Giáo án tiếng anh 12_số 8

  • Số trang: 54 |
  • Loại file: DOC |
  • Lượt xem: 49 |
  • Lượt tải: 0
hoanggiang80

Đã đăng 24000 tài liệu

Mô tả:

TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 TIẾT 1 + 2 PHẦN I Ngày soạn: / Sounds Letters - PRONUNCIATION CHART – BẢNG PHIÊN ÂM QUỐC TẾ / Ngày giảng: Words / / Notes Sound s / t∫/ ch Letters Đọc i ngắn, gần với ơ / k/ Đọc i dài / h/ k c ch q h wh Vowel sounds (nguyên âm) / I/ /i:/ Gần be /e/ /o/ i e a y ea ee ea a a o sit pretty village happy lead meet head many land pot a or aw a u o ou ar wash fork saw cash shut some tough card ear u ou oo u oe shoe heart pull could good pollution oo ui er or er ir shirt ur or ear moon fruit reader actor prefer / w / hurt word heard /s+/ / d/ d ed z s s g g little done lived zebra visit vision germ gift monk name think sing rural w m n n ng r with when jam young music honest k wh j y u h knight b p comb pneumo /m/ /n/ / ŋ/ /sp/ Gần h Gần v Gần đ Không Gần g Gầ nl Gần m Gần n Gần ng Kh ôn g Chùm phụ âm với s sp ra y CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH Gần c trong âm Việt kitchen concert chemist conquest hike whoop / b/ visit of them v f th /dƷ/ / g/ l Notes Gầ n ch choice / v/ Đọc o tròn ngắn / l / Words - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 / ei/ / st/start a ei eight ai ay i y oi oy Đọc ê hay ây, âm kép dài case school maid say kite sky soil employ /sf/ /sm/ /sn/ /sw/ /sj/ /pl/ sphere small snow sweet super plump Ch ùm ph ụ âm p+ ou ow o ow ew ear mouse now cold slow sew hear /pr/ /pj/ /tr/ /tw/ /tj/ /kl/ class proud pure train twice tube /aiә/ ere ere are air our ire here there fare hair tour tire /kr/ /kw/ /kj/ /bl/ /br/ /bj/ cream quite cure blow bring burial / auә/ yre yer ower ower tyre buyer slower shower /gl/ /gr/ /dr/ /dw/ glass grow dream dwell our prayer flour /dj/ flow duty eyer oyer greyer employe r loyal /fr/ /fj/ fry furious /r/ throw oyal Nguyên âm ba ai-ơ Đọc ao-ơ hay au-ơ Đọ c âyơ ha y ê-ơ CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH / f + / - Ch ùm ph ụ âm k+ Ch ùm ph ụ âm f+ binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 /w/ th wa rt p / f/Gần p Việt / mj/mut e / s/ /∫/ Chú ý: - pen / p/ Gần ph như âm Việt f ph physics /∫r/ shrimp gh th t ed s c sh ch laugh throw teach looked site centre sheep machine /nj/ /spr/ /spl/ /skr/ /str/ /skj/ /stj/ /spj/ nude spread splash scream stream scuba student spume s sugar /skw/ square Gần x, âm sát nhẹ Gần s, âm tắc sát bật hơi Các biểu tượng cấu âm ở các từ điển khác nhau có sự khác biệt nhỏ. Âm biến đổi phụ thuộc vào ngữ cảnh và chức năng từ vựng, chức năng biểu cảm của âm. Hiện tượng các từ khác nhau phát âm giống nhau gọi là đồng âm khác nghĩa “homonym”. TIẾT 3 + 4 PRACTICE EXERCISE 1 – BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH 1 Ngày soạn: / / Ngày giảng: / / Find the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others of the same group. 1. A. candy B. sandy C. many D. handy 2. A. earning B. learning C. searching D. clearing 3. A. pays B. stays C. says D. plays 4. A. given B. risen C. ridden D. whiten 5. A. cough B. tough C. rough D. enough 6. A. accident B. jazz C. stamp D. watch 7. A. this B. thick C. maths D. thin 8. A. gas B. gain C. germ D. good 9. A. bought B. naught C. plough D. thought 10. A. spear B. gear C. fear D. pear 11. A. forks B. tables C. beds D. windows 12. A. handed B. booked C. translated D. visited 13. A. car B. coach C. century D. cooperate 14. A. within B. without C. clothing D. strengthen 15. A. has B. bag C. dad D. made 16. A. drunkard B. postcard C. remark D. discard 17. A. kites B. catches C. oranges D. buzzes 18. A. student B. stupid C. study D. studio 19. A. wealth B. cloth C. with D. marathon 20. A. brilliant B. trip C. tripe D. tip 21. A. flouride B. hidden C. arid D. lid 22. A. surgeon B. agent C. engine D. regard 23. A. feather B. leather C. feature D. measure 24. A. geology B. psychology C. classify D. photography 25. A. idiom B. ideal C. item D. identical 26. A. children B. child C. mild D. wild 27. A. both B. myth C. with D. sixth CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. A. helped A. name A. blood A. deaf A. comb A. thick A. flour A. dictation A. dew A. asked A. smells A. chooses A. decided A. head A. blood A. height A. through A. fought A. moon A. any A. height A. book A. pan A. table A. host A. there A. dear A. work A. name A. page A. count A. noon A. how A. harm A. brought A. call A. measure A. alone A. timid A. trousers A. whisper A. cleaned A. churched A. church A. push A. lamb A. winding A. machine A. stay A. find A. wanted A. booked A. wants A. rakes A. briefcases A. theme A. hot A. that A. fat B. booked B. natural B. food B. of B. plumb B. though B. hour B. repetition B. knew B. helped B. cuts B. pauses B. hatred B. break B. tool B. fine B. them B. country B. pool B. apple B. like B. blood B. woman B. lady B. most B. chair B. beard B. coat B. flame B. game B. sound B. tool B. town B. wash B. ought B. curtain B. decision B. home B. tidy B. route B. waste B. played B. chimney B. choir B. pull B. comb B. windy B. washing B. pay B. style B. provided B. canned B. says B. boats B. oranges B. there B. got B. make B. hate CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH C. hoped C. native C. moon C. leaf C. climb C. thank C. pour C. station C. sew C. kissed C. opens C. rises C. sacred C. bread C. moon C. tidy C. threaten C. bought C. door C. hat C. buy C. look C. sad C. labor C. cost C. clear C. beer C. go C. man C. go C. found C. blood C. power C. call C. thought C. cell C. pleasure C. go C. timer C. shout C. husband C. snowed C. check C. choice C. rush C. lumber C. finish C. brush C. cake C. tonight C. painted C. begged C. looks C. pens C. judges C. thin C. mode C. take C. had - D. waited D. nation D. pool D. wife D. disturb D. think D. sour D. question D. few D. played D. plays D. horses D. warned D. breath D. spool D. cliff D. thunder D. ought D. cool D. cat D. hair D. foot D. man D. captain D. post D. hair D. heard D. know D. fame D. gift D. shouted D. spoon D. slow D. talk D. though D. contain D. permission D. foul D. kite D. amount D. inspiration D. brushed D. cholera D. chess. D. butcher D. debt D. spin D. chin D. quay D. mid-term D. opened D. bottomed D. laughs D. traps D. rules D. thank D. shot D. cake D. mad binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. A. corn 99. 