Skkn some helpful skills for students to study english effectively

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BM 01-Bia SKKN SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO ĐỒNG NAI Đơn vị : Trung tâm GDTX TP Biên Hòa Mã số: ................................ SÁNG KIẾN KINH NGHIỆM SOME HELPFUL SKILLS FOR STUDENTS TO STUDY ENGLISH EFFECTIVELY Người thực hiện: DƯƠNG THỊ THỚI HÒA Lĩnh vực nghiên cứu: Quản lý giáo dục  Phương pháp dạy học bộ môn: Tiếng Anh  Phương pháp giáo dục  Lĩnh vực khác: ...................................................  Có đính kèm:  Mô hình  Phần mềm  Phim ảnh Năm học: 2011-2012  Hiện vật khác SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO ĐỒNG NAI Đơn vị: Trung tâm GDTX TP Biên Hòa Mã số: ................................ SÁNG KIẾN KINH NGHIỆM SOME HELPFUL SKILLS FOR STUDENTS TO STUDY ENGLISH EFFECTIVELY Người thực hiện: Dương Thị Thới Hòa Năm học: 2011-2012 2 BM02-LLKHSKKN SƠ LƯỢC LÝ LỊCH KHOA HỌC I. THÔNG TIN CHUNG VỀ CÁ NHÂN 1. Họ và tên: Dương Thị Thới Hòa 2. Ngày tháng năm sinh: 14/10/1974 3. Nam, nữ: nữ 4. Địa chỉ: D362 tổ 8 KP4 P. Long Bình TP Biên Hòa Đồng Nai 5. Điện thoại: 3822538(CQ)/ 3892855(NR); ĐTDĐ: 0906209935 6. Fax: E-mail: 7. Chức vụ: giáo viên 8. Đơn vị công tác: Trung tâm GDTX TP Biên Hòa II. TRÌNH ĐỘ ĐÀO TẠO - Học vị (hoặc trình độ chuyên môn, nghiệp vụ) cao nhất: cử nhân Anh văn - Năm nhận bằng: 1998 - Chuyên ngành đào tạo: Sư phạm khoa Anh văn III.KINH NGHIỆM KHOA HỌC - Lĩnh vực chuyên môn có kinh nghiệm: môn Tiếng anh Số năm có kinh nghiệm: 13 năm - Các sáng kiến kinh nghiệm đã có trong 5 năm gần đây: 3 BM03-TMSKKN The name of The creative teaching experience: SOME HELPFUL SKILLS FOR STUDENTS TO STUDY ENGLISH EFFECTIVELY I. The reason for choosing the subject In learning English, all learners want to speak it fluently, If so they must master the four skills such as reading, writing, listening and speaking, however, they always find it difficult to speak, to write or to listen even a statement or a phrase in English. In high school, most students cannot speak English although they understand what a word or a sentence means. They can’t write a complete sentence either. Moreover, a student who graduated from high school could not find a job only because they could not answer the questions “How do you do? what’s your qualification? Or What salary do you want to get? ”in an interview. As a result, it is necessary for our teachers to study some effective methods to help students learning English effectively in class or out of class so that they can communicate in real life. In a word, to give students helpful skills to learn English effectively is one of the topics that I’ve been attracted for a long time because I think that it’s useful for students not only at class but also on their own. That is the reason why I choose this topic. II. The advantages and the disadvantages 1)Advantages  The Headmaster always supports and helps the teachers with physical materials.  Some students are interested in learning English.  Teachers are always enthusiastic in teaching.  Getting much valuable experience from colleagues and reference books. 2)Disadvantages  Students’ capacity is much limited and of different levels. Some of them are quite deficient in the base of learning English.  Some students pronounce habitually wrongly. 4  Students are lacking in vocabulary and structures.  The majority of students are lacking in self – confidence to present ideas, perform sentences before the others. 3) Statistics At the beginning of the school year (2010-2011), our center had about 22% of the grade 10 students that couldn’t read English correctly and about 64% of them couldn’t speak out a complete sentence. III. The content 1. Logical base Of all the thousands of languages in the world, English is one of the most difficult to learn but it is important for people who can use it. It is true that English is the most popular language in the world. We can communicate in every part of the world if we know English. Billions of people on this earth are crazy to improve their Spoken English. 2. Some helpful skills for students to study English effectively: It sounds simple doesn't it? But over the last ten (plus) years I've taught lots of students who say they want to learn English, but really they just want to "know" English. They have little or no intention of actually learning it. I ask them it’s simply to start soon or they never finish. Yes, simply start! I often tell them If they don't start, they'll never finish, and the longer they put it off, the more likely they are to give up. So I urge them to start! To find an English class. To find some English learning software or books. To join an English learning forum. To begin learning the English alphabet (ABC) and numbers (123). To learn the vocabulary for their hobbies or interests. To do something or to do anything. 