Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi tiếng anh thcs (bộ 1)

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Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi PHẦN I Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 6+7 TENSES Present simple Present progressive S + V(s-es) (be): am- is- are S + don’t/ doesn’t +V1 S+ am not/ isn’t/ aren’t S + am/is/are + V-ing S+am/is/are(not)+V-ing Do/Does + S+V1? Am/Is/Are + S+…? Am/ Is/Are +S+V-ing? Everyday, usually, after school, never, often, sometimes, always, ... Now, at the present, at the moment, at this time, Look! Listen, !Be careful!. Hurry up! Give the correct form of these verbs: 1. The sun (set) ……………………………………………………………………………in the West. 2. It usually (rain) ……………………………………………………………………………in the summer. 3. They (build) ……………………………………………………………the buildings at the moment. 4. Bees (make) ……………………………………………………………honey. 5. They (get) ……………………………………………………………………on the scale now. 6. The earth (circle) ………………………………………………………the Sun once every 365 days. 7. Rivers usually (flow) ………………………………………………… to the sea. 8. Don’t worry. I (give) ……………………………him your message when I (see) ………………………… him. 9. Look! Jane (play) ………………………… the guitar. Hurry up! The bus (come) …………………………… . 10. I (not talk) …………………………………………………… to her at present. 11. How often………………………… she (go) ………………………… fishing? - She (go) ……………………………………once a year. 12. .............. your friends (be)………………………… students? -Yes, they (be) .......................... 13. ................ the children (play)………………………………………… in the park at the moment? -No, they aren’t. They (learn) ...................................... to play the piano. 14. …………………….you (go)………………………….. to school on Sundays? – Yes, I do. 15. My mother (cook) ………………………………………a meal now. She ( cook)…………………… everyday. 16. What……………………… your mother (do)…………………………. at this time? - She (make)………………………………a dress. 17. ............. she often (go)…………………………… to the cinema every weekend? 18. I don’t know. But she always (go) ......................... to the church on Sundays. 19. The students (not be) ........................................... in class at present. 20. She always (wash) .................................... the dishes after meals. (do) ........................................... an exercise on the present tenses at this moment and I (think) ........................................... that I (know) ........................................... how to use it now. 21. My mother sometimes (buy) ........................................... vegetables at this market. 22. It (rain) ........................................... much in summer. It (rain) ........................................... now. 23. Daisy (cook) ........................................... some food in the kitchen at present. She always (cook) ........................................... in the morning. 1 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi EXERCISES II 1. Every morning , Linda ( get )………...........up at 6 . She ( have ) …………… Breakfast at 6:10 . After breakfast , she ( brush ) …………..her teeth . She ( go ) ……………..to school at 6:30 . She ( have ) ……………lunch at 11:30 at school . 2 . We ( watch ) …………….T.V every morning . 3. I (do ) ……………………my homework every afternoon . 4 . Mai and Lan ( play ) ………………….games after school . 5 . Vy ( listen ) ………………to music every night . 6 . Where ( be ) ………………..your father now ? He ( read ) ………………..a newspaper . 7 . What ………….you ( do ) ………………? I ( be ) ……….a student . 8 . Where ………….you ( go ) ……………….now ? I (go ) ………………to the market . 9 . She is cooking and we ( do ) ……………………..the housework . 10 . He isn`t in the room . He ( play ) ………………..in the garden . 11. Look ! The birds ( fly ) …………………………. 12 . I ( go ) ………………….to school by bus every day , but today I ( go ) ………………………..to school by bike . 13 . Listen ! Mai ( sing ) …………………………. 14 . They ( play ) ………………………volleyball every afternoon . They ( play ) ……………………volleyball now . 15 . Mai ( brush ) …………………..her teeth every morning . She ( brush ) ……………………her teeth now . 16 . Listen ! Lan ( play ) ……………………….the piano . 17 . Mai ( be ) ………………….tired now . 18 . It is 6:00 p.m . Mary is at home . She ( have ) ………………….. dinner with her family around six o` clock . 19 . Where is your father ? He is upstair . He ( watch ) ………………T.V He always ( watch ) ………………………..T.V at night . 20 . Our teacher ( live ) ……………………..on Quang Trung street . 21 . §ao and Mai ( do ) ………………………the housework now . 22 . What ………………your mother ( do ) ……………….? She is cooking . 23 . How …………………you ( go ) ……………to school every day ? 24 . Nam ( go ) ………………..to work by car every day but today he ( take ) ………………………a bus . 25 . Where ………………..your father ( work ) ……………..? In the hospital . 26 . Look ! The teacher ( come ) ……………………… 27 . She is very clever . She ( speak ) ………………….4 languagues. 28 . Steve often ( smoke ) ………………….10 cigarettes a day . 29 . We usually ( have ) ……………………dinner at 7: 00 30 . Anne ( wash ) ………………….her hair twice a week . 31 . Jane ( teach ) …………………English to children . 32 . You ( meet ) ………………….a lot of people . 33 . He often ( go ) ………………………….to the cinema . 34 . Food ( cost ) …………………a lot of money . 35 . Listen ! Somebody ( sing ) …………………………… 36 . She is tired . She ( want ) ………………….to go home now . 37 . How often …………you ( read ) …………………a newspaper ? 38 . “ Excuse me , but you ( sit ) ……………………in my place “ “ Oh , I am sorry “ 39 . “ I am sorry “ I ( not understand ) ………………………….. Please speak slowly. 40 . What time …............she ( finish ) ……………work every day ? 2 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 41 . He ( not usually drive ) ……………………………to work . He usually ( walk ) ………………… 43 . Mozart ( play ) ……………………the piano when he ( be ) ……………three . 44 . Many people prefer ( fly ) …………………to ( go ) ………………..by sea . 45 . My mother ( go ) ……………..to the supermarket yesterday evening but she ( not buy ) ……………………. 46 He ( move ) …………………to Paris in 1917 and ( spend ) …………… 6 years in Paris . 47 . Teenagers like ( listen ) ……………to the latest pop music . 48 . What ……………….you ( do ) …………..tomorrow morning . 49 . Children shouldn`t ( drink ) ……………….coffee . It ( not be ) ……… Good for their health . 50 . My family ( watch ) …………….T.V every night . But now we ( listen ) ……………………..to pop music . 51 . Yesterday Nga father ( start ) …………………….his new job . 52 . I ( meet ) …………………..her at the movie theater last night . 53 . He ( go ) ………………….to the English club every Sunday . But last Sunday he ( not go ) ………………… there , he ( go ) ………………to the City Museum . 54 . My mother ( make ) …………………a dress now . 55 . Two years ago , she ( teach ) ………………at a village school . 