100. A. name A. bear A. last A. page A. find A. bush A. clothes A. wrong A. food A. why A. cure B. cup B. fame B. clear B. fast B. game B. bite B. push B. gone B. watch B. look B. myth B. tube C. can C. man C. fear C. taste C. go C. since C. pull C. drove C. shop C. took C. type C. amuse D. cede D. frame D. hear D. task D. gift D. drive D. brush D. ghost D. love D. good D. psychology D. pull A. brother A. here B. breathing B. mere C. either C. there D. death D. atmosphere PHẦN II – STRESS – TRỌNG ÂM RULES TO MARK STRESS – QUI TẮC ĐÁNH TRỌNG ÂM TIẾT 5 Ngày soạn: / / Ngày giảng: / / I. Definitions: 1. Phoneme: The smallest part of sound (vowel and consonant sounds) Âm tố - là thành phần nhỏ nhất của âm thanh (gồm nguyên âm và phụ âm) 2. Syllable: The sound made when one or clusters of phoneme are articulated. Âm tiết – là tiếng phát ra khi một hoặc nhiều âm tố được phát âm. 3. Stress: The degree of the loudness or prominence with which a sound ort a word is pronounced. Độ lớn hay thống trị về âm của một âm tiết khi một chùm âm của một từ (có từ hai âm tiết trở lên) được đọc, nói hay phát âm. II. Rules to mark stress: 1. Di-syllable words: a. Usually on the second syllable if it is a verb whose second syllable doesn’t contain the vowel sounds of /ә/, /I/, and /әu/, on the first syllable of the other words. (trọng âm thường rơi vào âm tiết thứ 2 đối với động từ - trừ các âm tiết thứ 2 chứa nguyên âm /ә/, /I/, hoặc /әu/, rơi vào âm tiết thứ nhất đối với các từ loại còn lại). As: mother, ready, color, palace, student, teacher, tonight, afraid, people, money, enjoy, paper, begin, provide, summer, abroad, noisy, success, enter,… b. Usually on the root syllables with words having suffixes or prefixes(đối với những từ có mang tiền tố, hậu tố, trọng âm thường rơi vào âm tiết gốc). As: become, react, foretell, unpleasant, begin, failure, threaten, daily, treatment, ruler, unknown, builder, lately, quickly,… c. Be careful with words with different word-class. (đối với những từ mà bản thân có nhiều chức năng từ vựng ta áp dụng qui tắc a). As Verb Other words Verb Other words Verb Other words rebel rebel record record conflict conflict progress progress export export permit permit suspect suspect conduct conduct 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. A. abr PRACTICE EXERCISE 2 - BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH 2 Find the one whose stress pattern is different from the others of the same group. A. paper B. tonight C. lecture D. story A. money B. army C. afraid D. people A. enjoy B. daughter C. provide D. decide A. begin B. pastime C. finish D. summer B. noisy C. hundred D. quiet CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 oad 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. A. passion A. exist A. doctor A. complain A. writer A. provide A. result A. constant A. become A. engine A. attract 17. 18. 19. 20. A. spaceship A. brilliant A. appoint A. button TIẾT 6 B. aspect B. evolve B. modern B. machine B. baker B. adopt B. region B. basic B. carry B. battle B. destroy C. level B. planet B. daily B. gather B. canal C. medium C. enjoy C. corner C. music C. builder C. happen C. river C. irate C. appoint C. career D. occur D. success D. enter D. Chinese D. instead D. career D. inspire D. robot D. obvious D. invent D. rabies C. solar C. extreme C. threaten C. failure D. surround D. protein D. vanish D. monster RULES TO MARK STRESS – QUI TẮC ĐÁNH TRỌNG ÂM Ngày soạn: / / Ngày giảng: / / 2. Words with more than two syllable: a. Usually on the 3rd syllables from the end (trọng âm thường rơi vào âm tiết thư ba kể từ âm tiết cuối): As. family, cinema, regular, singular, international, satisfactory, recognize, demonstrate, qualify, psychology, biologist, biology, democracy, responsibility… b. Usually on the 2nd syllables from the end with words ending in “ian”, “ic”, “ience”, “ient”, “al”, “ial”, “ual”, “eous”, “ious”, “iar”, “ion”(đối với các từ có tận cùng như đã liệt kê, trọng âm thường rơi vào âm tiết liền trước của các tận cùng này – thứ 2 kể từ âm tiết cuối). As: physician, experience, expedient, parental, essential, habitual, courageous, delicious, familiar,… (Except for: Television) c. Usually on the suffixes “ese”, “ee’, “eer”, “ier”, “ette”, “oo”, “esque” (đối với các từ có tận cùng như liệt kê, trọng âm thường rơi vào chính các âm tiết chứa các tận cùng này). As: Portuguese, refugee, employee, engineer, volunteer, adequate, picturesque, cigarette,… 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Notes: PRACTICE EXERCISE 3 - BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH 3 Find the one whose stress pattern is different from the others of the same group. A. interesting B. surprising C. amusing D. successful A. understand B. engineer C. benefit D. Vietnamese A. aP.Plicant B. uniform C. yesterday D. employment A. dangerous B. parachute C. popular D. magazine A. beautifully B. intelligent C. redundancy D. discovery A. comfortable B. employment C. important D. surprising A. variety B. irrational C. industrial D. characterize A. colorful B. equality C. dictionary D. vegetable A. elegant B. regional C. musical D. important A. difference B. suburban C. internet D. character A. beautiful B. effective C. favorite D. popular A. attraction B. government C. borrowing D. visit A. difficulty B. individual C. population D. unemployment A. biology B. redundancy C. interviewer D. comparative A. conversation B. isolation C. traditional D. situation A. capital B. tradition C. different D. opera A. inventor B. physicist C. president D. gardener A. biology B. interviewer C. redundancy D. America A. encourage B. consider C. constitute D. inhabit A. industry C. adventure D. certainty B. holiday - Trên thực tế không có một qui tắc bất biến cho việc xác định vị trí trọng âm của từ. - Việc xác định trọng âm cần thực hiện cùng cách phát âm, dựa nhiều vào kinh nghiệm. CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 - TIẾT 7 + 8 Ngày soạn: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. Những bài tập được cung cấp là những bài tập có tần suất sử dụng lớn để soạn đề thi. PRACTICE EXERCISE 4 - BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH 4 / / Ngày giảng: / / Find the word whose stress pattern is different from the others of the same group: A. continue B. disaP.Pear C. imagine D. inhabit A. altogether B. capacity C. eventually D. particular A. professor B. digestion C. mechanic D. engine A. mathematics B. biology C. experiment D. philosophy A. evolution B. development C. discovery D. philosopher A. another B. energy C. centigrade D. gravity A. evaporate B. temperature C. impossible D. experiment A. gravity B. professor C. pyramid D. remedy A. abandon B. discover C. imagine D. satisfy A. activity B. epidemic C. philosopher D. significance A. disease B. humor C. cancer D. treatment A. remedy B. exercise C. pollution D. surgery A. pneumonia B. activity C. psychiatrist D. ordinary A. persuade B. reduce C. offer D. apply A. expression B. successful C. physical D. prevention A. farmer B. farewell C. factory D. fairy A. cattle B. country C. canal D. cover A. money B. machine C. many D. mother A. borrow B. agree C. await D. prepare A. government B. condition C. parliament D. fortunate A. paper B. police C. people D. purpose A. interesting B. important C. increasing D. implying A. element B. enormous C. animal D. elephant A. damage B. destroy C. demand D. deny A. biology B. intelligent C. environment D. infrastructure A. ancient B. attack C. alive D. across A. person B. purpose C. possess D. pirate A. eternal B. enormous C. enemy D. Egyptian A. ruler B. river C. retire D. rapid A. revolution B. responsible C. renovation D. regulation A. sentence B. suggest C. species D. system A. bacteria B. dangerous C. government D. interesting A. attack B. defeat C. believe D. happen A. pyramid B. pharaoh C. animal D. possession A. accompany B. responsibility C. environment D. parliament A. provide B. improve C. contain D. borrow A. cinema B. telephone C. department D. restaurant A. design B. garage C. market D. village A. exercise B. example C. holiday D. stadium A. excellent B. exactly C. dangerous D. wonderful A. beautiful B. elephant C. already D. usually A. theatre B. unknown C. absence D. dinner A. amuse B. imagine C. interest D. surprise A. especially B. beautifully C. quickly D. lately A. policeman B. performer C. engineer D. assistant