5 Once having started – not stopping. No matter what the reason is that they are learning English, they want to be sure that they learn it quickly and effectively as well. Whether they are learning English in a class, on their own, or with language teaching software, there are certain things that they can do to make sure that they learn the language effectively. So, here are a few skills or tips to keep in mind that will help them on their journey towards learning the English language. Being Sure they WANT to Learn One of the first tips that can help them out if they want to know how to learn English effectively is to make sure that they really want to learn this language. If they really don’t want to learn, there is no book, no class, and no tips that are going to make it simpler for them. Make sure that they ask themselves whether they really want to learn English. If not, then it’s not for them. However, a real desire to learn the language can go a long way. Learning to Learn Students never finish learning, nor do they ever finish learning how to learn. They should think and work independently not to depend only on their teacher or trainer. They ought to develop a love of learning and have a vision that motivates them. They should participate in any related activities, help others to learn. They must know to learn from their mistakes and failures. They should keep a sense of humour and never to give up! Figuring Out What Motivates them If they want to learn English effectively, they need to figure out what their motivation is. Why do they want to learn English so badly? Do they want to improve their current learning, get a better job, attend university, or enjoy their lives in an English speaking country? No matter the reason they are motivated to learn this language, they need to understand what motivates them so they can use it as encouragement as they learn the language. Deciding On Some Goals It is very important that they have goals in mind if they want to know how to learn English effectively. Setting goals will help them to know where they want to be and it will motivate them to actually see their progress as they learn the language as well. Decide what their goals are, whether they want to improve their vocabulary, pronunciation, or even if they want to comprehend when they’re listening better. Once they know their goals,they will be sure that they are working to achieve them. Taking Responsibility For One’s Own Learning 6 It's normal for students to expect one’s teacher to teach him/her, but that's not how language acquisition works. One’s English teacher is really there to present English to him/her, in all its glory, but he/she has to learn it. I am always very clear with my students. In the first lesson I tell them, "I am not here to teach you English", and once they have got over the shock I explain, "I am here to help you learn it". So, what is the difference? Well, once they've been presented with new English words or vocabulary, it's up to them to use them, review what they've learnt, even play with it. It's the only way they'll get it to actually stick in their brain, start to make sense of the structure of English and develop a feeling for the language. Being Sure to Practice Practicing is probably one of the most important tips if they want to know how to learn English effectively. The more they practice their English skills, the better they will become at it. they can practice by reading English, by writing emails and letters, by listening to television or the radio in English, or even by taking time to speak to other people who speak the English language. The more they practice, the fewer mistakes they’ll end up making over time, and they’ll become more effective with their English skills. Of course, reading is one area a student in how to learn English well, but this is something he/she can learn on his/her own quite effectively, outside of the classroom or even around other people. He/She just Keeps a dictionary with him/her so that he/she can look up unfamiliar words. Then, he/she can write these words down in a notebook and use them in a conversation so that when he/she try to use them again, they will come to him/her much more easily. Newspapers, magazines and books all help him/her learn English well. If he/she’s just starting out, try reading children's books to start. This is especially helpful for people just starting to learn English. There are some books specifically written for people just starting to learn English; the words are quite simple and yet effective enough that if he/she use them, you can learn to speak simple English