HO CHI MINH NATIONAL ACADEMY OF POLITICS AND PUBLIC
LUONG CONG LY
EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN THE DEVELOPMENT
OF HIGH-QUALITY HUMAN RESOURCES IN
VIETNAM AT PRESENT
: CNDVBC & CNDVLS
: 62 22 80 05
PHD THESIS IN PHILOSOPHY
Academic Supervisor: Assoc. Prof., Dr. VU HONG SON
HA NOI - 2014
I swear that this is the scientific research of my own.
The data and materials used in the thesis are honest,
origin and provenance clear. The scientific results of the
thesis have not been published in any public works.
Lương Công Lý
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1: OVERVIEW OF THEME’S RESEARCH-RELATED
1.1. The researches related to human resource and role of human
resource education and training.
1.2. The researches related to real situation of high quality human
1.3. The researches related to orientations and solutions to promote
the role of education and training for developing high quality
Chapter 2: HIGH QUALITY HUMAN RESOURCE AND ROLE OF
EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR DEVELOPING HIGH
QUALITY HUMAN RESOURCES IN VIETNAM AT
2.1. High qualiy human resource and important role of developing
high quality human resources in Vietnam at present. .
2.2. The concept, role, impact factors and education – training
requirements with developing high quality human resource in
Chapter 3: EDUCATION – TRAINING AND DEVELOPING HIGH
QUALITY HUMAN RESOURCE IN VIETNAM AT
PRESENT, REAL SITUATION AND OUTSTANDING
3.1. Real situation of education - training execution in developing
high quality human resource in Vietnam today.
3.2. Some conflicts need to be solved in order to improve roles of
education – training in develoing high quality human resource in
Vietnam today. .
Chapter 4: DIRECTIONS AND SOLUTIONS FOR IMPROVING ROLES
OF EDUCATION –TRAINING IN DEVELOPING HIGH
QUALITY HUMAN RESOURCE IN VIETNAM TODAY.
4.1. Directions for improving roles of education – training in
developing high quality human resource in Vietnam today.
4.2. Major solutions for improving role of education – training in
developing high quality human resource in Vietnam today.
LIST OF AUTHOR’S SCIENCE WORKS
1. The necessity of the research
In Vietnam and in the world as well, it has long been thought that the
success or failure, existence or death, and decadence or prosperity of a nation
deeply depends on the nation’s human resources. In the context of rapid
development of advanced scientific and technological revolution, knowledge
economy and globalisation, countries are paying more attention to the
development of high-quality human resources. Human resources have become
a competitive advantage of numerous countries world-wide. Thus, countries
are increasingly attaching greater importance to bringing into full play the
role of education and training to develop and enhance the quality of human
resources, taking full advantages of internal forces in the situation of fiercer
competition among countries all over the world under the framework of the
After more than twenty five years of adopting renovation policies in the
socialist orientation that the Party initiated and led, Vietnam’s revolution has
obtained considerable achievements of historical significance. The country
has overcome socio-economic crisis and entered a new development era:
accelerating national industrialisation and modernisation, and taking steady
steps towards the socialist path. These achievements have set forth
fundamental conditions for as well as requires the development of human
resources, especially the high-quality human resources to facilitate the
country in the new era of development.
In the national renovation process, the high-quality human resources has
made a rapid growth, making essential contributions to the national
achievements of historical significance in all fields of social life. Education
and training has played an overriding important and decisive role to the
development of the country’s human resources. Resolution of the 2nd plenary
session of the 8th Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam
states that: “Developing education and training is the national top policy”,
aiming to train a human resources that meets rising requirements. The 11th
Party Congress also specified a strategic breakthrough: “Rapidly developing
the human resources, particularly high-quality human resources,
concentrating on the fundamental and comprehensive renewal of the national
education; incorporating the development of human resources with the
development and application of science and technology” [49, 106].