56 . We ( travel ) ……………………………to Hue next week . 57 . What …………….you ( do ) …………………yesterday morning . 58 . They usually ( have ) ………………………dinner at home , but they ( have ) ……………dinner in a small restaurant yesterday evening . 59 . The children ( be ) …………………….here ten minutes ago , but at the moment they ( play ) …………………….in the jard . 60 . Could you ( show ) ……………………me the way to the bus stop . 61 . Lan and Hoa ( go ) ………………..to the post office now. 62 . Liz ( need ) ……………….some stamps and envelopes . 63 . Hoa ( mail ) ………………….this letter tomorrow . 64 . I need ( buy ) ……………..a phone card . 65 . He ( phone ) …………………….his parents three or four times a week . 66 . Nam wants ( send ) ……………………..this postcard to his penpal . 67 . We would like ( visit ) ……………………Ngoc Son Temple . 68 . My hair is dirty . I ( wash ) ……………….it . 69 . We ( have ) ………………………an English test tomorrow. 70 . They usually ( paint ) ……………………..their house blue . 71 . My father ( buy ) ……………………..a new car 2 months ago . 72 . Nam ( help ) ……………………his father repair the radio at this time . 73 . I ( be ) …………………busy last night , so I ( miss ) …………….a good film on T.V 74 . Mr Robinson ( watch ) ……………………..T.V every night . 75 . Mrs Mai ( make ) ………………….all her own clothes . At the moment she ( make ) …………………..a dress for her daughter . 76 . He ( teach ) ………………….math at this school in 1986 . 77 . Every body ( wait ) ……………….for the president in the hall now . 78 . You should ( go ) ……………….to bed early . 79 . Lan ( be ) …………………..very tired when she ( catch ) …………..a bad cold 2 days ago . 80 . She needs ( eat ) ………………..a lot of vegetables and fruit . 81 . I hope you ( feel ) ……………………..better soon . 82 . He ( not come ) …………………….to the meeting last week . 83 . My father never ( take ) ………………….medicine . 84 . There ( be ) ……………nobody there when I ( arrive ) …………………yesterday . 85 . Yesterday , Hoa and her aunt ( go ) .......................to the supermarket . 3 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 86 . I would like ( tell ) ……………you about my family . 87 . Vegetables often ( have ) …………….dirt from the farm on it . 88 . Be careful ! The children ( cross ) ………………..the street . 89 . I ( be ) …………….fourteen years old next week , and so will I . 90 . My father ( not watch ) ……………….T.V last night . He ( read ) ……………..newspapers and magazines . 91 . You should ( add ) ……………a little salt to the spinach when you boil it . 92 . When ……………you ( buy ) ………this dress ? Two days ago . 93 . I hope you ( visit ) ……………………….Ha Noi soon . 94 . She would like ( buy ) …………………some bananas . 95 . Hoa ( receive ) ………………….a letter from her mother 2 days ago . 96 . It stopped ( hurt ) ……………….afterwards . 97 . I like ( watch ) ……………………..baseball . 98 . The children must ( be ) …………….back by six o`clock . 99 . Marconi ( invent ) ……….............radio . 100 . The disease ( spread ) ………………..fast now. 101 . You ought ( finish ) ………………………your home work before ( watch ) ……………..T.V 102 . Hoa ( have ) ……………….a lot of friends in Hue . 103 . Nam and Trung always ( visit ) ……………their grandparents on Sunday . 104 . My father ( listen ) ……………to the radio everyday . 105 . The children ( like ) ……………….to play in the park . 106 . She ( not live ) …………………….with her parents . 107 . Lan ( brush ) …………………her teeth after meals . 108 . The students ( not go ) ……………………to school on Sunday . 109 . Nga ( talk ) ………………to her friends now . 110 . She ( be ) ……………………...14 on her next birthday . 111 . We ( visit ) ……………………..Huong Pogoda next week . 112 . They ( live ) ……………….with their grandparents . 113 . I ( come ) ………………………back tomorrow . 114 . He ( have ) …………………….a lot of friends . 115 . She ( have ) …………………..a meeting tonight . 116 . M y father ( jog ) ……………………………every morning . 117 . We often ( play ) ……………….tennis in the afternoon . 118 . What ……………..you ( do ) ……………….next Sunday . 119 . Phong ( watch ) …………….T.V everynight . 120 . They ( go ) ……………..to the movies tonight . 121 . Tomorrow , She ( invite ) ………………….all friends to her birthday party . 122 . My brother ( listen ) ……………..to music in his free time . 123 . Our friends ( come ) ……………………here soon . 124 . My father never ( drink ) ………………coffee . 125 . I usually ( go ) ……………….to school by bike but tomorrow I ( go ) ………………………to school by bus . 126 . Jane ( play ) ………………..the piano at present . 127 . He ( visit ) …………………..his grandparents next week . 128 . Jane ( play ) ……………………..the piano at present . 129 . We ( not invite ) ………………....many friends to the party tonight . 130 . Hurry up ! we ( wait ) …………………….for you . 131 . Lan and Hoa ( read ) …………… in the library at the moment . 132 . We ( not come ) ………………………..here tomorrow morning . 133 . Listen ! The girl ( play ) ………………….the piano . 134 . Nam ( go ) …………………..to the English club every Saturday . 134 . What ……………….you ( do ) …………….now . I ( grow ) …………………some flowers . 135 . My father ( travel ) ………………..to Nha Trang next week . 136 . Students often ( go ) …………………to the school cafeteria at lunch time . 4 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 137 . You can ( find ) …………..math books on the racks in the middle . 138 . Look ! The teacher ( come ) …………………….here . 139 . She ( study ) …………………..maps in Geography . 140 . Ba can ( fix ) ……………..the lights . 141 . They ( do ) …………………….some experiments at the moment . 142 . You ( be ) …………….a famous author one day . 143 . He enjoys ( draw ) ………………….pictures . 144 . Mai ( learn ) …………………..to play the piano in her free time . 145 . I ( try ) ……………………...to repair the radio now . 146 . The students ( write ) …………………an essay in Literature next Monday . 147 . Let us ( go ) …………………to the English club . 148 . I ( do ) ……………….my math homework at the moment . 149 . Next year , my sister ( be ) ………………..a teacher . 150 . When they ( be ) ……………young , they ( leave ) …………….their family and ( go ) ……………………to Ho Chi Minh city . 151 . When ………………..Thomas Edison ( die ) …………………? In 1931 . PARTS OF SPEECH OF WORD FORMS I. Danh töø (Nouns): 1. Ñònh nghóa: Danh töø laø nhöõng töø duøng ñeå chæ söï vaät, söï vieäc hoaëc con ngöôøi. 2. Phaân loaïi danh töø: - Danh töø ñeám ñöôïc (countable nouns): book, student, table, ... - Danh töø khoâng ñeám ñöôïc (uncountable nouns): water, grass, information, .... - Danh töø ñôn (simple nouns): war (chieán tranh), bus (xe buyùt), .... - Danh töø keùp (Compound nouns): world peace (hoøa bình theá giôùi), bus station (traïm xe buyùt), .... 