quite quickly. If his/her English is more advanced, he/she can try reading from magazines books and newspapers. With these sources, English is more difficult, but they will challenge him/her if his/her English is advanced enough that he/she needs more interesting things to read. When he/she first begin to read English, I ask them not to try to understand every word. Instead, simply try to get a general idea of what he/she is reading; other words in the sentence will help him/her do this. If he/she doesn’t understand the first time he/she reads something, he/she can always go back later and use his/her dictionary to look up the words he/she doesn't quite know. Another idea in how to learn English well is with writing. When a student writes, he/she can practice his/her English as effectively as he/she does when he/she reads, only more so. This is because he/she reinforces his/her understanding of the language by writing it, which is a physical movement. For best practice, I advise him/her to write something every day in English, even if it's a letter to a 7 friend, or a simple message. He/she can also keep a diary, and use his/her English skills to write down what happened to him/her during his/her day. And that he/she just starts with simple sentences at first and as he/she gets better, makes sentences longer and more complicated. The student can also use the Internet this way, because the Internet will let him/her "talk" with other people simply by writing. He/she can visit chat rooms, or write a blog. All of these things help him/her learn English through writing. When he/she writes, he/she can also take another look at words he/she has learned in the past, and use them in sentences to make sure he/she knows them well. One of the best ways in regard to how to learn English well is to speak. One must Speak as much as he/she can in English, even though he/she may be uncomfortable at first. Pronunciaction with a whole series of activities to practise individual sounds, minimal pairs, tongue-twisters and dictation is probably the best way to improve his/her English quickly. He/she can listen to sample dialogues from everyday situations and get the chance to practise and they can help him/her improve his/her language as well. As he/she practices, his/her English will improve. The student should surround himself/herself with English- speaking people every day so that he/she has no choice but to learn the language. This will also help him/her begin to think in English, which in turn will improve his/her speaking and other English language skills. As he/she gets better, he/she willl no longer have to translate from his/her language to English or vice versa as he/she speaks. Even if he/she is not sure, he/she can use sentences that sound right to him/her. These are most often the right ones to use; if his/her English is not quite right sometimes, and that he/she shouldn't worry. His/her English-speaking friends will help him/her and correct him/her if he/she asks them to. And he/she shouldn't worry about being embarrassed; his/her English-speaking friends will understand that he/she is doing his/her best to speak their language, which is quite an accomplishment. For example, he/she can find English speaking people on the internet, look for people with the same interests as him/her to get development in natural friendships based on his/her hobbies etc.Eventually he/she will make friends and they will be much more likely to give him/her correction/guidance.He/she can also join an English club or conversation group. The atmosfhere is friendly and fun here. Or he/she can join in voive chat rooms on internet as well. And listening is also one of the most skills a student needs when we speak about how to learn English well. If the student is in a country that speaks mostly English, of course he/she is going to be listening to it all day long. In turn, this is going to help him/her learn to speak the language effectively, because he/she will learn to adapt to the speech and language around him/her. He/she can then turn this into written language skills as well; oftentimes, listening to everyday English conversations categorized from easy to difficult is the best way to learn. If the student is a silent listener at first, he/she can then gain his/her confidence and begin to speak it when he/she feels that he/she understands it well. Of course, simply watching English-speaking television or listening to music and main news stories in Real Audio format along with well-illustrated text versions in 8 the English language is also going to help him/her learn. It is really good to listen to a collection of authentic listening passages at three levels .All they will also help him/her learn English well,get