In the past year, our education sector in general and higher institutions
have produced a strong contingent of engineers, BSc, MA, and doctors in the
fields of economy, politics, education and training, culture, and social
affairs…satisfying requirements for high-quality human resources to hasten
the national industralisation and modernisation. Nevertheless, Vietnam’s
education and training sector still witnesses shortcomings. Content, curricula,
teaching method, management forces, mechanism, policy as well as
environment, conditions, and equipment and facilities for the cause of
education and training to foster a high-quality human resources remain
limited, failing to meet the real demands. The quality of education and
training, especially at higher level which is directly involved in the
education and training of the high-quality human resources, is generally
low. The qualification and professionalism of graduates remains limited,
their adaptability to the reality is still weak; our human resources remains
few in quantity and limited in quality whereas mechanism is inadequate.
These demonstrate shortcomings and limitations of our education and
training sector which fails to manifest its role in developing the nation’s
high-quality human resources.
The development of high-quality human resources depends on a number
of factors, in which the role of education and training is of overriding
importance. Hence, it is a pressing issue for the nation’s education and
training sector in general and higher education institutions in particular to
produce a high-quality human resources to satisfy the demands for speeding
up the nation’s industrialisation, modernisation and international integration
in the new era, contributing to realising the target to basically turn Vietnam
into a modernity-oriented industrial country by 2020, and to successfully
build up a society of wealthy people, prosperous nation, democracy, justice,
and civilisation as our Party has stated.
These issues are increasingly pressing to our nation on those days, in
terms of both theoretical and practical perspectives and demanding for a
thorough study. With that in mind, the author has selected the subject
“Education and training in the development of high-quality human
resources in Vietnam at present” as the specialism of this thesis.
2. Purpose, task of the research
2.1. Research purpose
The thesis clarifies fundamental theoretical matters and the real situation
of the education and training to the development of high-quality human
resources; recommends a number of directions and solutions to bring into full
play the role of education and training in the development of high-quality
human resources in Vietnam at present.
2.2. Research task
- Clarifying theoretical ground related to the development of high-quality
human resources and the role of education and training in the development of
high-quality human resources in Vietnam at present.
- Clarifying the real situation of the role of education and training in the
development of high-quality human resources in Vietnam at present.
- Proposing a number of essential directions and solutions to bring into
full play the role of education and training in the development of high-quality
human resources in Vietnam at present.
3. Subject and scope of the research
3.1. Research subject
The thesis concentrates on studying and clarifying the role of education
and training in the development of high-quality human resources in Vietnam
3.2. Research scope
- The thesis does not study the whole matters of the development of
high-quality human resources as well as those of the education and training
sector, but studies the role of education and training in the development of
human resources in our country; concentrating the study in higher institutions
in Vietnam at present.
- Studying the realities of the role of education and training in the
development of high-quality human resources in certain higher institutions in
Vietnam at present.
- In term of time scope, the thesis studies the role of education and
training in the development of high-quality human resources in Vietnam from
1986 to present.
4. Research methods
The study is based on theoretical foundation of the Marxism – Leninism,
Ho Chi Minh Thoughts, standpoints, paths of the Party and policies of the
State of Vietnam on the development strategies of education and training, and
the development of human resources, and high-quality human resources in
Vietnam. The study applies the methodology of the Marxism – Leninism, Ho
Chi Minh Thoughts; incorporates theory and practice, properly employs
analysis and synthesis methods; logic and history, sociological study, and
practical recapitulation are major methods applied in the study of this thesis.
5. New findings of the research
- The thesis explains more clearly the role of education and training in
the development of human resources in Vietnam at present.
- Based on achievements, shortcomings and matters arise from the
reality, the thesis proposes a number of fundamental directions and solutions
to bring into full play the role of education and training in the development of
high-quality human resources in Vietnam at present.
6. Theoretical and practical significance of the research
6.1. Theoretical significance
The thesis explains more obviously theory of human resources, high-quality
human resources and the role of education and training in the development of
high-quality human resources in Vietnam at present. The thesis provides
scientific grounds to the implementation of directions and solutions to bring into
full play the role of education and training in the development of high-quality
human resources in Vietnam at present.
