The value of traditional morality on the development of new life style for Vietnamese students in the context of globalization.

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HO CHI MINH NATIONAL ACADEMY OF POLITICS AND PUBLIC ADMISTRATION NGUYEN THI THANH HA THE VALUE OF TRADITIONAL MORALITY iN THE BUILDING OF NEW LIFESTYLE FOR VIETNAMESE STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION Major Student Code : Dialectical Materialism and Historical Materialism : 62 22 80 05 Summary of the philosophic thesis Hµ Néi - 2014 The research was accomplished at Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics and Public Administration Instructors: Assoc. Professor, Dr. Nguyen The Kiet Assoc. Professor, Dr. Hoang Anh Critic 1: Critic 2: Critic 3: The thesis will be proven at Academy level by board of examiners at Ho Chi Minh National Academy Politics and Public Administration Time: The thesis is availble at: The National Library and the Library of Ho Chi Minh Academy of Politics and Public Administration 1 INTRODUCTION I. Setting 1.1 The necessity of the research. Every member of the society needs to know their past and each nation has to know its history. One country will lose if it does not know its origin. The traditional ethics is prominent among many valuable traditions of Vietnam. It has been existing along with different stages of development of the country from building, keeping and developing. It is the transference among different generations and different socioeconomic patterns. Therefore, it is necessary to promote traditional values, especially ethnic value, in order to build new lifestyle for Vietnamese people in general and students in particular. This is also an urgent requirement for the career of innovating and modernizing of the country. The documents of the 10th meeting of the communist party confirm to: build and complete the value and dignity for the Vietnamese; preserve and promote the national character in the periods of industrializing, modernizing and globalizing; cultivate cultural value among the youth in general and students in particular, focusing on the life ideal, life styles, intelligence capacity, ethics and cultural stuff of Vietnamese people. Students are a great force who is intellect, active and quick to learn the new things in all fields of life. The value of traditional ethnics is a factor which creates the cultural character of the country. In the development stages of the country, the ethnic value is also an interior and indispensible factor, which helps to push the movement and development of the culture. There is no doubt that there is close relationship between traditional ethnic value and the building of new lifestyles. However, the question is in the market economy and globalization, what are the roles of the traditional ethnic value? Is it a block or a motivation? Or is it an orientation factor for the building of new lifestyles? And what will be the content and requirement for the promotion of national traditional values for Vietnamese young learners? What are the methods and solutions to promote new lifestyles for students? Therefore, in order to build new way of life, we have been continuing to increase the awareness of the society in general and young learners in particular about the roles and the importance of traditional ethnic value. This raises many problems: how do students have right ways in modern society where many ethnic values have been changing; how students will have real emotion, right attitudes and solid belief to build their own way of life. It is 2 the traditional value which has an important role in creating particular lifestyle of the Vietnamese. The degradation of ethnic value and lifestyle has been occurring complicatedly. Its manifestation cannot be ignored anymore. Egoistical and pragmatic way of life has become common, which is a serious problem for our society. In the tenth Meeting of the Communist Party, we judged that: ‘The statement of degradation in people’s ethnics, lifestyle and the increase in social evils and crimes have become a worrying problem, especially in the young.’ Therefore, we can recognize the vital role of career of ‘human. Promoting the nation’s tradition value is vital, which is to build new lifestyle for students. Hence, the study on the role of nation’s tradition value for Vietnamese learners is an urgent issue. For these reasons, we chose this topic ‘The nation’s traditional values and their roles on building new lifestyle for Vietnamese students in the context of globalization’ as our thesis essay topic in the field of Philosophy. 1.2. The aims of the research 1.2.1. The general aims Bring out the importance, real statements of the promotion of the nation’s tradition value for building new lifestyle for students; propose methods and some major solutions in order to promote the nation’s tradition value in building new lifestyle for Vietnamese students in the context of globalization. 1.2.2. The specific aims - Bring out the importance, real statements of the promotion of the nation’s tradition value for building new lifestyle for students in the context of globalization. - Analyze, evaluate real statements of the promotion of the nation’s tradition value for building new lifestyle for students in the context of globalization and rising problems. - Propose methods and some major solutions in order to promote the nation’s traditional value in building new lifestyle for Vietnamese students in the context of globalization. 