3. Chöùc naêng: a. Laøm chuû ngöõ (Subject-): The children go to school every day. b. Laøm taân ngöõ ñoäng töø vaø giôùi töø: (Object): The mother gave a cake to her son c. Laøm boå ngöõ cho chuû ngöõ (Sau keep / seem/ be/ feel/ look) (Complement): He is my best friend. d. Laøm boå ngöõ cho taân ngöõ (Sau call/ select/ name/....) We call him Tom II. Ñaïi töø (Pronouns): 1. Ñònh nghóa: Ñaïi töø laø nhöõng töø duøng thay cho danh töø. 2. Phaân loaïi ñaïi töø: a. Ñaïi töø nhaân xöng (Personal pronouns): coù 2 loaïi: - Ñaïi töø laøm chuû ngöõ: I/ We/ You/ They/ She/ He/ It - Ñaïi töø laøm taân ngöõ: me/ us/ you/ them/ her/ him/ it b. Ñaïi töø chæ ñònh: This/ that/ these/ those c. Ñaïi töø baát ñònh: (Chæ ngöôøi) someone, somebody, no one, nobody, anyone, anybody, everyone (Chæ vaät) something, nothing, anything, everything 3. Chöùc naêng: Gioáng danh töø III. Tính töø (Adjectives): 1. Ñònh nghóa: laø töø duøng ñeå mieâu taû hoaëc cho bieát theâm chi tieát veà danh töø . 2. Phaân loaïi: a. Tính töø mieâu taû: SIZE + SHAPE + AGE + COLOR + NATIONAL + MATERIAL . (kích thöôùc + hình daïng + tuoåi + maøu + quoác tòch + chaát lieäu) b. Tính töø sôû höõu: my/ our / your / their / her / his/ its c. Tính töø chæ soá löôïng: much/ little/ few/ a lot of / plenty of / each/ every/ another 3. Chöùc naêng: 5 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi a. Boå nghóa cho danh töø: A beautiful girl b. Boå nghóa cho ñaïi töø: Something new c. Ñöùng sau keep / seem/ be/ feel/ look... vaøboå nghóa cho chuû ngöõ; He looks happy. d. Ñöùng sau keep /make let + O + Adj vaøboå nghóa cho taân ngöõ. We make our parents happy. IV. Traïng töø (Adverbs): 1. Ñònh nghóa: laø nhöõng töø duøng ñeå dieån taû tính caùch, ñaëc tính, möùc ñoä, ... vaø ñöôïc duøng ñeå boå nghóa cho ñoäng töø, tính töø, traïng töø khaùc hoaëc cho caû caâu. 2. Phaân loaïi: a. Traïng töø chæ theå caùch: well, carefully, quickly, hard, fast b. Traïng töø chæ thôøi gian: early/ late / yet/ now, today, yesterday, before, after, tomorrow... c. Traïng töø chæ möùc ñoä: too much/ too little/ very / extremely/ a lot / nearly d. Traïng töø chæ ñòa ñieåm: here/ there/ upstairs/ at home / in the garden... e. Traïng töø chæ söï thöôøng xuyeân: always/ often/ usually/ sometimes/ hardly/ once a week..... 3. Chöùc naêng: a. Boå nghóa cho tính töø: A very beautiful girl b. Boå nghóa cho ñoäng töø: walk slowly; study hard; play well c. Boå nghóa cho traïng töø: walk very slowly; study so hard; play quite well 1. NOUN VERB WORD FORM ADJ PARTICIPLE 2. Anger Angry 3. Attraction Attract Attractive 4. Beauty Beautify 5. ADV NOTE Angrily Giaän Attractively Haáp daãn Beautiful Beautifully Ñeïp Business Busy Busily Baän vieäc 6. Care/ ful/ ness Care Careful/ less Carefully/ lessly Caån thaän 7. Center Central Centrally 8. Collection 9. Curiosity Collect Attracted Collective Trung taâm Thu thaäp Curious Curiously Toø moø Dangerously Nguy hieåm 10. Danger Endanger Dangerous 11. Death Die Dead 12. Depth (ñoä saâu) 13. Difference Deepen (laøm) Deep Deeply Saâu Differ Different Differently Khaùc nhau Cheat 6 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 14. Difficulty 15. Excitement Difficult Excite exciting Excited/ ing Difficultly Khoù khaên Excitingly Haøo höùng 16. Friend/ - ship Friendly 17. Fluency Fluent Fluently Harmful/ less Harmlully/lessly Haïi 19. Happiness Happy Happily Haïnh phuùc 20. Health Healthy Healthily Maïnh khoeû 18. Harm 21. Invention Harm (gaây haïi) Invent 22. Laziness Baïn beø Inventory Troâi chaûy Phaùt minh Lazy Lazily Löôøi bieáng 23. Length Lengthen Long Daøi 24. Nation/ ality Nationalize National Nöôùc/ qtòch 25. Nature Naturalize Natural 26. Pollution Pollute 27. Practice Practice Practical 28. Prevention Prevent Preventable 29. Reason Reason Reasonable Reasonably Lyù do Scientific Scientifically Khoa hoïc Naturally Polluted Töï nhieân OÂ nhieãm Practically Thöïc haønh Ngaên caûn 30. Science/ Scientist 31. Strength Strengthen Strong Strongly Maïnh 32. Success Succeed Successful Successfully Thaønh coâng 33. Warmth Warn Warm Warmly AÁm aùp 34. Width Widen Wide Widely Roäng 35. Wonder Wonder Wonderful Wonderfully Kì dieäu IDENTIFICATION OF WORD FORMS I. Choïn danh töø: (ñaàu caâu, sau ñoäïng töø vaø giôùi töø) 7 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi  A, AN, THE � � THIS/ THAT/ THESE/ THOSE � MY/ OUR / YOUR / THEIR / HER / HIS/ ITS � � EACH/ EVERY, BOTH , NO + NOUN (Danh töø) � � FEW, A FEW, LITTLE, A LITTLE, ENOUGH � SOME/ ANY/ MANY, MUCH, A LOT OF � � THE MOST /BEST.... � II. Choïn tính töø: Tröôùc danh töø, sau linking verbs, 1. ADJ+ NOUN 2. KEEP / SEEM/ BE/ FEEL/ LOOK + ADJ: A happy girl always smiles. (happiness) 3. Linking verbs: He’s heavy. ( heaviness) III. Choïn traïng töø: Giöõa chuû ngöõ vaø ñoäng töø / sau ñoäng töø thöôøng, sau taân ngöõ. ñaàu caâu, ... 1. I have recently received my friend’s letter. 4. S + ADV + V(thöôøng): 2. The doctor told me to breathe in slowly. 5. S + V (+ O) + ADV 3. Suddenly, he saw an accident. 6. ADV, S + V IV. Choïn ñoäng töø: ñöùng ngay sau chuû ngöõ: 1. My mother bought a new bike yesterday. - S + V: V. Complete the sentences using the correct form of the words in brackets. He feels very …………..............……….………so he talks …………..............……….……… Anger She looks…………..............……….………in her new coat. Attraction He plays soccer …………..............……….……… Beauty Nam is always …………..............……….………. He is on his ……............……….……… this week. Business Mr. Han is a …………..............……….……… driver. He drives …………..............……….……… Care I live on …………..............……….……… highland in Dalak. Center Hoa has a fine …………..............……….……… of stamp. Collect His …………..............……….……… helps him successful. Curious AIDS is a………..............……….disease Danger Her parents’ …………..............……….……… makes her very sad. Death Mai understands me …………..............……….……… Depth (ñoä saâu) There is no …………..............……….……… between my answer and his. Differ We have a lot of …………..............……….……… in learning English. Difficult The is an…………..............……….……… football match this afternoon. Excite We are very proud of our………..............………. Friend He speaks English …………..............……….……… Fluency If you smoke, it is …………..............……….……… to you. Harm She sent her best wishes for my future…………..............……….……… Happiness He does exercise every morning, so he is very…………..............……….……… Health Exercises …………..............……….………your health. Strong …………..............……….………students don’t often succeed in the tests. Laziness . ………..............……….are trying to find out new stars. Science Nam is very…………..............……….……… and heavy. Strength I don’t like hot weather. I like…………..............……….……… weather Warmth Ha Long Bay is a …………..............……….