A. advice B. beauty C. picture D. postcard A. prepare B. practice C. prevent D. provide A. famous B. curious C. anxious D. delicious A. vacation B. colleague C. pupil D. teacher A. theatre B. career C. cinema D. gallery A. picture B. business C. stranger D. return A. museum B. cinema C. hospital D. concert A. performance B. unknown C. visit D. confirm CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. A. yesterday A. memory A. sorry A. interest A. policeman A. vegetable A. homework A. uncle A. every A. produce A. vegetable A. coffee A. eleven A. preparation A. leather A. mirror A. discovery A. descendant A. resounding A. difference A. devilish A. arithmetic A. honorable A. militarism A. suP.Port A. apology A. oblivious A. librarian A. architect B. pioneer A. utterance A. ferocious A. occurrence TIẾT 9 + 10 Ngày soạn: PHẦN III / B. tonight B. article B. tractor B. remember B. semester B. interesting B. lesson B. machine B. evening B. money B. university B. farmer B. elephant B. decoration B. paper B. invent B. calculator B. environment B. recompense B. deficit B. transparent B. aristocrat B. intimacy B. infected B. colleague B. apparent B. ferocious B. respectable C. military C. today C. newspaper C. police C. assemble C. exercise C. volleyball C. detect C. rubber C. potato C. improve C. Wednesday C. paper C. energy C. television C. iron C. wallet C. aero-plane C. ornamental C. reconcile C. reference C. glorify C. artificial C. participate C. eventual C. bilingual C. adverbial C. scandalous C. terrific D. principal D. tomorrow D. edition D. fireman D. resemble D. attendance D. detective D. tennis D. butter D. factory D. because D. television D. deliver D. envelope D. exhibition D. ceramics D. engine D. difficulty D. delivery D. recognize D. deficiency D. luxury D. argument D. interviewer D. community D. evaluate D. advocate D. victorious D. terrorist B. attendance B. adventure B. particular C. performance C. Orient C. spectator D. reluctance D. achievement D. preference - PARTS OF SPEECH - / Ngày giảng: BỘ PHẬN NGÔN NGỮ (TỪ VỰNG) / / I. NOUNS (N): DANH TỪ 1. Definition: To call out the names of things, objects, actions, or movements… (dùng để gọi tên sự vật, hiện tượng) 2. Functions: (chức năng) Subject (S)(chủ ngữ): Gender of a verb (A teacher usually works at school) Object (O)(tân ngữ): Follow verbs or prepositions (He buys some cakes for his birthday party) Complement (C)(bổ ngữ): Make the complementation (She was a famous singer) Compounds (Co)(danh từ ghép): summer holiday, birthday cakes,… Possessive cases (Pc)(dạng sở hữu cách): the boss’s car, his teacher’s remarks,… Noun phrases (Np)(cụm danh từ kết hợp tự do): Free words combination or compounds 3. Plural forms: dạng thức biến đổi số nhiều 3.1. Adding “s” to almost count-nouns: thêm ‘s’ vào sau hầu hết các danh từ, đọc /s/ và /z/ a table a student tables student s a dog an orange oranges a house houses a cat dogs an umbrell a cats an apple umbrellas apples an egg eggs 3.2. Adding “es” to the count-nouns that end in “ s, ss, sh, ch, o, x ” with /iz/ or /z/ sound: thêm ‘es’ a bus a dish buses dishes a potato a box CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH potatoes boxes - a class a wish classes wishes binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 a watch 3.3. watches a tomato tomatoe s a torch torches Adding “ies” to the count-nouns that end in “y” with its preceding consonants: them ‘ies’ singular a lorry a story plural lorries stories singular a lady a baby plural ladies babies 3.4. Adding “ves” to the count-nouns that end in “f, fe”: đổi ‘f’, ‘fe’ thành ‘ves’ singular plural singular plural a wife wives a leaf leaves a knife knives a loaf loaves 3.5. Irregular changes: dạng biến đổi bất qui tắc singular a man a child plural men children singular a louse a medium plural Singular plural lice a woman women medi an ox oxen a a tooth teeth a mouse mice a goose geese 3.6. Collective noun: crew, family, group, team,…(singular or plural form, either singular or plural verb) danh từ tổ hợp, có thể coi là số ít hoặc số nhiều, dùng động từ dạng số ít hoặc nhiều. 3.7. Always plural form-nouns: luôn tồn tại dưới hình thức số nhiều. clothes police breeches Pants pyjamas trousers scissors pliers (kìm) binoculars glasses scales shears (kéo cắt cỏ) arms earnings damages goods greens (vegetable) outskirts savings pains (trouble, effort) spirits surroundings stairs valuables athletics ethics mathematics physics politics 3.8. Unchanged the names of creatures: deer, sheep, calf, cod, pike, plaice, salmon, squid, trout, turbot (these nouns can take either singular or plural verbs) hình thức số ít, nhiều không đổi. 3.9. Plural form but singular verb-noun: news, mumps (bệnh sưng quai hàm), billiards, bowls – hình thức số nhiều nhưng sử dụng như số ít. 4. Uncountable nouns: Danh từ không đếm được 4.1. Substances: vật chất bread dust beer gin cloth glass coffee gold cream soap Ice Stone sand water wood jam wine oil paper tea 4.2. Abstract nouns: danh từ không đếm được 4.3. advice beauty courage death experience fear help hope horror knowledge information suspicion mercy pity relief Others: một số danh từ khác baggage camping damage Furniture luggage parking shopping work Weather 4.4. Notes: Particular sense of uncountable nouns: một số danh từ không đếm được lại có mạo từ 4.4.1. a help: A great help to + O (He gave a great help to our family) 4.4.2. a relief: A relief to + V (That gave me a relief to continue my study) 4.4.3. a knowledge: A good/ bad knowledge of + N (Pete has got a good knowledge of history) 4.4.4. a dislike / dread / hatred / horror / love of + …(He had a great love for funny stories) 4.4.5. a mercy / pity / shame / wonder + that…(It’s a pity that I couldn’t come) 4.4.6. a fear/ fears; a hope/ hopes; a suspicion/ suspicions: We have a suspicion / suspicions that no one will agree to help. 5. Compound nouns: danh từ ghép 5.1. Noun-noun: Hanoi-capital; hall-door; hitch-hiker; kitchen-table; traffic light; winter clothes; 5.2. Noun-gerund: fruit-picking; weight-lifting; lorry-driving; bird-watching; coal-mining; surf5.3. Gerund-noun: waiting-list; landing card; driving board; dining room; driving license;….. 5.4. Free combination: sự kết hợp tự do - shop window; church bell; picture frame; garden gate; college library; gear level;… - city street; corner shop; country lane; … - summer holiday; spring flowers; Sunday paper; dawn chorus; November fog; … - steel door; stone wall; silk shirt;…/ - coffee cup; golf club; chess board; football ground;… CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 - fish-farm; gold-mine; oil-rig; …/ - football match; beauty contest; pop music;… 6. Suffixes: các hậu tố dùng để tạo danh từ. 6.1. er/ or/ ist/ ant/ ee/…: teacher, visitor, terrorist, vegetarian, aP.Plicant, employee,… 6.2. ent/ ce/ ion/ ism/ ance/ age/…: government, difference, action, capitalism, assistance, marriage,… 6.3. hood/ dom/ ship/ ness/ iety/…: neighborhood, freedom, friendship, sadness, variety,.. 6.4. ility/ ing/ al/ our/ y/…: possibility, fishing, refusal, arrival, behavior, difficulty,… II. VERBS (V) 1. Definition: To denote action, state, and be the most important part of sentences. 