1.3. Subjects and scope of the research 1.3.1. Subjects of the research: Building new lifestyle for young people in Vietnam is a big problem and consists of different aspects. This thesis just focuses on the value of the nation’s ethnic traditions and promotes its role on the building new ways of life for the young in the context of globalization. 3 1.3.2. Scope of the research: The subjects of this research are college students. Data is collected mainly in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city in the period from 1986 up to now. 2. Theoretical base and research methods - The theories of this research are mainly based on the viewpoints of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh’s thought, political line of the Vietnam Communist Party on ethnics, nation’s traditional value, lifestyle of the young learners. Besides, the thesis is also based on science achievements of research work inside and outside the country, which are related to the topic of the thesis. - Different research methods were used: historical and logical, analyzing and synthetic, comparative, social investigation.. in order to fulfill the purpose of the research. 3. Significations of the study - The thesis plays an important role in regconizing the importance of the value of nation’s tradition in building new lifestyle for Vietnamese college students in the context of globalization. - It provides the real situation of promoting traditional value on building new way of life for Vietnamese college students. - It also proposes lines of actions and some solutions in order to promote the value of nation’s tradition in building new lifestyle for Vietnamese college students in the context of globalization. 4. Theoretical and practical significations of the study - The thesis plays an important role in regconizing the importance of the value of nation’s tradition in building new lifestyle for Vietnamese college students in the context of globalization. - The thesis can be used as a reference for organizations, individuals who work with students and take part in activities with students. - The thesis can be used as reference in later researches and to teach in colleges and institudes. 5. Outline of the research The research consists of the introductions, conclusion, lists of references, appendices, contents (which has 4 chapters and 12 parts) 4 Chapter 1 OVERVIEW OF THE REFERENCES 1.1. REVIOUS RESEARCHES ON LIFESTYLES; LIFESTYLES OF THE STUDENTS AND CHARACTERISTICS OF NEW LIFESTYLES OF VIETNAMESE STUDENTS Vietnam in 80s of the previous century, there were researches which provided theoretical problems about life, such as ‘Discuss the socialist lifestyle’ written by a group of writers: Tran Do (chief author), published in 1985. Writer Tuong Lai mentioned the relationship between ethnics and lifestyle in ‘Building new ethnic values positively and actively’, (1983). The author emphasized that ‘our new ethnics should be expressed in lifestyles of workers’. During 90s of the 19th century, in the renewal period, there witnessed great changes in economy, society…, which initially described the vivid picture of real lifestyle of the north, students and recommended educational methods for their new lifestyle. An example of these is Do Long, who studied the relationship between ways of life and incarnation for the young in the book : ‘Lifestyle and personality of young people’ (1996). The Institude of educational developmnent (Ministry of Education) studied ‘Lifestyle characteristics among students- directions and educational methods ’ (1995), code B94-38-32, observed by Mac Van Trang. This work defined what students’ lifestyle was and listed all main characteristics of students’ lifestyle, which manifested through specific activities, behaviour and personal life. Thanh Le (chief author) of ‘Lifestyle in socialist society and globalization’ (2001) deeply analyzed the term ‘lifestyle’. In the context of globalization, lifestyle is a ‘trouble-spot’. It is valuable to prove the prominence of ‘socialist lifestyle’. This is totally suitable with the context of Vietnam when it is in a transition period. ‘Building idea, ethics, lifestyle and cultural life in Hanoi in the period of industrialism and modernism’ written by Nguyen Viet Chuc (chief author, 2001) mentioned the importance and necessity of building idea, ethnics, lifestyle and cultural life in Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam. ‘Something about ways of life, ethics and standard of social value’ (by Huynh Khai Vinh, 2001) shows that: lifestyle, ethnics and standard of social value are fundamental factors in every personal life. Ethics plays the role as reasons for living; people’s behavior and social regulation form the culture 5 and people in that society. Author Ha Nhat Thang discussed ethics and lifestyle of the young and students in his work named ‘Real statement of ethics, political thought, lifestyle of young people and students’ posted in Education Magazine number 3 (2002); Nguyen Van Huyen discussed ‘Lifestyle of Vietnamese people in the context of globalization’ (2003) When analyzing national cultural character, Assoc.Professor-Dr Le Nhu Hoa concerned about lifestyle, urban lifestyle in the current period, which was written in her book named ‘The national character in modern lifestyle’ (published by Cultural Institute and Culture-Information Publishing house, Hanoi, 2003). Researcher Nguyen Thi Hang has a thesis named ‘Finding out about lifestyle of students in Ho Chi Minh city through their leisure activities’ (2004). A recent research by a group of authors (Nguyen Ngoc Ha- chief author) studied ‘The characteristics of thinking and lifestyle of Vietnamese people nowadays: Some theoretical and practical problems’ (2011). The research reveals that the thinking and lifestyle can importantly affect on people’s activities and the socioeconomic development. Another work is ‘Building ethic culture and cultural lifestyle in the context of economic market and integration’. (Political argument – number 7/2013) 1.2. RESEARCHES ON VALUE, TRADITIONAL ETHIC VALUES, VIETNAM TRADITONAL ETHIC VALUES. THE IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION ON PROMOTING THE VALUE OF VIETNAM’S TRADITONAL ETHICS Many scientists have a lot of studies in order to recognized traditional moral value, which is taken into consideration when building cultural life and Vietnamese people in the career of socialist revolution. Some of outstanding work are ‘Finding out about the nation’s character’ by professor Nguyen Hong Phong (published by Science Publishing house, Hanoi, 1963) ; ‘New ethics’ by professor Vu Khieu (chief author) (Science and social publishing house, Hanoi, 1974) ; ‘Positively and actively building new ethics’ by Tuong Lai, (Truth publishing house, Hanoi, 1983) ; ‘The value of nation’s tradition’ by professor Tran Van Giau (Science and social publishing house, Hanoi, 1980). Apart from these, there are also lots of works on ethics, such as: ‘Communist moral principles’ by A.Sixkin, (Truth publishing house, Hanoi, 1961). In this book, the author confirmed the opinion based on Marxism about the root of ethics; that ethics is a social form; ethics relates to tradition habit, custom, which reveals the relationship among people in 6 their daily lives. ‘Ethics’, volumns 1 and 2 by G.Bandzeladze, (Education publishing house, Hanoi, 1985) analyzed and explained the role of ethics, mada clear lots of social ethic phenomenon and the relationship between ethics and the humane. In addition, problems of traditional value in general and traditional ethic value in particular are studied by many authors to confirm the role of traditional ethic value, the necessity of protecting, preserving and promoting these values in building new society. Hereafter are many other works of different authors: ‘About cultural moral value of Vietnam’ (groups of authors, including 2 volumns, Arguing and Information publishing house, Hanoi, 1983); ‘Traditional moral value of Vietnamese people’ of professor Tran Van Giau, Ho Chi Minh Publishing house (republished in 1983); ‘Grasp the dialectical relationship between economy and ethics in innovating people’s thinking’ (Nguyen Ngoc Long, 1987) ; ‘Investigating Vietnamese youth’s valued orientation in the market economy’ written by chief authorThai Duy Tuyen (national political publishing house, Hanoi, 1994); ‘Value- Orienting personal value and education value’ by chief author Nguyen Quang Uan, April, 1995. The entire innovation of the country reveals many problems which will challenge the new society. Therefore, ethic problems should be analysed in the market economy where it may be affected by many complicated factors. To cope up with this, a group of authors including Associate Professor, Doctor Nguyen Chi My (chief author), Associate Professor, Doctor Nguyen The Kiet, Associate Professor, Doctor Nguyen Tinh Gia, Professor Tran Phuc Thang, Associate Professor, Doctor Tran Hau Kiem, Associate Professor, Doctor Tran Thanh, Associate Professor, Doctor Tran Van Phong had the work named ‘Changes in ethic standard in the market economy with building new ethic value for managing officers in Vietnam nowadays.’ In this book, authors mentioned new terms on ethics, interpret changes in ethic standard in the market economy. Thence, they recommend methods and solutions for new ethic value, build new ethic for managing officers in the socialist-oriented market economy. Professor, doctor Nguyen Trong Chuan and Associate Professor, doctor Nguyen Van Huyen (co-chief author) of the work named ‘The traditional value faces the challenge of the globalization’ (2002), consisting of pieces of writing about Vietnam tradition values and current problems in the context of globalization. There are also some other work like ‘Vietnam traditional values to face the challenge of globalization’ (2002) by Professor, Doctor 7 Do Huy, and ‘International integration: opportunities and challenges for traditional value in globalization’ by Professor, Doctor Nguyen Trong Chuan (2004); work of Professor Tran Dinh Huou with ‘To modern from tradition’ published by KZ-07. To discuss ethics, ethic value, there are some works like ‘Vietnam traditional ethic values and global popularity of ethics in the market economy’ by Tran Nguyen Viet (Philosogy magazine, Number 5, 2002); ‘From traditional ‘goodness’’ to ‘goodness’ in the market economy in Vietnam today’ by Professor Nguyen Hung Hau (Philosogy magazine, Number 8, 2002); ‘Ethic norm of a political leader nowadays’ by Associate Professor, Doctor Tran Van Phong (Philosogy magazine, Number 5, 2003); ‘Promoting Vietnam traditional love in the current period’ by Nguyen Thi Nga (Communist magazine, number 1, 