Grammar friends 3

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Ftqnnigon Eileen Ctgmmqr Frffend$ OXFORD TINIVERSITY PRESS OX-FORD UNTVERSITY PRBSS Great CLarendon Street, Oxford ox2 5Dp O:dord University Pressis a departrnent oftle University ofofordvholarhiF, It furtheN theuniversity's objective of excellence fupsx6[ and education by publishing worldwide in Oxford NewYork Auckland CapeTown Dares Salaam HongKong l(anchi Kuala Lumpur Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Nafuobi New Delhi Shanghai Teipei Torotrto Withoffices in Argentina Austria Brazil Chile CzechRepuHic Frm Gaeca s'nlenct Guatemala Hungary Italy Japan Pobnd kurgrl SouthKorea Switzerland Tbailand liriey ubein thn oxrolo and oxrotD ENGLISE:rrr l€gillcrd r.& Erts d Oxford UniversityPress in -he LJXaDd in ctrrrin dtrcmnb O Oldord UniversityPress zoog The mord rights ofthe autbs hare been asserted Database right fford Uniusrty Press(makerl First published roog 2Or3 Xtr2 2(n1 2OtO 1098 7 6 5 4 3 No undcized photocopying All rigbts reserved. No part ofthis publication nray be reproduced, stored in a retrievd system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, witlout the prior perrrission in writing of Odord University Press, or as expressly perrritted by laq or under terms agreedwith the appropriate reprognphics rights organization. Enquiries concerning r€production outside the scope ofthe above should be sent to the EL:TPights Department, o,dord University Press,at the address above You mustnot circulate this book in anyotherbindingor cover and you must impose this same condition on any acquirer Any websites referred to in this publication are in the public domain and their addressesare provided by Oxford University Pressfor inforrration only. Oxford University hess disclaims any responsibility for the content rsBN: 978 o 19 478oo2S (Student'sBook) rsBN: 978o194780148 (Pack) Itrinted in chim Illustratlonsby:Jo Tlaylor/Sylvie Poggio Artists Agency (characters) and JHS Studio/Beehive Illustntion. Contents Storter Mg fomilg Comporotiveodjectives Thepostsimple:be 4 f Mg fr ie n d s Thepresentsimple(1):be 8 2 Mg hobbies Thepresentsimpte(2):Like+ -ing t2 3 Ourth in g s Confor obi[itg,permission ond requests odjectives Possessive 16 20 Review I 4 A t the se o side (L) Thepresentcontinuous 22 5 A visitto the zoo The presentcontinuous(2) 26 6 Mg d o g Reviewof the presentsimple Thepresentsimpte(3):hove 30 34 Review 2 7 8 9 Fr eetim e Goin gsho p ping Com p o r iso ns Adverbsoffrequenca Timeexpressions 36 nouns Countobleond uncountobte WouLdLike 40 odjectives Comporotiveo nd superLotive 44 48 Review3 1 O Pl.og ti m e 11 Posttimes Must ond mustn't Theimperotive 50 Therewos, there were Posttime expressions 54 1 2 Fo m i[gm em ories Thepostsimple(1):hove Thepostsimple(2):be Connectors 58 Review4 62 13 Portgtime 14 Schooltime 1 5 Ho lid o gti m e ThepostsimpLe(3) Ago 64 ThepostsimpLe(4) Whot,when,where 68 Begoingto Futuretime expressions 72 Review5 76 Grommorreference 78 