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Date of preparing: 03 / 10 / 2010 Date of teaching: 04 / 10 / 2010 TENSES Present simple + present propressive A. Ojectives Ss review the present simple and the present progressive tenses and practice to do exercises in real situations. B. Preparation T : some exercises Ss : review the present simple and present progressive C. Proceduce I./ PRESENT SIMPLE 1. Form * Tobe: am/is/are. Eg. I am a teacher. (+) S + am/is/are… (-) S + am/is/are not… (?) am/is/are + S…? Notice: am not = ’m not ; are not = aren’t; is not = isn’t * Ordinary verbs: (+) S + V-(s,es) Eg: I walk to school. She goes to school. (-) S + do not/does not + V Eg: We don’t walk to school. He doesn’t go to school. (?) Do/does +S + V…? Yes, S + do/does No, S + don’t/doesn’t Eg: Do you go to school? Yes, I am/ No, I’m not Does she go to school? Yes, she does/ No, she doesn’t. Note: The third singular person - Final ‘-s’ not ‘es’ is added to most verbs. Many verbs in ‘-e’ final ‘-s’ is simple added. Eg: visit, answer, speak, write, hope - Final ‘-es’ is added if the verbs ends in –ch, sh, s, x or z. Eg: catch, wash, pass, buzz, fix -Fanal’-es’ is added ‘to do’ and ‘go’. If a verd ends in consonant ‘-y’ change the ‘-y’ to ‘-i’ and add ‘-es’ Eg: try - tries , study - studies If a verb in a vowel + ‘-y’ simply add ‘-s’ Eg: buy - buys ; pay - pays 2. Use - expresses daily habits or usual activities. -1- Eg: We go to school everyday. - expresses general statements of fact. Eg: It’s hot in the summer. The earth revolves around the sun. - expresses action or event which are happened in the present. Eg: He says he wants to marry her. - usually the frequency adverbs: never, rarelly, seldom, sometimes, often, usually, always. Eg: I often play badminton. - for the future when we talk about future events that are part of some “officical arrangement” such as timetable or programme. Eg: Their plane arrives at 2 o’clock in the morning. I’m always on holiday next week. Now Past x always - usually Present x x x x x - ofen sometimes sedom rarely never * He is selfish and he is being selfish I’m being = I’m behaving/I’m acting Eg: I can’t understand why he’s being so selfish. - He never thinks other people. He is very selfish. He isn’t usually like that ( being selfish = behaving selfish at the moment ) ( am/ is /are being : hành vi cư sử của ai đó) II./ PRESENT PROGRESSIVE. 1. Form (+) S + am/is/are + V-ing… Eg: She is writing a letter every day. I’m going to school by bike now. (-) S + am/is/arenot + V-ing… Eg: He isn’t writing a letter every day. We aren’t going to school by bike. (? ) Am/is/are + V-ing...? Eg: Are you writing a letter ? - Yes,I am - No, I’m not Is she going to school by bike ? - Yes, she is - No, she isn’t. Note: V-ing - Verb ending in ‘e’ drop ‘e’ before adding ‘ing’ -2- Eg: write - writing - Verb ending in one consonant before it is one vowel double consonant before adding ‘ing’ Eg: run - running - If the verb ends in two consonants, just add ‘ing’ Eg: help – helping But if the first syllable of a two syllable verb is stressed, don’t double the consonant. Eg: visit - visiting - If the second syllable of a two - syllable verb is stressed, double consonant. Eg: prefer – preferring - If the verb ends in a vowel + -y, keep the -y. Don’t change ‘-y’ to ‘-i’ Eg: play – playing enjoy – enjoying - If the verb ends in a consonant +- y, keep the ‘–y’ for the ‘–ing’ Eg: worry – worrying study – studying (*) Verbs can’t be in present/past progressive. 