pronunciation correct and speech patterns down the right way as well. Finally, we must remember that everyone will understand that someone is learning to speak English and is likely to be shy when he/she tries it at first. This is not a problem. If he/she doesn't start, he/she will never learn, so he/she ought to give it a try; even though the first time might be hard, the next will be easier, and the next even easier, and so on. The more he/she speaks English, the better he/she'll become, and that he/she isn’t afraid, and that he/she should speak out, and pretty soon, he/she'll be speaking English easily and will wonder what he/she were ever worried about. Talking to Onerself Talking to oneself is no longer the first sign of madness - it's the first sign of excellence. "Self-talk" can help someone who learns English becomes more fluent. And the great thing is – he/she can do it anywhere: in the bath, in the street, while he/she’s taking the dog for a walk. As long as he/she tries to put a regular time aside every day when he/she can talk to himself/herself in English. Talk about what he/she did yesterday, what he/she is doing, about interesting things which have happened to him/her and the things he/she’s planning to do in the future. Speaking without Fear The biggest problem most people face in learning a new language is their own fear. They worry that they won’t say things correctly or that they will look stupid so they don’t talk at all. I always tell my students not to do this. The fastest way to learn anything is to do it – again and again until they get it right. Like anything, learning English requires practice. They mustn’t let a little fear stop them from getting what they want. I suggest them To speak more slowly (not louder!) To keep it simple. Use common words. For example, if they want to say cat, don't use the word feline. To use only basic sentence structures (subject/verb/object). Not to worry about pronouns, instead use the names of people they are talking about. To use a lot of hand gestures. "Do you mean up?" they raise up their hands to help the person understand the word. To use sound effects. They may feel silly, but if they are trying to tell someone that something exploded, using the sound "Ka Boom!" will get their point across! 9 To read short stories out loud and try to see, say and hear the words to reinforce their memory. Record themself and play it back later. Learning from One’s Own Mistakes Students who learn languages all make mistakes, so they need to learn to accept them as a fact of life. If anyone gives you an unnecessarily stressful time about making a mistake, remember they will have made just as many mistakes as you, if not more. The question 'May I congratulate you on never having made a mistake in your life?' is a useful answer here. Children learn to walk because they get up when they fall, not because they stay down. This means that when practising our English, we ourselves or others sometime have mistakes in speaking, we see those mistakes and next time we will correct ourselves from them. Surrounding Oneself with English The absolute best way to learn English is to surround themselves with it. They should take notes in English, put English books around their room, listen to English language radio broadcasts, watch English news, movies and television. Speak English with their friends whenever they can. The more English material that they have around them, the faster they will learn and the more likely it is that they will begin "thinking in English." They should make friends with native English speakers. They take chance to learn about the cultures of English-speaking countries. They learn English by reading, listening, studying, and asking questions; practice what they learn by speaking and writing. They ought to dictation is an excellent way to improve their listening and spelling skills. They should have a friend read a few paragraphs from a book or a newspaper and write down what they think they hear, then they compare what they have written with the actual text. If they can dream in English, this means that they have succeeded in becoming a fluent English speaker. Working on Vocabulary Development No matter what language a student’s learning, a large vocabulary is going to be very important. This is especially important when he/she is learning the English language. One of the best ways to learn new vocabulary words is to start reading and he/she can also learn more by listening to the radio or watching television. Playing word games and doing word puzzles can also help him/her out when he/she is trying to enhance his/her English vocabulary. Yes, it’s true. Linking a new word to a picture is a good way of remembering it. For example: To learn the words about animals in Unit 10 of English 11 and English 12. To search for the word "rhinoceros, leopard, parrot, lizard so on.." in Google Images and he/she'll find lots of pictures of rhinoceros, leopard, parrot, lizard. 