2. Classification: phân loại động từ 2.1. Auxiliary verbs: động từ trợ 2.1.1. Primary auxiliary verbs: be/ have/ do (These verbs can either be auxiliaries or lexical verbs) 2.1.2 Modal verbs: can/ could/ may/ might/ must/ have to + base form/ will/ would/ shall/ should/ be going to + base form/ used to + base form/ ought to + base form/(These are sometimes functional verbs) 2.2. Lexical verbs: động từ mang nghĩa 2.2.1. Intensive verbs: verbs that show the state (She feels tired/ He is selfish) 2.2.2. Extensive verbs: verbs that show the affection (He gets angry/ They are helpful) 2.2.3. Intransitive verbs: verbs that can function as verb phrases and make sentences meaningful without any complementation. e.g. She cried (noisily). It rains/ is raining (hard/ heavily/ cats and dogs) 2.2.4. Transitive verbs: verbs that need complementation. a. Mono-transitive verbs: verbs that followed by one object (S+V+O). e.g. She bought flowers. Ann met her fiance’ yesterday. b. Di-transitive verbs: verbs that followed by both direct and indirect objects. (S+V+O+O) e.g. She bought me some sweets. (= She bought some sweets for me) They gave me a big cake. (=They gave a big cake to me) c. Complex transitive verbs: follow the form “S + V + O + Co” e.g. He made me angry. d. Affixations: phụ tố để tạo động từ 3.1. en: added to nouns or adjectives (mean make, or lead to ) e.g. danger…….to endanger wide……....to widen rich………..to enrich courage……to encourage length……to lengthen broad ……..to broaden 3.2. ize/ ise: added to nouns or adjectives (mean make, or develop, or specify) e.g. modern……to modernize industrial….to industrialize minimum….to minimize maximum….to maximize capital……..to capitalize natural……..to naturalize 3. Sentence models: 4.1 S + V-intrans They laugh/ The wind is blowing. 4.2 S + V-monotrans + O He did his homework/ Harley carried an umbrella. 4.3 S + V-in/ extensive + Cs He became famous/ They are nearly exhausted. 4.4 S + V-intrans + A He went abroad/ She arrives late. 4.5 S + V-ditrans + O + O She buys me presents/ That brings my father success. 4.6 S + V-complex trans + O + C The story made me bored/ You drive me mad. 4.7 S + V-intrans + A + A She went to school early/ He came to the park in the early morning. TIẾT 11 + 12 Ngày soạn: PHẦN III / / - PARTS OF SPEECH - BỘ PHẬN NGÔN NGỮ (TỪ VỰNG) Ngày giảng: / / III. ADJECTIVES (ADJ) 1. Kinds (Classification): phân loại 1.1 Main kinds: phân loại chính a. Demonstrative: this, that, those, these. b. Distributive: each, every, either, neither. c. Quantitative: some, any, no, little, few, many, much, numbers. d. Interrogative: which, what, whose. e. Possessive: my, your, his, her, our, its, their f. Quality: clever, dry, fat, golden, heavy,… 1.2 Participles: phân từ a. present: ING-form boring, interesting, exciting,…(for objects) b. past: ED-form broken, tired, bored,…(for human-beings) c. Notes: Present participles are different from gerund e.g He was fishing./ His hobby is fishing. CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 2. Functions (Position): chức năng hay vị trí 2.1. Noun-subordinator: (bổ nghĩa cho danh từ) a new book, a kind lady, a large room,… 2.2. Verb-complementation: (bổ nghĩa cho động từ) Follow the certain verbs as be, become, seem aP.Pear, feel, get, grow (become), keep, look (aP.Pear), make, smell, sound, taste, turn,… But some verbs can take either an adjective or an adverb: Eg: - He looks calm (=He himself is calm) - He looks calmly at the angry crowd (= He shows no attitude to the angry crowd) 3. Comparison forms: cấp so sánh 3.1. Positive degree: so sánh bằng as + adjs + as Eg: - She is as tall as my wife. - Peter was as hard-working as I was (me). 3.2. Comparative degree: so sánh hơn 3.2.1. Monosyllable-adjectives: với tính từ đơn âm tiết adjs-ER + than Eg: - Lan is shorter than Na - She was better at English than we were (us) 3.2.2. Multisyllable-adjectives: với tính từ đa âm tiết more + adjs + than Eg: - She was more hard-working than us. - We are more intelligent than him. 3.3. Superlative degree: so sánh hơn nhất 3.3.1. Monosyllable-adjectives: với tính từ đơn âm tiết the adjs-EST Eg: - Nam is the best in our class. - She was the kindest lady I’ve ever met. 3.3.2. Multisyllable- adjectives: với tính từ đa âm tiết the most + adjs Eg: - Sharol was the most intelligent in my group. - She is the most hard-working girl I’ve ever known. Notes: For adjectives ending in “er”, “y”, “ly”, or the irregular cases: Adjective Comparative Superlative Adjective Comparative Superlative clever cleverer the cleverest bad Worse the worst pretty prettier the prettiest far Farther/ further the farthest/ furthest happy haP.Pier the haP.Piest little Less the least silly sillier the silliest man / More the most much good better the best old older/ elder the oldest/ eldest 3.4. Parallel: so sánh song song và so sánh thăng tiến - “The…..the”: The older she gets, the wiser she become. - And: It’s getting darker and darker. She has now more and more free time. - Gerunds/ infinitives: Riding a horse is not as easy as riding a bike. It’s nicer/ better/ more fun to go with someone than to go alone 3.5. Like/ alike: Tom is very like Bill. Tom and Bill are alike. 3.6. Like/ as: He swims like a fish. You look like a ghost. Do as I told you. 3.7. Like + N/ as + N: He worked like a slave (He worked very hard/ He wasn’t a slave). He worked as a slave (He was a slave in fact). 3.8. The adjectives: The rich, the poor,… 4. Clauses: các mệnh đề danh tính ngữ 4.1. That – clause: It is disappointed that he failed the exam./ It’s better that someone should tell him. 4.2. find/ think/ believe + that it + adjs + to + V: I found that it is impossible to start now./ She thought that it was silly to ask him to stay. 4.3. It be + adjs + (of O) + infinitives: a. Character: brave, careless, cowardly (nhút nhát), cruel, generous, good, nice (=kind), mean, rude, selfish... b. Sense: clever, foolish, idiotic (ngu), intelligent, sensible (nhạy bén), silly, stupid,… 4.4. Pronoun + be + adjs + noun + infinitives: Using the above adjectives and: astonishing, curious, ridiculous (lố bịch), unreasonable, funny(=strange), odd (lập dị), pointless, useful, useless,… - That’s the amazing idea to show. - It was an unreasonable result to accept. 4.5. It’s + adjs + infinitives: advisable, inadvisable, better, best, desirable, essential, good, important, necessary, unnecessary, vital (tất yếu),… 4.6. It be + adjs + (for O) + infinitives: convenient, dangerous, difficult, easy, hard, possible, important, safe,… 4.7. S + be + adjs + infinitives : - Angry, delighted, dismayed, glad, happy, pleased, relieved, sorry, sad,… ( S + be + glad/ happy/ sorry/ sad/… + to say/ tell/ inform; Others adjs + to find/ learn/ hear/ see/…) - Able, unable, apt, inclined, liable, prone, prepared, quick, reluctant, slow, ready, willing, 4.8. Special cases: các cấu trúc đặc biệt - Due: (time) >The race is due to start in 5 minutes. (sắp xảy ra) - Due to: a result of >The accident was due to his carelessness.(vì, do bởi) - Owing to: because of >owing to his carelessness, we had an accident. (bởi vì, do bởi) - Certain/ sure + to V= opinion >He is sure to take legal action. (chắc là – suy đoán) CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 Certain/ sure that + (clause) = opinion >I am certain that the price will be higher. (chắc là – suy đoán) Certain/ sure/ confident of + N/G: He was sure of entering the haunted house.