1 - Verb of sense Eg: hear, smell, feel, see, taste… 2 - Verb of feeling Eg: like, dislike,care,and emotion, hate, love 3 - Certain link verb Eg: look, seen, sound, feel… 4 - Verb of mantal activity Eg: agree, think, believe, remember 5 - Verb of possession Eg: have, belong, own, posses How munh do I own you? 6 - Modals: except “be, have” in certain use – present progressive never use the stative verbs: know, understand, have, hate, need, hear, love, see, like, smell, want, wish… 2. Use - expresses an actiavity that is in progress (is occurring/happening) right now. The event is in progress at the time.The speaker is saying the sentence. Eg: I’m speaking E now. - expresses an action which is happening aroud now but it isn’t necessary happening at the moment of speaking. Eg: We’re living in BN district. - expresses an action which is happening with other at the moment. Eg: I’m teaching while you are learning. - expresses a plan in the future. Eg: I’m going to the markert tomorrow. Can use: today, this week/evening…(near time in the furture) -3- Start * now * finish * In progress D. Practice Exercise 1: Change the sentences into negative and interogative. 1- Ba goes to school 6 days aweek. 2- They do their housework. 3- There are 4 seasons in a year. 4- My mother wants to buy a new bike. 5- You ofen invite your brother to the concert. 6- We have Math, History and English. 7- I’m writing a letter. 8- Hoa is watching TV. 9- We are coming here. 10- They are walking to school. 11- Peter is reading book. 12- You are living in Bao Nhai. Exercise 2: Put the verbs in brackets into the simple present or the present progressive tense. 1- Cuckoos (not build)……. nests. They (use)…… the - don’t build; use nests of other birds. 2 - You can see Tom now. He (have)……a bath. - is having 3- He usually (drink)……coffee but today he (drink) … - drinks;is drinking …. tea. 4- Ann (make)……. a dress for herself at the moment. - is making ; makes She (make)……all her own clothes. 5- I (wear)…. my sunglasses today because the sun is - am wearing very strong. 6- The kettle (boil)………..now. Shall I make the tea. - is boiling 7- Why you (put)……. on the coat ? - are putting I (go)……… for a walk. You (come)…… with me? am going. Are ...coming Yes, I’d love to come.You (mind)….. if I bring my dog? Do…mind 8- I always (buy)……. lottery tickets but I never (win) - buy/am always buying; …... anything. win 9- You (love)……… him? - do…love ; No, I (like)…… him very much but I (not love)….. like ; don’t love him. - Are…writing ; 10- You(write)…… to him tonight ? write ; do…want Yes, I always (write)…..to him on his birthday. You (want) ….. to send my message? 11- You (believe)…….all that the newspappers say ? - Do…believe; don’t No, I’m ( not believe) ……any of it. believe; do...read -4- Then why you (read)…..newspappers ? 12- This car (make)………a very strange noise. You - Is making; Do…think ; (think) …….it is all right ? doesn’t matter ; makes Oh,that noise (not matter)……. it always (make) ……….a noise like that E. Feedback Remark the main mistakes and the things need to notice Eg : The water is boiling. Can you turn it off? Water boils at 100 degrees celsius Or Listen to those people. What language are they speaking? Excuse me, do you speak English ? F. Homework Ask Ss to learn by heart the methods and do exercises again and rewiew the present perfect and past simple . _________________________________ -5- Date of preparing : 10 /10 / 2010 Date of teaching : 11 /10 / 2010 TENSES Present perfect + past simple A. Ojectives Ss review the present perfect and past simple tenses and apply them to do exercises. B. Preparation T: some exercises Ss: rewiew the present perfect and past simple C. Procedure III./ PRESENT PERFECT 1. Form: (+) S + have/has + P.P Eg: I have lived in Bao nhai since 2000 (-) S + haven’t/hasn’t + P.P Eg: I haven’t seen him for a long time (?) Have / has + S + P.P ? -Yes. S + have/has -No. S + Haven’t/hasn’t Eg: Have you done your homework ? -Yes. I have -No. I haven’t 2. Use: - expresses activities or situations that occurred (or didn’t occur) “before now” at some unspesified time in the past - He has already eaten lunch Time - She hasn’t eaten lunch * * - Have you ever eaten at that restaurant? I’ve never eaten there - expresses acrtivities that were repeated several or many times in the past.The exact times are unpecified - He has eaten at that restaurant many times - I’ve been to that theater 5 or 6 times - We’ve had three tests so far this week * * x x x - When the present perfect is used with “since” or “for” it expresses situations that began in the past and continue to the present - I’ve worked here since 2000/for 9 years * * - She has been in classroom since 6.00 a.m Since: a point in time For : a period of time -6- IV./ PAST SIMPLE 1. Form a. To be: was/were b. Ordinary verb (+) S + V- ed (past verb – V-2) ( - V-ed: regular verb - V-2 : irregular verb ) Eg: She lived in Bao nhai 2 years ago (-) S + didn’t + V Eg: I didn’t see her yesterday (?) Didn’d + S + V ? - Yes. S + did - No. S + didn’t 2. Use It is used to talk about activitives or situations that began and ended at a particular time in the past. (yesterday, last (night, week,….) ago, in 2008) Eg: When I was younger, I used to play/played table tennis She lived in the countyside 10 years ago * Compare between present perfect and past simple Present perfect Past simple -I’ve done a lot of work today - I did a lot of work yesterday Khi đề cập đến thời gian liên tục từ Khi đề cập đến thời gian trong quá quá khứ đến hiện tại khứ và kết thúc hẳn Eg: today, this week, since 2000 Eg: yesterday, last week, from 2000 to 2008 - Have you seen Ann this morning ? - Did you see Ann this morning ? (Bây giờ vẫn là buổi sáng) (Bây giờ là buổi chiều hoặc tối) * Luôn có sự liên hệ với hiện tại * Chỉ nói về quá khứ D. Practice Ex1: Put the verbs in the following sentences into past simple and present perfect Eg: I go to school by bike I went to school by bike I have gone to school by bike 1. She speaks slowly 6. His roses grow well 2. You eat too much 7. He sleeps badly 3. Who knows the anwer ? 8. they ride their bikes 4. We buy them here 9. I read books 5. It costs 30 p 10. Hoa and Nga get up early Ex2: Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect and past simple tenses 1. This is my house How long you (live)……….. here? I (live)……….. here sine 1990 -7- 1. Have .… lived/have …. been living – have lived/have been living 2. You (wear) ………… you hair long when you 2. did …. wear/insisted were at school? Yes. My mother (insist)………….. on it 3. Shakespeare (write)………….a lot of plays. 3. wrote 4. He (not smoke)……….. for 2 weeks. He is 4. hasn’t smoked trying to give it up 5. When………... she (arrive)………? 5. did arrive/arrived H e (arrive)……….. at 2.00 6. You (have)………… breakfast yet? 6. have …. had/had Yes. I (have)…………. it at 8.00 7. …….You (see)……….. the moon last night? 7. did …. see 8. The concert (begin)……….. at 2.30 and (last) 8. began/lasted/enjoyed …… …….. for 2 hours. Everyone (enjoy) ………. it very much 9. The newspaper (come)…………? 9. have….come Yes. Ann is reading it 10. You (be)…………. here before? 10. have….been/spent/ Yes. I (spend)……… my holidays here last did….have/stopped years ……….You (have)……….. a good time? No. It never (stop)……………. raining. 11. Where is Tom? 11. hasn’t seen/told I (not see)………. him today , but he (tell)…. ………. Mary that he’d be in for dinner 12. He (leave) ………..the house at 8.00 12. left/did….go/hasnn’t seen/ Where …………he (go)…………….? went I (not see) …………where he (go)…… … … Ex3: Rewrite the sentences without changing the meaning 1. The last time we went to Lon don was two years ago We haven’t………………………………………………………………………….. 2. I’ve never talked to the headmaster before It’s………………………………………………………………………………… 3. The last time I went skiing was ten year ago I haven’t……………………………………………………………………………. 4. Hoa hasn’t written to her parants for three months The last……………………………………………………………………………. D./ Feedback Remark the main mistakes and give the diffirence between them E./ Homework Ask Ss to learn by heart the methods and do exercises again and rewiew the past progressive and past perfect. _________________________________ Date of preparing: 16 / 10 / 2010 -8- Date of teaching : 18 / 10 / 2010 TENSES Past progressive + past perfect A. Ojectives Ss review the past progresive and study the past perfect. By the end of the lesson Ss can use them to practice in real situations. B. Preparation T : some exercises Ss: review the past progressive C. Procedure VI./ PAST PROGRESSIVE 1. Form (+) S + were / was + V-ing Eg: I was watching TV at 9.00 last night (- ) S + were / was not ( weren’t / wasn’t ) + V- ing Eg: She wasn’t reading book when I came ( ? ) Was/ Were + S + V-ing ? – Yes. S + was/ were No. S + wasn’t / weren’t Eg : Were you studying English ? - Yes. I was No. I wasn’t 2. Use - expresses an activity that was in progress (was occurring/happening) at a point of time in the past. Eg : I sat down at the dinner table at 6.00 p.m yesterday Tom came to my house at 6.00 p.m – I was eating dinner when Tom came I went to bed at 10.00. The phone rang at 11.00 – while I, the phone rang was sleepping Note: when = at that time while = during that time At 9 o’clock last night I was preparing the lesson while my sons were watching TV 0r  For past progressive action at axact limits or for time in the past (một thời điểm or một khoảng thời gian) Eg: They were studying their lessons all yesterday evening  For an action was happening with an other action or event in the past Eg: Mai was reading a book while I was writing a dictation When I came, they were eating lunch VI./ PAST PERFECT 1. Form (+) S + had + P.P Eg: I had learnt English before I came (-) S + had not (hadn’t) + P.P Eg: I hadn’t stayed at home when he came to my house (?) Had + S + P.P ? Yes. S + had -9- No. S + hadn’t Eg: Had you learnt Viet namese before you came to Viet nam ? Yes. I had / No. I hadn’t 2. Use - expresses an activity that occurred before another time in the past eg : I wasn’t hungry because I had already eaten (At moon. I wasn’t hungry because I had already eaten before 1.00 p.m) - expresses an activity that was completed before a particular time in the past eg: I had eaten when he came (I ate at moon . He came at 1.00 p.m .My meal was completed before he came) Note: It is used with when, before, after , or by the time 0r: The past perfect tense is used to  Refer to an earlier past: eg: - She arrived when the train had left - The boys loved the zoo. They had never sseen wild animals before - Before a point of time Eg: He hadn’t finished by yesterday evening  As the past equivalence of the present perfect Eg: - I’ve lost my pen - I had lost my pen and I had to borrow hers * As the past equivalence of the simple past tense Eg: He met her in 2000 and again ten years later Her hair, which had been grey at their first meeting, was white then D. Practice Ex 1 : Put he verbs in brackets into the correct form: past progressive, past perfect or past simple 1. He usually wears sandals but when I last saw him 1. was wearing he……… ……. (wear) boots. 2. The car had nobody in it but the engine ……….. (run). 2. was running 3. The class……….. (begin) before we came yesterday. 3. had began 4. Tom ………….(just go out) at home when I arrived. 4. had just gone 5. Where did you get after my parents…………. (leave) ? 5. had left 6. Tom (sit) in a corner with a book. I told him that he 6. was sitting/was ………. (read) in very bad light. reading 7. They weren’t eating when I came to see them. 7. had already finished They……….. (already finish) their dinner. 8. I was happy to see her again after such a long time. I 8. hadn’d seen ……… (not see) her for year. 9. Was Tom at the party when you arrived? 9. went Yes. But he……………. (go) home soon afterwards. 10. Was Mary at home when you phone? 10. had just left No. she…………. (just leave) 11. The house was very quiet when I got home. 11. had gone Everybody…… …. (go) to bed. 12. I felt very tired when I got home, so I ……….(go) 12.went - 10 - straight to bed. 13. Sory I’m late. The car ………..(break) down on my way here. 14. There was a car by the side of the road. It ……… (break) down and the river was trying to repair it. So we ………(stop) to see if we could help. 13.had broken 14. had broken/ stopped Ex2: Complete the second sentences so that it has a similar meaning the first. One using the word given 1. I’d prefer you to start work next week (rather) I’d …………………………………………………………………………………… 2. I’ve never wacthed a more interresting football match than that (most) It’s……………………………………………………………………………………. 3. I’ve never eaten with knives and forks before. (first) It’s …………………………………………………………………………………… 4. I’d like you help me to the chairs away. (help) Do……………………………………………………………....................................? 