2006); author Mai Thi Quy with ‘The Effect of globalization on industriousness and saving practice of Vietnamese people’ (Philosophy, number 5/2007) Associate Professor, Doctor Nguyen The Kiet (2006) discussed some traditional ethic values through ‘Some ethic value of Vietnam: From tradition to Ho Chi Minh’ (Theoretical politics magazine, number 7, 2006). The author of ‘The issue of ethic Maxism and building ethics in the current market economy’ (2012) made clear the change of ethic standard under the impact of the market economy in Vietnam, so that it is necessary to have oriented solutions in order to build ethics and against the degradation of ethics, lifestyle as well. 1.3. RESEARCH WORKS ON THE ROLES, REAL SITUATION AND REASONS OF TRADITIONAL ETHIC VALUES IN BUILDING NEW WAYS OF LIFE FOR VIETNAMESE COLLEGE STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION Scientists have studied and published a lot of works which have high theoretical as well as practical values, in which we can name: Nguyen Khac Vinh with ‘Building ethic lifestyle and social standard to develop people’ (Theoretical Information Magazine, number 3, 1999); the philosophy thesis by Tran Sy Phan ‘Educating ethics with forming and developing students’ characteristics for Vietnamese students’ (Hanoi Academy of Politics, Hanoi, 1999); ‘Ethic ideals and educating ethic ideals for the youth nowadays’ by Doan Van Khiem (Philosophy magazine, number 2, 2001); Author Vo Minh Tuan analyzed the expression of students’ ethics under the impact of globalization through his work ‘The impact of globalization on students’ ethics nowadays’ (Philosophy magazine, number 4-155, 2004); 8 Dang Quang Thanh, in his philosophy thesis, studied ‘Building socialist oriented lifestyle for the young in Ho Chi Minh city in the period of renewal’ (2005); ‘Building cultural lifestyle for students in Ha Noi today’ (2005) by Le Cao Thang. Vo Van Thang wrote ‘Building lifestyle in Vietnam nowadays (from the view of cultural nation’s tradition)’ (Cultural Information Publishing house and Cultural Institute, Hanoi, 2006). In the context of globalization, Nguyen Thi Huyen (2007) mentioned the integration of ethics and lifestyle of Vietnamese people through her work named ‘Globalization and the risk of integration of ethics and lifestyle of Vietnamese people nowadays’ (Philosophy magazine) 1.4. RESEARCH WORKS ON RECOMMENDED METHODS AND SOLUTIONS, INHERITANCE AND PROMOTION OF THE NATION’S TRADITIONAL VALUES IN BUILDING LIFESTYLE FOR VIETNAMESE PEOPLE: IN BUILDING STUDENTS’ LIFESTYLE IN GENERAL AND IN THE GLOBALIZATION IN PARTICULAR Luu Thu Thuy (2000), in her summary record of a national conference, discussed ‘Real situation and solutions for educating ethics, political ideas, lifestyle for the youth and students in Vietnam’. Basing on the real situation of students’ ethics, ideal, lifestyle, she recommended some practical solutions in order to educate, inherit and promote ethic value, nation’s tradition value for students. In August, 2004, the Institute of Vietnam social science published the results of the thesis ‘Social ethics in Vietnam nowadays – Problems and solutions’ by Professor, Academician Nguyen Duy Qui (chief author) and other noble authors like: Professor Nguyen Duc Binh, Professor Vu Khieu, Professor Nguyen Trong Chuan, Professor Hoang Chi Bao, Associate Professor, Doctor Nguyen Van Phuc. In their thesis, they pointed out the reasons for the degradation of ethics and proposed methods and solutions for building social ethics. In the book named ‘About educating revolution ethics in cadres, party members nowadays- Real situation and solutions’, National politics publishing house, Hanoi, 2004, authors considered the term ‘lifestyle’ as an ethic category; Vo Van Thang suggested some solutions in building ways of life by raising awareness of students on the role of traditional culture in his writing ‘Raising students’ awareness of the role of traditional culture in people’s lifestyle nowadays’, (Education Magazine, number 234, 2010) 9 1.5. SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER THESIS Firstly, all works on ethics, traditional ethic values and students’ lifestyle have been written in the form of science articles or scientific researches, but no work has studied systematically under the view of philosophy about the nation’s tradition ethic value in connection with building new lifestyle for Vietnamese learners in the context of globalization. Recent works have only settled a general picture on the lifestyle, students’ lifestyle; the expression has not brought out which are the most fundamental and decisive factors, the specific characters of students’ lifestyle. They have not, moreover, considered the connection and impact between these factors and relative factors. There is a need for the following thesis to inherit, supplement and complete the concepts of lifestyle, new lifestyle, building new lifestyle for students; recognizing the role of traditional ethic value in building new lifestyle for students in the context of globalization. Secondly, not many published works on the real situation of students’ lifestyle are deep enough. In most works, the writers mainly discussed the ways of life of Vietnamese people. No work has analyzed systematically and totally the real situation of promoting traditional value in building new ways of life for Vietnamese people in the context of