(quyêt tâm) Bound + to V= obligation > We were bound to leave. Afraid/ ashamed of + N/G: She was afraid of being left alone. Sorry for/ about + N/G: Tom felt sorry for making so many mistakes. Afraid/ ashamed/ sorry + to V: I’m sorry to tell you that bad news. Anxious about = worried He was anxious about going in the dark alone. Anxious for O to V = wish He was anxious for you to go in the dark alone. Anxious that + (clause) We are anxious that we couldn’t come. Fortunate/ lucky that +(clause) = It’s a good thing…It was lucky that we weren’t late. S + be fortunate/ lucky to V She was lucky to have such an interesting book. Possible/ probable/ likely + future = perhaps It’s possible that man will live longer. Aware/ conscious of N/G We should be aware of protecting our nature. Aware/ conscious + that +(clause) She was conscious that she would be late. 5. Suffixes: 5.1. able/ ible/ ish/ ed/ ing/ ful/ less/…: talkable, visible, whitish, bored, amusing, careful, hopeless,… 5.2. y/ ly/ en/ ese/ ous/ al/ ive/…: wealthy, manly, golden, Chinese, poisonous, logical, effective,… 5.3. ade/ ate/ ent/ wide/ ic/ ist/…: adequate, humanate, dependent, worldwide, domestic, communist,… 5.4. like/ style/ type/…: childlike, Roman-type, German-style,… 5.5. Nationality: a. an: American, Venezuelan, German, Mexican, African,… b. ese: Chinese, Vietnamese, Portuguese, Sudanese, Lebanese,… c. i: Pakistani, Iraqi, Israeli, Yemeni, Saudi,… d. ian: Argentinean, Australian, Brazilian, Italian,… e. ish: English, Polish, Turkish, Danish, Finnish,… f. others: Czech, French, Dutch, Swiss, Greek, Thai,… - IV. ADVERBS (ADV) TRẠNG TỪ 1. Kinds (Classification): phân loại 1.1. Adv of manner: bravely/ haP.Pily/ quickly/ well/ …( She sings marvelously/ He worked very hard) 1.2. Adv of place: by/ down/ near/ here/ there/ … (She comes there twice a week/ Here comes the police) 1.3. Adv of time: now/ soon/ still/ today/ yet/…(We are going to Hanoi today/ He will return soon) 1.4. Adv of frequency: always/ once/ twice/…(We never eat dog-meat/ She once became the leader) 1.5. Adv of sentence: certainly/ definitely/ luckily/..( He was certainly the liar/ Luckily, she passed the exam) 1.6. Adv of degree: fairly/ hardly/ rather/ quite/ too/ …(He was quite handsome/ Hardly did we see anything) 1.7. Adv of interrogative: when/ where/ why/… (When did you go?/ Where is she now?) 1.8. Adv of relative: when/ where/ why (He came when we were watching T.V) 2. Same form with adjectives: tính từ và trạng từ có chung hình thức back deep* direct* early enough little straight far fast hard* high* ill near* well just* kindly late* left wrong* most* right* long low Much* more* short* till pretty Note: Adv* can either have “ly” or not, but differences in meanings. 3. Positions (Functions): vị trí hay chức năng 3.1. Adv of manner: trạng từ chỉ thể cách Follow verbs: eg: He danced gracefully. Before pres or follow objects in “V + pre + O”: eg: He looked at me carefully. He looked carefully at me. Follow Subject: eg: He suspiciously tasted the soup. At the beginning or end: eg: Carefully he checks the suitcase. He checks the suitcase carefully. 3.2. Adv of time: trạng từ chỉ thời gian At the beginning or end of sentences: afterwards/ eventually/ lately/ now/ recently/ at once/ since then/ till/… eg: He will returns soon. Today we will learn lesson two. Always at the end: before*/ early/ immediately*/ late (Adv* as conjunctions at the beginning) eg: He went to the church immediately. Immediately, he went to the church. Follow verbs or “V + O”: yet/ still eg: He still lives in the suburb of the city. Split: just eg: He has just left the house. 3.3. Adv of place: 3.3.1. At the beginning or end: away/ everywhere/ nowhere/ somewhere/ here /there/ eg: Nowhere could we find him. English is spoken everywhere. 3.3.2. Administration: here/ there eg: He lives here/ She hasn’t gone there. CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 3.4. Adv of frequency: 3.4.1. always/ continually/ frequently/ often/ once/ twice/ periodically/ repeatedly/ sometimes/ usually. eg: She usually walks to school. 3.4.2. Restricted (inversion): hardly ever/ never/ rarely/ scarcely ever/ seldom eg: Never will she eat this kind of food. 3.5. Inversion cases: các trường hợp đảo ngữ hardly…ever hardly…when in no circumstances neither…nor never no sooner…than not only not till nowhere on no account only by only in this way only then/ when scarcely ever scarcely…when seldom/ so * Phã tõ ®¶o lªn ®Çu c©u Trong tiÕng Anh cã nh÷ng trêng hîp phã tõ kh«ng ®øng ë vÞ trÝ b×nh thêng cña nã mµ ®¶o lªn ®øng ®Çu c©u nh»m nhÊn m¹nh vµo hµnh ®éng cña chñ ng÷. Trong trêng hîp ®ã ng÷ ph¸p cã thay ®æi, ®»ng sau phã tõ ®øng ë ®Çu c©u lµ trî ®éng tõ råi míi ®Õn chñ ng÷ vµ ®éng tõ chÝnh (c«ng thøc sau). hardly/ rarely/ seldom/ never/ only… + auxiliary + subject + verb ... Eg. Never have so many people been unemployed as today. Phã tõ trî ®éng tõ chñ ng÷ ®éng tõ (so many people have never been unemployed as today.) Hardly had he fallen asleep when he began to dream of far-away lands. Phã tõ t®t chñ ng÷ ®éng tõ (He had hardly fallen asleep when he dream of far-away lands.) Rarely have we seen such an effective actor as he has proven. Phã tõ trî ®éng tõ chñ ng÷ ®éng tõ (we have rarely seen such an effective actor as he has proven.) Seldom does the class let out early. Phã tõ trî ®éng tõ chñ ng÷ ®éng tõ Only by hard work will Phã tõ we be able to accomplish this great task. trî ®éng tõ chñ ng÷ ®éng tõ (We will be able to accomplish this great task only by hard work.) * Mét sè c¸c phã tõ ®Æc biÖt ®øng ®Çu c©u IN/ UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES : Dï trong hoµn c¶nh nµo còng kh«ng. Eg. In / under no circumstances should you lend him the money. (dï trong bÊt cø trêng hîp nµo anh còng kh«ng nªn cho nã vay tiÒn.) ON NO ACCOUNT: Dï bÊt cø lý do nµo còng kh«ng. Eg. On no account must this switch be toughed. (dï víi bÊt cø lý do nµo anh còng kh«ng ®îc ®éng vµo æ c¾m nµy) SO + ADJ + AUXILIARY + S + V + THAT. .... ®Õn nçi mµ .... Eg. So difficult did she get a job that she had to stay home for an year. (C« Êy kiÕm ®îc viÖc lµm mét c¸ch khã kh¨n ®Õn nçi c« Êy ®· ph¶i ngåi nhµ 1 n¨m trêi) So sure of this were the owners that they provided lifeboats for only 950 of its possible 3,500 passengers. (Nh÷ng ngêi chñ cña con tµu ®· qu¸ tin tëng ®Õn nçi mµ hä chØ trang bÞ xuång cøu ®¾m cho 950 trong sè 3,500 hµnh kh¸ch mµ con tµu cã thÓ t¶i ®îc - chÝch trong bµi ®äc vÒ tµu Titanic). ONLY IN THIS WAY : ChØ cã b»ng c¸ch nµy. Eg. Only in this way could you solve the problem. (ChØ cã b»ng c¸ch nµy th× cËu míi gi¶i ®îc vÊn ®Ò hãc bóa nµy.) NAGATIVE, ... , NOR + AUXILIARY + S + V.... ( ... mµ còng ch¼ng/ mµ còng kh«ng ...) Eg. He didn’t have any money, nor did he know anybody from whom he could borrow. ( Nã ch¼ng cßn ®ång nµo c¶ mµ nã còng ch¼ng biÕt ai mµ nã cã thÓ hái vay.) TIẾT 13 +14 PRACTICE EXERCISE 5 – BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH 5 Ngày soạn: / / Ngày giảng: / / Choose one word or phrase marked A,B,C, or D that best complete the preceding sentence. 