5. “ Do you remember what you have to do ?” The teacher ask her class. (what) The teacher asked her class………………………………………………………..... 6. I don’t know anything about her family. (wish) I……………………………………………………………………………………. 7. Bob is both talented and handsome. (not only……..but also) Bob……………………………………………………………………………….. 8. She met her parents last on New Year’s Day. (since) She………………………………………………………………………………. Anwer: 1. I’d rather you stared work next week 2. It’s the most interesting football match I’ve never watched 3. It’s the first time I’ve eaten with knives and forks 4. Do you mind helping me to put the chairs aways? 5. The teacher asked her class if they rememmbered what they had to do 6. I wish I knew something about her family 7. Bob is not only talented but also handsome 8. She hasn’t see her parents since New Year’s Day E. Feedback Remark the main mistakes and ask Ss to retalk the knowledge F. Homework Ask Ss to do exercises again and prepare: the present perfect progressive + past perfect progressive _________________________________________ Date of preparing: 23 / 10 / 2010 - 11 - Date of taeching : 25 / 10 / 2010 TENSES Present perfect progressive + past perfect progressive A. Objectives Ss know the use way the present perfect progressive and past perfect progressive. By the end of the lesson Ss can apply them to do some exercises. B. Preparation - T: some exercises - Ss: perare 2 tenses above C. Procedure VII./ PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE 1. Form (+) S + have/has + been + V-ing Eg : I have been preparing the lesson every day. (-) S + haven’t/hasn’t + been + V-ing Eg : She hasn’t been watching the cartoons evry night. (?) Have/has + S + been + V-ing? – Yes. S + have/has - No. S + haven’t/hasn’t Eg: Have they been living in Bao nhai? - Yes. They have - No. they haven’t 2. Use : It is used to express - actions in progress throughout a period. Eg: We’ve been living here since 2000 - for reported actions. Eg: He’s been watching TV every night * Compare - I’ve been painting this room. (uncompleted) - I’ve painted this room . (definitely) Or - Expresses how long an activity has been in progress (diễn tả hành động tiến hành trong bao lâu) Eg: I has been stadying E at this school since May. She has been sleeping for 2 hours. - expresses the duration (the length of time) an activity is in progress. Eg: I have been sitting in the room since 9.00 o’clock/for 45 minutes. VIII./ PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE 1. Form (+) S + had + been + V- ing Eg: I had been doing my homework (-) S + hadn’t + been + V- ing Eg : She hadn’t been living in my home (?) Had + S + been + V- ing ? - Yes. S + had/No. S + hadn’t Eg : Had you been doing all the homework ? – Yes. I had/No. I hadn’t - 12 - 2. Use - ….is used when the action began before the time of speaking in the past and continued up to that time or stopped just before it Eg: It was 11.10. I was very hungry because I had been working since early morning. I was very tired when I arrived home. I’d been working hard all day. Note: * Compare “have been –ing” and “had been – ing” - I hope the bus come soon. I’ve been waiting for 20 minutes.(before now) - He’s out of breath. He has been running. (Anh ấy thở gấp. Anh ấy đã chạy từ nẫy đến giờ) - At last the bus came. I’d been waiting for 20 minutes. - He was out of breath. He had been running. (Anh ấy đã thở gấp. Anh ấy đã chạy trước) * Present perfect progressive and present perfect. - She has been painting the ceiling. (Nãy giờ cô ấy đang sơn trần nhà ) - My hands are very dirty.I’ve been repairing the car. - Where have you been? Have you been playing tennis? * How long : bao lâu - How long have you been reading? - She has painted the ceiling. (Cô ấy đã sơn trần nhà) - The car is OK again now. I’ve repaired it. - Have you ever played tennis? * How much/ how many or how many times. - How many pages of that book have you read? * How long have you (been)………? Eg : Bob and Alice are married. They got married exactly 20 years ago. So today is their 20th wedding anniversary. ? How long have they been married? They have been married for 20 