globalization. Thirdly, although the published works suggest solutions to promote the traditional ethic values in building new lifestyle for students and some solutions are feasible, inheritable and also focus on the traditional value, there are no works on global data. The data collected were not feasible and did not recommend concrete orientation and major methods to promote the traditional value on building new way of life for Vietnamese students in the context of globalization. The mentioned researches are related to the current thesis in some ways, with different approaches, different methods. However, there are not any complete researches on traditional ethic value in building lifestyle for Vietnamese students in such a globalization stage. From the above reasons, this thesis namely: ‘The Nation’s traditional values with building new lifestyle for Vietnamese students in the context of globalization’ will focus on the problem philosophically. 10 Chapter 2 LIFESTYLE AND THE IMPORTANCE OF THE NATION’S TRADITIONAL VALUES IN BUILDING NEW LIFESTYLE FOR VIETNAMESE STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION 2.1. LIFESTYLE AND THE IMPORTANCE AND THE CONTENT OF BUILIDNG NEW LIFESTYLE FOR VIETNAMESE STUDENTS 2.1.1. Lifestyle, the importance and content of building new lifestyle for Vietnamese students nowadays. 2.1.1.1. Definitions of lifestyle For a long time ‘lifestyle’ has become a subject matter for many sciences, such as psychology, education, ethics, philosophy, culture… The word ‘loi song’ in French means ‘mode de vie’, in English ‘mode of life’ or ‘way of life’, and in Germany ‘Lebensweise’. Although there are plenty of researchers, thesis mentioning this, up to now there has not been any fix definition on this. In ‘German Thinking System’, Marx-Engles wrote: We should not study the mode of production by just considering it as a re-production of the body of an individual. It should be considered as ways of activity of each individual, an alive mode of living. From this, Marx showed us that producing is the decisive factor of the existence of every person; mode of production is the basic activity and the mode of living of the people; the basic side of lifestyle. Analyzing lifestyle based on the mode of activity and the total of relationships in economy, politics, culture and society of each person in a socioeconomic pattern, Rukevik stated that ‘Lifestyle is a complete systema system of characteristics which express activities of the different ethnic groups, classes, social groups, and of every single person in a certain pattern of a society.’ In Vietnamese, ‘lifestyle’ is a compound noun, including the word ‘life’ and ‘style’. ‘Style’ is the manner, method, mode. ‘Living’ is ‘activities’, biologically and socially past activities of the people. The Vietnamese and Chinese-Vietnamese dictionary also only mention the term ‘simple way of life’ to exemplify for the word ‘way’ and extract ‘life style’ to mention the term ‘living’. The term ‘lifestyle’ (ways of life) was used first in the IV national party congress and continues being mentioned in the following party congress. 11 The VI party stated that : ‘The problem of detegration in politics and party members ; the problem of corruption, bureaucracy, dissipation and social evils (which have not only been prevented, but also happened more complicatedly) reduces the people’s belief on Party and the country. The degration of people’s ethics is not only occuring in some party members, officers, but also in different classes, especially in the young. Absorbing the ideas of Marxism- Leninism on lifestyle, Professor Vu Khieu defined the term ‘lifestyle’ in his work named ‘Vietnamese culture- Society and People’: Lifestyle is a social category, which generalizes the activities of all minorities, classes, groups, individuals in a certain socioeconomic pattern and is presented in all fields of life: in working and enjoying, in the relationships among people, in spiritual activities and culture. It can be inferred from this definition the fundamental characteristics of lifestyle, from the material of lifestyle such as material mode of production and socioeconomic pattern to the spiritual activities of lifestyle. When considering the lifestyle in connection with people’s living and with a socioeconomic pattern, Professor Thanh Le defined: ‘Lifestyle is a basic thinking system, which is about the activities of all minorities, classes, groups, and individuals relating to conditions of a certain socioeconomic pattern’. Doctor Nguyen Viet Chuc thought: ‘Lifestyle is the harmonization and generalization of stably typical living patterns of the people, which work in the conditions of certain socioeconomic pattern.’ To sum up, basing on different opinions of different researchers about lifestyle, we can conclude that: - Lifestyle is the harmonization and generalization of the people’s activities in connection with the conditions of certain socioeconomic patterns. - Lifestyle is adjusted by mode of production and living conditions of a society. - Lifestyle is the harmonization and generalization between material and spirit relationships, between an individual and a society, a nation and the whole world. - Lifestyle generally has cultural characteristics. Therefore, lifestyle is ways of living of people in a certain regime expressed in different fields of life, such as production, politic activities, spiritually cultural activities and daily activities. 