6.2. Practical significance
- The new findings of the thesis can be used as reference to planning and
implementing policies to develop the role of education and training in higher
institutions in Vietnam at present.
- The thesis can be a useful reference for lecturers, education managers
and pupils, and students in higher institutions in Vietnam at present.
The thesis consists of introduction, four chapters, nine sections,
conclusion, list of reference and appendixes.
OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH ON THE SAME SUBJECT OF THE
1.1. STUDIES ON HUMAN RESOURCES AND THE ROLE OF EDUCATION
AND TRAINING OF HUMAN RESOURCES
In the context of rapid development of advanced scientific and
technological revolution, knowledge economy and globalisation, countries are
paying more attention to the development of high-quality human resources.
The issue of high-quality human resources and the education and training of
human resources has been a great concern of numerous scientists and
researchers in countries world-over in different fields of science. A number of
typical works related to the issue in China such as:
- Studies in China are related to the thesis consists of:
Liang You Jia (2006), Book Talent management, Publishing House of
Zhong Shan University, Quang Dong, China concentrates on analysing some
fundamental issues such as concept of talents, talent management, basic
characters of talent resources, factors impacting talent, value system of talent
resources, driving force system of talent resources, the arrangement and usage
of talents, talent management institution and legislation. This is a fundamental
book of theory on talent resources and talent resources management of China.
Shen Rong Hua and Wu Guo Miao (2008), Book A Respect for
Intelligentsia and Talented People – A Hundred-Year Master Plan for the
Restoration and Development of the Country, National Political Publishing
House, Ha Noi, systematically covers thoughts of Deng Xiao Ping on
intelligentsia, talented people, respect for and the development of talented
people, education and training to develop high-quality human resources in the
reform period. The book asserts that China always considers the education
and training of high-quality human resources, the talented people work as
matters of special significance and as a hundred-year master plan for the
restoration and development of the country. A range of theoretical and
practical issues in Deng Xiao Ping thoughts on education and training to
develop high-quality human resources and talented people of the country has
been interpreted, being foundations for the Communist Party of Chinese to
carry out paths, and policies on cadres, developing high-quality human
resources in the period of socialist construction with Chinese characteristics.
Wang Hui Yao (2010) Book National Strategy - Talents Change the
World, China’s People Press, highlights China’s strategy for the development
of high-quality human resources (talents), analyses basic issues of talents,
assesses the situation of Chinese talents at present; proposes guidelines,
policies, contents, especially the education and training to develop highquality human resources for the country in the new development period đề
xuất những chủ trương, nội dung, chính sách, đặc biệt là giáo dục và đào tạo
phát triển nguồn nhân lực chất lượng cao cho đất nước trong thời kỳ phát triển
Liu Xiao Ping (2011), Book The Theories and Practices of Human
Resources Assessment, Sun Yat-sen University Press, contends that under the
context of knowledge economy, human resources play an extremely important
role: arousing and developing human resources and high-quality human
resources are of extreme significance. Thus, to exploit and bring into full play
human resources nations should develop appropriate assessment theories and
methods; and puts forward some theoretical issues and methods of human
Wang Chong (2012), Book The Quality of Economic Growth in Western
China in Association with the Usage of Rural Human Resources, China’s
People Press, illustrates the economic growth in China’s western region at
present, points out factors of the growth quality, in which the author
concentrates on analysing the human resources factor; and indicates some
issues related to the usage and bringing into full play rural human resources,
particularly the education and training of human resources to ensure and
the quality of economic growth in western China in the new
Ren Zhong Ping (2004), Journal Article The Sublimation of the Reality of
Comprehensive Construction of Wealthy Society - Discussing about
Development Viewpoint, Achievement Viewpoint, Populace Viewpoint, Nhân
dân Nhật báo, Beijing, issue 12, January 2004, contends important
improvements in the work of talents, China’s human resources development
in the reform period, criticising the achievement hunting, and manifestations
of disregarding the populace in the work of talents; recommends certain
requirements on the work of talents in the new era.