1. He is interested______ dancing. A. at B. in C. by D. of 2. My mother is fed ______ with doing the housework everyday. A. up B. of C. on D. in 3. Children enjoy ______ cartoons. A. watch B. watching C. watched D. to watch 4. I am afraid of ______ alone in dark. A. being left B. left C. to be interested D. interest CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 5. English people are ______ in playing football. A. interested B. interesting C. to be interested 6. John hasn’t got a job. He has to live on______ benefit. A. employ B. employing C. unemployment 7. She’s proud of her ______. A. successful B. success C. succeed 8. Anna can’t get the job because there are too many ______ for it. A. engineers B. interviewers C. applicants 9. There are many ______ ways to learn English vocabulary. A. different B. differences C. differ 10. Nam stopped ______ two years ago. A. smoking B. smoke C. to smoke 11. A ______ storm has swept a hundred of houses away. A. strong B. heavy C. hard 12. My child would rather read books than ______ anything else. A. doing B. to do C. did 13. My friend doesn't like asking her mother ______ money. A. to B. in C. for 14. Mrs. Lan ______ up being on a diet because it was not effective. A. gives B. giving C. to give 15. Anna has just graduated from university. She wants to apply ______ a suitable job. A. at B. for C. to 16. He is unemployment. He gets some unemployment ______ A. salary B. card C. benefit 17. A long walk makes every body ______. A. tired B. tiring C. to tire 18. My teacher is a ______ smoker. He smokes 30 cigarettes a day. A. much B. heavy C. many 19. Her parents can't stand ______ her at home all day. A. to see B. see C. seeing 20. I am tired ______ watching the same program every day. A. in B. on C. with 21. While she ______, the phone rang. A. was cooking B. cooked C. cooking 22. My mother is used to ______ a speaker. A. to be B. being C. have been 23. She doesn't have time to go shopping because she's too ______ with her work A. busy B. bored C. get up 24. His roof was broken by a ______ wind two weeks ago. A. hard B. big C. strong 25. He has learned English for 4 years, and she is good ______ English now A. by B. at C. for 26. They have grown roses here______ 1990. A. for B. since C. during 27. You'll miss the train ______ you don't hurry up. A. if B. When C. since 28. He is my ______ brother. But he looks younger than me A. elder B. older C. old 29. It took me forty five minutes to ______ to office everyday A. getting B. get C. get 30. I don't mind living ______ my own in a big city A. with B. by C. at 31. If you hear the fire ______, leave the building quickly. A. alarm B. caution C. notice 32. She remembered the correct address only _______she had posted the letter. A. since B. afterwards C. following 33. Children enjoy ______ cartoon film . A. watch B. watching C. watched 34. I am afraid of ______ alone in dark. A. being left B. left C. leaving 35. Over the past two years the _______of living has risen considerably. A. charge B. cost C. rate CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - D. to be interesting D. employment D. succeeded D. workers D. differing D. smoked D. long D. do D. with D. gave D. in D. currency D. tire D. big D. seen D. of D. cook D. been D. tired D. much D. in D. in D. unless D. young D. got D. on D. publicity D. after D. to watch D. to leave D. price binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 36. He told his father a long and _______story to explain his lateness. A. inconceivable B. incredulous C. unimaginable 37. We need _______information before we can decide. A. further B. furthest C. far 38. Women workers wear hats in _______their hair gets caught in the machinery. A. course B. case C. occasion 39. There are many ______ ways to learn English vocabulary . A. different B. differences C. differ 40. I don’t mind living______ my own in a big city. A. with B. by C. at 41. She was filling in the ______ form. A. applicant B. application C. apply 42. It was ______ to listen to the story . A. exciting B. excited C. excite 43. My brother and my sister have many______. A. different B. difference C. differ 44. It was ______ to see my old friends again. A. surprised B. surprise C. surprisingly 45. Mr. Brown gave a long ______ about unemployment in Australia . A. lectures B. lecturing C. lectured 46. We had a ______ discussion about the news. A. bore B. boring C. bored 47. She hates ______ her mother for money. A. ask B. asking C. asked 48. My sister is bored ______ washing the dishes. A. up B. on C. at 49. She doesn’t like ______ cartoon film . A. to watch B. watch C. watching 50. During the trip to Ha Long, we ______ a lot of photos. A. took B. got C. made TIẾT 15 + 16 + 17 Ngày soạn: / PHẦN IV D. unconvincing D. farther D. event D. differing D. on D. appliance D. excitement D. differences D. surprising D. lecture D. boredom D. to ask D. with D. watches D. did - SENTENCE ELEMENTS / Ngày giảng: / / I. SUBJECT (S): 1. Definition: Gender to be the action doer or described or mentioned. (là chủ thể của hành động hay đối tượng được miêu tả). 2. Classification: a. Subject pronouns: (đại từ nhân xưng chủ ngữ) First Person Second Person Third Person Singular form I You He, She, It Plural form We You They Eg. He went abroad to study medicine. They were killed in an accident. b. Nouns, or noun phrases: eg. Love is a stage of feeling and can’t be recognized by senses. Gain and loss go together. c. Gerunds: eg. Fishing is his favourite pastime. Getting good marks is not always difficult. d. Clauses: eg. What we really wish is to be at the cinema. All she can say is that he is a liar. II. COMPLEMENTS (C): 1. Definition: Element to be described or mentioned usually follows the verb to be or link verbs. (là thành tố hoàn thành câu, thường theo sau “to be” hoặc các link verbs). 2. Classification: a. Nouns, or noun phrases: eg. She is a kind hearted lady. They became the new employees. b. Gerunds: eg. Her hobby is singing. c. Verbs: eg. My dream is to become a teacher. d. Clauses: eg. A full apology is what the boss wants now./ A smile is all he could do and what he should do. Notes: Có 2 loại bổ ngữ; bổ ngữ của chủ ngữ (Cs) – She was exhausted – và bổ ngữ của tân ngữ (Co) – The long walk made us exhausted. CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 III. OBJECTS (O): 1. Definition: Gender to be described or mentioned usually follows ordinary verbs to show the direct or indirect goals that the verbs aim at. (là thành tố hoàn thành câu, thường theo sau động từ thường chỉ hướng hay đối tượng của động từ). 2. Classification: a. Object pronouns: (đại từ nhân xưng tân ngữ) First Person Second Person Third Person Singular form me you him, her, it Plural form us you them Eg. We met him yesterday. She made us a big cake. b. Nouns, or noun phrases: eg. She gave me a blank look. We sent endless letters to the manager. c. Gerunds: eg. The man loved telling funny stories. / She was interested in going shopping on Sundays. d. Verbs: eg. Jack wished to become an astronaut. Kelvin loves to do the crosswords. e. Clauses: eg. We know how we should solve the problem. She asked why we didn’t arrive on time. Notes: Có 2 loại bổ ngữ; bổ ngữ của chủ ngữ (Cs) – She was exhausted – và bổ ngữ của tân ngữ (Co) – The long walk made us exhausted. IV. ADVERBIALS (A): 1. Definition: Element to be used to denote the stages, manner, methods, or to indicate time, places, purposes, or others. (được dùng để miêu tả trạng thái, cách thức, phương pháp, mức độ, hay dùng để chỉ thời gian, nơi chốn, mục đích,… của hành động). 2. Classification: a. Adverbs: eg. We often go to work by bus. She danced marvelously. b. Adverbials: eg. In the past, people used to live in a large family. c. Clauses: eg. When we came, they were fighting./ Billy tried hard in order that he could pass the exam. V. VERBS (V): 1. Definition: To denote action, state, and be the most important part of sentences. 