……… Bay. Wonder ADVERB CLAUSES OF TIME & REASON A. ADVERD CLAUSES OF TIME: 8 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi Laø meänh ñeà traïng ngöõ chæ thôøi gian baét ñaàu caùc lieân töø When, while, after/ before, as (khi), until (ñeán khi ) S +V+ When/ while/ after/ before/ as/until + S + V Chæ töông lai: When he comes tomorrow, we will welcome him. Chæ hieän taïi: When it’s hot, I go swimming. / As I come, he is eating. B. ADVERD CLAUSES OF REASON: Laø meänh ñeà traïng ngöõ chæ lyù do hay nguyeân nhaân baét ñaàu caùc lieân töø : because/ since/ as (bôûi vì) S + V + because/ since/ as + S + V Mr. Ba is late because/ since/ as she oversleeps. Because Lan and Ba don’t have a tent, they never go camping. C. Join two sentences into one, use because/ since/ as: 1. Lan and Ba never go camping. , so they don’t have a tent ................................................................................................................................................... 2. I stay at home. It rains. ................................................................................................................................................... 3. Tan is late for school. He misses the bus. ................................................................................................................................................... 4. The weather is fine. We have a picnic on the mountain. ................................................................................................................................................... 5. I don’t have a bike, so I walk. ................................................................................................................................................... 6. Nhan is free, so he flies his kites. ................................................................................................................................................... D. Join two sentences into one, use when/ while/ after/ before/ as/until: 1. It is warm. I go fishing. (when) ................................................................................................................................................... 2. My father is eating. My mother cooks. (while) ................................................................................................................................................... 3. I take a bath first. Then I eat. (before) ................................................................................................................................................... 4. Mr. Quang waits for the farmer. The farmer comes. (until) ................................................................................................................................................... 5. He will come tomorrow. We will welcome him. (When) ................................................................................................................................................... 6. You will go the museum. You will see a lot of valuable pictures. (When) ................................................................................................................................................... ARTICLES A. Maïo töø khoâng xaùc ñònh: A,AN Examples 1. A An : ñöùng tröôùc danh töø ñeám ñöôïc soá ít ñeå giôùi A ball is round. I see a boy in the street. thieäu moät ñieàu gì chöa ñöôïc ñeà caäp hoaëc laàn ñaàu. 2. An : ñöùng tröôùc danh töø baét ñaàu baèng nguyeân aâm. an apple, an inkpot, an engineer A : ñöùng tröôùc danh töø baét ñaàu baèng phuï aâm. a book, a pen, house, a man, 3. Nhöõng danh töø ,luoân duøng vôùi A European, uniform, universal, university, union, eulogy, euphemism 4. Nhöõng danh töø ,luoân duøng vôùi AN hour, heir, herbal, honor 9 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi B. Maïo töø xaùc ñònh: THE Ñöùng tröôùc danh töø ñeám ñöôïc hoaëc khoâng ñeám ñöôïc ôû soá ít hay nhieàu ñeå giôùi thieäu moät ñieàu gì ñaõ ñöôïc ñeà caäp, ñöôïc boå nghóa cuïm giôùi töø with / of + N hay ñieàu maø ai cuõng bieát. The earth is round. (ai cuõng bieát) The boy in the corner is my friend. The sugar on the table is sweet. ( nghóa rieâng bieät) The tigers in Vietnam are in danger. a. Teân Nhieàu hoà: The great Lakes Caùc ñaïi döông: the Atlantic Ocean Caùc doøng soâng: The red River Caùc vuøng bieån: The red Sea b. Teân caùc daõy nuùi: the Andes, the rocky mountains c. Moät vaät/ ngöôøi duy nhaát: the earth, the moon, the sun, the Pope, the sky d. Teân caùc tröôøng hoïc coù: the School of Florida Teân caùc tröôøng ñaïi hoïc coù: the University of.... Teân caùc tröôøng cao ñaúng coù: the College of.... e. Soá thöù töï ñöùng tröôùc danh töø: the first World War f. Teân caùc nöôùc goàm nhieàu töø: the U.S, the U.K g. Teân caùc nhaïc cuï: the guitar, the piano h. Teân caùc cuoäc chieán: the Korean war Khoâng duøng maïo töø xaùc ñònh: THE Tröôùc danh töø khoâng ñeám ñöôïc ôû soá ít/ ñeám ñöôïc ôû soá nhieàu khi noùi ñeân ñaëc ñieåm, chuûng loaïi, gioáng noøi chung chung. Athletes must follow a well- balanced diet. Sugar is sweet. (nghóa chung chung) Tigers like fresh meat. Teân hoà soá ít: Lake Geneva, Lake Erie Chaâu luïc: Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia Teân moät nuùi: Mount Everest, Mount Pinatubo Teân caùc haønh tinh: Venus, Mars, Danh töø tröøu töôïng: freedom, happiness Teân tröôøng hoïc baét ñaàu danh töø rieâng: Quang Trung Secondary School Hung Vuong University, Hong Bang College Soá ñeám ñi sau danh töø: World war one, chapter two Teân caùc nöôùc goàm moät töø: France, Vietnam Teân caùc moân theå thao: baseball, volleyball, soccer Nhöõng töø khoâng bò giôùi haïn nghóa: breakfast, lunch, dinner, church, school, college, home, work, hospital Supply the correct word form 1. The duty of the police is the ___________of law and order. (MAINTAIN) 2. Our tomatoes are ________nicely; they’ll be ready to eat in about a week. (RIPE) 3. Look at this picture of Bill and his father - you can see the __________clearly, can’t you? (LIKE) 4. He said ‘Good morning’ in a most _______way. (FRIEND) 5. Playing for the national team for the first time was an _______experience for Hong Son. (FORGET) 6. “This is not a good essay,’ said the lecturer. ‘I find your arguments ________. (CONVINCE) 7. It’s a lovely old house, I agree, but can we afford to_______ it? (MODERN) 8. George and I have been friends since_________ he used to live next door. (CHILD) 9. In winter it is important for farmers to provide food and _______ for their animals. (WARM) 10. Pele ________Ronaldo to take part in 2002 World Cup. (COURAGE) 11. ____________is one of the qualities required of a social worker. (FLEXIBLE) 12. Novelists are among the most _______people in the world.