years. - Are you waiting for some body? But how long have you been waiting? - 13 - * I have been doing sth Eg ; I’ve been learning E for a long time. (don’t speak : I’m learning) Sorry I’m late. Have you been waiting long? * I have been doing : dùng nhiều với : how long/since/for Eg : I have been learning E for a long time (ít dùng : I’ve learnt) * Có thể dùng cả hai với động từ: live/work Eg :John has been living/lived in London for a long time. How long have you been working/have you worked here? Nhưng “ always” chỉ dùng với :present perfect Eg : John has always lived in London. * When……? And How long……………….? For and since Eg :- When did it start raining? - How long has it been raining? It started raining an hour ago/at 1.00 It’s been raining for an hour/since 1.00 “for , since” dùng để diễn tả một sự vật sảy ra trong bao lâu * It’s (a long time/two years ….. ) since sth happened Eg : It’s two years since I last saw him = I haven’t seen him for two years It’s ages since we went to the cinema = we haven’t been to the cinema for ages Thể nghi vấn là: How long is it since………… ? Eg : How long is it since you last saw him? = when did you last see him? How long is it since he died? = when did he die? D. Practice Ex 1. Put the verb into the most suitable form:past progressive, past perfect or past perfect progressive. Eg : It was noisy next door. Our neighbours were having (have) a party .We were good friends. We had known (know) each other for a long time. 1. Jonh and I went for a walk. I had difficulty keeping up with him because he…………(walk) so fast. 2. Mary was sitting on the ground. She was out of breath . She………..(run) 3. When I arrived, everybody was sitting round the table with their mouths full. They…………(eat) 4. When I arrived, everybody was sitting round the table and talking. Their mouths were empty but their stomachs were full. They ………..(eat) 5. Jim was on his hands and knees on the floor. He ….. ………(look) for his contact lens 6. When I arrived, Kate………….(wait) for me. She was rather annoyed with me because I was late and she …………(wait) for a very long time. 7. I was sad when I sold my car. I …………(have) it for a very long time. 8. We were extremely tired at the end of the journey. We……….(travel) for more than 24 hours. - 14 - 1. was walking 2. had been running 3. were eating 4. had been eating/had eaten 5. was looking 6. was waiting/had been waiting 7. had had 8. had been travelling Ex 2: Read the situations and make sentences from the words in the brackets. 1. I was very tired when I arrived home. (I/work/hard/all day) . I had been working hard all day. 2. The two boys came into the house. They had a football and they were both very tired. (they/play/football). They had been playing football. 3. There was nobody in the room but there was a smell of cigarettes. (somebody/smoke/in the room). Somebody had been smoking in the room. 4. Ann woke up in the middle of the night. She was frightened and didn’t know where she was (she/dream). She had been dreaming 5. When I got home, Mike was sitting in front of the TV. He had just turned it off. (he/watch/TV) . He had been watching TV. E. Feedback. Retell the knowledge and remark the period F. Homework Ask Ss to learn by heard the lesson and prepare :Future ______________________________________ - 15 - Date of preparing : 31 / 11 / 2010 Date of teaching : 01 / 11 / 2010 TENSES Future tense A. Ojectives Ss review the future tense and apply them to do some exercises. And know some special forms in the future tense. B. Preparation - T : some exercises - Ss : review the future tense C. Procedure I./ SIMPLE FUTURE . 