- Some monographs are related to the thesis from other countries:
In Japan, Okuhira Yasuhiro (1994), Book Japan’s Politics and
Economy, National Political Publishing House, Ha Noi, obviously indicates
basic issues of talent; personnel policies, talent development; analyses
experience in the assessment and rotation of cadres, bringing into full play
Japanese talents on Japan’s social characters; asserts efforts to conserve and
bring into full play national traditions; presents the implementation of training
and employee management regime in public authorities, paying attention to
building virtues, especially loyalty virtue of employees and ensuring suitable
policies and payment regulations to make employees keep their mind on their
In South Korea, Kim, Jang-ho (2005), Book New Paradigm of Human
Resources Development: Government Initiatives for Economic Growth and
Social Integration in Korea, KRIVET, Seoul, 135949, Korea. The monograph
indicates socio-economic challenges in high-quality human resources
development in Korea; asserts the important role of high-quality human
resources; competitiveness of the nation’s human resources; proposes
development directions; especially introduces and analyses issues of
vocational education and training, incorporating training with research
development, and issues on building a learning society in Korea.
In Singapore, the book Li Guangyao 40 Nian Zheng Lun Xuan (Lee
Kuan Yew’s Political Writings of 40 Years) (1994), National Political
Publishing House, Ha Noi, demonstrates Lee Kuan Yew’s thought of
treasuring talented people, the role of education and training in the
development of human resources and training talents; emphasises that “the
regime Singapore applies is the one to treasure talents", considering the
know-how to train and employ talented people as the key to success of
Singapore in developing high-level human resources and developing talents.
In Lao, PhD thesis on Party construction Training, Fostering a Leading
Contingent Managing the Party and State Economic Performance in Lao at
Present, National Political Academy, Ha Noi by Sinkham Phommaxay
(2003). The author presents viewpoints, characteristics of economic
management leadership; analyses fundamental issues of policies related to
training and cultivating leading staff, and talented people; proposes solutions
to improve the quality and efficiency of training and cultivating leaders
managing Lao’s economy in the new circumstance.
Viewpoints, concepts, characteristics, role of human resources, highquality human resources, talent, intellectuals, the importance of education and
training as well as issues related to the talent usage, development of highquality human resources, are comprehensively studied by the works
mentioned above. This is an important foundation for the author to acquire,
inherit, and continue studying and specifying in the author’s thesis.
- In Vietnam, there have been many studies so far on high-quality human
resources and the role of education and training of human resources,
Pham Minh Hac (Lead author – 1996), Study The Issue of Human Beings
in the Cause of National Industrialisation and Modernisation. The work
analyses theoretical and practical foundations for performing human strategy,
considering human factor, human development, human resources to be of
decisive significance to material and spiritual creation; presents the relation
between education and training, between the usage and creation of occupation
with the development of national human resources; from which defines
management responsibility of education and training towards the development
of human resources for industrialisation and modernisation.
Luong Viet Hai (Lead author - 2003), Research Impacts of Scientific,
Technical and Technological Advance on the Research and Development of
Human Beings and Human Resources in Early 21st Century, State-level
research project KX-05 Research on Culture, Human Beings, Human
Resources in Early 21st Century November, 2003. The project carries out a
synthetic and comprehensive study on human beings, human resources;
analyses and specifies concepts and factors affecting the quality of human
resources; fundamental issues of education and training, human resources
management in Vietnam in accelerated industrialisation, and modernisation;
puts forwards essential recommendations to develop culture, people,
education and training of human resources in the next decades.