12 Considering the term lifestyle, it is clear that lifestyle has a stick relationship with other concepts like reason for living, way of living and living standard, etc.. 2.1.1.2. New ways of life – communist lifestyle, building new lifestyle in Vietnam nowadays. The appearance of socialist production relations resulted in the socialist way of life. The communist lifestyle satisfies the tasks of building socialist; solves have-to-do assignments and evaluates the people’s typical behaviors. According to Professor Thanh Le: ‘The socialist way of life is one which is suitable for a typical socialist socioeconomic pattern with the socialist mode of production’ The socialist lifestyle is the combination between traditional values and new ideals and values in every action and behavior.. New ways of life are not only the pure expression of production mode or economy, but they are also the reflection of spiritual life of the nation- in culture and behavior of the people. Building new ways of life in Vietnam nowadays The nature of building new lifestyle is the humanizing all social lives in connection with the industrialization and modernization of the country. People in this society will enhance their self-control, self-consciousness, inner strength and perfect themselves. It will be a nationally characteristicmodern-civilized lifestyle, which is connected with the period of building a Vietnamese culture which is forward-looking and has national character. From the above requirements, we should notice the followings: Firstly, the new way of life should have ethic standard, lofty and beautiful ideals and should be the harmonious combination of good traditions of the country and the culture of the mankind. Secondly, building new lifestyle is actually targeting to develop perfect people, who have rich personalities. Thirdly, new lifestyle should obey constitution and laws of the country. 2.1.2. The importance and the content of building new ways of life for Vietnamese students in the context of globalization 2.1.2.1. Students and the activity characteristics of Vietnamese students. Vietnamese students are the ones who are studying at universities, colleges in Vietnam: They belong to a specific class. They are studying and forming personalities, ethics and lifestyle. Although they have fundamental 13 qualifications and thinking ability, they are still very young, aged from 18 to 25 and their life experiences are limited; they are under different pressures and they are easily agitated by the globalization. Students in the society are the representatives of a special group. In personal, students are maturing their physical strength and social knowledge; forming their personalities; absorbing qualifications and skills in a certain career. This is the time when students develop their critical thinking, especially their world view, outlook in life, ambition and their job favorite. Although students have fundamental scientific knowledge and thinking ability, they are young, lack of life experiences and are under lots of pressures and easily affected by the globalization. Some students do not cope up with changing environment. Due to unstable psychology, some desire to new things and are affected by imitating lifestyle, pragmatic and changing lifestyle. If students’ dreams are not correctly oriented, they will be affected by negative behaviors especially people who lack of life experiences and have unstable psychology like students. Most students are hard-working. They are improving their qualifications and promoting good traditional values of the former generations. Students study different majors, and they will do different jobs in the future which have high science levels. They are dynamic, creative, clear-headed and quickly adopt new things. A majority number of students have ideals, dreams and great ambitions. They are ready to overcome difficulties, challenges to make their dreams come true. 2.1.2.2. The importance of the value of traditional morality in building new life style for students in the context of globalization The term ‘lifestyle’ is necessarily understood belongs to the connotation of buildinways of life of Vietnamese people in general. However, we should focus on the characteristics of the students because of their physiology and psychology as well as their living conditions. Therefore, new way of life of the students is their specific activities, which are nationally characterized, modern and civilized. These activities include their studying and their personal life, from their living ideal, value orientation to their behavior in daily life and in the relationship among people of the students Nowadays, in the context of globalization, building new ways of life for students have vital and strategic meanings for the following reasons: 14 Firstly, new lifestyles are not only target but also motivation for the development of the society, perfecting people in general and students in particular. Secondly, new lifestyles play an important role in ‘preventing’ and ‘immunizing’ for the whole society, especially for students who may be badly influenced by the market economy, globalization and the ‘peace situation’ conspiracy of the rivals. Thirdly, building new ways of life for students stems from requirements and assignments of the Vietnamese students in the current time. 2.1.2.3. Basic