course meal, one should drink something to clean the __________ between courses. The perfect___________ for this is, of course, water. 9. condensed / divine . I can explain the basic story in a simple,___________way. A boy is given a __________ message, and he begins an exciting adventure. 10. plantations / paradise The island of Oahu is not a natural like Maui. However, tourists still P/MT A Match the phrases to make complete sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. A soothing cup of tea _ The odor of the cheese. The pot’s texture____ The chemical is toxic______. The contemporary fiction class_____ The rate at which these flowers grew _ My mother cultivates_____ . The plantation had . The thick and humid forest . That cluster of stars in the sky makes. a. c. e. g. i. was surprisingly fast feels so smooth was too strong to be enjoyable to insects and small animals is good for a sore throat b. d. f. h. j. includes work from the 21st century covered almost a third of the country several species of flowers as a hobby twenty workers who grew cotton the shoulder of Taurus the Bull B Match the clauses to make complete sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. The scientists wanted to find a cure for the sickness, He offered to share his water,_____. I prefer mocha to coffee . Many new jobs were created,_____ . The report was ten pages long, . The doctor asked him to open his mouth,___ She walked in the door, . Because the island is so warm and beautiful,. Because patients’ bodies are so different,__ It didn’t rain all summer, . a. c. e. g. i. so economic growth was rapid people call it a paradise and she looked at his palate so they combined the chemicals but I wanted my own beverage b. d. f. h. j. . and Jim thought it was a divine message the effects of the medicine will vary and she smelled the aroma of cookies because it has a subtle taste of chocolate but the condensed version was shorter The 1 „JI ; jl L^~M -v-M *1 w& m r* r History of Chocolate Many people believe that chocolate originally came from Europe. However, chocolate, called the “food of the gods,” was first made in the Americas. The first chocolate was very different from contemporary chocolate. Wild chocolate trees can grow easily in the humid Amazon rainforest. Clusters of flowers growing on these trees turn to seeds. About 20 to 60 cacao beans can be found in the seeds. Cacao beans are the ingredient needed to create sweet, soothing, and delicious chocolate treats. The Mayan and Aztec cultures both thought that chocolate trees were brought from paradise by gods. The Mayans and Aztecs used the beans from this divine tree to create a special beverage with a very pleasant odor. Surprisingly, the Aztecs believed that it would be toxic to women and children. In the 1500s, the Spanish explorer Cortes met the Aztecs. Cortes became quite interested in the plantations where the Aztecs cultivated chocolate trees. When he returned to Europe, he took cacao beans with him. He introduced the people of Spain to the Aztecs’ chocolate beverage. Over the next 100 years or so, kings, queens, and members of the upper class enjoyed drinking chocolate. They enjoyed it even more once they learned to add sugar to the beverage! Soon, chocolate had spread all across Europe. New machines allowed chocolate makers to perfect their products and produce them at a very rapid rate. Preparing the beans in special ways brought out the aroma of chocolate. The beans were combined with condensed milk to give the chocolate a smooth texture. Today, contemporary chocolates with subtle flavors fill the shelves of expensive chocolate shops. The different types of chocolate available today vary widely. True chocolate lovers can tell which is best, though. They will tell you that the flavor of high quality chocolate stays on the palate long after you finish it. A Mark each statement T for true or F for false. Rewrite the false statements to make them true. 1. Wild chocolate trees grow well in humid weather. 2. The Mayans and Aztecs said chocolate was a divine plant brought from paradise. 3. The Mayans cultivated chocolate trees on plantations. 4. Beans were combined with condensed milk to give chocolate a smooth texture. 5. The first chocolate beverages were made in Europe. 6. The different types of chocolate available today vary widely. B Answer the questions. 