10 He/She can even print out the best one he/she find. Then he/she stick it on a flash card - picture one side - word the other. That way we can test himself/ herself later. Learning a word won't help very much if students promptly forgets it. Research shows that it takes from 10 to 20 repetitions to really make a word part of his/her vocabulary. I remind them that they should always keep a notebook and pencil on them at all times. Whenever they see or hear a new word, they should write it down. They write the word down where they saw or heard it too, it will help them remember it later. And then they look the word up on the internet or in a dictionary when they get home. They also should read 10 words from their English dictionary daily as well. After they've read them, they had better try writing two sentences using all 10 words. It's not easy, but it can be fun I often encourage studnets If they find it difficult to remember the meaning of a word, they just write it on a card – then they look it up in Wiki or Google and copy out (with pen and paper on the other side of the card) a few sentences that they can find relating to the word. For example: squirrel On Wikipedia - One well-known trait of some species of squirrel is the gathering and storing of nuts for the winter. On Google - Squirrel is the common name for rodents, and can sometimes be used to describe someone who is a 'goof' or 'clown' Students should incorporate English into their daily life. They ought to see if they can name everything they come into contact with, from getting up in the morning, until they go to bed at night. Learning words in context Research shows that the vast majority of words are learned from context. Why should we learn new words in context? Some learners try to improve their vocabulary by having a list of words to learn for the day. We have known some that even try to learn words from the dictionary, starting from the letter ‘A’! It is possible to learn some words if we use this approach, but it certainly is not the best way to learn. “Is there any other way?”, we might ask. As a matter of fact, there is…we call this as ‘learning in context’. “What does that mean…we might ask? Well, learning in context means learning a new word when we are reading or listening.There are many advantages for this way of learning. 1. Students have a NEED to know the meaning If A student happens to come across a new word in the middle of a story or an article, He/she really wants to know the meaning of it. Otherwise, he/she cannot fully understand or follow the story. This creates a desire or interest in finding out the meaning of the word. He/she wants to find out the meaning of the word, at any 11 cost. Learning that takes place under such conditions is long lasting and effective. Imagine a student came across the simple word ‘patient’ in the middle of the story. Example: in an exercise in the exercise book of English10 published by the Youth Press.. “Lily was a patient when she met Dr. Fred. He came across as a genuinely caring person, who truly sympathised with her in this situation. Her broken leg gave her an opportunity to think about the things that really matter in life”. In the example, the student wants to know the meaning of all of the words in these sentences, because he/she really wants to understand the story and the characters in the story. 2. Students can learn the meaning ‘in context‘ If a student has a good dictionary, try flipping through the pages of the dictionary and he’s sure to find that there are many meanings listed under most of the words. Some words even have 25 different meanings! Can we believe that? Maybe that makes we say, “Oh, my God! How can I learn so many words?” Well, like anything difficult, he/she should approach it step-by-step. The best way to get through all of the meanings is to learn them in their context. When he/she learns them in context, he/she can know the meaning of the word in that sentence. In the above sentences, the word in context, meaning of the word patient is, someone who is ill in hospital. 3. Students should get an example sentence of how to USE it Just learning words separately, doesn’t help them to learn how to use the word. After all, that is the reason why a student wants to learn new words in the first place. When he/she learns in context, this problem is solved, because he/she gets a given example sentence, right in front of his/her eyes. If he/she wants to be a good learner, then he/she will write down his/her new sentence and the example in his/her vocabulary notebook, to be practised later. 