1. Form: (+) S + will/shall + V Eg : I’ll go to market tomorrow. (-) S + will/shall not + V Eg : She will not visit her parents next week. (?) Will/Shall + S + V ? - Yes, S + will/shall - No, S + will/shall not Eg : Will you go to school tonight? - Yes, I will - No, I won’t Note: will/shall = ’ll ; will not = won’t ; shall not = shan’t 2. Use: It is used to express - the speaker’s opinions, assumptions, speculations about the future: (ý kiến, giả định, sự suy đoán về tương lai) Eg : He’ll come back. They’ll wait for us. - future habitual actions which we assume will take place: (thói quen được giả định trong tương lai) Eg : Spring will come again. - in sentences containing clauses of condition time, and some purpose. Eg : If you drop that glass, it will break. When it gets waemer, the bears will wake up. * But not in an If – clause or time clause even when the meaning is in the future: Eg : If he is late tomorrow………(not: If he will be late tomorrow) - in fomal announ cements of future plans and weather forecasts Eg : It will rain tomorrow - 16 - II./ BE GOING TO + V Eg : I’m going to meet her at the station He is going to be a dentist when he grows up They are going to sing an English song Note : the use of shall (with I or we) to express future time is infrequent and formal. * “Will” and “be going to” usually give the same meaning, but sometimes they express different meanings. - “be going to” and “will” are the same meaning when they are used to make predictions about the future Eg: She is going to/will succeed because she works hard. - “be going to” (but not will) is used to express a preconceived (định trước) plan. Eg: I bought some wood because I am going to build a bookcase for my apartment. - “will” (but not be going to) is used to volunteer or willingness. Eg: This chair is too heavy for you to carry alone. I’ll help you. (the speaker is happy to help) * Using “ probably” with “will” Eg : Ann will probable not go to the park tomorrow (formal) Bob probably won’t go to the park tomorrow III./ BE ABOUT TO + V (SẮP) – IMMEDIATE (NEAR) FUTURE. - The idion ( thành ngữ ) “be about to do sth” expresses an activity that will happen in the near future, usually within 5 minutes. Eg: Ann’s bags are packed,and she is wearing her coat. She is about to leave for the airport. (Ann is going to leave something in the next minutes) IV. BESIDES, THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE OR PRESENT PROGRESSIVE TENSE ARE SOMETIMES USED TO EXPRESS DEFINITE FUTURE ARRANGEMENTS WITH A TIME EXPREEIONS Eg: The children start schoool on Sunday What are you doing next Saturday? - present simple to express future action which happens regularly (sự đều đặn thường xuyên, lặp đi lặp lại) Eg: The train SP leaves at 11.20 tomorrow. - present progressive to express future action. Eg: He is coming here late. * Present plans for future activities using : intend, plan, hope “ Entend, plan, hope” are used in present tense to express present ideas about future activities. Eg: - I’m entending/entend to go to Paris. - I’m planning/plan to take a trip next month. - I’m hoping/hope to fly to Paris next week. “Entend, plan, hope” are followed by an infinitive (To-V the simple form of a verb) Note: Structures - 17 - - to be going to do sth - to entend to do sth - to be to + V - to be about + V-ing - to be on a point of + V- ing Eg : I’m to teach you = I’m about teaching you. V./ THE FUTURE PROGRESSIVE TENSE 1. Form: will/shall be + V-ing 2. Use : It is used: - as an ordinary progressive tense (actions start before a point of time and probably continue after it) Eg : When you arrive, they will be cooking the meal - to express future with attention Eg: You will be taking the exam next week. D. Practice Ex1: Which is correct? 1. ‘Did you phone Ba?’ ‘Oh no, I forgot. I phone/I’ll phone her now! 2. I can’t meet you tomorrow afternoon. I’m playing/I’ll play tennis. 3. ‘I need some money’ ‘Ok, I’m lending/I’ll lend some you. How much do you need? 4. What time does your train leave/will your train leave tomorrow? 5. I don’t want to go out alone. Do you come/Will you come with me? 6. Ann isn’t free on Saturday . She’ll work/She’s working. 7. I think Jane will get/is getting the job. She has a lot of exprerience. 8. A: Have you decided where to go for your holiday? B: Yes, we will go/we are going to Italy. 