1. Which word is NOT used to describe chocolate in the reading? a. Aroma b. Delicious c. Soothing d. Sweet 2. Which of the following did NOT consume chocolate as a beverage? a. Cortes b. Europeans in the 1500s c. Mayan gods d. The Aztecs 3. Which group of people believed that chocolate was toxic to women and children? a. Chocolate makers b. Plantation owners c. The upper class in Europe d. The Aztecs 4. What allowed chocolate to be produced at a rapid rate? a. Cortes of Spain b. Cacao beans c. New machines d. Kings and queens 13 accident [seksidant] n. An accident is an unexpected undesirable event. She had to go to the hospital after she was in a serious car accident. a d m i r a l [aedmaral] n. An admiral is someone who controls many military ships. -» They won the sea battle because of the admiral’s great leadership. a r c la:rk] n. An arc is a curved shape. -» A rainbow has the shape of an arc. character [k^nkted n. Your character is your personality. — My sister’s character is fun and very outgoing. conscience [kdnjans] n. Your conscience is your inner sense of what is right and wrong. -* I recycle everything I can, so my conscience is clear! fiery [faiari] adj. If something is fiery, it is burning strongly. -» The fiery blaze burned all night long. flesh [flej] n. Flesh is the skin, muscle and fat on your body. -» The zebra’s flesh has black and white stripes. grapefruit [greipfru :t] n. A grapefruit is a fruit similar to an orange, but bigger and not as sweet. -♦ Would you like a grapefruit with your breakfast? h a y [hei] n. Hay is dry grass used to feed animals or used as a covering. -* I need to buy some more hay for the horse to sleep on. horrified [hoirafaid] adj. If you are horrified, you are very shocked and feel upset. -* I was horrified when I read about the old lady who was attacked. r kerosene [kerasi:n] n. Kerosene is a type of oil. It is used in some lamps and stoves. -* Many people in poor countries cook on kerosene stoves. r lo o p [lu:p] n. A loop is a line made into the shape of a circle. -» He made a loop with the rope and placed it over the post. r paddle [p&di] n. A paddle is a piece of wood or plastic that moves a boat across water. -* We need a paddle to help us move across the water. C raft [raeft] n. A raft is a floating platform made from pieces of wood tied together. -► The man made a raft out of bamboo and floated out to sea. r S O U r [sauax] adj. When something is sour, it has a sharp and unpleasant taste. -* I don’t like lemons because I think they are too sour. r stake isteik] n. A stake is a small, sharp piece of wood or metal that is put into the ground. -* We marked our property by placing stakes into the ground. r steward [syu.ard] n. A steward is a person like a waiter who serves food on planes and ships. -» The steward is bringing some tea. r string [strinl n. String is a thin piece of fabric or rope. -* I found a large ball of string. r thorn [eorn] n. A thorn is a sharp part of a plant. -» Be careful of the thorns when you pick the roses! r wreck [rek] v. To wreck something means to destroy or ruin it. -+ The teenagers wrecked the house for no reason at all. Exercise 1 PAR'D' A Choose the right definition for the given word. 1. thorn a. a sharp part on a plant c. someone who serves food b. a captain on a ship d. a piece of wood that moves a boat 2. arc a. a thin rope c. a circle in a rope b. a part of your mind d. a curved shape 3. raft a. a waiter c. on fire b. an undesirable event d. a floating platform 4. hay a. oil c. a piece of wood in the ground b. dry grass d. a fruit 5. character a. where something is bought c. difficulties b. personality d. skin and muscle PjGMJ B Choose the right word for the given definition. 1. a piece of wood in the ground a. admiral c. stake b. flesh d. loop 2. frightened a. wrecked c. fiery b. horrified d. sour 3. a curved shape a. arc c. kerosene b. hay d. string 4. part of your mind that stops you from doing bad things a. character b. conscience c. accident d. steward 5. something you use to move a boat a. thorn c. grapefruit b. raft d. paddle Write a word that is similar in meaning to the underlined part. 1. Tom was promoted, and now he is an important sea officer that controls military ships. 2. Some people thought that the meal was too sharp and unpleasant tasting. 3. The oil in lamps and stoves is a very cheap form of heat. 4. Why did you steal the woman’s bag? Don’t you have a mind that understands what is wrong? 5. Can you buy three yellow pieces of fruit that are like oranges from the supermarket please? 6. I hope that the waiter on the plane will bring some water soon. 7. After lightning struck the tree, the forest turned into a burning blaze. 8. Use this thin rope to tie the package. 9. I cleaned the rabbit’s cage and left some dry grass for it to eat. 10. I threw the ball through the line in the shape of a circle. Fill in the blanks with the correct words from the word bank. character accident flesh 1. I’m going to tie the cow to a ____________ 2. You shouldn’t eat the chicken. The______ 3. New drivers are more likely to__________ 4. Many people were hurt in the boating____ 5. My brother has a very friendly and cheerful stake wreck in the ground. is still pink. _ their cars than experienced drivers.
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