4. Students can also try to guess the meaning of the new word which is a good way to approach learning a new word He/She can also learn to guess the meaning of the word this way, by reading or listening around the word he/she doesn’t know. In the example, we can guess the meaning from the phrase ‘her broken leg’ and from the name of one of the characters, Dr. Fred. When he/she tries to guess first and then looks up the meaning in a dictionary, the time he/she is spending with the word increases, which helps him/her to remember the word better. Also, this method of learning a new word helps you to learn the word faster, because your brain becomes more active in the learning process. Studying on a Regular Basis If you plan on learning a language, you are going to have to make studying a priority. It’s not just something you do every now and then, but it should be done every single day. When you study each day it is easier to retain the new things that you learn. You’ll also find that you can review easier every day and you’ll definitely remember what you learn a lot better as well. So, if you want to know how to learn English effectively, then you need to make studying a priority. 12 Reflecting on what one’s learning Students should try to recall what they have learnt as they are taking a class as well as afterwards. They ought to try different ways of studying the material then think about applying these new concepts to their work situation. From time to time, review the classes they have completed as a refresher. They need to do some of the exercises they did a few months ago, and see if they’ve improved their score. Making it Enjoyable When you’re having fun, it actually makes it easier for you to remember things that you learn, so make sure that you make learning English fun. Take time to do puzzles and to play games, even if it does seem a bit childlike. They really can help you as you learn English and provide you with excellent practice. For example, after finishing the reading part of a unit in which introduce about a special man, an invention or an important event, I hold a game in groups or in pairs to motivate students to speak in English and to revise the knowledge they learnt. I take this as an example, the reading part of unit 4 English 10 - “People’s background” talks about Marie Curie. To consolidate the information about her, teacher holds a reminding game - “talking about Marie Curie” - teacher asks students to work in groups (2 groups) - let time for students to finish the task - Call up one student of each group to present the information. The group gives more information will win the game. Teacher says Group 1 The topic is “talking She was born in Warsar about Marie Curie” (Teacher gives some questions as suggestion) 1. When was she born? 2. Which school did she go to? Group 2 on November7th, 1876 She studied in local Marie harboured the school and got dream of a scientific scientific training from career. her father. To save money for a study tour abroad, she had to work as a private tutor. 13 3. What did she want to In 1891, Marie, with be? very little money to 4. How did she reach live on, went to Paris her dream? to realize her dream at ……. the Sorbornne. She earned a degree in After her husband’s Physics with flying death, she took up his colours. She met Pierre position and was the Curie in 1894 and they first woman in France got married a year later. to be a university professor. In 1903, Marie became She was awarded a the first woman to Nobel receive a PhD Prize chemistry in for determining the atomic weight of radium. Teacher remarks and gives the score for each group. Another game can also be taken. “What's the Question?” Level: Any Level Type of Activity: listening and speaking Purpose: review question forms previously studied in class Procedure:  Form two teams (three will work, but two seems to add just the right amount of competitive tension).  Explain the game, with a few examples of answers in search of questions. Ask, 'What's the question?', and get students to correctly say the corresponding questions for your answer.  