Comparativeadjectives Thepastsimple:be My family ll I lvvv Do d is t o [ [ e rt h o n M u m . - ^ G r o n d m o n dGr o n d p o r eo ld e rth o nCh o r lieM, o ll.go n dH orrg. L ., rl Weform the comporotive of on odjectivebg odding-erto the endof the odjective. \ -:, s m o[ [ [oud quiet fost slow o|'d goun9 to LL short smoLLer [ouder quieter foster sLower o[der uounger toLLer shorter Bigisdifferent: bigger i i We usecomporotive odjectives to describe the difference betweentwo thingsor people. We usethon ofier o comporotive odjective whenwe comporeonethingdirectlgwith onother. Thehorseis biggerthan the donkey. I Completethe sentences. Usethe correctword in brockets. MoLLgis Mrslonesis Starter j i15;, (fostlgoung) Horrg. Ch o r [ie( .9 o u n g /to LL) C h o r l i ei s (l.oud/fost) MoLLg. Horrg.(s[ow/short) is Grondpo Horrg.(toud/smol.t) Mol'Lgis Hereoresomefoctsoboutthe fonesfomiLg.Completethe sentences, using informotionfrom the tobte. Usethe wordsin brockets. Nome Age Height Chorlielones 8 L.20m MoLLg fones 7 1.L0m HorrgIones 5 Lm Dod 37 1..80m Mu m 35 1..50 m Gro ndpo 55 1..60m Gro ndm o 54 L.50m Ch o r lie ;5 o td e rth o n M o [[g (o1d) . MoLlgis Horrg.(toLL) (goung) Ho r r gis Gr o n d mo. is Dod.(short) Gr o n d m o Dodis M u m .( b ig) (smotl.) M u m is Grondpo. (oLd) Gr o n d p o is Chor[ie. Write sentences. I 2 3 4 s 6 Beth/toLL/LiLg Ol.l.g / smolt/ Beth Anno/ otd/ OtLg OLLg / goung/ Anno Beth/big / oLLtJ Ol.l.g / short/ Beth Bethi.stalterthon Litu. Starter ryI lT GI'FWffiI MoLLg gesterdog. wosof school. Chorliewosn'tof schooL I Yesterdog, rffiil\t tmmotive gOUwere hewos shewos it wos we were gouwere thegwere -' Negotive I wos not gouwerenot hewos not shewosnot it wos not we were not gouwerenot thegwerenot Shortforms I wosn't gouweren't hewosn't shewosn't it wosn't we weren't gouweren't thegweren't We usethe postsimpleof bewith odjectives to describeJeelings in the post. I wastired. He wasbusg. Theyweren't angrg. Weolsousethe postsimpteof beto identifgsomeone in the post. or something TerryandStevenwerepolicemen. Anna wosa doctor. Weusethe postsimpteof bewith o ploceto describe wheresomething hoppened. OIL7wasof school. Grandmaand Grandpawerein the shop. Circlethe correctpostsimpteform of be. 1 Mum ondDodrwerei/wos tired. 3 Iim were/ wos o doctorin the pLoU. 5 It weref wos windygesterdog. Starter 2 ALexwere/wos of school. 4 TedondO[Lgweref wos busg. 6 L o u ise o n dHe le nwe r e/wo s h oppg. Lookat the pictureon page6. Completethe sentences. 1 Chorlis was ilt. 2 M um,Cho r l i eH, o r r go n dG r o n d m o 3 Horr g o doctor. 4 G r ondm o tired. 5 Dod 6 G r ondpo 7 Mo[[g in the living r@m. of work. i nt h eg o r d e n . of school. negotive. 6 Mokethe sentences 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 T . t. J O m r e wo s n t % lomiewo so n g r g . Ienngwosin the pl.og. Iockondfesswerehoppu. Keithond Kotewerebusg. Annowosin the kitchen. George woso policemon. Heidiwostot[. Writethe sentences odjective. usingwosor wereond o comporotive 1 Iess/ fost/ Iock w qlfqs!