9. I can’t meet you this evening. A friend of mind will come/is coming to see me. 10. I’ll go/I’m going to a party tomorrow tonight. Would you like to come too? Ex2: Complete the sentences using will (‘ll) or going to 1. A: Why are you turning on the television? B: …………………the new. (I/watch) 2. A: Oh, I’ve just realised. I haven’t got any money. B: Haven’t you? Well, don’t worry…………………..you some. (I/land) 3. A: I’ve decided to repaint this room. B: Oh, have you? What colour………………it? (you/paint) 4. A: Where are you going? Are you going shopping? B: Yes,……………………something for dinner. (I/buy) 5. A: Did you post that letter for me? B: Oh, I’m sorry. I completely forgot……………….it now. (I/do) 6. A:The ceiling in this room doesn’t look very safe, doesn’t it? B: No, it looks as if ………………down. (it/fall) 7. A: Has George decided what to do when he leaves school? B: Oh, yes. Everything is planned…………………a holiday for a few weeks and then …………….a computer programming course. (he/have ; he/do) 8. A: What would you like to eat? - 18 - B: …………………..a sandwich, please. (I/have) E. Feedback * The pressent progressive and the be going to form. Planned future actions can be expressed by the present progressive tense with a time expression or by the be going to form with or without a time expression. The present progressive is mainly used for very definite arrangements in the near future. The be going to form can be used more widely. Eg: I’m playing bridge tonight with Tom and Ann. It’s very cold. I’m going to light a fair. * The present progressive and the simpl future. The be going to form could be instead of the present progressive, but for the sake of simplicity students are advided to use only 2 tenses first mentioned. Eg: I’ll see/am seeing you tomorrow. * Will + V and the be going to form Future with intention can usually be expressed by will + V or the be going to form.Very often either of these can be used, but when the intention is clearly premeditated the be going to form must be used, and when the intention ins clearly unpremeditated we must use will + V. F. Homework Ask Ss to learn by heart the old knowledge and do exercises again. Review for test1. _____________________________________ - 19 - Date of preparing : 06 / 11 / 2010 Date of teaching : 08 / 11 / 2010 TEST 1 I. Change these sentences into negative and interogative. (10p) 1. They watched a TV program called “The Wonders of The World” 2. Mai always goes shopping with her mother. 3. We have studied English for 3 years. 4. Hoa and Ba are going to have a pinnic. 5. Tom had just gone at home when Peter arrived. 6. I have been preparing the lesson everyday. 7. She had been working hard all day. 8. You will write a letter tomorrow. 9. We went out for our short holiday. 10. They were playing soccer when I came. II. Complete the sentences using the following verbs in the correct form.(5p) advise buy forget go meet receive receive return send take 1- Nga …… Jenny’s letter a week ago. 2- We (not)……..to the soccer match last Sunday because of the rain. 3- I……….. this little vase at the shop next to the post office yesterday. 4- Trung………….his friend Michael in the USA a small collection of Vietnamese stamps last week. 5- Jim (not)……………me when he came to Vietnam last summer. 6- Nhung (not)…………..my email last Wednesday because of her computer breakdown. 7- Why you………….the books to the library before the due date? 8- I…………to send Tam the CD on Sunday. 9- My dad…………..me to the National Museum when we were in Ha noi. 10- Last month my doctor…………….me to stay at home for some days because of my sickness. III. Read the passage.Fill in each blank with a suitable word. (5p) There (1)………..four people in my family. Each of us has (2)…………different hobby. My dad likes (3)…………..newspapers because he can get the lastest news (4) ………….morning. However, my mom enjoys watching (5).……………and (6) ………….. magazines. Mon often spends hours reading articles about fashion and cooking. Unlike my mom and dad, my brother only loves exploring websides (7) …………….airplanes. He spends most of free time getting information about the history and development of aircraft. He also (8)…………….emails or chats with his friends about his hobby. For me, I am really interested in (9)……………to music on - 20 -
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