(IMAGINE) 13. Secondary education is ________and free in many countries. (COMPEL) 14. The song has ____________been selected for the Sea Games 22, Vietnam. (OFFICE) 15. _______are doing their best to make people aware of the danger of air pollution. (ENVIRONMENT) 10 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi o A or An? The general rule is that we use a before a consonant and an before a vowel: a bowl, a car,a dog, but... an ant, an elephant, an insect, an orange, an urn But, what is important here is not the way a word is written, but the way it sounds. We choose a or an depending on the sound at the beginning of the word and whether it is a vowel sound or a consonant sound. For example, take the word uniform. Although it begins with a vowel - u - when we write it, when we say it the first sound is /y/ which is a consonant: uniform is pronounced ‘/junɪfɔːm/ so we say a uniform One word which is often confused is hotel. Some people pronounce this word as /həʊˈtɛl/ so they would write: a hotel. But other people pronounce this word as /əʊˈtɛl/ and so they would write: an hotel o The Zero Article does not exist. It is a useful term to use when describing how to use articles. Essentially when we talk about the zero article, we mean that we don’t use any article in front of a noun. For example, when we use a noun with a preposition, we often do not use an article (that is, we just use the noun on its own): I went to school but left my books at home. Mother was in church and father at sea; Grandfather came to dinner later by train and Grandmother managed to escape from prison to join us. When we talk about an institution, we use the zero article. – The definite article doesn't change. It is always the whether the noun is masculine, feminine or neuter, singular or plural. We use the definite article - the - when we talk about a singular or plural noun which refers to a particular member of a a group. The woman.The man.The door.The doors. Prior Reference We often use the after the noun has already been mentioned. For example: An Englishman, an Irishman and a Sctosman walk into a pub. The Englishman ordered a bitter; the Irishman ordered a Guiness and the Scotsman ordered a whisky. The first time we mention the noun we use the indefinite article and from then on we use the definite article. Known Reference If both speakers know what they are talking about they can use the even though the noun may not have been mentioned before. In other words, it is implied that the noun has already been mentioned. Excuse me, do you know what the time is? Where's the toilet? In these examples, the speaker assumes that the listener knows what is being talked about. Miscellanous In addition, the is used in the following special circumstances Exceptions include: the Hague; the Matterhorn; the Mall; the White House, the United States of America We use the definite article - the - when we talk about a singular or plural noun which refers to a particular member of a a group. In this example the group is all men; we want to reference a particular man so we say: The man in the hat. Compare this with the indefinite article which refers to any man in the group: A man in a hat. parts of day/night days festivals seasons & months midnight, midday, noon, night Monday, Tuesday Easter Winter, February superlatives ordinals oceans, seas years 1961, 1995, 2000 inventions buildings Buckingham Palace, number 10 titles streets Acacia Avenue, Pall Mall, Sunset Boulevard rivers & canals airports Heathrow, Gatwick public buildings mountains London, New York, Tokyo, Sydney, Cairo Everest, K2, Mont Blanc countries America, Britain, Arabia continents Africa, Asia, America, Europe cities & towns newspapers families countries of union jobs beliefs 11 the highest, the biggest, the oldest the third man, the sixth wife the Pacific, the Black Sea the wheel, the internal combustion engine the Queen, the President, the chairperson the Thames, the Nile, the Suez the Sheraton, the Red Lion, the Natural History Museum The Independent, The Daily Mirror, The Times the Browns, the Bushes the United States, the United Arab Emirates He is an artist and his wife is a plumber. He is a Buddhist and his wife is an atheist. Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi people Joe, Mrs Smith magazines Cosmopolitan, Time games football, tennis, bar billiards the Bismarck, the Lusitanian the Alps, the Highlands the piano, the bag pipes He is an American and she is a nationalities Swede. Exceptions include: the Hague; the Matterhorn; the Mall; the White House, the United States of America In this example, the group is all men; we want to reference a particular man so we say: The man in the hat. Compare this with the indefinite article, which refers to any man in the group: A man in a hat. ships mountain chains instruments Retrieved from "http://www.icalweb.com/wiki/index.php?title=Indefinite_Article" COMPARISONS A/ So saùnh baèng: (equality) S + V + AS ADJ/ ADV AS + S B/ So saùnh hôn: (Comparatives) S + V + ADJ/ADV- ER + THAN + S2 Tính töø daøi: S + V + MORE + ADJ/ ADV + THAN + S2 Tính töø ngaén: C/ So saùnh nhaát; (Superlatives) S + V + THE ADJ –EST + N. Tính töø daøi: S + V + THE MOST + ADJ + N. Tính töø ngaén: This new house is as expensive as that one. He ran faster than his friends did. Films are more interesting than plays. Ex: He is more intelligent than Peter. Nam is the youngest student in his class Winter is the coldest in the year. Note: - Tính töø ngaén: 1 vaàn vaø 2 vaàn nhö: happy, pleasant, quiet - Tính töø daøi: caùc tính töø 2 vaàn trôû leân nhö : interesting, beautiful, expensive - So saùnh caùc tính töø ñaëc bieät: good → better/ the best; bad → worse/ the worst; little → less/ the least;many → more/ the most; far → farther/ further/ the farthest/ further Test (comparative or superlative form) I/ Read the situations and complete the sentences. Use the comparative form (-er or more )with give adjective. 1. The CD is 20.000 dong , the cassette is 12.000 dong. (expensive) The CD………………………………………………………………………. 2. The church is built in 1878 and the library in 1925.(old) The church …………………………………………………………………... 3. Andrew hasn’t many friend .Clare has lots of friends.(popurlar) Clare………………………………………………………………………….. 4. The film lasts two and a half hours, but videotape is only two hours long.(long) The film ……………………………………………………………………… 5. It takes four hours to go by car and five hours to go by train.(slow) Going by train…………………………………………..…………………….. 6. Laura’s room has a lot of pictures and flowers. Mark’s room doesn’t have any pictures .(interesting) Laura’s room ………………………………………………………………… 7. Daneil can lift 90 kilos ,but Matthew can lift 120 kilos.