Bui Ngoc Lan (2002), Book Intellectual Resources in the Cause of
Renovation in Vietnam, National Political Publishing House, Ha Noi. The
book analyses intellectual resources in Vietnam’s renovation process;
indicates the role of intellectual resources in social development and
fundamental conditions to bring into full play intellectual resources; proposes
and analyses basic directions and solutions to bring into full play intellectual
resources in the cause of renovation and national construction in the socialist
Pham Tat Dong (2005), Book Vietnam’s Intellectuality, Reality and
Prospect, lead author, National Political Publishing House, Ha Noi. The
author introduces a number of conceptions of intellectuality, Vietnam’s
intellectuality; analyses characteristics, the formation and development of
intellectual contingent in Vietnam; points out prospects of and solutions to
develop this contingent in the new era.
Nguyen Dac Hung (2007), Book Developing Talents to Strengthen the
Nation, National Political Publishing House, Ha Noi. The book discusses the
“leading” force in high-quality human resources; introduces basic concepts
such as: potential, ability, the talent, talent management; indicates certain
lessons of experience from Vietnam’s history and some countries in the world
on developing high-quality human resources, developing the talent; analyses
some fundamental viewpoints of the Party, Ho Chi Minh Thoughts on
knowledge and the talent; indicates factors directly influencing the talent
development, basic contents of high-quality human resources development,
and talent development; raises some issues related to the training of pupils
and students and to the discovery of, fostering, training, using, and attracting
the talented people.
Nguyen An Ninh (2009), Book Bringing into Full Play the Potential of
Vietnam’s Socio-Science Intellectuality, National Political Publishing House,
Ha Noi. The book contributes to interpreting potential of Vietnam’s social
science intellectuality, an important section of the national high-quality
human resources; analyses theoretical and practical matters related to
Vietnam’s social science intellectuality, as a key component of the country’s
human resources; indicates basic issues of mechanism, policy, regime, of
education and training to bring into full play the potential of Vietnam’s social
science intellectuality in the new era.
Pham Thanh Nghi (Lead author - 2007), Book Raising the Efficiency of
Human Resources Management in the Process of National Industrialisation
and Modernisation, Social Science Publishing House, Ha Noi. The book
approaches basic theoretical issues of human resources and human resources
management; analyses the efficiency of human resources management and
factors affecting human resources management in our country in the process
of national industrialisation and modernisation.
Vu Van Phuc, Nguyen Duy Hung (Co-authors - 2012), Book Develop
Human Resources to Meet the Demands for Industrialisation, Modernisation
and International Integration, National Political Publishing House, Ha Noi.
The book states some basic concepts of manpower, human resources, analyses
characteristics of Vietnam’s human resources, fundamental issues to develop
human resources for the requirements of industrialisation, modernisation and
international globalisation. This is a valuable source of reference for research
and actual guidance of developing the country’s human resources at present.
Ho Sy Quy (2007), Textbook Human Beings and Human Beings
Developmenti, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Faculty of
systematically indicates basic issues of human beings and human beings
development, such as the methodology on human beings study, definition,
concept of human beings, manpower, personality, potential, talent,
community and individual. The textbook presents fundamental issues of
Vietnamese people, the role of human factors; indicates ability to develop
human beings; proposes directions and solutions to develop Vietnamese
people, fulfilling requirements of the industrialisation and modernisation.
Nguyen Huu Tiep (2010), Textbook Human Resources Textbook, Labour
and Social Publishing House, Ha Noi. The document presents systematically
fundamental questions of human resources, namely concept, criterion,
classification, factors affecting human resources; presents the education and
training of human resources, management, allocation, usage, policies, and
mechanism towards the country’s human resources.
Le Thi Hong Diep (2010), Political economics thesis Developing HighQuality Human Resources to Expand Knowledge Economy in Vietnam. The
thesis presents basic concepts such as: human resources, high-quality human
resources, characteristics of high-quality human resources in our country, the
development of high-quality human resources; analyses increased population,
the structure of human resources, the proportion of scientific and
technological manpower, characteristics and requirements of knowledge
economy for high-quality human resources; proposes essential solutions to
develop high-quality human resources to expand the knowledge economy in
1.2. Studies on the reality of high-quality human resources
Vu Hy Chuong (Lead author - 2002), Research project Evaluating,
Forecasting Prospect and Basic Solutions to Create Human Resources for the
Industrialisation and Modernistaion, Research project of social science 02-02.