2. Classification: phân loại động từ 2.1. Auxiliary verbs: động từ trợ 2.1.1. Primary auxiliary verbs: be/ have/ do (These verbs can either be auxiliaries or lexical verbs) 2.1.2 Modal verbs: can/ could/ may/ might/ must/ have to + base form/ will/ would/ shall/ should/ be going to + base form/ used to + base form/ ought to + base form/ (These are sometimes functional verbs) 2.2. Lexical verbs: động từ mang nghĩa 2.2.1. Intensive verbs: verbs that show the state (She feels tired/ He is selfish) 2.2.2. Extensive verbs: verbs that show the affection (He gets angry/ They are helpful) 2.2.3. Intransitive verbs: verbs that can function as verb phrases and make sentences meaningful without any complementation. e.g. She cried (noisily). It rains/ is raining (hard/ heavily/ cats and dogs) 2.2.4. Transitive verbs: verbs that need complementation. e. Mono-transitive verbs: verbs that followed by one object (S+V+O). e.g. She bought flowers. Ann met her fiance’ yesterday. f. Di-transitive verbs: verbs that followed by both direct and indirect objects. (S+V+O+O) e.g. She bought me some sweets. (= She bought some sweets for me) They gave me a big cake. (=They gave a big cake to me) g. Complex transitive verbs: follow the form “S + V + O + Co” e.g. He made me angry. The female film star drove him mad. 3. Affixations: phụ tố để tạo động từ 3.1. en: added to nouns or adjectives (mean make, or lead to ) e.g. danger…….to endanger wide……....to widen rich………..to enrich courage……to encourage length……to lengthen broad ……..to broaden 3.2. ize/ ise: added to nouns or adjectives (mean make, or develop, or specify) e.g. modern……to modernize industrial….to industrialize minimum….to minimize maximum….to maximize capital……..to capitalize natural……..to naturalize 4. Sentence models: 4.1 S + V-intrans They laugh/ The wind is blowing. 4.2 S + V-monotrans + O He did his homework/ Harley carried an umbrella. 4.3 S + V-in/ extensive + Cs He became famous/ They are nearly exhausted. CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 S + V-intrans + A S + V-ditrans + O + O S + V-complex trans + O + C S + V-intrans + A + A/ others TIẾT 18 + 19 He went abroad/ She arrives late. She buys me presents/ That brings my father success. The story made me bored/ You drive me mad. She went to school early/ He came to the park in the early morning. PRACTICE EXERCISE 6 - BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH 6 Ngày soạn: / / Ngày giảng: / / Choose one word or phrase marked A,B,C, or D that best complete the preceding sentence. 1. Whenever he has free time, he goes swimming. Swimming is his______ pastime . A. favor B. favorable C. favored D. favorite 2. Children______ eating sweets. A. want B. like C. need D. prefer 3. Young people hate______, they prefer making questions. A. ask B. asking C. be asked D. being asked 4. Your sister will be ill if she doesn’t stop ______ so much. A. to worry B. worry C. worried D. worrying 5. The word “fishing” in “Fishing is his favorite pastime” is a(n______. A. noun B. pronoun C. gerund D. adjective 6. He loves______ lies, that’s why we call him “a liar”. A .telling B. saying C. speaking D. talking 7. The word “stopped” in “He stopped smoking 5 years ago” can be replaced by______. A. took up B. came up C. picked up D. gave up 8. She’s thirsty. She’d like______ a cold drink. A. have B. having C. to have D. to having 9. She never gets up late. She’s used to______ up early. A. get B. getting C. gets D. got 10. One of those______ from Japan. A. students are B. student are C. students is D. student is 11. Among those, I like the red one______. A. more B. best C. better D. much 12. We’ve got very______ milk left. A. little B. a little C. few D. a few 13. He has been in hospital______ last Tuesday. A. for B. when C. from D. since 14. I don’t really like An, but this time I’d like ______ him. A. to meet B. meet C. met D. meeting 15. The science classes at this______ difficult. A. schools are B. school are C. school is D. schools is 16. Be quiet! I______ to listen to some important information. A. was trying B. am trying C. try D. tried 17. The teacher made us______ hard for the final examination. A. learn B. learning C. to learn D. learnt 18. Neither Bill nor Norris______ going to the play tonight. A. was B. were C. are D. is 19. He used ______ on time. But this time he is terribly late. A. arriving B. arrive C. to arrive D. to arriving 20. He found______ to live on his unemployment benefit. A. it B. its C. it’s D. it is 21. My hobby is watching the whole city from the______. A. sky-lift B. skywalk C. skydiver D. skydiving 22. Kangaroos are merely found in______. A. Asia B. America C. Australia D. Austria CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 23. Opera, Jazz and Pop are sorts of______. A. music B. musical C. musician D. musicology 24. There are many thieves in the town. Remember ______ the door before you go out. A. lock B. locking C. to lock D. locked 25. Jane has to live on her unemployment benefit. She is now______. A. out of work B. out of order C. out of date D. out of office 26. Mt Everest is ______ highest peak of ______ Himalayas. A. a/ the B. the/ a C. the/ nothing D. the/ the 27. Nothing in your room ______ since you were sent to the hospital. A. have been moved B. has been moved C. have moved D. has moved 28. Water plays a vital ______ in developing agriculture. A. part B. importance C. vision D. character 29. The weather in the South of Vietnam seems ______. than ______ in the North. A. more pleasant/ it B. more pleasant/ that C. pleasant/ the weather D. more pleasant/ those 30. It’s more ______ to use gas instead of electricity to warm up the house. A. economy B. economic C. economical D. economist 31. Ha Long is a place______ is good for sightseeing A. it B. which C. what D. its 32. It is his return______ made her happy A. which B. this C. that D. it 33. He is 59 years old. He______ next year. A. is going to retire B. retires C. retired D. has retired 34.A dictionary is a book______ explains words. A. what B. it C. its D. which 35. British Isles______ by speakers of Celtic language two thousand years ago. A. inhabited B. are inhabited C. were inhabited D. were inhabiting 36. He is from Tokyo. He speaks______ . A. Japan B. Tokyo C. Japanese D. Chinese 37. He wore dark glasses so that nobody could______ him. A. recognize B. recognition C. recognized D. recognizable 38. Modern English is different______ old English. A. of B. in C. from D. on 39. It is necessary to learn a foreign______ . A. tongue B. story C. country D. language 40. He arrived in Singapore ________ Monday evening. A. in B. from C. on D. at 41. Unless we hurry, we’ll ______ the bus. A. miss B. remember C. catch D. get in 42. I wish I ________ here longer, but it’s time for me to go home. A. stay B. can stay C. will stay D. could stay 43. We are going to watch “The English language” program______ will be on at 8 p.m A. it B. what C. which D. they 44. It’s the flood ______ sweeps away the house A. that B. this C. these D. those 45. English______ by about 700 million people around the world. A. is been spoken B. is going to spoken C. is spoken D. will spoken 46. Would you mind ________ me your address? A. telling B. tell C. to tell D. told 47. I won’t write ______ him after finishing this test. A. for B. to C. from D. A or B 48. I like the work which is easy______. A. doing B. to do C. done D. for do 49. Chinese is the only language with more______ than English A. speakers B. persons C. pupils D. many adults 50. They are interested in practicing______. CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 A. France TIẾT 20 + 21 + 22 B. Spain PHẦN V C. English D. Russia - TENSES – ÔN TẬP VỀ NGỮ PHÁP Ngày soạn: / / Ngày giảng: / / I. The simple present tense: 1. The form (+) S + V (-) S + don’t/ doesn’t + V (?) Do/ Does + S + V? 2. The usage: - To denote actions that happened repeatedly. (She never comes late) - To denote long lasting events.