contents of building new ways of life for students It is necessary to set the norms for building new ways of life for students nowadays: Firstly, teaching students to love the country, socialism and willingness to help the country overcome poverty and underdevelopment. Students should have passion in studying, be honest in both studying and working. Secondly, equipping students with the awareness of living for the community; responsibility, pure conscience and tolerance; equipping students life with ideals, dreams and ambitions. Students should be energetic, confident and should believe in the revolutionary career of the nation. Thirdly, building a civilized and well-behaved life for all people; people should follow the laws and should protect the environment, the right and good things. Fourthly, building correct attitude in students’ friendship and love; building good habit and ethic and cultural behavior for them. 2.2. THE NATION’S TRADITIONAL ETHICAL VALUES AND THEIR ROLES IN BUILDING NEW WAYS OF LIFE FOR VIETNAMESE STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION 2.2.1. Values and the nation’s traditional ethical values of the Vietnamese Value is the achievements people contribute in the development of the social history, and which is for the sake of profit and happiness of the community. Value appears in the relationships between the subject and object, from the realities and strugglings. Therefore, ‘when mentioning the term ‘value’, we want to confirm the positive side of it, i.e considering ‘value’ as the right, goodness, beauty; and as something encouraging people to act and try their best.’ 15 Ethic value is a basic factor which contributes to value system of social life. Ethic value is standards, ideal models, chosen rules in order to adjust and evaluate behavior between people and people, people and the society. Tradition, in term of specific trait, is somehow stable. It is recognized by the community and deeply goes into people’s psychology and custom from one to another generation. Promoting traditional ethic values is making the standardized value, the goodness, beauty which are defined in society. The nation’s traditional ethic values The Vietnamese nation’s traditional ethic values are good characteristics which was formed, transferred, chosen and inherited from one to other generations. This humanized value is recognized in the community, is relatively stable and expressed in popular standard, which is to adjust people’s behavior. According to attitudes of scientists and the communist party, it can be said that the nation’s traditional ethic values includes: Patriotism is the love and royalty to the country, which can be seen in thirst and active actions to support the country. Altruism and tolerance is the ethic value tradition of our country. From the old days Vietnamese people, in working and fighting for their country, always live for nobility and help one another to overcome difficulties. Community feeling and solidarity is spiritual factor which is originated from patriotism and is motivation for the development of the nation. Thanks to solidarity we can create great strength to build and protect the country. Industriousness, thrift and creation in working: thrift and creation is an ethic tradition stemming from the old days. It is the noble quality of the Vietnamese people which is transferred, kept and developed by different generations. Courageousness and undauntedness of the Vietnamese are prominent qualities in traditional ethic values. Thanks to these qualities we are always successful in fighting against natural canamities and enemy-inflited destruction. The tradition fondness for learning of Vietnamese people originated from the long-standing time and becomes a prominent beauty in the nation’s tradition. Years ago the Vietnamese acknowledged that learning was not only the right but also the duty for every person. 16 Thirst and love for peace Due to being attacked by many invaders, Vietnamese always thirst for peace. They desire a peaceful and happy life for all people, and the stability and development for all countries in the world. Thirst and love for peace becomes the nation’s tradition value, and also rule and moral principles for all Vietnamese people. 2.2.2. Roles of the nation’s traditional ethic values in building new ways of life for students in the context of globalization The traditional ethic values play a vital role in building new ways of life (a communist lifestyle) for Vietnamese people in general and for Vietnamese learners in particular. Firstly, the traditional ethic values play a basic role in building new ways of life for Vietnamese students nowadays. Secondly, the traditional ethic values are inherited and upheld to become new characteristic for positive lifestyle for students. Thirdly, the traditional ethic values are motivation as well as reasons for developing country, which create the spiritual strength and stuff for the young- therefore, they are able to overcome difficulties in the context of globalization. Fourthly, building traditional ethic values contributes to the balance between material and spiritual life, helping the students overcome bad effects of the market economy and globalization. Therefore, for students, the future intellectual force, building new ways of life is oriented and vanguard. In the context of globalization, building new ways of life for students is very important and has strategic meaning. Chapter 3 THE NATION’S TRADITIONAL ETHIC VALUES AND BUILDING NEW WAYS OF LIFE FOR VIETNAMESE STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION - REAL SITUATION AND PROBLEMS 3.1. GLOBALIZATION AND ITS EFFECTS TO UPHOLDING TRADITIONAL ETHIC VALUES IN BUILDING NEW WAYS OF LIFE FOR STUDENTS 3.1.1. The nature of globalization In the eye of philosophy, globalization is the indispensible movement of the mankind; it happens during the development and is reaching its high 17 level. Thanks to material production, the human beings can exist and develop. Therefore, globalization stemmed from the powerful development of productive forces and socialized production. 