Have two players--one from each team--come to the front. Style it like a game show if you like, with the students standing side-by-side. If you have access to bells or buzzers, it's even more fun. 14  Next, read an answer to a question and say, 'What's the question?' The fastest player to respond wins a point for her/his team. New contestants come to the front for a new round. Race Sentence A game can be taken. Level: Any Level (for writing) A good game for large classes and for reviewing vocabulary lessons. Prepare a list of review vocabulary words. Write each word on four small pieces of paper. That means writing the word four times, once on each paper. Organize the pieces like bundles, 4 bundles, 4 sets of identical words. Divide the class into 4 teams. get them to make creative team names. Distribute each list of words to four teams. Every student on each team should have a paper. Four teams have the same words. When you call a word, 4 students should stand up, one from each team. The students must then run to the blackboard and race to write a sentence using their word. The winner is the one with a correct and clearly written sentence. This is always a hit with kids. For more advanced students, use tougher words. Submitted by: Thomas D. J-B IV. The Result After giving students of differernt levels practice again and again with the presented techniques, I found my students get improving day by day. Now they can not only put questions and give answers rather correctly but also strongly give ideas present some information in front of class and do self-study by themselves at home. At the end of this school year, there were more students could speak and present some complete sentences and some certain ideas that they want to perform. ( The students of class 12N1, 12N2 and 11N ) V. The Drawing Lesson - Teacher regularly motivates and encourages students to prepare and learn their lesson well. - Teacher creates and lets students practice in a comfortable class atmosphere. - Students are more zealous in taking part in the activities during the class time. - Students are more self-studying by themselves with interest. VI. The Conclusion 15 Learning English to use it in real life effectively is a long time of finding and practicing. A student has to learn ways to learn it He/she ought to find English is so interesting and useful that he/she must master it. And it’s true with the above helpful skills many many students find their ways to get in English well and they are making in progress in learning English. I think the above tips are practical skills that are necessary for students who really want to learn, to use English. So, the teacher as well as the students should find out which are the best ways to learn to practice English in all possible classroom situations. It can be taught or learnt in a very natural way by means of short questions and answers, or through games or a short discussion. At the beginning we find it hard to practice, but if we try, we'll have very good long term results. Moreover, this not only helps the teachers improve the methods on teaching but also helps the students feel self-confident in using English now and in future . They can hopefully answer any questions in an interview. VII. The References 1. The Text books and Exercise books of English 10,.12 2.Celce-Murcia. M. (2001). Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language (3rd ed). USA: Heinle&Heinle. 3. Long M.H & Richards, J.C. (1987). Methodology in TESOL. USA: Heinle&Heinle. 4. Nunan. D. (1991) Language Teaching Methodology. UK: Prentice Hall International (Chapter two & three) 5. Tanner .R. & Green.C.(1998) Tasks for teacher education. UK. Addisson Wesley Longman. Ltd. 6. By Greg and Ivy Cook on May 19, 2008 7 .Tim’s games (2010) 16 BM04-NXĐGSKKN SỞ GD&ĐT ĐỒNG NAI Đơn vị Trung Tâm GDTX TP Biên Hòa CỘNG HOÀ XÃ HỘI CHỦ NGHĨA VIỆT NAM Độc lập - Tự do - Hạnh phúc Biên Hòa,,ngày 8 tháng 5 năm 2012 PHIẾU NHẬN XÉT, ĐÁNH GIÁ SÁNG KIẾN KINH NGHIỆM Năm học: 2011-2012 ––––––––––––––––– Tên sáng kiến kinh nghiệm: SOME HELPFUL SKILLS FOR STUDENTS TO STUDY ENGLISH EFFECTIVELY Họ và tên tác giả: Dương Thị Thới Hòa Đơn vị (Tổ): Xã hội Lĩnh vực: Quản lý giáo dục  Phương pháp dạy học bộ môn: ...........................  Phương pháp giáo dục  Lĩnh vực khác: ....................................................  1. Tính mới - Có giải pháp hoàn toàn mới  - Có giải pháp cải tiến, đổi mới từ giải pháp đã có  2. Hiệu quả - Hoàn toàn mới và đã triển khai áp dụng trong toàn ngành có hiệu quả cao  - Có tính cải tiến hoặc đổi mới từ những giải pháp đã có và đã triển khai áp dụng trong toàn ngành có hiệu quả cao  - Hoàn toàn mới và đã triển khai áp dụng tại đơn vị có hiệu quả cao  - Có tính cải tiến hoặc đổi mới từ những giải pháp đã có và đã triển khai áp dụng tại đơn vị có hiệu quả  3. Khả năng áp dụng - Cung cấp được các luận cứ khoa học cho việc hoạch định đường lối, chính sách: Tốt  Khá  Đạt  - Đưa ra các giải pháp khuyến nghị có khả năng ứng dụng thực tiễn, dễ thực hiện và dễ đi vào cuộc sống: Tốt  Khá  Đạt  17 - Đã được áp dụng trong thực tế đạt hiệu quả hoặc có khả năng áp dụng đạt hiệu quả trong phạm vi rộng: Tốt  Khá  Đạt  XÁC NHẬN CỦA TỔ CHUYÊN MÔN (Ký tên và ghi rõ họ tên) THỦ TRƯỞNG ĐƠN VỊ (Ký tên, ghi rõ họ tên và đóng dấu) 18
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