€ilh on Jock. _J_e:s_ 2 lenngondGeorge / goung/ Keith 3 G eor ge/ t o U/ A. n n o 4 GeorgeondAnno/ oLd/ Ienngond Iess 5 Mum ond Dod/ slow/ the children 6 M um/ s h o r t/ D o d 7 G r ondpo /b i g l C h o r l i e 8 leonieon dH o [ [ g/ g o u n g/ C g nth io Starter My friends Thepresentsimple(1):be Whereqre youfrom? whereareyoufrom? l'm fromSpain. Affirmotive I om gouore heis s heis it is we ore uouore t hegor e Shortforms I'm gou're he's she's it's wetre gou're theg're I'm fromthe UK. Negctive I om not gouorenot he is not sheis not it is not we orenot youorenot thegorenot ShortJorms I'm not gouoren't he isn't sheisn't it isn't we oren't g o uo r e n ' t th e go r e n ' t I Complete the sentences. Useshortforms. f;' ,; \-, Y,/ He JromAustroLio. Unit1 fr o mth e UK. Theg from Eggpt. S he JromtheUSA. We----- from Brozil. seven. You e ig h t. You fromEggpt. He - - one. Writenegotivesentences. 1 Soil.U /Jrom/the USA SatlyisnltJr:omthe USA 2 gou/ten 3 I/fromlAustrolio 4 Mum ondDo d/ f r o m/ t h e U K 5 we / from / Brozil 6 lock / Jive Un i t1 Questions Am I? Aregou? Is he? Is she? Is it? Arewe? Aregou? Aretheg? Shortonswers Yes,I om. No,I'm not. Yes,gouore. No,gouoren't. Yes,he is. No,he isn't. Yes,sheis. No,sheisn't. Yes,it is. No,it isn't. Yes,gouore. No,gouoren't. Yes,we ore. No,we oren't. Yes,theg ore. No,theg oren't. Weoftenusequestion wordssuchoswhere,when,whg,whot,whoondwhichwith betofind out informotion. Weolsousehowold.Thequestionwordgoesof the beginning of thesentence. Whereareyoufrom? Howold isshe? In questions, we conuseshortformsfor the he,sheor it form.Wedon'tuse shortformsfor theI, gou,we orthegforms. hefrom? Where's He'sfromEggpt. Wherearethegfrom? They'refromBraziI. Whereorethesechildrenfrom?Write. ru ffi 1 -ls he fromRussio? fromEggpt? from the USA? * fr o mT h o iL o n d ? Unit1 Ye s,h e ls. 4 Lookof the tobte.Completethe sentences. No me Tong I e n n go n d George Mig ueL Ko n g o Countrg AustroLio USA Sp o in T h o i[o n d Tong's fromAustrolio. IenngondGeorge fromSpoin. Kongo from Brozi[. Youssef Rofoond Pedro Youssef Egupt Brozit q He's from A+s-'r-r'q-t from from from from from 4. Completethe questionsond onswers. 5 Lookof the toble in exercise 1 2 3 4 5 6 Are IenngondGeorge from Austrolio7 No, theg oren't. K ongof r o mT h o i l o n d ?Tongfrom the USA? Rofoond PedrofromBrozil? Migue l f r o mS p o i n ? Youssef from Thoilond? the emoitusingthe correct 6 Reodondcomplete formof be. .:. H iJa m e s H ou 1 q re Irirl Gafg. Uourneu penfriend.Mg name 3 U ou?| 2 from Canada.| 5 from Scotland. I l i u e in C a n adabut I 4 . e n7 from? I'ue o n lg g o t Uo u r e m a ila d d r e s s lUh lUh e r e6 - g o u gour hobbies? Uourbirthdag?lUhat 8 - = == M #i $fr $il = ffi s P l e a seu r i te s oon! Garg 4r , **,lt$,€:=-:F' Unit1 3 My hobbies The presentsimple(2):like+ -ing I don't like playing games. computer I fikeplaying games. computer gomes. comput.rgor.i.'W Horrgdoesn't[ikepLoging computer Chorlietikespl"oging "w' 'fu