(strong) Matthew ……………………………………………………………………… 8. There are a lot of vehicles on the streets in the city.There are few vehicles on the streets in the countryside. (Crowded) The streets in the city ……………………………………………………….. 9. The buses run every 30 minutes .The trains run very hour.(frequent) The buses ……………………………………………………………………. 12 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 10. Yesterday the temperature was six degrees. Today it’s only three degrees.(cold) It …………………………………………………………………………….. II/ Write the sentences from the notes.Use the superlative form of the adjective. 1.Mark / tall /person/ his family. ……………………………………………………………………………….. 2.This stadium / modern / Europe. ……………………………………………………………………………….. 3.What /happy/ day/your life. ……………………………………………………………………………….. 4.The Beatles album / good / they ever made.. ……………………………………………………………………………….. 5.Asernal /popular/team/England. ……………………………………………………………………………….. 6.This painting /valuable/the gallery. ……………………………………………………………………………….. 7.Yesterday/hot /day/the month. ……………………………………………………………………………….. 8.This watch/ one /cheap/you cn buy. ……………………………………………………………………………….. 9.That/ boring/ film /I /ever / see. ……………………………………………………………………………….. 10.It /bad/mistake/I/ever/make. ……………………………………………………………………………….. III/ Write the comparative form or the superlative form of the words in brackets 1. Sport is……………………………….politics.(interesting) 2. Can’t you think of anything ………………………..to say?(intelligent) 3. It’s ……………………..day of the year.(short) 4. London is……………………………Birmingham.(big) 5. I prefer this chair to the other ones.It’s ……………………(comfortable) 6. The weather is getting……………………………….(bad). 7. I like living in the countryside.It’s …………….living in a town.(peaceful) 8. Who is ………………………in the class?(clever) 9. That’s ……………………..meal I’ve had for a long time.(delicious) 10. It was……………………….speech I’ve heard .(boring) III/ Read the situations and complete the sentences. Using the words in brackets. 1. I’m quite tall but you are taller.(as……..as) I’m……………………………………………………………………...... 2. Hoa and Tim are both 13 year old .(the same……..as) Tim is……………………………age…………………………………… 3. She speak English very well ,and her sister speaks well too.(as……..as) She speaks………………………………………………………her sister. 4. They lived here for a long time but we’ve lived here longer.(as……..as) They haven’t…………………………………………………………us. 13 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 5. My birthday is 12 August.Tom’s birthday is 12 August .(the same as) My birthday is ……………………………………………………Tom’s 6. Sandra spent 100 dollar ; but Susan spent 120 dollars.(as……..as) Sandra ……………………………much money……………………… 7. Nam drive carefully,but his sister drive more carefully.(as……..as) Nam doesn’t……………………………………………………………… 8. We left the meeting at 10 pm ; they left the meeting at 10 pm too .(The same ……as) We left …………………………………time………………………… PREPOSITIONS With IN: the morning, august, summer, 2006, uniform, hospital, bed, the world, debt, prison, English, the center of, the middle of, some ways, addition, Vietnam, London, ink, the past/ future, case With ON: Monday, Saturday morning, holiday, radio, subject, foot, a farm, a chair, the beach, the phone, Christmas Day, the occasion, the south coast of, a picnic, the way to, time, a street, a floor, the right/ left, sale, the corner With AT: 5 o’clock, first, last, present, the moment, 16 years old, the age of (15), home, school, the bus stop, the same time, a party, Mary’s house, the end of, the beginning of, night, least, once, times, work With others: for a week/ fun/ reading/ a walk - from Paris to London, from nine to five- By Nguyen Du, by shooting, by then, by the way, by far, by accident by car/ bus/ taxi/ plane - with smoke, with hands, out of date/ work/ order ADJ+ Prep: amazed, amused, delighted at – afraid of, angry with, bad at, good at, different from, fond to, familiar with, famous for, proud of, interested in, kind to/ of, pleased with, useful for, worried about, similar to, accustomed to VERBS + Prep: borrow from, compare with, crowd into, laugh at, look at/ after/ for/up, prepare for, participate, think of ,prefer...to, succeed.. in, take part in, take care of, tell about, take.. to about, tune into, keep in touch, consist of NOUN + Prep: love for, habit of/ aspect of, sight of, means of, reason for, method of, pair of SOME SENTENCE PATTERNS 1. S + V + Adj/ n ( be, look, keep, seem, taste, sound, become) 2. S + V + Adv (walk, drive, talk, close, rise. come) 3. S + V + O + adv ( watch, read, meet, make, see) 4. S + V + O + C (make, elect, declare, consider…) ( think, believe, find) (keep, make, let, have) (regard, recognize, appoint, consider) 5. S + V + I.O + D.O = S + V + D.O+ to/ for + I.O (give, teach, show, award, offer, lend +to // buy, make+ for) 6. S + V + prep + O (look at, wait for, cope with, rely on, depend on, complain/talk about, smile at…) 7. S + V + prep + O = S + V + O (pro) + prep (put on/off, take off, turn on /off, throw away, see off 8. S + V + O + noun clause (learn, know, show, discover, decide, understand…) 9. There (be) + noun + prep phrase 14 Jack looked very worried. The food tastes delicious. He is careful. He drives slowly. He watched T.V every night. We made Frank armchair. I find the lesson too boring. Sad movie makes me cry. They regard him as an excellent player. Mary teaches me English.= He teaches English to me My mother bought me a hat. = She bought it for me I have been waiting for you for an hour. He looks at himself in the mirror. He puts on his shoes. = He puts them on. I turn on the light, and then I turn it off. I can understand what you said. He showed me where the bank was. There is some water in the jar. Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi There were many students in the yard. EXPRESSIONS OF QUALTY (SÖÏ DIEÃN TAÛ VEÀ SOÁ LÖÔÏNG) 1 - SOME: Trong caâu khaúng ñònh/ lôøi môøi: - Duøng vôùi danh töø soá ít khoâng ñeám ñöôïc vaø soáâ nhieàu ñeám ñöôïc: Ex: I like some milk. Would you like some milk? 2 - ANY: Trong caâu phuû ñònh vaø nghi vaán - Duøng vôùi danh töø soá ít khoâng ñeám ñöôïc vaø soáâ nhieàu ñeám ñöôïc: Ex: I don’t like any milk. Do you like any milk? * Caùc ñaïi töø someone, somebody, something, noone, nothing, nobody, anyone, anything, anybody, everyone, everything, everybody cuõng duøng theo caùch treân. Chuù yù No = Not + any: nobody = not any body 3. MANY / A LARGE NUMBER OF/ A GREAT NUMBER OF/: (nhieàu) Duøng vôùi danh töø soáâ nhieàu ñeám ñöôïc: Ex: He has many books. Ex: A large number of students in our school are good. 4. MUCH / A LARGE AMOUNT OF/ A GREAT DEAL OF /: (nhieàu) Duøng vôùi danh töø soá ít khoâng ñeám ñöôïc: Ex: He has much time to play. Ex: A large amount