3.1.2. The impacts of globalization on upholding traditional ethic values in building new ways of life for students. 3.1.2.1. The positive impacts of globalization Firstly, by allowing free trade we attract investors, widen exporting market and stimulate the market economy. Secondly, globalization creates good conditions for building new and modern lifestyle, which both inherits the nation’s tradition ethic values and acquire the human’s culture. Thirdly, globalization creates favorable conditions for exchanging culture, science; acquiring information and human’s culture in order to enrich the nation’s culture, which is the base of building new ways of life for students. 3.1.2.2. Bad effects of globalization Firstly, globalization is the reason for the dependence in economy and culture, which can lead to the dependence in politics. This threatens the safety of the country; creates the crisis of people’s confidence in human civilization value; encourages people to follow pragmatic lifestyle and remote from the traditional values. Secondly, globalization invents challenges, even threats to break the Vietnamese traditional ethic values and sinks the culture into oblivion. Thirdly, globalization makes people face with lots of challenges and the country becomes less safe. Fourthly, globalization creates inequality between developing countries and developed countries, far gap between the rich and the poor and finally results in two different lifestyles. 3.2. THE REAL SITUATION OF UPHOLDING THE NATION’S TRADITIONAL ETHIC VALUES IN BUILDING NEW WAYS OF LIFE FOR VIETNAMESE STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION 3.2.1. The real situation of upholding the value of ‘patriotism’, the nation’s ‘self-strengthening’ to build new ways of life for students in the context of globalization Promoting the traditional ethic values in building new lifestyle is an important subject matter. When the war ended, our communist party took care of all fields of life for the community, including building new culture, ethics and lifestyle for the young and students are important subjects. 18 When mentioning ‘patriotism’ of Vietnam, president Ho Chi Minh stressed: ‘Our citizens have great love for the country. It is the noble tradition of the Vietnamese. Since the old days, every time we were invaded, this tradition has become a powerful wave which can sweep all the enemies’. In the work named ‘Developing culture and the people in the period of industrialization and modernization’ (the country-level scientific worknumber 4), which investigated 1, 585 students in 13 universities in Hanoi, Da Nang, Ho Chi Minh city on patriotism, and pride of the nation’s tradition showed that: From 89.7% to 94.9% students think that ‘Patriotism and pride of the country are important ethic value’; from 75% to 85% students are desired to contribute to the building of the country. In the current conditions, the students’ noble lifestyle should connect closely with the period of industrialization and modernization, contributing to the socialism and should have ideal as well as belief in building Vietnam- a country of ‘rich citizens, strength, equality and civilization’ Hence, it is important to uphold the patriotism, self-strength in cultivating ideal and belief in building for students. This encourages students to study to support the country, the citizens and building a citizen-owned Vietnam- a country for peace, freedom and richness as in Uncle Ho’s wishes. 3.2.2. Promoting ‘a sense of community, solidarity spirit’ in order to build new ways of life for students in the context of globalization A sense of community, solidarity spirit are noble traditional ethic values. Solidarity is the nation’s power in building and protecting the country as well as expressing the self-strength of the country. It can be said that the sense of community and solidarity spirit have become the inner strength and are one of noble traditional ethic values of the Vietnamese, contributing to the career of national liberation, building and protecting the country. Uncle Ho concluded: ‘Solidarity, solidarity and great solidarity. Success, success and great success’ Upholding the traditional ethic values has recently directed in building collective spirit and solidarity. It also connects personal interest and the community’s interest ; fights against practical and lowly lifestyle. By both educating and giving good samples, we can educate the collective spirit in working and studying for students. A majority number of Vietnamese students study hard and follow Uncle Ho’s advices; they try their best to have ‘Students with 5 good things’ title.
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