ngirmotive IF I like..:pl.oging v uouuKePtoglng he [ikespl,oging shelikespl,oging it LikespLoging we like pLoging goulikepLoging thegLikeploging Negotive I do not Likepl,oging goudo not like pl.oging hedoesnot like pLoging shedoesnot tikeptoging it doesnot like pl.oging we do not like pl.oging goudo not like ptoging theg do not Likepl,oging Shortforms I don't Likepl,oging goudon't tikepl.oging hedoesn't[ikeploging shedoesn'tlikepLoging it doesn'ttikeptoging we don't Likepl.oging we don'tLikepLoging thegdon'tLikepl,oging Weusethe present simpleof tike+ -ingto tolk oboutthingsthot we enjogdoingor don't enjogdoing. I likereading. ihe doesn'tlikeplaging the piano. Writesentences usinglike+ -ing. 1 Mr lones/ Like/ reod/ newspopers n€[spqps!_ylr Jqncs lkes re_cdrng 2 mgount/ [ike/ go/to thecinemo 3 ourcousins / Like/ pLog/ chess 4 I / Lik e/ J i s h s mg brotherondI / [ike/ climb/ trees U n it2 2 Lookof the picturesond sentences. Writethe correctsentences. I d o n ' tL i k ep l o gin gte n n is. '. , I i i n t-' i , ' ,, .,rri i ri ' l g n n is. S h eL i k eps L o g inte : :: -,-€ S' i I l i r... :_,r,,.,,l r,i .!{_i 9l lL!. We[ikehorseriding. \ Thegdon't[ikeskoteboording. I L i k ep l " o g i ntgh e p io n o . T h e g[ i k ed r o win g . g tle g b o L L . T h e gd o n ' tL i k ep L o g invo S h eL i k erse o d i n g . Un i t2 3 look of the toble ond completethe sentences. p l o g i n gt h e p i o n o h o r ser id in g swr m m r n 9 reading x Ione Iim drowing x x Simon x x A nno Oscor l i k e s * * p L o g i ntgh e p io n o . r eo d in g . Io n e o n d Anno Iim drowing. reoding. Simon Sim A nno An r reoding. I I one 3 5 7 9 2 Jo n e d o e sn ' tllke d r o win g . p lo g in gth e pi ono. 4 Iim 6 S im o no n d O s c o r horseri di ng. 8 A n n oo n d O s c o r sw rmmrn9 h o r ser idi ng. 10 Oscor Doyou like skateboarding? Q ues ti o n s DoI Likepl,oging? DogoutikepLoging? Doeshe LikepLoging? Doesshelike ptoging? Doesit Likepl,oging? Dowe Likeptoging? Do gouLikepLoging? Dotheg LikepLoging? S h o r to n swe r s Yes,I do. No,I don't. Yes,goudo. No,goudon't. Yes,hedoes. No,he doesn't. Yes,shedoes. No,shedoesn't. Yes,it does. No,it doesn't. Yes,we do. No,we don't. Yes,goudo. No,goudon't. Yes,thegdo. No,theg don't. Notethot we don'trepeotthe -ingverbin shortonswers. famie, do gou likereading? No,I don't. DoesPollg likecooking?Yes,shedoes. U n i t2 I Completethe questionswith Do or Does. t .-Does Po u L i k eh o r s e r i d i n g ? 2 -*-gomes? UouLikeplogingcomputer 3 =Iocklikepl.oging the piono? 4 PoutLikeplogingvollegboLl? 5 -A mg o n d5 o [ [ gL i k er e o d in g ? 6 we l i k es w i m m i n g ? 5 Motch 1-5 with o-e. 1 2 3 4 5 DoesIulio likereoding? e Dowe Likeskoteboording? Doeslohn likepl.oging computergomes?