(We live in Concord street) - To denote a true fact. (The earth moves around the Sun) 3. The recognition: - now/ nowadays/ today/ this summer/… - always/ usually/ often/ sometimes/ occasionally/… - the proof of constant truth. 4. Notes: - To denote a plan/ prediction/ timetables/… (The train leaves at 9.00) - The division of “be”, “have”, “can, may, must”,… II. The present progressive tense: 1. The form: (+) S + am/ are/ is + V-ING (-) S + am/ are/ is + not + V-ING (?) Am/ Are/ Is + S + V-ING? 2. The usage: - To denote happening actions at the time of speaking. (She is teaching Maths) - To denote the intention/ prediction/ plan/…(She is coming soon) 3. The recognition: - now/ right now/ at present/ at this time/ at this moment/… - follow a command, request,… 4. Notes: - The ING-forms ( getting, running, having, writing, dying, lying,…) - The omission of the verbs of awareness or sensation as: be/ see/ hear/ understand/ know/ like/ want/ glance/ feel/ think/ smell/ love/ hate/ realize/ seem/ remember/ forget/…( use the simple present instead ) III. The present perfect tense: 1. The form: (+) S + have/ has + P.P (P2) (-) S + haven’t/ hasn’t + P.P (P2) (?) Have/ Has + S + P.P (P2) 2. The usage: - To denote actions that happened in the past but having results, relating, or still happening at present. (We have lived here since 1990) - To denote actions that happened right before the time of speaking, using “just”. (She has just come from New York) - To denote unfulfilled actions with “yet”. (He hasn’t come yet) - To denote past actions; no certain time expression, using “already”. (We have already seen that film) 3. The recognition: - just = recently = lately. - ever/ never (comments) - already/ yet/ since/ for/ so far/ until now/ up to now (present). Notes: - Past participles: (regular verbs adding “ed”./ irregular verbs “learn by heart”) - The differences between the present perfect and the simple past tense. - The present perfect progressive is used to denote past actions “happening”, or “will happen. The tense is often related to the verbs: live/ learn/ wait/ work/ study/… →“S + have/ has + been + V-ING” IV. The simple past tense: 1. The form: (pV = the past form of verbs) (+) S + pV (-) S + didn’t + V (?) Did + S + V? 2. The usage: - To denote a finished past action. (We went to the park together) - To report past events, past habits, or long lasting action in the past. (She did all the work yesterday./ We used to sit next to each other.) 3. The recognition: - last week/ month/ year/… - yesterday/ ago/ in 1969/ in the past/… 4. Notes: - The past form of the verbs: ( regular “V-ED”/ irregular (2nd column in the irregular verbs list)) - “ED” pronunciation /id/; /t/; /d/. V. The past progressive tense: 1. The form: (+) S + was/ were + V-ING (-) S + was/ were + not + V-ING (?) Was/ Were + S + V-ING? 2. The usage: - To denote past happening actions. (She was watching T.V at 8.00 last night) - To denote past interrupting actions. (She was watching T.V when I came) 3. The recognition: - at 8.00 last night/ at that time/ at that moment/… - time clause with “when”, “while = as”. Notes: - actions that alternatively happened, use the simple past only. (When I heard a knock at the CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn TRƯỜNG THPT LIẾN SƠN www.thptlienson.edu.vn – TỔ NGOẠI NGỮ - GIÁO ÁN TỰ CHỌN TIẾNG ANH 2011-2012 door, I came to open it. When I opened the door, I saw my mum.)- this is a timed action. VI. The past perfect tense: 1. The form: (+) S + had + P.P (P2) (-) S + had not (hadn’t) + P.P (P2) (?) Had + S + P.P (P2)? 2. The usage: - To denote past finished actions that happened and finished before a certain point of time or another past event (the past of the past tense). e.g: She had sold all the baskets before 9.00 yesterday. She had sold all the baskets when we came there yesterday. 3. The recognition: - when-clause/ after/ before/ already/ since/ for/… - The past perfect progressive “S + had been + V-ING” VII. The simple future tense: 1. The form: (+) S + will/ shall + V (-) S + will/ shall + V (?) Will/ Shall + S + V? - “shall” is restrictedly used only for I/We with the formal senses. - The negative forms “will not = won’t”, “shall not = shan’t”. 2. The usage: - To denote future actions. (They will build more hospitals) - To denote future plan/ idea/ timetable/…(The car will start in-time) 3. The recognition: - someday, tomorrow,…/ - next week/ month/ year/.. 4. Notes: “ shan’t” is not used in conditional sentences./ “ shall” is used as a suggestion/ invitation/…. VIII. Various forms of the future tenses: 1. The future progressive tense: 1.1. The form: (+) S + will be + V-ING (-) S + won’t be + V-ING (?) Will + S + be + V-ING? 1.2. The usage: - To denote timetables/ intentions/ plans/… using “at”. e.g: She will be watching T.V at 8.00 tonight./ We will be staying at REX hotel at 5.00 next Sunday’s morning. - To show the future happening actions with “when”. Eg. She will be sitting at the gate when we come tomorrow. 2. The future perfect tense: 2.1. The form: (+) S + will have + P.P (P2) (-) S + won’t have + P.P (P2) (?) Will + S + have + P.P? 2.2. The usage: - To denote planned actions with “by”, “by the time”, “by then”. e.g: She will have finished the course by the next Friday/ by then. - To show a future schedule-finished action. e.g: The bridge will have been used by the next Autumn. 3. Other forms: a. The simple present tense: To denote a timetable, or a plan… e.g: A: When does he leave? B: He leaves tonight. b. The present progressive: To denote an intention. e.g: A: When are you leaving? B: I am leaving this afternoon. c. The “be + going to inf” form: To denote an intention or a near future action, an arrangement. e.g: She is going to celebrate her 34th birthday. They are going to get married. Main clause Simple present tense. Simple past tense Present perfect tense Past perfect tense Main clause Present tenses Past tenses Future tenses - C. THE SEQUENCES OF TENSES Subordinate clause simple present tense./ - present perfect tense. present progressive tense./ - simple future tense. “be going to V” form./ - simple past tense (certain point of past time). simple past tense./ - past progressive tense. past perfect tense./ - “would + V” form. “be going to + V” past form./ - simple present tense (showing the truth). Simple present tense. Simple past tense. D. ADVERBIAL CLAUSES Adverbial clauses (of time) Present tenses When/ whenever/ as/ while/ before/ after/ as soon as/… Past tenses When/ while/ as/ till/ until/ just as/ since/…. Present tenses No sooner than/ hardly…when/ as long as/…. CREATED BY DO QUOC BINH – TEACHER OF ENGLISH - binhbac72@gmail.com/ binhbac12@yahoo.com.vn
- Xem thêm -