of * How much/ How many cuõng duøng theo caùch treân: Ex: How many eggs does she want? - She wants a dozen eggs. Ex: How much beef do you want? - I want 200grams of beef. 5. PLENTY OF/ A LOT OF / LOTS OF (nhieàu) Duøng vôùi danh töø ñeám ñöôïc vaø khoâng ñeám ñöôïc: Ex: He has plenty of books. Ex: He has plenty of time to play. * Very/ too/ so/ as + many/ much + noun Ex: There is too much bad news on T.V tonight 6. FEW / A FEW/ LITTLE / A LITTLE: (ít, moät ít, moät vaøi) A. FEW: (raát ít � yù phuû ñònh) C. LITTLE: (raát ít � yù phuû ñònh) + Duøng vôùi danh töø soáâ nhieàu ñeám ñöôïc + Duøng vôùi danh töø soáâ ít khoâng ñeám ñöôïc Ex: I feel lonely because I have a few friends there. Ex: I have very little time for reading. � B. A FEW: (moät vaøi yù khaúng ñònh) D. A LITTLE: (moät ít, moät chuùt � yù khaúng ñònh) + Duøng vôùi danh töø soáâ nhieàu ñeám ñöôïc + Duøng vôùi danh töø soáâ ít khoâng ñeám ñöôïc Ex: You can see a few houses on the hill. Ex: I need a little help to move these books. 7. More, less, fewer: A. FEWER: So saùnh hôn cuûa (few - a few) B. LESS: So saùnh hôn cuûa (little - a little) - Duøng keøm vôùi danh töø ñeám ñöôïc soá nhieàu - Duøng keøm vôùi danh töø khoâng ñeám ñöôïc hoaëc S + V + fewer + ADJ / Noun + than + S keøm vôùi tính töø S + V + Less + ADJ / Noun + than + S Ex: He has fewer days off than we. Ex: He is less scared now. Do you have less free time than Hoa? C. MORE: So saùnh hôn cuûa (a lot of / many /much) - Duøng keøm vôùi danh töø ñeám ñöôïc hoaëc khoâng ñeám ñöôïc Ex: Do you have more hours than Hoa? - Duøng keøm vôùi tính töø daøi (Töø 2 vaàn trôû leân) - S + V + More + ADJ / Noun + than + S. Ex: He is more tired than I. 8. MOST / MOST OF: (Phaàn lôùn, haàu heát) A. MOST + NOUN ( soá nhieàu :Most children / hoaëc khoâng ñeám ñöôïc: Most coffee) Ex: Most children are fond of sweets. Ex: Most coffee is new and good. 15 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi B. MOST OF + MY/ HIS/ HER/ YOU/ THEIR/ THE / THIS/ THAT/ THESE/ THOSE + N Ex: Most of the boys in my class want to play soccer. READING D. Read and answer the questions: I. Hi, My name is pike and this is my son. He learns in a big school in London. He goes to school from Monday to Friday and doesn’t go to school at the weekend. At school, he studies may things. He is very much interested in math and Physics because they are his favorite subject. At recess, Peter often plays basketball and he plays it very well. He sometimes plays soccer after school. In his free time, he always listens to music and he learns to play the guitar. He hopes he will become an engineer in the future. Where does Peter learn? .................................................................................................................. What subject does he like? .................................................................................................................. What does he do at recess? .................................................................................................................. What does he do in his free time? ......................................................................................................... Does Peter want to be an engineer or a singer? ................................................................................... II We are all destroying the earth. The sea and the rivers are too dirty to swimming in. There is so much smoke in the air that it is unhealthy to live in many of world’s cities. We have cut down so many trees that there are now vast areas of wasteland all over the world. As a result, farmers in parts of Africa can’t grow enough rice to eat. Wild animals are quickly disappearing. We must save the earth. 1. Are we are all destroying the earth? ............................................................................................................................................................ 2. What are too dirty to swimming in? ............................................................................................................................................................. 3. Why is it unhealthy to live in many of world’s cities? ............................................................................................................................................................. 4. What disappear quickly? ............................................................................................................................................................. 5. What should we do now? ............................................................................................................................................................. III. I’m Linh, Pham Thuy Linh. I am a new student of 7A class in Nguyen Du secondary school. I am thirteen and I come from Hoa Binh. I have a brother and a sister. They are 500 students at a high school in Hoa Binh. I live with my aunt at 20 Le Loi Street. She often brings me to school by motorbike every day. It is more than two kilometers from my aunt’s house to my school. It takes us ten minutes to go these. My telephone number is 871374. SURVERY FORM Family name: ………...…………………………………………… Brothers and sister:…………......………………………………… Name(s): ………………….............……………………………… Address : …………….....…………………………………… Age: ………………………….................………………………… Telephone number: ………......………………………………… Grade: ..................………………………………………………… Distance : ……………......………………………………… School: ...................………………………………………………… Means of transport: .............………………………………… Time: ………………….........……………………… IV. My name is Lan. I am 12 years old. I am a student at Hoang Dieu School. My father is a farmer. He grows vegetables and raises cattle on our farm in the countryside. My mother is a teacher. She is always busy at school. I have an elder sister, Mai. She is a nurse, and she works in a hospital. I love my family very much. 2. How old is Lan? 16 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi  …………………......................…………………………………………………………………...........……………………………………… 3. Who is always busy at school?  …………………......................…………………………………………………………………...........……………………………………… , 4. What does Lan s father grow?  …………………......................…………………………………………………………………...........……………………………………… 5. Where does Mai work?  …………………......................…………………………………………………………………...........……………………………………… PHẦN II Taøi lieäu boài döôõng hoïc sinh gioûi lôùp 8 +9 PART A : PASSIVE- ACTIVE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. He has finished the report. The police captured the thief. The movie disappointed us. She returned the money last night. The students attended the course. Mr. Jones teaches this class. He delivers the mail every day. She took that book from the desk. Fire destroyed that house. She will eat the cake. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. They are eating a cake. English people speak English. People wear glasses. The children drinks whisky Our children keep a cat and a dog as pets. A rooster does not lay eggs. Sheep give the wool. Mother did not serve dinner. They left hats and coats here. They cannot hold the meeting in that room. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. He has to pay the bill. For the time being, Alice is teaching that group. She has finished the report. The police have arrested five suspects. The mad dog bit the little boy. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 17 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. The teacher corrects our exercises. Mr. Smith saw the accident. They started a dancing class last week. You should insure the package. He may pay the bill for us. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. You ought to water the plants once a week. The mailman is delivering the mail now. Somebody has taken my briefcase. The doctor ordered him to take a long rest. Lightning struck the house. He wrote an article about our country. She has translated that novel into Vietnamese. The visitor divided the gifts among the children My secretary opens the mail every morning. He will publish a new book. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. The host treated us very kindly. My wife will write the report for me. His teacher has transferred him to another class. You must keep dogs in the garden. A stranger started the fire. They will publish the book next year. A French architect designed the bridge. Lightning struck the house. Maria won the first prize. They will sign the contract tomorrow. They sent him to Los Angeles. Mrs. Kennedy teaches the class. They published the book in 1997. The police have caught the thief. They gave Linda a prize for one of her books. Someone has told me about her success. People speak English all over the world. They sell English books in that shop. Someone is repairing my car at the moment. People always admire this picture. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. He uses milk for making butter and cheese. She makes progress every day in the world of science. The author will write this novel in June. Nobody will solve this hard problem. Her mother will take her to hospital next week. Someone will clean the room. They had to cut down that tree. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 18 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 8. Someone should tell Sally what happened. 9. They’re going to build a new hospital. 10. We can solve the problem. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Someone has to finish the job. They may send the man to prison. We must do something now. I don’t like people starting at me. I dislike people making jokes about me. They separated the rice from the husk. The boys made a fire by their camp. They built this house more than one hundred years ago. Every year Viet Nam exports millions of tons of rice. The publisher published his book in 1996. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. They repaired my desk during the weekend. Nobody saw her at the party last night. The government has not changed the regulation. She didn’t introduce me to her mother. Someone is cutting the grass now. Someone ought to repair this window. Peter is writing a letter to his friend. My friends are making some phone call in the evening. Bad drivers are causing many accidents. People play football all over the world. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. They will sign the contract tomorrow. We will issue the library cards soon. Thuy has to finish her homework tonight. People must hand in their weapons. They are repairing my piano at the moment. A doctor has just examined John. The fire destroyed many houses yesterday. Tom will return those books to the library tomorrow. Bad weather has delayed Flight 202 from Miami. You must keep your room tidy. He is awarding the prize to the Thon Trieu team. The company has ordered some new equipment. I decorated the Christmas Tree yesterday. The tornado destroyed thirty houses. The manager should sign these contracts today. Lan will clean all the glass windows. Lan’s mother has to buy some oranges. They performed Christmas songs 800 years ago. Somebody will call Mr. Green tonight. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 19 Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi 10. These workers are building a new hospital. ........................................................................................... 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Nobody has used this room for ages. Hoa sent a Christmas card to Lan last Christmas. Santa Claus gives children presents on Christmas Eve. Mary’s parents sent her some money. Each competitor must take a bottle on the river bank. Did they build this monument ten years ago? They delayed the football match. People put many kinds of newspapers on the table. Tom must write this essay. My father has just bought a lot of new books. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. People will publish this novel in February. They are building a new hotel. Betty has just sent Mai many postcards. Hoa sent her mother a gift. They will build many new schools in the future. Students must write the answer in ink. He wrote all the songs on this new album. They held rice-cooking festival in Thon Trieu last year. We must solve this problem soon. Nguyen Du wrote Truyen Kieu. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. We must do something for these poor men. They have to separate the rice from the husk. He shouldn’t do that silly thing. The boy operates that tape-recorder. They gave us a post card. The student cleaned the room every day. I had lost some of my books. We believe these boys to become better. The scientists found the problem. The cat pulls the pan into the sink. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. He gives her a novel about a love story. They were painting a house. She is watering those flowers. We had finished our reports in three months. He ought to sell that car. We have seen her at the station. The librarian will give students the books. He showed me the way to Thames River. He was learning in his room at 8.30 yesterday. You can buy me an envelope. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... 20
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