-DoPouL ondIim likeplogingvotlegboLL? Do goulik er e o d i n g- ? - o b c d No,we don't. Yes,hedoes. Yes, thegdo. Yes,I do. W 5 Lookof the chort.Write questionsond short onswers. Hobbg 1 gourfriends reoding ,/ p l o g i n gt h e g u ito r x 3 gou drowing ,/ 4 Iohn fishing ,/ 2 M org 5 M um ondD o d 6 gouondCh o r l i e r - Like? skoteboording surfing x x Do uourfrlendsLikereodlna? Yes.theudo. ------------3--' 2 Unit 2 15 and requests Canfor ability,permission Possessive adjectives Our fhings CanI usethecomputer? you can. Yes, Questions ConI . . . ? Congo u. . . ? Conhe . . . ? Cons h e . . . ? Conit . . . ? Conwe . . . ? Congo u. . . ? Cont he g. . . ? Shortonswers Yes,I con. Yes,goucon. Yes,hecon. Yes,shecon. Yes,it con. Yes,goucon. Yes,we con. Yes,thegcon. No,I con't. No,goucon't. No,hecon't. No,shecqn't. No,it con't. No,goucon't. No,we con't. No,thegcon't. Weofienuseconto tolk oboutobilitg. I canplag the guitor. We useConI ...?or Conwe ...?whenwe oskpermission to do something. CanI rideyour bike? Canwe turn on the television? gfor us(o request). We useCongou...?whenwe osksomeone to do somethin Weconoddo commo+ pleoseof the endof o requestto mokeit soundmorepolite. Cangou buy somebreod? Cangou turn offthe radio,please? Whensomeone oskspermission, we replgusingthe shortonswerJorm with gou. gou can. CanI usethe computer? Yes, U n it3 I Reodthesesentences.Do theg tol,kobout permissionor o reguest? Write P or R. 1 2 3 4 5 6 ConI turn on the TV? P Congoupossthe sugor,pteose? Conwe plogin the gorden? Congouturn offthe rodio?- --Congougo to the shopsfor me? Conwe go c u t f o rd i n n e rM , um? 2 Writesentences to oskpermission. 1 I/hov e/ ono p p L e / 7 Con I hov e o n o p p t e ? 2 I/u se /yo u r m o b ite p h o n e /? 3 | / t ur nup / t h e r o d i o/ ? 4 I /tu r n d o wn/th e m u sic/ ? s I/toke/thispen/7 6 we / borrow/ thesebooks/ ? 7 we / t ur n on / t h e D V Dp L o g e/ r? I we /liste nto lth e CDp L o g e r ?/ 3 Putthe wordsin the correctorderto write requests. I poss/ sugor/ Con/ pteose / Vou/the /? Con gou possthe sugor,ptease? 2 Vou/ Con/ pteose / the / turn up/ rodio/ ? 3 Con/curtoins/ the / open/ gou/ 7 4 Vou/turn offlthe / Con/ music/? 5 turn down/ gou/television/ pleose/Con /the /7 6 wosh/ gou/the / cor/Con / pLeose /7 Unit3 17 4 Motchquestionsond onswersfrom the box.Writethem nextto the pictures. Conwe sit here? ConI hovesomecoke? ConI-hevffin oppte., pleose? ConI borrowgournewspoper, ConI hov eo n e wh o n d b o g ? Cc i. l )'e,, ,. Unit3 No,goucon't. Yes,goucon. No,goucon't. Yesrgotreorr. Yes,goucon. rnnlp? 5 Lookof the toble.Writeguestions to oskforpermission ond mokerequests. Permission Request 1 t urn upt he m u s i c 2 t u r no ffth e DVDp lo g e r 3 g o to th e ci nemo 4 g i v em eth e n e wsp o p e r 5 ploUwit h m gf r i e n d s 6 7 hoveo newcoot 8 heL pm e in t h e k it c h e n 'l ( _rii, 2 3 i - c r' sototheshg?_fgl. 4 5 6 7 8 mg gour his her its gour our their Thisis mg DVD. That'sgour CDpLayer. Writeour,gour,or their. 6 Complete the sentences. 1 O Lrr bookis red. Yo u r b o o ki s bLue. Is t his Yes,it's 3 Is t his No,it's dog? dogc omero? c omero. trl l #Htr cok ei s bi g. 4 cok ei s s moLL. Is t his Yes,it's project? project. Un i t 3 19
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