The project evaluate the national human resources, indicates strengths,
limitations and causes; forecasts factors affecting the development of human
resources and prospects for the development of human resources in the future.
From these foundations, the project recommends fundamental directions and
solutions comprehensively, in particular education and training solutions to
produce human resources for the national industrialisation and modernisation.
Pham Tat Dong, (Lead author - 2005), Research Project Scientific
Ground for Policies to Bring into Full Play the Working Ability and
Creativeness of Intellectuals and Students, Ministerial-level research project,
Ha Noi. The project directly mentions scientific grounds to introduce and
implement policies to bring into full play the labour ability and creativeness
of intellectuals and students. The research analyses theoretical foundations,
evaluate the status of labour capacity and creativeness, points out
shortcomings of our country’s intellectuals and students; analyses factors
influencing their capacity and creativeness; proposes policies, particularly the
implementation of education and training policies to bring into full play
working capacity and creativeness of these resources considered as the key
component of the national high-quality human resources.
Tran Van Tung and Le Ai Lam (1998), Book Human Resources
Development – World Experience and our Country’s Practice, Ha Noi. The
book interprets some fundamental theoretical issues on human resources;
presents the status of human resources development, from which introduces
lessons of experience of human resources development by world powers in
recent decades and the practical development of human resources in Vietnam,
concentrating on education and training and considering it as the decisive
factor in human resources development. The book indicates that the
successful development of a nation is closely related to policies and strategies
of human resources development, especially education and training
development strategy or in other words “people training strategy”.
Institute for Education Development (2002), Book From Education
Development Strategy to Human Resources Development Policies, Institute
for Education Development, Ha Noi. The book gathers research results of
some scientists and managers from different fields of social and economic
science with the aim to unify viewpoints and policies of human resources
development; recommends human resources development policies in order to
successfully implement objectives of the education and training development
to develop high-quality human resources, strengthening the nation.
Nguyen Van Son (2002), Book Vietnam Higher Education Intellectuals
in the Period of Accelerated Industrialisation and Modernisation, National
Political Publishing House, Ha Noi. The book presents fundamental issues of
higher education intellectuals in Vietnam in the period of promoting
industrialisation and modernisation, particularly the status, to provide added
grounds for the renovation and development of higher education to satisfy
requirements of the new era.
The National Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities (2003), A
summary research project of Results of the Post-Graduate Education in the
National Centre for Social Science and Humanities 1978 - 2003, Social
Sciences Publishing House, Ha Noi. The project summarises results of the
post-graduate education in the National Centre for Social Sciences and
Humanities in the 1978-2003 period; analyses some theoretical and practical
issues of post-graduate education; proposes basic solutions to promote postgraduate education in the National Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities
in the next period of time.
Le Du Phong, (Lead author - 2006), Book Resources and Driving Force
of Development in the Socialist-Oriented Market Economy in Vietnam, The
Publishing House of Political Theory, Ha Noi, introduces concepts of human
resources, analyses the importance of human resources as the driving force of
development; analyses the status of human resources development in our
country under the context of socialist-oriented market economy with
emerging requirements for development.
Ngo Huy Tiep, (Lead author - 2009), Book Renovating Leadership
Modes of the Party Towards our Country’s Intellectuals at Present, National
Political Publishing House, Ha Noi. The book reflects the status of Vietnam’s
intellectuals, of the application of leadership methods of the Party towards our
intellectuals over the past time. From that basis, the book introduces certain
solutions to renew Party’s leadership modes towards intellectuals, in
particular solutions to renovate awareness of Party committees at all levels
and the State management authorities, policies to treat and treasure the
intellectuals who make remarkable contributions to the society.
Duong Van Quang, Banh Tien Long, Trinh Duc Du (Lead authors 2009), Book Summary Record of the Workshop on “Cultivating Human
Resources for International Integration”, The Gioi Publishers, Ha Noi. The
book gathers writings on human resources training for international
integration, especially high-quality human resources; many writings analyse,
evaluate the status of human resources, point out limitations and weaknesses
of our human resources under requirements for international integration;
clarify limitations which result from education and training; specify
fundamental issues of human resources education and training for
Nguyen Van Khanh, (Lead author - 2012), Book Vietnam Intellectual
Resources, History, Status Quo and Prospect, National Political Publishing
House, Ha Noi. The book presents concepts of intellectual resources, the
usage of intellectual resources; experience in building and bringing into full
play intellectual resources in some countries in the world and in Vietnam;
assesses history and status quo of Vietnam intellectual resources in a number
of fields; analyses factors affecting the usage of intellectual resources, point
out advantages, disadvantages and prospects of bringing into full play
Vietnam’s intellectual resources at present.
Trinh Ngoc Thach (2008), PhD thesis of education management
Completing Management Model of High-Quality Human Resources
Education and Training in Higher Education Institutions in Vietnam. The
author surveys and analyses the management model of high-quality human
resources training in some key higher education institutions of Vietnam, in
which thoroughly studies the Ha Noi National University’s model to describe
typical features of the management models of high-quality human resources
training in Vietnam’s higher education institutions, indicating advantages,
limitations and the adoptability; proposes some basic solutions to complete
the management model of high-quality human resources training in Vietnam’s
higher education institutions.
Le Quang Hung (2011), PhD thesis Developing High-Quality Human
Resources in Key Economic Zones in the Central Region, Development
Strategy Institute. From the economic perspective, the thesis presents the
importance of high-quality human resources development in key economic
zones in the central region; assess advantages, disadvantages, and causes of
high-quality human resources in the region; introduces some requirements
and solutions to develop high-quality human resources in the central region’s
key economic zones, attaching much importance to education and training.
Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences (2008), Summary record of the
workshop Constructing a Contingent of Intellectuals in the Period of
Promoting National Industrialisation and Modernisation, International
Integration, co-organised by the Central Committee for Propaganda and
Education and Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences’ Party Affairs Section on
March 28, 2008, Ha Noi. The summary record collects numerous reports
extensively discussing the intellectuals in Vietnam; thoroughly analyses the
status of our intellectuals; introduces many solutions, recommendations,
especially on policies and mechanism to attract and evaluate intellectuals and
the talent in the period of speeding up national industrialisation,
modernisation and international integration.
Nguyen Thi Hong Van (2005), Article Education with the Development
of Human Resources for Industrialisation and Modernisation, Journal of
Education Development, No 4, analyses the role of education in developing
industrialisation and modernisation; indicates the status quo and shortcomings
of education; recommends opinions to renovate education and training to
meet the demand for human resources development for
industrialisation and modernisation.
Hoang Xuan Long (2006), Article Policies to Develop Science and
Technology Human Resources: Status Quo and Recommendations, Labour
and Social Affairs Review, No 288, presents the status quo of science and
technology human resources development in our country, points out
limitations, and shortcomings in policies towards this matter; proposes
viewpoints on the policies related to the development of science and
technology human resources in the new era.
Pham Minh Hac (2008), Article Developing Human Beings, Human
Resources – Concept and Policy, printed in the Book Emerging Theoretical
and Practical Issues in the Current Circumstance, National Political
Publishing House, Ha Noi. The article discusses theoretical grounds of human
development; introduces concepts of human resources, talent, labour force;
analyses the status quo and proposes solutions to develop the national human
Duong Vinh Suong (2012), Article Education, Training in the
Development of Human Resources for Industrialisation and Modernisation,
Communist Party of Vietnam’s Theoretical and Political Journal, No (833).
The article analyses the role of high-quality human resources; assesses the
status of our human resources and high-quality human resources, analyses
limitations, weaknesses of our human resources in comparison with countries